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The Near Surface Layer of the Ocean

The Near Surface Layer of the Ocean Author Alexander Soloviev
ISBN-10 9781402040535
Release 2006-02-21
Pages 574
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Until the 1980s, a tacit agreement among many physical oceanographers was that nothing deserving attention could be found in the upper few meters of the ocean. The lack of adequete knowledge about the near-surface layer of the ocean was mainly due to the fact that the widely used oceanographic instruments (such as bathythermographs, CTDs, current meters, etc.) were practically useless in the upper few meters of the ocean. Interest in the ne- surface layer of the ocean rapidly increased along with the development of remote sensing techniques. The interpretation of ocean surface signals sensed from satellites demanded thorough knowledge of upper ocean processes and their connection to the ocean interior. Despite its accessibility to the investigator, the near-surface layer of the ocean is not a simple subject of experimental study. Random, sometimes huge, vertical motions of the ocean surface due to surface waves are a serious complication for collecting quality data close to the ocean surface. The supposedly minor problem of avoiding disturbances from ships’ wakes has frustrated several generations of oceanographers attempting to take reliable data from the upper few meters of the ocean. Important practical applications nevertheless demanded action, and as a result several pioneering works in the 1970s and 1980s laid the foundation for the new subject of oceanography – the near-surface layer of the ocean.



Dimensionless Physical Quantities in Science and Engineering

Dimensionless Physical Quantities in Science and Engineering Author Josef Kunes
ISBN-10 9780123914583
Release 2012-02-13
Pages 454
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Dimensionless quantities, such as π, e, and φ are used in mathematics, engineering, physics, and chemistry. In recent years the dimensionless groups, as demonstrated in detail here, have grown in significance and importance in contemporary mathematical and computer modeling as well as the traditional fields of physical modeling. This book offers the most comprehensive and up to date resource for dimensionless quantities, providing not only a summary of the quantities, but also a clarification of their physical principles, areas of use, and other specific properties across multiple relevant fields. Presenting the most complete and clearly explained single resource for dimensionless groups, this book will be essential for students and researchers working across the sciences. Includes approximately 1,200 dimensionless quantities Features both classic and newly developing fields Easy to use with clear organization and citations to relevant works



Cloud Optics

Cloud Optics Author Alexander Kokhanovsky
ISBN-10 9781402040207
Release 2006-02-25
Pages 276
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Clouds affect the climate of the Earth, and they are an important factor in the weather. Therefore, their radiative properties must be understood in great detail. This book summarizes current knowledge on cloud optical properties, for example their ability to absorb, transmit, and reflect light, which depends on the clouds’ geometrical and microphysical characteristics such as sizes of droplets and crystals, their shapes, and structures. In addition, problems related to the image transfer through clouds and cloud remote sensing are addressed in this book in great detail. This book can be an important source of information on theoretical cloud optics for cloud physicists, meteorologists and optical engineers. All basic ideas of optics as related to scattering of light in clouds (e.g. Mie theory and radiative transfer) are considered in a self consistent way. Consequently, the book can also be a useful textbook to newcomers to the field.



Ocean Waves Breaking and Marine Aerosol Fluxes

Ocean Waves Breaking and Marine Aerosol Fluxes Author Stanislaw R. Massel
ISBN-10 9780387690926
Release 2007-10-10
Pages 316
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This book fills a gap in knowledge of breaking waves and their influence on the generation of marine fluxes from ocean surfaces. Based on published data as well as on the author's experience, the text explores in detail the relationship chain of breaking waves, whitecaps coverage, rate of wave energy dissipation, amount of aerosol fluxes rising from a given sea basin, and possible seasonal variations.



Australian national bibliography

Australian national bibliography Author
ISBN-10
Release 1962
Pages 316
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Australian national bibliography has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Australian national bibliography also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Australian national bibliography book for free.



