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The Other Invisible Hand

The Other Invisible Hand Author Julian Le Grand
ISBN-10 1400828007
Release 2009-01-10
Pages 208
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How can we ensure high-quality public services such as health care and education? Governments spend huge amounts of public money on public services such as health, education, and social care, and yet the services that are actually delivered are often low quality, inefficiently run, unresponsive to their users, and inequitable in their distribution. In this book, Julian Le Grand argues that the best solution is to offer choice to users and to encourage competition among providers. Le Grand has just completed a period as policy advisor working within the British government at the highest levels, and from this he has gained evidence to support his earlier theoretical work and has experienced the political reality of putting public policy theory into practice. He examines four ways of delivering public services: trust; targets and performance management; "voice"; and choice and competition. He argues that, although all of these have their merits, in most situations policies that rely on extending choice and competition among providers have the most potential for delivering high-quality, efficient, responsive, and equitable services. But it is important that the relevant policies be appropriately designed, and this book provides a detailed discussion of the principal features that these policies should have in the context of health care and education. It concludes with a discussion of the politics of choice.



Economics of Social Problems

Economics of Social Problems Author Julian Le Grand
ISBN-10 9781349156320
Release 2016-01-13
Pages 245
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Economics of Social Problems has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Economics of Social Problems also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Economics of Social Problems book for free.



Motivation Agency and Public Policy

Motivation  Agency  and Public Policy Author Julian Le Grand
ISBN-10 9780199266999
Release 2003-09-18
Pages 191
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"Uses a detailed empirical examination of policies in health services, education, social security and taxation to illustrate how policies can be designed to give the proper balance of motivation and agency." - cover.



The Other Invisible Hand

The Other Invisible Hand Author Geoff Mulgan
ISBN-10 9781898309819
Release 1995
Pages 133
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The Other Invisible Hand has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Other Invisible Hand also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Other Invisible Hand book for free.



The Darwin Economy

The Darwin Economy Author Robert H. Frank
ISBN-10 9780691156682
Release 2012
Pages 246
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Argues that ecologist Charles Darwin's understanding of competition describes economic reality far more accurately than economist Adam Smith's theories ever did.



Slapped by the Invisible Hand

Slapped by the Invisible Hand Author Gary B. Gorton
ISBN-10 0199742111
Release 2010-03-08
Pages 240
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Originally written for a conference of the Federal Reserve, Gary Gorton's "The Panic of 2007" garnered enormous attention and is considered by many to be the most convincing take on the recent economic meltdown. Now, in Slapped by the Invisible Hand, Gorton builds upon this seminal work, explaining how the securitized-banking system, the nexus of financial markets and instruments unknown to most people, stands at the heart of the financial crisis. Gorton shows that the Panic of 2007 was not so different from the Panics of 1907 or of 1893, except that, in 2007, most people had never heard of the markets that were involved, didn't know how they worked, or what their purposes were. Terms like subprime mortgage, asset-backed commercial paper conduit, structured investment vehicle, credit derivative, securitization, or repo market were meaningless. In this superb volume, Gorton makes all of this crystal clear. He shows that the securitized banking system is, in fact, a real banking system, allowing institutional investors and firms to make enormous, short-term deposits. But as any banking system, it was vulnerable to a panic. Indeed the events starting in August 2007 can best be understood not as a retail panic involving individuals, but as a wholesale panic involving institutions, where large financial firms "ran" on other financial firms, making the system insolvent. An authority on banking panics, Gorton is the ideal person to explain the financial calamity of 2007. Indeed, as the crisis unfolded, he was working inside an institution that played a central role in the collapse. Thus, this book presents the unparalleled and invaluable perspective of a top scholar who was also a key insider.



Market Dominance

Market Dominance Author David Ira Rosenbaum
ISBN-10 0275956040
Release 1998-01-01
Pages 274
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Economic theorizing suggests that firms can acquire and maintain market dominance in a number of ways. Some economists argue that firms attain dominance only by being relatively more efficient than their rivals and retain leadership only by staying more efficient than their rivals. Others argue that efficiency is not the only source of dominance and that leaders can retain ascendancy even if they are inefficient. This book attempts to sort out the relevant points by exploring market dominance as it has been experienced by firms in ten different industries. The results suggest that both schools make valid points. While firms generally used efficient strategies to reach preeminence, some chose predatory policies to gain market share. While all used assorted efficient strategies to maintain their dominance, many remained dominant long after their efficiencies had evaporated.



