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The Social Conscience of the Early Victorians

The Social Conscience of the Early Victorians Author F. David Roberts
ISBN-10 9780804780933
Release 2002-08-07
Pages 584
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In 1830, the dominant social outlook of the early Victorians was a paternalism that looked to property, the Church, and local Justices of the Peace to govern society and deal with its ills. By 1860, however, the dominant social outlook had become a vision of a laissez faire society that relied on economic laws, self-reliance, and the vigorous philanthropy of voluntary societies. This book describes and analyzes these changes, which arose from the rapid growth of industry, towns, population, and the middle and working classes. Paternalism did not entirely fade away, however, just as a laissez faire vision had long antedated 1830. Both were part of a social conscience also defined by a revived philanthropy, a new humanitarianism, and a grudging acceptance of an expanded government, all of which reflected a strong revival of religion as well as the growth of rationalism. The new dominance of a laissez faire vision was dramatically evident in the triumph of political economy. By 1860, only a few doubted the eternal verities of the economists’ voluminous writings. Few also doubted the verities of those who preached self-reliance, who supported the New Poor Law’s severity to persons who were not self-reliant, and who inspired education measures to promote that indispensable virtue. If economic laws and self-reliance failed to prevent distress, the philanthropists and voluntary societies would step in. Such a vision proved far more buoyant and effective than a paternalism whose narrow and rural Anglican base made it unable to cope with the downside of an industrial-urban Britain. But the vision of a laissez faire society was not without its flaws. Its harmonious economic laws and its hope in self-reliance did not prevent gross exploitation and acute distress, and however beneficent were its philanthropists, they fell far short of mitigating these evils. This vision also found a rival in an expanded government. Two powerful ideas—the idea of a paternal government and the idea of a utilitarian state—helped create the expansion of government services. A reluctant belief in governmental power thus joined the many other ideas that defined the Victorian’s social conscience.



Liberalism and Local Government in Early Victorian London

Liberalism and Local Government in Early Victorian London Author Benjamin Weinstein
ISBN-10 9780861933129
Release 2011
Pages 204
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A fresh interpretation of London's early Victorian political culture, devoting particular attention to the relationship which existed between Whigs and vestry-based radicals.



Paternalism in Early Victorian England

Paternalism in Early Victorian England Author David Roberts
ISBN-10 9781317271802
Release 2016-07-01
Pages 338
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First published in 1979. This book studies the social outlook which historians today call paternalism. It was an ideology which informed social attitudes at all levels of society and expressed itself in countless ways. In this work, David Roberts provides a comprehensive examination of the revival, amplification, and transformation of the ideals of paternalism as a social remedy in the Early Victorian Period. This title will be of interest to students of history.



Victorians Against the Gallows

Victorians Against the Gallows Author James Gregory
ISBN-10 9780857730886
Release 2011-11-30
Pages 384
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By the time that Queen Victoria ascended the throne in 1837, the list of crimes liable to attract the death penalty had effectively been reduced to murder. Yet, despite this, the gallows remained a source of controversy in Victorian Britain and there was a growing unease in liberal quarters surrounding the question of capital punishment. In this book, James Gregory examines organised efforts to abolish capital punishment in Britain and the Empire in the Victorian era, focusing particularly on the activities of the Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishment. The amelioration of the notoriously ‘Bloody Code’ of the British state may have limited capital punishment effectively to a small number of murderers after 1840 but, despite this, capital punishment was a matter of perennial debate, from the local arena of school debating societies to the ‘imperial Parliament’, and a topic to trouble the minds of thoughtful Victorians across the British world. Drawing on a wide range of sources, from pamphlets by abolitionists or their opponents to gallows broadsides, official inquiries, provincial newspapers, novels and short stories, Gregory studies a movement acknowledged by contemporaries to be agitating one of the ‘questions of the day’ - challenging as it did contemporary theology, state infliction of violence, and prevalent ideas about punishment. He explores important aspects such as: capital punishment debates in the ‘Lex Britannica’ of British colonies and dominions, the role of women abolitionists and the class and gendered inflexions to the ‘gallows question’, the representation of the problem of capital punishment in Victorian fiction, and the relationship between abolitionists and the Home Office which exercised the royal prerogative of mercy. While the abolitionism of Nonconformist reformers such as the Quakers and Unitarians is familiar, Gregory introduces the reader to the abolitionist debates in Jewish, secularist and spiritualist circles, and explores themes such as the imagined role of the Queen as ‘fount of mercy’ and the disturbing figure of the hangman. Studying the provincial, national and international aspects to the movement, Victorians Against the Gallows offers an important contribution to our understanding of Victorian reform activities, and Victorian culture.



An Underground History of Early Victorian Fiction

An Underground History of Early Victorian Fiction Author Gregory Vargo
ISBN-10 9781107197855
Release 2017-12-07
Pages 298
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Explores the journalism and fiction appearing in the early Victorian working-class periodical press and its influence on mainstream literature.



