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The Routledge Dictionary of English Language Studies

The Routledge Dictionary of English Language Studies Author Michael Pearce
ISBN-10 9781134264285
Release 2012-09-10
Pages 224
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Filled with real examples of the way people use English in different contexts, The Routledge Dictionary of English Language Studies is an indispensable guide to the richness and variety of the English language for both students and the general reader. From abbreviation to zero-article, via fricative and slang, the Dictionary contains over 600 wide ranging and informative entries covering: the core areas of language description and analysis: phonetics and phonology, grammar, lexis, semantics, pragmatics and discourse sociolinguistics, including entries on social and regional variation, stylistic variation, and language and gender the history of the English language from Old English to the present-day the main varieties of English spoken around the world, covering the British isles, the Caribbean, North America, Africa, Asia, and Australasia stylistics, literary language and English usage.



The Routledge Dictionary of Pronunciation for Current English

The Routledge Dictionary of Pronunciation for Current English Author Clive Upton
ISBN-10 9781315459684
Release 2017-04-11
Pages 1562
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The Routledge Dictionary of Pronunciation for Current English is the most up-to-date record of the pronunciation of British and American English. Based on research by a joint UK and US team of linguistics experts, this is a unique survey of how English is really spoken in the twenty-first century. This second edition has been fully revised to include: a full reappraisal of the pronunciation models for modern British and American English; 2,000 new entries, including new words from the last decade, encyclopedic terms and proper names; separate IPA transcriptions for British and American English for over 100,000 words; information on grammatical variants including plurals, comparative and superlative adjectives, and verb tenses. The most comprehensive dictionary of its type available, The Routledge Dictionary of Pronunciation for Current English is the essential reference for those interested in English pronunciation.



The Routledge Dictionary of Literary Terms

The Routledge Dictionary of Literary Terms Author Peter Childs
ISBN-10 9781134234752
Release 2006-07-13
Pages 253
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A twenty-first century version of Roger Fowler’s 1973 Dictionary of Modern Critical Terms, this latest edition of The Routledge Dictionary of Literary Terms is the most up-to-date guide to critical and theoretical concepts available to students of literature at all levels. With over forty newly commissioned entries, this essential reference book includes: an exhaustive range of entries, covering such topics as genre, form, cultural theory and literary technique new definitions of contemporary critical issues such as Cybercriticism and Globalization complete coverage of traditional and radical approaches to the study and production of literature thorough accounts of critical terminology and analyses of key academic debates full cross-referencing throughout and suggestions for further reading. Covering both long-established terminology as well as the specialist vocabulary of modern theoretical schools, The Routledge Dictionary of Literary Terms is an indispensable guide to the principal terms and concepts encountered in debates over literary studies in the twenty-first century.



Danish dictionary

Danish dictionary Author W. Glyn Jones
ISBN-10 0415108039
Release 1995
Pages 684
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Ideal for the serious learner and user of Danish, this two-way dictionary includes accurate translations supported by pertinent examples. Entries are supplemented by a section covering Danish pronunciation and grammar.



The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography

The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography Author Pedro A. Fuertes-Olivera
ISBN-10 9781351599641
Release 2017-10-02
Pages 810
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The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography provides a comprehensive overview of the major approaches to lexicography and their applications within the field. This Handbook features key case studies and cutting-edge contributions from an international range of practitioners, teachers, and researchers. Analysing the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries within the digital era, the 47 chapters address the core issues of: The foundations of lexicography, and its interactions with other disciplines including Corpus Linguistics and Information Science; Types of dictionaries, for purposes such as translation and teaching; Innovative specialised dictionaries such as the Oenolex wine dictionary and the Online Dictionary of New Zealand Sign Language; Lexicography and world languages, including Arabic, Hindi, Russian, Chinese, and Indonesian; The future of lexicography, including the use of the Internet, user participation, and dictionary portals. The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography is essential reading for researchers and students working in this area.