How Not to be a Hypocrite

How Not to be a Hypocrite Author Adam Swift
ISBN-10 0415311160
Release 2003
Pages 189
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This volume is for parents who have a choice about what kind of school their children go to and find that the choice raises moral dilemmas such as: should you agonise about whether you are justified in seeking the best for your children?; and how can you apply principle to practice?



The Rational Optimist

The Rational Optimist Author Matt Ridley
ISBN-10 0062025376
Release 2010-06-15
Pages 480
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Life is getting better—and at an accelerating rate. Food availability, income, and life span are up; disease, child mortality, and violence are down — all across the globe. Though the world is far from perfect, necessities and luxuries alike are getting cheaper; population growth is slowing; Africa is following Asia out of poverty; the Internet, the mobile phone, and container shipping are enriching people’s lives as never before. The pessimists who dominate public discourse insist that we will soon reach a turning point and things will start to get worse. But they have been saying this for two hundred years. Yet Matt Ridley does more than describe how things are getting better. He explains why. Prosperity comes from everybody working for everybody else. The habit of exchange and specialization—which started more than 100,000 years ago—has created a collective brain that sets human living standards on a rising trend. The mutual dependence, trust, and sharing that result are causes for hope, not despair. This bold book covers the entire sweep of human history, from the Stone Age to the Internet, from the stagnation of the Ming empire to the invention of the steam engine, from the population explosion to the likely consequences of climate change. It ends with a confident assertion that thanks to the ceaseless capacity of the human race for innovative change, and despite inevitable disasters along the way, the twenty-first century will see both human prosperity and natural biodiversity enhanced. Acute, refreshing, and revelatory, The Rational Optimist will change your way of thinking about the world for the better.



Adam Smith A Primer

Adam Smith   A Primer Author Eamonn Butler
ISBN-10 1864321377
Release 2008-06-24
Pages 104
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Despite his fame, there is still widespread ignorance about the breadth of Adam Smith's contributions to economics, politics and philosophy. In Adam Smith - A Primer, Eamonn Butler provides an authoritative introduction to the life and work of this 'founder of economics'. The author examines not only The Wealth of Nations, with its insights on trade and the division of labour, but also less well known works, such as The Theory of Moral Sentiments, the lectures, and the writings on the history of science. Butler therefore provides a comprehensive, but concise, overview of Adam Smith's intellectual achievements. Whilst earlier writers may have studied economic matters, it is clear that the scope of Smith's enquiries was remarkable. In relating economic progress to human nature and institutional evolution he provided a completely new understanding of how human society works and was very much a precursor of writers such as Hayek and Popper. Indeed, with poor governance, protectionism and social engineering still commonplace, Smith's arguments are still highly relevant to policymakers today. Adam Smith - A Primer includes a foreword by Sir Alan Peacock, an introduction by Gavin Kennedy and a commentary by Craig Smith.



Naked Economics Undressing the Dismal Science Fully Revised and Updated

Naked Economics  Undressing the Dismal Science  Fully Revised and Updated Author Charles Wheelan
ISBN-10 9780393337648
Release 2010-04-19
Pages 354
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Seeks to provide an engaging and comprehensive primer to economics that explains key concepts without technical jargon and using common-sense examples.



Appropriate Use of Advanced Technologies for Radiation Therapy and Surgery in Oncology

Appropriate Use of Advanced Technologies for Radiation Therapy and Surgery in Oncology Author National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN-10 9780309381291
Release 2016-04-16
Pages 110
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In recent years, the field of oncology has witnessed a number of technological advances, including more precise radiation therapy and minimally invasive surgical techniques. Three-dimensional (3D), stereotactic, and proton-beam radiation therapy, as well as laparoscopy and robotic surgery, can enhance clinician's ability to treat conditions that were clinically challenging with conventional technologies, and may improve clinical outcomes or reduce treatment-related problems for some patients. Both patients and physicians seek access to these new technologies, which are rapidly being adopted into standard clinical practice. Such demand is often propelled by marketing that portrays the new technologies as the “latest and greatest†treatments available. However, evidence is often lacking to support these claims, and these novel technologies usually come with higher price tags and are often used to treat patients who might have achieved similar benefits from less expensive, conventional treatment. The increased cost of novel treatments without adequate assessment of how they affect patient outcomes is a pressing concern given that inappropriate use of expensive technologies is one of the key factors that threaten the affordability of cancer care in the United States. To explore these issues further, the National Cancer Policy Forum (NCPF) of the Institute of Medicine organized a workshop in July 2015. This is the third NCPF workshop in a series examining the affordability of cancer care. Participants explored clinical benefits and comparative effectiveness of emerging advanced technologies for cancer treatment in radiation therapy and surgery and potential strategies to assess the value and promote optimal use of new technologies in cancer treatment. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.



