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The Modern Invention of Information

The Modern Invention of Information Author Ronald E Day
ISBN-10 0809328488
Release 2008-02-20
Pages 139
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In The Modern Invention of Information: Discourse, History, and Power, Ronald E. Day provides a historically informed critical analysis of the concept and politics of information. Analyzing texts in Europe and the United States, his critical reading method goes beyond traditional historiographical readings of communication and information by engaging specific historical texts in terms of their attempts to construct and reshape history. After laying the groundwork and justifying his method of close reading for this study, Day examines the texts of two pre–World War II documentalists, Paul Otlet and Suzanne Briet. Through the work of Otlet and Briet, Day shows how documentation and information were associated with concepts of cultural progress. Day also discusses the social expansion of the conduit metaphor in the works of Warren Weaver and Norbert Wiener. He then shows how the work of contemporary French multimedia theorist Pierre Lévy refracts the earlier philosophical writings of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari through the prism of the capitalist understanding of the “virtual society.” Turning back to the pre–World War II period, Day examines two critics of the information society: Martin Heidegger and Walter Benjamin. He explains Heidegger’s philosophical critique of the information culture’s model of language and truth as well as Benjamin’s aesthetic and historical critique of mass information and communication. Day concludes by contemplating the relation of critical theory and information, particularly in regard to the information culture’s transformation of history, historiography, and historicity into positive categories of assumed and represented knowledge.



Annual Review of Information Science and Technology

Annual Review of Information Science and Technology Author Information Today Inc
ISBN-10 1573872423
Release 2005-10-01
Pages 596
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ARIST, published annually since 1966, is a landmark publication within the information science community. It surveys the landscape of information science and technology, providing an analytical, authoritative, and accessible overview of recent trends and significant developments. The range of topics varies considerably, reflecting the dynamism of the discipline and the diversity of theoretical and applied perspectives. While ARIST continues to cover key topics associated with "classical" information science (e.g., bibliometrics, information retrieval), editor Blaise Cronin is selectively expanding its footprint in an effort to connect information science more tightly with cognate academic and professional communities. Contents of Volume 40 (2006): SECTION I: Information and Society Chapter 1: The Micro- and Macroeconomics of Information, Sandra Braman Chapter 2: The Geographies of the Internet, Matthew Zook Chapter 3: Open Access, M. Carl Drott SECTION II: Technologies and Systems Chapter 4: TREC: An Overview, Donna K. Harman and Ellen M. Voorhees Chapter 5: Semantic Relations in Information Science, Christopher S. G. Khoo and Jin-Cheon Na Chapter 6: Intelligence and Security Informatics, Hsinchun Chen and Jennifer Xu SECTION III: Information Needs and Use Chapter 7: Information Behavior, Donald O. Case Chapter 8: Collaborative Information Seeking and Retrieval, Jonathan Foster Chapter 9: Information Failures in Health Care, Anu MacIntosh-Murray and Chun Wei Choo Chapter 10: Workplace Studies and Technological Change, Angela Cora Garcia, Mark E. Dawes, Mary Lou Kohne, Felicia Miller, and Stephan F. Groschwitz SECTION IV: Theoretical Perspectives Chapter 11: Information History, Alistair Black Chapter 12: Social Epistemology and Information Science, Don Fallis Chapter 13: Formal Concept Analysis in Information Science, Uta Priss.



The Early Information Society

The Early Information Society Author Alistair Black
ISBN-10 9781317034995
Release 2016-03-23
Pages 302
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Whether termed the 'network society', the 'knowledge society' or the 'information society', it is widely accepted that a new age has dawned, unveiled by powerful computer and communication technologies. Yet for millennia humans have been recording knowledge and culture, engaging in the dissemination and preservation of information. In `The Early Information Society', the authors argue for an earlier incarnation of the information age, focusing upon the period 1900-1960. In support of this they examine the history and traditions in Britain of two separate but related information-rich occupations - information management and information science - repositioning their origins before the age of the computer and identifying the forces driving their early development. `The Early Information Society' offers an historical account which questions the novelty of the current information society. It will be essential reading for students, researchers and practitioners in the library and information science field, and for sociologists and historians interested in the information society.