The Routledge Dictionary of Business Management

The Routledge Dictionary of Business Management Author David A. Statt
ISBN-10 9781134335404
Release 2004-08-02
Pages 176
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A fully comprehensive resource for those wanting to know about the world of business management. Students and working professionals alike can enjoy quick and accessible definitions and the extensive cross-referencing system allows readers broader access to subject areas. This dictionary covers all the topics, issues and terms in the field, including: business economics, consumer behaviour, corporate strategy, financial management, human resource management, information technology, management accounting, marketing and organizational behaviour and work psychology.



The Routledge Dictionary of Cultural References in Modern French

The Routledge Dictionary of Cultural References in Modern French Author Michael Mould
ISBN-10 9781136825736
Release 2011-04-27
Pages 500
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The Routledge Dictionary of Cultural References in Modern French reveals the hidden cultural dimension of contemporary French, as used in the press, going beyond the limited and purely lexical approach of traditional bilingual dictionaries. Even foreign learners of French who possess a good level of French often have difficulty in fully understanding French articles, not because of any linguistic shortcomings on their part but because of their inadequate knowledge of the cultural references. This cultural dictionary of French provides the reader with clear and concise explanations of the crucial cultural dimension behind the most frequently used words and phrases found in the contemporary French press. This vital background information, gathered here in this innovative and entertaining dictionary, will allow readers to go beyond a superficial understanding of the French press and the French language in general, to see the hidden yet implied cultural significance that is so transparent to the native speaker. Key features: a broad range of cultural references from the historical and literary to the popular and classical, with an in-depth analysis of punning mechanisms. over 3,000 cultural references explained a three-level indicator of frequency over 600 questions to test knowledge before and after reading. The Routledge Dictionary of Cultural References in Modern French is the ideal reference for all undergraduate and postgraduate students of French seeking to enhance their understanding of the French language. It will also be of interest to teachers, translators and Francophiles alike. French students in khâgne, Sciences-Po and schools of journalism will also find this valuable and relevant for their studies.



A Frequency Dictionary of French

A Frequency Dictionary of French Author Deryle Lonsdale
ISBN-10 9781135973506
Release 2009-03-25
Pages 320
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A Frequency Dictionary of French is an invaluable tool for all learners of French, providing a list of the 5000 most frequently used words in the language. Based on a 23-million-word corpus of French which includes written and spoken material both from France and overseas, this dictionary provides the user with detailed information for each of the 5000 entries, including English equivalents, a sample sentence, its English translation, usage statistics, and an indication of register variation. Users can access the top 5000 words either through the main frequency listing or through an alphabetical index. Throughout the frequency listing there are thematically-organized lists of the top words from a variety of key topics such as sports, weather, clothing, and family terms. An engaging and highly useful resource, the Frequency Dictionary of French will enable students of all levels to get the most out of their study of French vocabulary. Deryle Lonsdale is Associate Professor in the Linguistics and English Language Department at Brigham Young University (Provo, Utah). Yvon Le Bras is Associate Professor of French and Department Chair of the French and Italian Department at Brigham Young University (Provo, Utah).



The Routledge Dictionary of Politics

The Routledge Dictionary of Politics Author David Robertson
ISBN-10 9781134348145
Release 2004-07-31
Pages 528
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This dictionary is the essential guide to politics, its terminologies, ideologies and institutions. Providing authoritative and up-to-date information that is invaluable to both students and general readers, it includes: well over 500 extensive definitions an understanding of the basics of political thought and theory clear, no-nonsense coverage of complex ideologies and dogmas succinct definitions of highly specialized and technical terms. Previously published by Penguin, this third edition has been extensively revised and updated with many new entries.