Book Catalog of the Library and Information Services Division Subject index

Book Catalog of the Library and Information Services Division  Subject index Author Environmental Science Information Center. Library and Information Services Division
ISBN-10 MINN:30000010404576
Release 1977
Pages
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Oceanic Whitecaps

Oceanic Whitecaps Author E.C. Monahan
ISBN-10 9789400946682
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 294
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The Role of Air Sea Exchange in Geochemical Cycling

The Role of Air Sea Exchange in Geochemical Cycling Author Patrick Buat-Ménard
ISBN-10 9789400947382
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 568
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This book arises from a NATO-sponsored Advanced Study Institute on 'The Role of Air-Sea Exchange in Geochemical Cycling' held at [email protected]§. near Bordeaux, France. from 16 to 27 September 1985. The chapters of the book are the written versions of the lectures given at the Institute. The aim of the book is to give a comprehensive up-to-date coverage of the subject. presented in a teaching mode. The chapters contain much recent research material and attempt to give the reader an understanding of how the role of air-sea exchange in geochemical cycling can be quantitatively assessed. In the last decade, major advances in the fields of marine and atmospheric chemistry have underlined the role of physical, chemical and biological processes at and near the air-sea interface in a number of geochemical cycles (C. S, N, metals etc ... ). Further, there is strong concern over the anthropogenic perturbation of these cycles on both regional and global scales. The first part of the book (Chapters 1 to 8) provides a review of topics fundamental to such studies. These topics include concepts in geochemical modelling, assessment of atmospheric transport from sources to the oceans. description of mixing and transport processes within the ocean for both dissolved and particulate materials, quantification of air-sea fluxes for both gases and particles, photochemical transformations in the atmospheric and oceanic boundary layers.



Journal of Physical Oceanography

Journal of Physical Oceanography Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015047886737
Release 2002
Pages
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The Turbulent Ocean

The Turbulent Ocean Author S. A. Thorpe
ISBN-10 1139445790
Release 2005-10-27
Pages
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The subject of ocean turbulence is in a state of discovery and development with many intellectual challenges. This book describes the principal dynamic processes that control the distribution of turbulence, its dissipation of kinetic energy and its effects on the dispersion of properties such as heat, salinity, and dissolved or suspended matter in the deep ocean, the shallow coastal and the continental shelf seas. It focuses on the measurement of turbulence, and the consequences of turbulent motion in the oceanic boundary layers at the sea surface and near the seabed. Processes are illustrated by examples of laboratory experiments and field observations. The Turbulent Ocean provides an excellent resource for senior undergraduate and graduate courses, as well as an introduction and general overview for researchers. It will be of interest to all those involved in the study of fluid motion, in particular geophysical fluid mechanics, meteorology and the dynamics of lakes.



Government Reports Announcements Index

Government Reports Announcements   Index Author
ISBN-10 MINN:31951P00089959P
Release 1991
Pages
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Government Reports Announcements Index has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Government Reports Announcements Index also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Government Reports Announcements Index book for free.



Ocean Circulation and Climate

Ocean Circulation and Climate Author
ISBN-10 9780123918536
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 904
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The book represents all the knowledge we currently have on ocean circulation. It presents an up-to-date summary of the state of the science relating to the role of the oceans in the physical climate system. The book is structured to guide the reader through the wide range of world ocean circulation experiment (WOCE) science in a consistent way. Cross-references between contributors have been added, and the book has a comprehensive index and unified reference list. The book is simple to read, at the undergraduate level. It was written by the best scientists in the world who have collaborated to carry out years of experiments to better understand ocean circulation. Presents in situ and remote observations with worldwide coverage Provides theoretical understanding of processes within the ocean and at its boundaries to other Earth System components Allows for simulating ocean and climate processes in the past, present and future using a hierarchy of physical-biogeochemical models



