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The Sea Floor

The Sea Floor Author Eugen Seibold
ISBN-10 9783319514123
Release 2017-07-06
Pages 268
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This textbook deals with the most important items in Marine Geology, including some pioneer work. The list of topics has grown greatly in the last few decades beyond the items identified by Eugen Seibold as central and now includes prominently such things as methane and climate change; that is, the carbon cycle and the Earth system as a whole. Relevant geophysical, geochemical, sedimentological and paleontological methods are shortly described. They should allow the reader to comment on new results about plate tectonics, marine sedimentation from the coasts to the deep sea, climatological aspects, paleoceanology and the use of the sea floor. The text tries to transmit to the reader excitement of marine geological research both aboard and in modern laboratories. Basic mineralogical, geochemical, biological and other relevant data and a detailed list of books and symposia are given in an Appendix. This Introduction builds on the third edition of “The Sea Floor” by E. Seibold and W.H. Berger. While much of the original text was written by Seibold, a considerable portion of the material presented in this edition is new, taking into account the recent great shift in marine geological research, some of it with great relevance to human concerns arising in a rapidly changing world.



An Introduction to Marine Geology

An Introduction to Marine Geology Author M. J. Keen
ISBN-10 9781483293493
Release 2017-01-31
Pages 228
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An account of some aspects of marine geology and marine geophysics, comprehensible to those at an early stage in their study of geology and to scientists who are not specialists in these fields. There are many biologists, chemists, mathematicians or physicists who work in the laboratory or on board ship with geologists and geophysicists and this book will help them to understand the aims of their colleages' experiments. Wherever possible, without a loss of necessary precision, terminology is deliberately simplified.



Marine Mineral Exploration

Marine Mineral Exploration Author H. Kunzendorf
ISBN-10 0080870791
Release 1986-05-01
Pages 299
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The past 20 years have seen extensive marine exploration work by the major industrialized countries. Studies have, in part, been concentrated on Pacific manganese nodule occurrences and on massive sulfides on mid-oceanic ridges. An international jurisdictional framework of the sea-bed mineral resources was negotiated by the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III). A most important outcome of this conference was the establishment of an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of at least 200 nautical miles for all coastal states and the recognition of a deep-sea regime. Mineral deposits in EEZ areas are fairly unknown; many areas need detailed mapping and mineral exploration, and the majority of coastal or island states with large EEZ areas have little experience in exploration for marine hard minerals. This book describes the systematic steps in marine mineral exploration. Such exploration requires knowledge of mineral deposits and models of their formation, of geophysical and geochemical exploration methods, and of data evaluation and interpretation methods. These topics are described in detail by an international group of authors. A short description is also given of marine research vessels, evaluation of marine exploration examples; and an overview is provided of the jurisdictional situation after UNCLOS III.



Marine Geology

Marine Geology Author Jon Erickson
ISBN-10 9781438109671
Release 2009-01-01
Pages 317
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This fully revised and expanded edition of "Marine Geology closely examines the interrelationship between water and its life forms and geologic structures. It looks at several ideas for the origins of the Earth



Discovering the Deep

Discovering the Deep Author Jeffrey A. Karson
ISBN-10 9780521857185
Release 2015-04-23
Pages 430
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A beautifully illustrated reference providing fascinating insights into the hidden world of the seafloor using the latest deep-sea imaging.



Marine Geology

Marine Geology Author Jon Erickson
ISBN-10 0816033544
Release 1996-01-01
Pages 243
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Looks at marine life and the underwater land structures that support it



Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat

Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat Author Peter T. Harris
ISBN-10 9780123851406
Release 2011
Pages 900
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Annotation This book provides a synthesis of seabed geomorphology and benthic habitats based on the most recent, up-to-date information. Case studies from around the world are presented.