The Routledge Dictionary of Modern American Slang and Unconventional English

The Routledge Dictionary of Modern American Slang and Unconventional English Author Tom Dalzell
ISBN-10 9781351765206
Release 2018-05-11
Pages 892
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The Routledge Dictionary of Modern American Slang offers the ultimate record of modern, post WW2 American Slang. The 25,000 entries are accompanied by citations that authenticate the words as well as offer examples of usage from popular literature, newspapers, magazines, movies, television shows, musical lyrics, and Internet user groups. Etymology, cultural context, country of origin and the date the word was first used are also provided. In terms of content, the cultural transformations since 1945 are astounding. Television, computers, drugs, music, unpopular wars, youth movements, changing racial sensitivities and attitudes towards sex and sexuality are all substantial factors that have shaped culture and language. This new edition includes over 500 new headwords collected with citations from the last five years, a period of immense change in the English language, as well as revised existing entries with new dating and citations. No term is excluded on the grounds that it might be considered offensive as a racial, ethnic, religious, sexual or any kind of slur. This dictionary contains many entries and citations that will, and should, offend. Rich, scholarly and informative, The Routledge Dictionary of Modern American Slang and Unconventional English is an indispensable resource for language researchers, lexicographers and translators.



A Frequency Dictionary of German

A Frequency Dictionary of German Author Randall Jones
ISBN-10 9781135182960
Release 2015-06-03
Pages 199
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A Frequency Dictionary of German is an invaluable tool for all learners of German, providing a list of the 4,034 most frequently used words in the language. Based on a 4.2 million-word corpus which is evenly divided between spoken, fiction and non-fiction texts, the dictionary provides a detailed frequency-based list plus alphabetical and part of speech indexes. All entries in the rank frequency list feature the English equivalent, a sample sentence plus an indication of major register variation. The dictionary also contains twenty-one thematically organized lists of frequently used words on a variety of topics as well as eleven special vocabulary lists. A Frequency Dictionary of German aims to enable students of all levels to maximize their study of German vocabulary in an efficient and engaging way.



A Frequency Dictionary of Spanish

A Frequency Dictionary of Spanish Author Mark Davies
ISBN-10 9781134314195
Release 2006-05-17
Pages 296
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The only up-to-date frequency dictionary of Spanish currently available, this is an invaluable tool for all learners of Spanish that provides a list of the 5,000 most commonly used words in the language. Based on a twenty million word corpus evenly divided between spoken, fiction and non-fiction texts from both Spain and Latin America, the Dictionary provides a detailed frequency-based list, as well as alphabetical and part-of-speech indexes to ensure maximum ease of access to the information and efficiency of use. All entries in the rank frequency list feature the English equivalent, a sample sentence and, where applicable, an indication of major register variation. The Dictionary also contains thirty thematically organized lists of frequently used words on a variety of topics, such as animals, weather, materials, and family terms. A CD version is available to purchase separately. Designed for use by corpus and computational linguists it provides the full text in a format that researchers can process and turn into suitable lists for their own research work



A Frequency Dictionary of Dutch

A Frequency Dictionary of Dutch Author Carole Tiberius
ISBN-10 9781317933854
Release 2013-12-17
Pages 320
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A Frequency Dictionary of Dutch is a valuable tool for all learners of Dutch, providing a list of the 5,000 most frequently used words in the language. Based on a 290 million word corpus which includes both written and spoken material from a wide range of sources, this dictionary presents Dutch core vocabulary in a detailed and clearly arranged manner: each of the 5,000 entries includes English equivalents and a sample sentence showing language in use. Users can access the top 5,000 words either through the main frequency listings or an alphabetical index. Throughout the frequency listings there are thematically organized lists featuring the top words from a variety of key topics such as animals, food and other areas of daily and cultural life. Words specific to Dutch in Belgium (Belgian Dutch) are also included. An engaging and efficient resource, A Frequency Dictionary of Dutch will enable students of all levels to get the most out of their study. This book was prepared in association with the Instituut voor Nederlandse Lexicologie (INL, Institute of Dutch Lexicology). A CD version is available to purchase separately. Designed for use by corpus and computational linguists, it provides the full text in a format that researchers can process and turn into suitable lists for their own research purposes.



