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The Rise and Fall of the Fifth Force

The Rise and Fall of the Fifth Force Author Allan Franklin
ISBN-10 9783319284125
Release 2016-03-03
Pages 249
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This book provides the reader with a detailed and captivating account of the story where, for the first time, physicists ventured into proposing a new force of nature beyond the four known ones - the electromagnetic, weak and strong forces, and gravitation - based entirely on the reanalysis of existing experimental data. Back in 1986, Ephraim Fischbach, Sam Aronson, Carrick Talmadge and their collaborators proposed a modification of Newton’s Law of universal gravitation. Underlying this proposal were three tantalizing pieces of evidence: 1) an energy dependence of the CP (particle-antiparticle and reflection symmetry) parameters, 2) differences between the measurements of G, the universal gravitational constant, in laboratories and in mineshafts, and 3) a reanalysis of the Eötvos experiment, which had previously been used to show that the gravitational mass of an object and its inertia mass were equal to approximately one part in a billion. The reanalysis revealed that, contrary to Galileo’s position, the force of gravity was in fact very slightly different for different substances. The resulting Fifth Force hypothesis included this composition dependence and also added a small distance dependence to the inverse-square gravitational force. Over the next four years numerous experiments were performed to test the hypothesis. By 1990 there was overwhelming evidence that the Fifth Force, as initially proposed, did not exist. This book discusses how the Fifth Force hypothesis came to be proposed and how it went on to become a showcase of discovery, pursuit and justification in modern physics, prior to its demise. In this new and significantly expanded edition, the material from the first edition is complemented by two essays, one containing Fischbach’s personal reminiscences of the proposal, and a second on the ongoing history and impact of the Fifth Force hypothesis from 1990 to the present.



The Rise and Fall of the Fifth Force

The Rise and Fall of the Fifth Force Author Allan Franklin
ISBN-10 3319803484
Release 2018-03-28
Pages 264
Download Link Click Here

This book provides the reader with a detailed and captivating account of the story where, for the first time, physicists ventured into proposing a new force of nature beyond the four known ones - the electromagnetic, weak and strong forces, and gravitation - based entirely on the reanalysis of existing experimental data. Back in 1986, Ephraim Fischbach, Sam Aronson, Carrick Talmadge and their collaborators proposed a modification of Newton's Law of universal gravitation. Underlying this proposal were three tantalizing pieces of evidence: 1) an energy dependence of the CP (particle-antiparticle and reflection symmetry) parameters, 2) differences between the measurements of G, the universal gravitational constant, in laboratories and in mineshafts, and 3) a reanalysis of the Eotvos experiment, which had previously been used to show that the gravitational mass of an object and its inertia mass were equal to approximately one part in a billion. The reanalysis revealed that, contrary to Galileo's position, the force of gravity was in fact very slightly different for different substances. The resulting Fifth Force hypothesis included this composition dependence and also added a small distance dependence to the inverse-square gravitational force. Over the next four years numerous experiments were performed to test the hypothesis. By 1990 there was overwhelming evidence that the Fifth Force, as initially proposed, did not exist. This book discusses how the Fifth Force hypothesis came to be proposed and how it went on to become a showcase of discovery, pursuit and justification in modern physics, prior to its demise. In this new and significantly expanded edition, the material from the first edition is complemented by two essays, one containing Fischbach's personal reminiscences of the proposal, and a second on the ongoing history and impact of the Fifth Force hypothesis from 1990 to the present.



Beyond Einstein

Beyond Einstein Author David E. Rowe
ISBN-10 9781493977086
Release 2018-06-28
Pages 349
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Beyond Einstein: Perspectives on Geometry, Gravitation, and Cosmology explores the rich interplay between mathematical and physical ideas by studying the interactions of major actors and the roles of important research communities over the course of the last century.



No Easy Answers

No Easy Answers Author Allan Franklin
ISBN-10 0822973278
Release 2007-03-01
Pages 258
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Offers an accurate picture of science through the examination of nontechnical case studies which illustrate the various roles that experiment plays in science. Examines both sucessful and unsucessful experiments to show how scientists use experimental evidence and critical discussion to expand our knowlege of the natural world.