Fundamentals of Acoustical Oceanography

Fundamentals of Acoustical Oceanography Author Herman Medwin
ISBN-10 0080532160
Release 1997-11-05
Pages 712
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The developments in the field of ocean acoustics over recent years make this book an important reference for specialists in acoustics, oceanography, marine biology, and related fields. Fundamentals of Acoustical Oceanography also encourages a new generation of scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs to apply the modern methods of acoustical physics to probe the unknown sea. The book is an authoritative, modern text with examples and exercises. It contains techniques to solve the direct problems, solutions of inverse problems, and an extensive bibliography from the earliest use of sound in the sea to present references. Written by internationally recognized scientists, the book provides background to measure ocean parameters and processes, find life and objects in the sea, communicate underwater, and survey the boundaries of the sea. Fundamentals of Acoustical Oceanography explains principles of underwater sound propagation, and describes how both actively probing sonars and passively listening hydrophones can reveal what the eye cannot see over vast ranges of the turbid ocean. This book demonstrates how to use acoustical remote sensing, variations in sound transmission, in situ acoustical measurements, and computer and laboratory models to identify the physical and biological parameters and processes in the sea. * Offers an integrated, modern approach to passive and active underwater acoustics * Contains many examples of laboratory scale models of ocean-acoustic environments, as well as descriptions of experiments at sea * Covers remote sensing of marine life and the seafloor * Includes signal processing of ocean sounds, physical and biological noises at sea, and inversions * resents sound sources, receivers, and calibration * Explains high intensities; explosive waves, parametric sources, cavitation, shock waves, and streaming * Covers microbubbles from breaking waves, rainfall, dispersion, and attenuation * Describes sound propagation along ray paths and caustics * Presents sound transmissions and normal mode methods in ocean waveguides



Antarctic Marine Geology

Antarctic Marine Geology Author J. B. Anderson
ISBN-10 0521593174
Release 1999-09-28
Pages 289
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A comprehensive single-authored book to introduce students and researchers to the marine geology of the Antarctic.



Introduction to Marine Micropaleontology

Introduction to Marine Micropaleontology Author B.U. Haq
ISBN-10 0080534961
Release 1998-03-12
Pages 376
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This beautifully illustrated text book, with state-of-the-art illustrations, is useful not only for an introduction to the subject, but also for the application of marine microfossils in paleoceanographic, paleoenvironmental and biostratigraphic analyses. The recent revival of interest in marine micropaleontology worldwide in the wake of the development of sequence stratigraphic models has led to the decision to reissue the volume in its original, but paperback, form. The ideas expressed in various chapters of this second edition remain as valid today as they were when the book was first issued. The text, however, includes an updated Phanerozoic geologic time which has been considerably modified since the 1980s.



Hydrothermal Processes at Seafloor Spreading Centers

Hydrothermal Processes at Seafloor Spreading Centers Author Peter A. Rona
ISBN-10 9781489904027
Release 2013-11-21
Pages 796
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During the past ten years, evidence has developed to indicate that seawater convects through oceanic crust driven by heat derived from creation of lithosphere at the Earth-encircling oceanic ridge-rift system of seafloor spreading centers. This has stimulated multiple lines of research with profound implications for the earth and life sciences. The lines of research comprise the role of hydrothermal convection at seafloor spreading centers in the Earth's thermal regime by cooling of newly formed litho sphere (oceanic crust and upper mantle); in global geochemical cycles and mass balances of certain elements by chemical exchange between circulating seawater and basaltic rocks of oceanic crust; in the concentration of metallic mineral deposits by ore-forming processes; and in adaptation of biological communities based on a previously unrecognized form of chemosynthesis. The first work shop devoted to interdisciplinary consideration of this field was organized by a committee consisting of the co-editors of this volume under the auspices of a NATO Advanced Research Institute (ARI) held 5-8 April 1982 at the Department of Earth Sciences of Cambridge University in England. This volume is a product of that workshop. The papers were written by members of a pioneering research community of marine geologists, geophysicists, geochemists and biologists whose work is at the stage of initial description and interpretation of hydrothermal and associated phenomena at seafloor spreading centers.



Submarine Geomorphology

Submarine Geomorphology Author Aaron Micallef
ISBN-10 9783319578521
Release 2017-07-18
Pages 556
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This book on the current state of knowledge of submarine geomorphology aims to achieve the goals of the Submarine Geomorphology working group, set up in 2013, by establishing submarine geomorphology as a field of research, disseminating its concepts and techniques among earth scientists and professionals, and encouraging students to develop their skills and knowledge in this field. Editors have invited 30 experts from around the world to contribute chapters to this book, which is divided into 4 sections – (i) Introduction & history, (ii) Data & methods, (ii) Submarine landforms & processes and (iv) Conclusions & future directions. Each chapter provides a review of a topic, establishes the state-of-the-art, identifies the key research questions that need to be addressed, and delineates a strategy on how to achieve this. Submarine geomorphology is a priority for many research institutions, government authorities and industries globally. The book is useful for undergraduate and graduate students, and professionals with limited training in this field.



Sound Images of the Ocean

Sound Images of the Ocean Author Peter Wille
ISBN-10 3540241221
Release 2005-06-14
Pages 471
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Sound Images of the Ocean is the first comprehensive overview of acoustic imaging applications in the various fields of marine research, utilization, surveillance, and protection. The book employs 400 sound images of the sea floor and of processes in the sea volume, contributed by more than 120 marine experts from 22 nations.