The Routledge Dictionary of Philosophy

The Routledge Dictionary of Philosophy Author Michael Proudfoot
ISBN-10 9781134250776
Release 2009-12-04
Pages 464
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First published in 1976, the Dictionary of Philosophy has established itself as the best available text of its kind, explaining often unfamiliar, complicated and diverse terminology. Thoroughly revised and expanded, this fourth edition provides authoritative and rigorous definitions of a broad range of philosophical concepts. Concentrating on the Western philosophical tradition, The Routledge Dictionary of Philosophy offers an illuminating and informed introduction to the central issues, ideas and perspectives in core fields such as metaphysics, epistemology, and logic. It includes concise biographical entries for more than one hundred major philosophers, from Plato and Aristotle through to contemporary figures such as Dummett, McDowell, Parfit and Singer. All major entries are followed by helpful suggestions for further reading, including web links, and contain extensive cross-referencing to aid access and comprehension. This edition also features a brand new guide to the most useful philosophy sites on the internet. The Routledge Dictionary of Philosophy is an invaluable and up-to-date resource for all students of philosophy.



A Frequency Dictionary of Turkish

A Frequency Dictionary of Turkish Author Yeşim Aksan
ISBN-10 9781317557562
Release 2016-12-08
Pages 362
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A Frequency Dictionary of Turkish enables students of all levels to build on their study of Turkish in an efficient and engaging way. Based on a 50 million word corpus, A Frequency Dictionary of Turkish provides a list of core vocabulary for learners of Turkish as a second or foreign language. It gives the most updated, reliable frequency guidelines for common vocabulary in spoken and written Turkish. Each of the 5000 entries are supported by detailed information including the English equivalent, an illustrative example with English translation and usage statistics. The Dictionary provides a rich resource for language teaching and curriculum design, while a separate CD version provides the full text in a tab-delimited format ideally suited for use by corpus and computational linguists. With entries arranged by frequency, by suffixation and alphabetically, A Frequency Dictionary of Turkish enables students of all levels to get the most out of their study of vocabulary in an engaging and efficient way.



A Frequency Dictionary of Portuguese

A Frequency Dictionary of Portuguese Author Mark Davies
ISBN-10 9781134110919
Release 2007-11-29
Pages 342
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An invaluable tool for learners of Portuguese, this Frequency Dictionary provides a list of the 5000 most commonly used words in the language. Based on a twenty-million-word collection of Portuguese (taken from both Portuguese and Brazilian sources), which includes both written and spoken material, this dictionary provides detailed information for each of the 5000 entries, including the English equivalent, a sample sentence, and an indication of register and dialect variation. Users can access the top 5000 words either through the main frequency listing or through an alphabetical index. Throughout the frequency listing there are also thrity thematically-organized ‘boxed’ lists of the top words from a variety of key topics such as sports, weather, clothing and relations. An engaging and highly useful resource, A Frequency Dictionary of Portuguese will enable students of all levels to get the most out of their study of Portuguese vocabulary.



A Frequency Dictionary of Korean

A Frequency Dictionary of Korean Author Sun-Hee Lee
ISBN-10 9781317201281
Release 2016-08-05
Pages 348
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A Frequency Dictionary of Korean is an invaluable tool for all learners of Korean, providing a list of the 5000 most frequently used words in the language. Based on the Sejong National Corpora, the largest written and spoken corpora in Korean comprised of 10 million words collected from different genres, the Dictionary provides the user with detailed information for each of the entries, including illustrative examples and English translations. The Dictionary provides a rich resource for language teaching and curriculum design, while a separate CD version provides the full text in a tab-delimited format ideally suited for use by corpus and computational linguists. With entries arranged both by frequency and alphabetically, A Frequency Dictionary of Korean enables students of all levels to get the most out of their study of vocabulary in an engaging and efficient way.