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The Specter of Genocide

The Specter of Genocide Author Robert Gellately
ISBN-10 0521527503
Release 2003-07-07
Pages 396
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Offers an up-to-date, comprehensive history and analyses of multiple cases of genocide and genocidal acts.



A Century of Genocide

A Century of Genocide Author Eric D. Weitz
ISBN-10 9781400866229
Release 2015-04-27
Pages 384
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Why did the twentieth century witness unprecedented organized genocide? Can we learn why genocide is perpetrated by comparing different cases of genocide? Is the Holocaust unique, or does it share causes and features with other cases of state-sponsored mass murder? Can genocide be prevented? Blending gripping narrative with trenchant analysis, Eric Weitz investigates four of the twentieth century's major eruptions of genocide: the Soviet Union under Stalin, Nazi Germany, Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge, and the former Yugoslavia. Drawing on historical sources as well as trial records, memoirs, novels, and poems, Weitz explains the prevalence of genocide in the twentieth century--and shows how and why it became so systematic and deadly. Weitz depicts the searing brutality of each genocide and traces its origins back to those most powerful categories of the modern world: race and nation. He demonstrates how, in each of the cases, a strong state pursuing utopia promoted a particular mix of extreme national and racial ideologies. In moments of intense crisis, these states targeted certain national and racial groups, believing that only the annihilation of these "enemies" would enable the dominant group to flourish. And in each instance, large segments of the population were enticed to join in the often ritualistic actions that destroyed their neighbors. This book offers some of the most absorbing accounts ever written of the population purges forever associated with the names Stalin, Hitler, Pol Pot, and Milosevic. A controversial and richly textured comparison of these four modern cases, it identifies the social and political forces that produce genocide.



Fires of Hatred

Fires of Hatred Author Norman M. Naimark
ISBN-10 9780674975828
Release 2002-09-19
Pages 256
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Of all the horrors of the last century--perhaps the bloodiest century of the past millennium--ethnic cleansing ranks among the worst. The term burst forth in public discourse in the spring of 1992 as a way to describe Serbian attacks on the Muslims of Bosnia-Herzegovina, but as this landmark book attests, ethnic cleansing is neither new nor likely to cease in our time.



Genocide since 1945

Genocide since 1945 Author Philip Spencer
ISBN-10 9781136293672
Release 2012-06-25
Pages 176
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In 1948 the United Nations passed the Genocide Convention. The international community was now obligated to prevent or halt what had hitherto, in Winston Churchill’s words, been a "crime without a name", and to punish the perpetrators. Since then, however, genocide has recurred repeatedly. Millions of people have been murdered by sovereign nation states, confident in their ability to act with impunity within their own borders. Tracing the history of genocide since 1945, and looking at a number of cases across continents and decades, this book discusses a range of critical and inter-connected issues such as: why this crime is different, why exactly it is said to be "the crime of crimes" how each genocide involves a deadly triangle of perpetrators (with their collaborators), victims and bystanders as well as rescuers the different stages that genocides go through, from conception to denial the different explanations that have been put forward for why genocide takes place and the question of humanitarian intervention. Genocide since 1945 aims to help the reader understand how, when, where and why this crime has been committed since 1945, why it has proven so difficult to halt or prevent its recurrence, and what now might be done about it. It is essential reading for all those interested in the contemporary world.



A Genealogy of Evil

A Genealogy of Evil Author David Patterson
ISBN-10 9781139492430
Release 2010-10-18
Pages
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Based on extensive scrutiny of primary sources from Nazi and Jihadist ideologues, David Patterson argues that Jihadist anti-Semitism stems from Nazi ideology. This book challenges the idea that Jihadist anti-Semitism has medieval roots, identifying its distinctively modern characteristics and tracing interconnections that link the Nazis to the Muslim Brotherhood to the PLO, Fatah, Hamas, Islamic Jihad, Hezbollah, Al-Qaeda, the Sudan, the Iranian Islamic Republic, and other groups with an anti-Semitic worldview. Based on his close reading of numerous Jihadist texts, Patterson critiques their antisemitic teachings and affirms the importance of Jewish teaching, concluding that humanity needs the very Jewish teaching and testimony that the Jihadists advocate destroying.



Confronting Tyranny

Confronting Tyranny Author Toivo Koivukoski
ISBN-10 074254401X
Release 2005
Pages 260
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Motivated by the reentry of tyranny into political discourse and political action, this new work compares ancient and contemporary accounts of tyranny in an effort to find responses to current political dilemmas and enduring truths. In our globally interconnected world, tyrants are no longer dangerous solely to their subjects and neighbors, but to all. This is where the debate begins as the lessons of classical political philosophy are thrown into the present political crisis of understanding and action.