From Energy to Information

From Energy to Information Author Bruce Clarke
ISBN-10 0804742103
Release 2002
Pages 440
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This book offers an innovative examination of the interactions of science and technology, art, and literature in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Scholars in the history of art, literature, architecture, computer science, and media studies focus on five historical themes in the transition from energy to information: thermodynamics, electromagnetism, inscription, information theory, and virtuality. Different disciplines are grouped around specific moments in the history of science and technology in order to sample the modes of representation invented or adapted by each field in response to newly developed scientific concepts and models. By placing literary fictions and the plastic arts in relation to the transition from the era of energy to the information age, this collection of essays discovers unexpected resonances among concepts and materials not previously brought into juxtaposition. In particular, it demonstrates the crucial centrality of the theme of energy in modernist discourse. Overall, the volume develops the scientific and technological side of the shift from modernism to postmodernism in terms of the conceptual crossover from energy to information. The contributors are Christoph Asendorf, Ian F. A. Bell, Robert Brain, Bruce Clarke, Charlotte Douglas, N. Katherine Hayes, Linda Dalrymple Henderson, Bruce J. Hunt, Douglas Kahn, Timothy Lenoir, W. J. T. Mitchell, Marcos Novak, Edward Shanken, Richard Shiff, David Tomas, Sha Xin Wei, and Norton Wise.



Knowledge into Action Research and Evaluation in Library and Information Science

Knowledge into Action  Research and Evaluation in Library and Information Science Author Danny P. Wallace
ISBN-10 9781610692663
Release 2012-06-12
Pages 388
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The only book currently available that comprehensively integrates research and evaluation for evidence-based library and information science practice.



The History of Sexuality

The History of Sexuality Author Michel Foucault
ISBN-10 9780307819284
Release 2012-04-18
Pages 176
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Michel Foucult offers an iconoclastic exploration of why we feel compelled to continually analyze and discuss sex, and of the social and mental mechanisms of power that cause us to direct the questions of what we are to what our sexuality is.



Science As Power

Science As Power Author Stanley Aronowitz
ISBN-10 1452900108
Release 1988
Pages 384
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Science has established itself as not merely the dominant but the only legitimate form of human knowledge. By tying its truth claims to methodology, science has claimed independence from the influence of social and historical conditions. Here, Aronowitz asserts that the norms of science are by no means self-evident and that science is best seen as a socially constructed discourse that legitimates its power by presenting itself as truth.



Information history

Information history Author Toni Weller
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105131737731
Release 2008
Pages 147
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Aimed at researchers, practitioners and students of History and Library and Information Science (LIS), this book offers a concise and intelligent introduction to the emergent field of Information History. It explores how the contemporary values and concerns of the information society have helped lead to a reconsideration of our history, and of what constitutes our historical understanding of information. It explores the historiography and key schools of thought in the field, and proposes some practical applications of Information History in research and university teaching, offering some suggestions as to how the field may develop based on its growth during the last decade.



Annual Review of Information Science and Technology

Annual Review of Information Science and Technology Author Carlos A. Cuadra
ISBN-10 UOM:39015066021208
Release 2007
Pages 783
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Annual Review of Information Science and Technology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Annual Review of Information Science and Technology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Annual Review of Information Science and Technology book for free.



Discipline Punish

Discipline   Punish Author Michel Foucault
ISBN-10 9780307819291
Release 2012-04-18
Pages 352
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In this brilliant work, the most influential philosopher since Sartre suggests that such vaunted reforms as the abolition of torture and the emergence of the modern penitentiary have merely shifted the focus of punishment from the prisoner's body to his soul.



Memory bytes

Memory bytes Author Lauren Rabinovitz
ISBN-10 UOM:39015058098263
Release 2004-02
Pages 346
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Essays on digital culture--what it is, its historical context, and its uses in the media, the film industry, and the sciences.



Terrific Majesty

Terrific Majesty Author Carolyn Hamilton
ISBN-10 0674038207
Release 2009-07-01
Pages 294
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Since his assassination in 1828, King Shaka Zulu--founder of the powerful Zulu kingdom and leader of the army that nearly toppled British colonial rule in South Africa--has made his empire in popular imaginations throughout Africa and the West. Shaka is today the hero of Zulu nationalism, the centerpiece of Inkatha ideology, a demon of apartheid, the namesake of a South African theme park, even the subject of a major TV film. Terrific Majestyexplores the reasons for the potency of Shaka's image, examining the ways it has changed over time--from colonial legend, through Africanist idealization, to modern cultural icon. This study suggests that tradition cannot be freely invented, either by European observers who recorded it or by subsequent African ideologues. There are particular historical limits and constraints that operate on the activities of invention and imagination and give the various images of Shaka their power. These insights are illustrated with subtlety and authority in a series of highly original analyses. Terrific Majesty is an exceptional work whose special contribution lies in the methodological lessons it delivers; above all its sophisticated rehabilitation of colonial sources for the precolonial period, through the demonstration that colonial texts were critically shaped by indigenous African discourse. With its sensitivity to recent critical studies, the book will also have a wider resonance in the fields of history, anthropology, cultural studies, and post-colonial literature.