Selectivity and Discord

Selectivity and Discord Author Allan Franklin
ISBN-10 9780822970705
Release 2002-11-01
Pages 304
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Selectivity and Discord addresses the fundamental question of whether there are grounds for belief in experimental results. Specifically, Allan Franklin is concerned with two problems in the use of experimental results in science: selectivity of data or analysis procedures and the resolution of discordant results. By means of detailed case studies of episodes from the history of modern physics, Franklin shows how these problems can be--and are--solved in the normal practice of science and, therefore, that experimental results may be legitimately used as a basis for scientific knowledge.



Can that be Right

Can that be Right Author A. Franklin
ISBN-10 9789401153348
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 318
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In this collection of essays Allan Franklin defends the view that science provides us with knowledge about the world which is based on experimental evidence and on reasoned and critical discussion. In short, he argues that science is a reasonable enterprise. He begins with detailed studies of four episodes from the history of modern physics: (1) the early attempts to detect gravity waves, (2) how the physics community decided that a proposed new elementary particle, 17-keV neutrino, did not exist, (3) a sequence of experiments on K meson decay, and (4) the origins of the Fifth Force hypothesis, a proposed modification of Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation. The case studies are then used to examine issues such as how discord between experimental results is resolved, calibration of an experimental apparatus and its legitimate use in validating an experimental result, and how experimental results provide reasonable grounds for belief in both the truth of physical theories and in the existence of the entities involved in those theories. This book is a challenge to the critics of science, both postmodern and constructivist, to provide convincing alternative explanations of the episodes and issues discussed. It should be of interest to philosophers, historians, and sociologists of science, and to scientists themselves.



Book Review Digest

Book Review Digest Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015078261867
Release 1995
Pages
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Book Review Digest has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Book Review Digest also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Book Review Digest book for free.



Perspectives on Science

Perspectives on Science Author
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822022918981
Release 1997
Pages
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Perspectives on Science has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Perspectives on Science also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Perspectives on Science book for free.



Contemporary Authors

Contemporary Authors Author Gale Group
ISBN-10 0787667064
Release 2004-10-01
Pages 445
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Your students and users will find biographical information on approximately 300 modern writers in this volume of Contemporary Authors® .



Popular Physics and Astronomy

Popular Physics and Astronomy Author Roger Smith
ISBN-10 UOM:49015002367408
Release 1996-01-01
Pages 505
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An essential resource to this growing and important body of popular physics and astronomy literature. The 895 books, articles, and nonprint media are divided by subject and include chapters devoted to the history of physics, basic principles, books for children and young adults, and audiovisual presentations.



Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science

Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science Author Allan Franklin
ISBN-10 UCLA:L0078550159
Release 1999
Pages 313
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Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science book for free.



The Ghost in the Universe

The Ghost in the Universe Author Taner Edis
ISBN-10 UOM:39015055082682
Release 2002
Pages 326
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Emphasizing the results of natural science, physicist Taner Edis takes a fresh look at an age-old question: Is there a God or a spiritual reality beyond nature?



Are There Really Neutrinos

Are There Really Neutrinos Author Allan Franklin
ISBN-10 0813341280
Release 2003-08-01
Pages 384
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In this intriguing and accessible book, physicist Allan Franklin examines the experiments on neutrino oscillations. He argues that this history gives us good reason to believe in the existence of the neutrino, a particle that interacts so weakly with matter that its interaction length is measured in light years of lead. Only recently, the scientific process has provided evidence of the elusive neutrino. Written in a style accessible to any reader with a college education in physics, Are There Really Neutrinos? is of interest to students and researchers alike.



American Journal of Physics

American Journal of Physics Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015030263159
Release 1994
Pages
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American Journal of Physics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from American Journal of Physics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full American Journal of Physics book for free.



The Best Books for Academic Libraries Science technology and agriculture

The Best Books for Academic Libraries  Science  technology  and agriculture Author
ISBN-10 0722200110
Release 2002-01-01
Pages 696
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Books recommended for undergraduate and college libraries listed by Library of Congress Classification Numbers.



History of Science in America News and Views

History of Science in America  News and Views Author
ISBN-10 IND:30000046122861
Release 1995
Pages
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History of Science in America News and Views has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from History of Science in America News and Views also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full History of Science in America News and Views book for free.



Books in Print

Books in Print Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015062097749
Release 2005
Pages
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Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.