The Order of Genocide

The Order of Genocide Author Scott Straus
ISBN-10 9780801467158
Release 2013-01-14
Pages 296
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The Rwandan genocide has become a touchstone for debates about the causes of mass violence and the responsibilities of the international community. Yet a number of key questions about this tragedy remain unanswered: How did the violence spread from community to community and so rapidly engulf the nation? Why did individuals make decisions that led them to take up machetes against their neighbors? And what was the logic that drove the campaign of extermination? According to Scott Straus, a social scientist and former journalist in East Africa for several years (who received a Pulitzer Prize nomination for his reporting for the Houston Chronicle), many of the widely held beliefs about the causes and course of genocide in Rwanda are incomplete. They focus largely on the actions of the ruling elite or the inaction of the international community. Considerably less is known about how and why elite decisions became widespread exterminatory violence. Challenging the prevailing wisdom, Straus provides substantial new evidence about local patterns of violence, using original research-including the most comprehensive surveys yet undertaken among convicted perpetrators-to assess competing theories about the causes and dynamics of the genocide. Current interpretations stress three main causes for the genocide: ethnic identity, ideology, and mass-media indoctrination (in particular the influence of hate radio). Straus's research does not deny the importance of ethnicity, but he finds that it operated more as a background condition. Instead, Straus emphasizes fear and intra-ethnic intimidation as the primary drivers of the violence. A defensive civil war and the assassination of a president created a feeling of acute insecurity. Rwanda's unusually effective state was also central, as was the country's geography and population density, which limited the number of exit options for both victims and perpetrators. In conclusion, Straus steps back from the particulars of the Rwandan genocide to offer a new, dynamic model for understanding other instances of genocide in recent history-the Holocaust, Armenia, Cambodia, the Balkans-and assessing the future likelihood of such events.



Defining the Horrific

Defining the Horrific Author William L. Hewitt
ISBN-10 UVA:X030035212
Release 2004
Pages 393
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This collection of readings examines how genocide and holocaust have defined the twentieth century. The overall discussion is global in perspective, examining incidents of the horrific in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Contains readings by scholars such as Anne Applebaum, Ward Churchill, Steven Katz, Robert Melson, Michael Parenti, Erna Paris, Samantha Power, R.J. Rummel, Edward Said, and Howard Zinn.



The Killing Season

The Killing Season Author Geoffrey B. Robinson
ISBN-10 9781400888863
Release 2018-02-13
Pages 456
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The Killing Season explores one of the largest and swiftest, yet least examined, instances of mass killing and incarceration in the twentieth century—the shocking antileftist purge that gripped Indonesia in 1965–66, leaving some five hundred thousand people dead and more than a million others in detention. An expert in modern Indonesian history, genocide, and human rights, Geoffrey Robinson sets out to account for this violence and to end the troubling silence surrounding it. In doing so, he sheds new light on broad and enduring historical questions. How do we account for instances of systematic mass killing and detention? Why are some of these crimes remembered and punished, while others are forgotten? What are the social and political ramifications of such acts and such silence? Challenging conventional narratives of the mass violence of 1965–66 as arising spontaneously from religious and social conflicts, Robinson argues convincingly that it was instead the product of a deliberate campaign, led by the Indonesian Army. He also details the critical role played by the United States, Britain, and other major powers in facilitating mass murder and incarceration. Robinson concludes by probing the disturbing long-term consequences of the violence for millions of survivors and Indonesian society as a whole. Based on a rich body of primary and secondary sources, The Killing Season is the definitive account of a pivotal period in Indonesian history. It also makes a powerful contribution to wider debates about the dynamics and legacies of mass killing, incarceration, and genocide.



Colonial Genocide and Reparations Claims in the 21st Century The Socio Legal Context of Claims under International Law by the Herero against Germany for Genocide in Namibia 1904 1908

Colonial Genocide and Reparations Claims in the 21st Century  The Socio Legal Context of Claims under International Law by the Herero against Germany for Genocide in Namibia  1904 1908 Author Jeremy Sarkin
ISBN-10 9780313362576
Release 2008-11-30
Pages 320
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More and more, the descendants of indigenous victims of genocide, land expropriation, forced labor, and other systematic human rights violations committed by colonial powers are seeking reparations under international law from the modern successor governments and corporations. As the number of colonial reparations cases increases, courts around the world are being asked to apply international law to determine whether reparations are due for atrocities and crimes that might have been committed long ago but whose lasting effects are alleged to injure the modern descendants of the victims. Sarkin analyzes the thorny issues of international law raised in such suits by focusing on groundbreaking cases in which he is involved as legal advisor to the paramount chief of the Herero people of Namibia. In 2001, the Herero became the first ethnic group to seek reparations under the legal definition of genocide by bringing multi-billion-dollar suits against Germany and German companies in a number of U.S. federal courts under the Alien Torts Claim Act of 1789. The Herero genocide, conducted in German South-West Africa (present-day Namibia) between 1904 and 1908, is recognized by the UN as the first organized state genocide in world history. Although the Herero were subjected to Germany's First Genocide, they have, unlike the victims of the Holocaust, received no reparations from Germany. By machine-gun massacres, starvation, poisoning, and forced labor in Germany's first concentration camps, the German Schutztruppe systematically exterminated as many as 105,000 Herero women, and children, composing most of the Herero population. Sarkin considers whether these historical events constitute legally defined genocide, crimes against humanity, and other international crimes. He evaluates the legal status of indigenous polities in Africa at the time and he explores the enduring impact in Namibia of the Germany's colonial campaign of genocide. He extrapolates the Herero case to global issues of reparations, apologies, and historical human rights violations, especially in Africa.