Marine geophysics

Marine geophysics Author E. J. W. Jones
ISBN-10 0471986933
Release 1999
Pages 466
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Provides a comprehensive review of techniques used to explore the oceans and examines what geophysical observations reveal about the structure and tectonics of the seabed and the Earth's interior.Exploration of the oceans using geophysical methods has had a profound effect on the way we view the structure of the earth and its behaviour through geological time. Geophysics has also played a vital role in the search for petroleum and other natural resources lying beneath the seabed. This volume looks at:* the means of locating observations accurately and determining in detail the morphology of the sea floor* the powerful seismic techniques for imaging the Earth's interior from shallow coastal areas to deep-sea trenches* the gravity and magnetic fields over the oceans, heat flow, electrical and radiometric methods and measurements in offshore boreholes* geophysical observations on the development of the modern oceans, the structure of their deep basins, and the nature of their aseismic and seismically active margins.This book will be of interest to marine scientists and advanced undergraduates and postgraduates following courses on, or undertaking research in, geophysics, marine geology, oceanography, physical sciences, remote sensing, marine surveying and offshore engineering.



The Deep Sea Floor

The Deep Sea Floor Author Sneed B. Collard III
ISBN-10 9781607342175
Release 2011-07-26
Pages
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Incredibly rich and realistic illustrations take readers up close to the curious creatures and plants that thrive in the vast severe habitat of the ocean's floor. Marine biologist and renowned children's book writer Sneed B. Collard III introduces children to many fascinating sea creatures–from bioluminescent fish to giant tube worms–that survive without sunlight. A history of deep-sea exploration from sonar to submersibles shows how far scientists have come in their ability to investigate these great depths. Inspire young readers to explore the possibilities of marine science.



Soundings

Soundings Author Hali Felt
ISBN-10 9781466847460
Release 2013-07-02
Pages 352
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Her maps of the ocean floor have been called "one of the most remarkable achievements in modern cartography", yet no one knows her name. Soundings is the story of the enigmatic, unknown woman behind one of the greatest achievements of the 20th century. Before Marie Tharp, geologist and gifted draftsperson, the whole world, including most of the scientific community, thought the ocean floor was a vast expanse of nothingness. In 1948, at age 28, Marie walked into the newly formed geophysical lab at Columbia University and practically demanded a job. The scientists at the lab were all male; the women who worked there were relegated to secretary or assistant. Through sheer willpower and obstinacy, Marie was given the job of interpreting the soundings (records of sonar pings measuring the ocean's depths) brought back from the ocean-going expeditions of her male colleagues. The marriage of artistry and science behind her analysis of this dry data gave birth to a major work: the first comprehensive map of the ocean floor, which laid the groundwork for proving the then-controversial theory of continental drift. When combined, Marie's scientific knowledge, her eye for detail and her skill as an artist revealed not a vast empty plane, but an entire world of mountains and volcanoes, ridges and rifts, and a gateway to the past that allowed scientists the means to imagine how the continents and the oceans had been created over time. Just as Marie dedicated more than twenty years of her professional life to what became the Lamont Geological Observatory, engaged in the task of mapping every ocean on Earth, she dedicated her personal life to her great friendship with her co-worker, Bruce Heezen. Partners in work and in many ways, partners in life, Marie and Bruce were devoted to one another as they rose to greater and greater prominence in the scientific community, only to be envied and finally dismissed by their beloved institute. They went on together, refining and perfecting their work and contributing not only to humanity's vision of the ocean floor, but to the way subsequent generations would view the Earth as a whole. With an imagination as intuitive as Marie's, brilliant young writer Hali Felt brings to vivid life the story of the pioneering scientist whose work became the basis for the work of others scientists for generations to come.



Seafloor Processes and Geotechnology

Seafloor Processes and Geotechnology Author Ronald C. Chaney
ISBN-10 1482207400
Release 2015-11-11
Pages 584
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To design and build synthetic structures on the seabed or in the coastal zone in a safe and environmentally responsible way, there are numerous factors engineers, geologists, and marine and environmental scientists must be aware of. These are factors affecting the sediment/water interface, the sediment column on the continental shelf and slope, and the abyssal plains. Armed with this information, these professionals are best able to evaluate potential environmental hazards. This book provides a comprehensive survey of these factors and also discusses marine in situ investigation, drilling, soil sampling, and relevant laboratory testing technologies.