An Introduction to Global Spectral Modeling

An Introduction to Global Spectral Modeling Author T.N. Krishnamurti
ISBN-10 9780387329628
Release 2006-07-11
Pages 320
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This is an introductory textbook on global spectral modeling designed for senior-level undergraduates and possibly for first-year graduate students. This text starts with an introduction to elementary finite-difference methods and moves on towards the gradual description of sophisticated dynamical and physical models in spherical coordinates. Computational aspects of the spectral transform method, the planetary boundary layer physics, the physics of precipitation processes in large-scale models, the radiative transfer including effects of diagnostic clouds and diurnal cycle, the surface energy balance over land and ocean, and the treatment of mountains are some issues that are addressed. The topic of model initialization includes the treatment of normal modes and physical processes. A concluding chapter covers the spectral energetics as a diagnostic tool for model evaluation. This revised second edition of the text also includes three additional chapters. Chapter 11 deals with the formulation of a regional spectral model for mesoscale modeling which uses a double Fourier expansion of data and model equations for its transform. Chapter 12 deals with ensemble modeling. This is a new and important area for numerical weather and climate prediction. Finally, yet another new area that has to do with adaptive observational strategies is included as Chapter 13. It foretells where data deficiencies may reside in model from an exploratory ensemble run of experiments and the spread of such forecasts.



Waves in Oceanic and Coastal Waters

Waves in Oceanic and Coastal Waters Author Leo H. Holthuijsen
ISBN-10 9781139462525
Release 2010-02-04
Pages
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Waves in Oceanic and Coastal Waters describes the observation, analysis and prediction of wind-generated waves in the open ocean, in shelf seas, and in coastal regions with islands, channels, tidal flats and inlets, estuaries, fjords and lagoons. Most of this richly illustrated book is devoted to the physical aspects of waves. After introducing observation techniques for waves, both at sea and from space, the book defines the parameters that characterise waves. Using basic statistical and physical concepts, the author discusses the prediction of waves in oceanic and coastal waters, first in terms of generalised observations, and then in terms of the more theoretical framework of the spectral energy balance. He gives the results of established theories and also the direction in which research is developing. The book ends with a description of SWAN (Simulating Waves Nearshore), the preferred computer model of the engineering community for predicting waves in coastal waters.



The Sea Floor

The Sea Floor Author Eugen Seibold
ISBN-10 9783662225196
Release 1993
Pages 356
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The Sea Floor deals with the most important results achieved in Marine Geology over the last three decades. Relevant geophysical, geochemical, sedimentological and paleontological methods are shortly described. They should allow the reader to comment on new results about plate tectonics, marine sedimentation from the coasts to the deep sea, climatological aspects, paleoceanology and the use of the sea floor. The text tries to transmit to the reader the excitement of marine geological research both aboard and in modern laboratories. Basic mineralogical, geochemical, biological and other relevant data and a detailed list of books and symposia are given in an Appendix. The second edition of the Sea Floor is an updated version with many new aspects and illustrations and contains detailed lists of relevant books.



The Oceanic Thermohaline Circulation

The Oceanic Thermohaline Circulation Author Hendrik M. van Aken
ISBN-10 9780387480398
Release 2007-03-12
Pages 326
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This book presents a global hydrographic description of the thermohaline circulation, an introduction to the theoretical aspects of this phenomenon, and observational evidence for the theory. The hydrographic description and the observational evidence are based on data sources available via internet, mainly from the World Oceanographic Experiment (WOCE). The book also offers an introduction to hydrographic analysis and interpretation.



Nitrogen in the Marine Environment

Nitrogen in the Marine Environment Author Douglas G. Capone
ISBN-10 9780123725226
Release 2008-09-01
Pages 1757
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Since the first edition of Nitrogen in the Marine Environment was published in 1983, it has been recognized as the standard in the field. In the time since the book first appeared, there has been tremendous growth in the field with unprecedented discoveries over the past decade that have fundamentally changed the view of the marine nitrogen cycle. As a result, this Second Edition contains twice the amount of information that the first edition contained. This updated edition is now available online, offering searchability and instant, multi-user access to this important information. *The classic text, fully updated to reflect the rapid pace of discovery *Provides researchers and students in oceanography, chemistry, and marine ecology an understanding of the marine nitrogen cycle *Available online with easy access and search - the information you need, when you need it