After the Victorians

After the Victorians Author Assistant Professor of History Peter Mandler
ISBN-10 9781134911790
Release 2005-08-16
Pages 276
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Written by a team of eminent historians, these essays explore how ten twentieth-century intellectuals and social reformers sought to adapt such familiar Victorian values as `civilisation', `domesticity', `conscience' and `improvement' to modern conditions of democracy, feminism and mass culture. Covering such figures as J.M. Keynes, E.M. Forster and Lord Reith of the BBC, these interdisciplinary studies scrutinize the children of the Victorians at a time when their private assumptions and public positions were under increasing strain in a rapidly changing world. After the Victorians is written in honour of the late Professor John Clive of Harvard, and uses, as he did, the method of biography to connnect the public and private lives of the generations who came after the Victorians.



Victorian Periodicals Newsletter

Victorian Periodicals Newsletter Author
ISBN-10 IND:30000116572334
Release 1977
Pages
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Victorian Periodicals Newsletter has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Victorian Periodicals Newsletter also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Victorian Periodicals Newsletter book for free.



Murder in the First Class Carriage The First Victorian Railway Killing

Murder in the First Class Carriage  The First Victorian Railway Killing Author Kate Colquhoun
ISBN-10 9781590208861
Release 2013-04-30
Pages 352
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Did a small, neat, mild-mannered, Dickens-reading tailor commit the first railway murder in history --a crime that shocked both America and Britain? In July 1864, Thomas Briggs was traveling home after visiting his niece and her husband for dinner. He boarded a first-class carriage on the 9:45 pm Hackney service of the North London railway. A short time later, two bank clerks entered the compartment and noticed blood pooled in the seat cushions and smeared all over the floor and windows. But there was no sign of Thomas Briggs. All that remained was his ivory-knobbed walking stick, his empty leather bag, and a bloodstained hat that, strangely, did not belong to Mr. Briggs. The race to identify the killer and catch him as he fled on a boat to America was eagerly followed by the public on both sides of the Atlantic. The investigation and subsequent trial became a fixture in New York newspapers--and a frequent distraction from the Civil War that ravaged the nation. In Murder in the First-Class Carriage, acclaimed writer Kate Colquhoun tells the gripping tale of a crime that shocked an era.



Victorian Studies Bulletin

Victorian Studies Bulletin Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105007033538
Release 1977
Pages
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Victorian Studies Bulletin has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Victorian Studies Bulletin also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Victorian Studies Bulletin book for free.



Morality and the Market in Victorian Britain

Morality and the Market in Victorian Britain Author Geoffrey Russell Searle
ISBN-10 0198206984
Release 1998
Pages 300
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In this lively and interesting study, G. R. Searle tackles the conundrum at the heart of Victorian life: how could capitalist values be harmonized with Christian beliefs and with concepts of public morality and social duty? Middle-class Victorians who broadly welcomed industrial growth and embraced the doctrines of `political economy' were sensitive to the charge that theirs was a selfish and materialistic creed. Consequently, if public morality was to be reconciled with the market, wage-labour had to be distinguished from slavery, investment from speculation, and entrepreneurial acumen from dishonesty and fraud. These ideas about citizenship and public virtue offered a greater challenge to rampant capitalism than any pressing need to alleviate poverty. Through its exploration of `Victorian values', this book provides lessons for all those engaged in the present-day debate about the moral and social consequences of unleashing free market forces.



Religion in Victorian Britain Vol IV

Religion in Victorian Britain  Vol  IV Author Gerald Parsons
ISBN-10 0719029465
Release 1988-01
Pages 225
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Religion in Victorian Britain Vol IV has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Religion in Victorian Britain Vol IV also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Religion in Victorian Britain Vol IV book for free.



A Literary History of England

A Literary History of England Author A Baugh
ISBN-10 9781136892998
Release 2004-06-02
Pages 628
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First published in 1959. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Choice

Choice Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015079402619
Release 2003
Pages
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Choice has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Choice also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Choice book for free.



Wordsworth and the Early Victorians

Wordsworth and the Early Victorians Author Robert Eugene Lovelace
ISBN-10 WISC:89101330769
Release 1951
Pages 942
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Wordsworth and the Early Victorians has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Wordsworth and the Early Victorians also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Wordsworth and the Early Victorians book for free.



Victorian Periodicals Review

Victorian Periodicals Review Author
ISBN-10 UCSC:32106020773971
Release 2006
Pages
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Victorian Periodicals Review has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Victorian Periodicals Review also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Victorian Periodicals Review book for free.



Victorian Conscience

Victorian Conscience Author Marilyn Thomas Faulkenburg
ISBN-10 0820457191
Release 2001
Pages 316
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Relying heavily on his sermons and correspondence, this -life and times- biography of F.W. Robertson (1816-1853) illustrates his influence in bettering social conditions for the working classes in early Victorian England. Robertson lived and preached democratic values at a time when that was considered radical or even heretical for an upper-class Englishman. Robertson's inspirational insights into the nature of the spiritual life are timeless in content and poetic in expression."



Reader s Guide to Literature in English

Reader s Guide to Literature in English Author Mark Hawkins-Dady
ISBN-10 9781135314170
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 1010
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Reader's Guide Literature in English provides expert guidance to, and critical analysis of, the vast number of books available within the subject of English literature, from Anglo-Saxon times to the current American, British and Commonwealth scene. It is designed to help students, teachers and librarians choose the most appropriate books for research and study.