Knowledge Organization

Knowledge Organization Author
ISBN-10 NWU:35556035628783
Release 2003
Pages
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Knowledge Organization has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Knowledge Organization also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Knowledge Organization book for free.



Domesticating Information

Domesticating Information Author Carol E. B. Choksy
ISBN-10 0810851903
Release 2006-01-01
Pages 227
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Domesticating Information: Managing Documents Inside the Organization examines records and documents as complex business objects and explores the many different perspectives required for their management. Viewing documents as business objects requires a much different perspective from treating them as cultural artifacts, where preservation is the primary concern. When viewed as business objects, documents must be looked at in terms of integration with business processes, in defense of litigation subpoenas, or in the implementation of information technology. As a consequence, records managers are business analysts, and therefore are treated as such in this book. How information technology, the law, archives, and library & information science scholarship address and affect document and records management are all considered. Topics covered include: how to manage documents and records in any environment, hard copy vs. electronic documents, and how to create a foundation for managing records that addresses the needs of business and government. By addressing the needs of business and government, the needs of citizens, business web stakeholders, and archivists are also fully addressed.



Archives and Archivists in the Information Age

Archives and Archivists in the Information Age Author Richard J. Cox
ISBN-10 1555705308
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 325
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In today's information world, the importance and need for archival collections and professionals to care for them cannot be understated. Noted professor and author Richard J. Cox provides an insightful guide to the new roles, responsibilities, and considerations for archival management. Cox examines the role of archival collections in public scholarship, distance learning, and the digital era. He explores the need for modern organizations that collect historical materials. Chapters guide readers through the creation of job descriptions and the hiring an archivists and consultants. Cox delineates the role of the archivist in the knowledge age; the profession's changing credentials and specialties; and the growing base of knowledge found in the field's scholarly works. Informative and timely, this guide contains vital new information for archivists, records managers, students, and all information workers who are interested in understanding the important roles archivists play in modern institutions and the information profession.



Coming of age in a digital era

Coming of age in a digital era Author Mary L. Gray
ISBN-10 UOM:39015073677844
Release 2004
Pages 514
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Coming of age in a digital era has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Coming of age in a digital era also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Coming of age in a digital era book for free.



The Invention of Peter

The Invention of Peter Author George E. Demacopoulos
ISBN-10 9780812245172
Release 2013-05-29
Pages 262
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On the first anniversary of his election to the papacy, Leo the Great stood before the assembly of bishops convening in Rome and forcefully asserted his privileged position as the heir of Peter the Apostle. This declaration marked the beginning of a powerful tradition: the Bishop of Rome would henceforth leverage the cult of St. Peter, and the popular association of St. Peter with the city itself, to his advantage. In The Invention of Peter, George E. Demacopoulos examines this Petrine discourse, revealing how the link between the historic Peter and the Roman Church strengthened, shifted, and evolved during the papacies of two of the most creative and dynamic popes of late antiquity, ultimately shaping medieval Christianity as we now know it. By emphasizing the ways in which this rhetoric of apostolic privilege was employed, extended, transformed, or resisted between the reigns of Leo the Great and Gregory the Great, Demacopoulos offers an alternate account of papal history that challenges the dominant narrative of an inevitable and unbroken rise in papal power from late antiquity through the Middle Ages. He unpacks escalating claims to ecclesiastical authority, demonstrating how this rhetoric, which almost always invokes a link to St. Peter, does not necessarily represent actual power or prestige but instead reflects moments of papal anxiety and weakness. Through its nuanced examination of an array of episcopal activity—diplomatic, pastoral, political, and administrative—The Invention of Peter offers a new perspective on the emergence of papal authority and illuminates the influence that Petrine discourse exerted on the survival and exceptional status of the Bishop of Rome.