Disrupting Pathways to Genocide

Disrupting Pathways to Genocide Author E. Murray
ISBN-10 9781137404718
Release 2015-03-17
Pages 218
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How does ideology in some states radicalise to such an extent as to become genocidal? Can the causes of radicalisation be seen as internal or external? Examining the ideological evolution in the Armenian genocide, the Holocaust and during the break up of Yugoslavia, Elisabeth Hope Murray seeks to answer these questions in this comparative work.



Genocide and International Justice

Genocide and International Justice Author Rebecca Joyce Frey
ISBN-10 9780816073108
Release 2009
Pages 389
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Each volume in this contemporary series contains three sections: first is an introduction that clearly defines the issue and provides a brief history of the subject; the second section draws together significant primary source documents; and the third section gathers useful research tools such as facts and figures, brief biographies, a bibliography, and more.



Genocide Mass Atrocity and War Crimes in Modern History Blood and Conscience 2 volumes

Genocide  Mass Atrocity  and War Crimes in Modern History  Blood and Conscience  2 volumes Author James Larry Taulbee
ISBN-10 9781440829857
Release 2017-02-06
Pages 696
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Defining "genocide" as an international crime, this two-volume set provides a comparative study of historical cases of genocide and mass atrocity—clearly identifying the factors that produced the attitudes and behaviors that led to them—discusses the reasons for rules in war, and examines how the five principles laid out in the Geneva Conventions and other international agreements have functioned in modern warfare. • Presents a comparative perspective and detailed historical background for each case that emphasizes how many different factors may lead to atrocity/genocide • Discusses the difficulty of organizing international efforts to intervene to prevent atrocities or to respond at the moment they are occurring • Explains why international prosecutions for genocide are difficult even though the goal of the law is to hold responsible those in charge as well as the planners and instigators • Identifies how cultural factors affect individual attitudes toward what is accepted as legitimate behavior in combat • Focuses on the "law in action" with illustrations from specific cases



The Holocaust and Other Genocides

The Holocaust and Other Genocides Author Maria Van Haperen
ISBN-10 9089643818
Release 2012
Pages 176
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"This unique guidebook offers concise information about five 20th-century cases of genocide, as well as the responses of international justice. By relevant use of illustrations and references, and by using the most recent literature, this is an indispensable work offering new insight, in the processes of genocide."--Back cover.



Engaging Film Criticism

Engaging Film Criticism Author Walter Metz
ISBN-10 0820474037
Release 2004
Pages 226
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"Engaging Film Criticism" examines recent American cinema in relationship to its -imaginative intertexts-, films from earlier decades that engage similar political and cultural themes. This historical encounter provides an unexpected and exciting way of reading popular contemporary films. Eclectic pairings include the Schwarzenegger action film "True Lies" with the Hitchcock classic "North by Northwest," as well as the lampooned Will Smith comedy "Wild, Wild West" with Buster Keaton's silent feature "The General." Using a theoretically and historically informed brand of criticism, "Engaging Film Criticism" suggests that today's Hollywood cinema is every bit as worthy of study as the classics."



Genocide Or Ethnocide 1933 2007

Genocide Or Ethnocide  1933 2007 Author Bartolomé Clavero
ISBN-10 9788814142772
Release 2008
Pages 268
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Genocide Or Ethnocide 1933 2007 has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Genocide Or Ethnocide 1933 2007 also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Genocide Or Ethnocide 1933 2007 book for free.



The Continuities of German History

The Continuities of German History Author Helmut Walser Smith
ISBN-10 9781139471251
Release 2008-04-07
Pages
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This book opens the debate about German history in the long term – about how ideas and political forms are traceable across what historians have taken to be the sharp breaks of German history. Smith argues that current historiography has become ever more focused on the twentieth century, and on twentieth-century explanations for the catastrophes at the center of German history. Against conventional wisdom, he considers continuities - nation and nationalism, religion and religious exclusion, racism and violence - that are the center of the German historical experience and that have long histories. Smith explores these deep continuities in novel ways, emphasizing their importance, while arguing that Germany was not on a special path to destruction. The result is a series of innovative reflections on the crystallization of nationalist ideology, on patterns of anti-Semitism, and on how the nineteenth-century vocabulary of race structured the twentieth-century genocidal imagination.