SuperCooperators

SuperCooperators Author Martin Nowak
ISBN-10 9781451626636
Release 2012-03-27
Pages 352
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Examines the importance of cooperation in human beings and in nature, arguing that this social tool is as an important aspect of evolution as mutation and natural selection.



Quasi Markets and Social Policy

Quasi Markets and Social Policy Author Julian Le Grand
ISBN-10 9781349228737
Release 1993-08-01
Pages 256
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Assesses whether quasi-markets can deliver more efficient and equitable public services, and whether they represent a permanent break with the state's traditional role of welfare provider. Other titles by Julian Le Grand include "The Economics of Social Problems" and "Equity and Choice".



Caring Democracy

Caring Democracy Author Joan C. Tronto
ISBN-10 9780814782781
Release 2013-04-12
Pages 228
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Americans now face a caring deficit: there are simply too many demands on people’s time for us to care adequately for our children, elderly people, and ourselves.At the same time, political involvement in the United States is at an all-time low, and although political life should help us to care better, people see caring as unsupported by public life and deem the concerns of politics as remote from their lives. Caring Democracy argues that we need to rethink American democracy, as well as our fundamental values and commitments, from a caring perspective. The idea that production and economic life are the most important political and human concerns ignores the reality that caring, for ourselves and others, should be the highest value that shapes how we view the economy, politics, and institutions such as schools and the family. Care is at the center of our human lives, but Tronto argues it is currently too far removed from the concerns of politics. Caring Democracy traces the reasons for this disconnection and argues for the need to make care, not economics, the central concern of democratic political life. Joan C. Tronto is a Professor in the Political Science Department at the University of Minnesota. She is the author of Moral Boundaries: A Political Argument for an Ethic of Care (Routledge).



Virtual Competition

Virtual Competition Author Ariel Ezrachi
ISBN-10 9780674545472
Release 2016-11-30
Pages 356
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Ariel Ezrachi and Maurice Stucke take a hard look at today’s app-assisted paradise of digital shopping. The algorithms and data-crunching that make online purchasing so convenient are also changing the nature of the market by shifting power into the hands of the few, with risks to competition, our democratic ideals, and our overall well-being.



How Markets Fail

How Markets Fail Author Cassidy John
ISBN-10 9780141939421
Release 2013-01-31
Pages 400
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How did we get to where we are? John Cassidy shows that the roots of our most recent financial failure lie not with individuals, but with an idea - the idea that markets are inherently rational. He gives us the big picture behind the financial headlines, tracing the rise and fall of free market ideology from Adam Smith to Milton Friedman and Alan Greenspan. Full of wit, sense and, above all, a deeper understanding, How Markets Fail argues for the end of 'utopian' economics, and the beginning of a pragmatic, reality-based way of thinking. A very good history of economic thought Economist How Markets Fail offers a brilliant intellectual framework . . . fine work New York Times An essential, grittily intellectual, yet compelling guide to the financial debacle of 2009 Geordie Greig, Evening Standard A powerful argument . . . Cassidy makes a compelling case that a return to hands-off economics would be a disaster BusinessWeek This book is a well constructed, thoughtful and cogent account of how capitalism evolved to its current form Telegraph Books of the Year recommendation John Cassidy ... describe[s] that mix of insight and madness that brought the world's system to its knees FT, Book of the Year recommendation Anyone who enjoys a good read can safely embark on this tour with Cassidy as their guide . . . Like his colleague Malcolm Gladwell [at the New Yorker], Cassidy is able to lead us with beguiling lucidity through unfamiliar territory New Statesman John Cassidy has covered economics and finance at The New Yorker magazine since 1995, writing on topics ranging from Alan Greenspan to the Iraqi oil industry and English journalism. He is also now a Contributing Editor at Portfolio where he writes the monthly Economics column. Two of his articles have been nominated for National Magazine Awards: an essay on Karl Marx, which appeared in October, 1997, and an account of the death of the British weapons scientist David Kelly, which was published in December, 2003. He has previously written for Sunday Times in as well as the New York Post, where he edited the Business section and then served as the deputy editor. In 2002, Cassidy published his first book, Dot.Con. He lives in New York.