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The Sports Doping Market

The Sports Doping Market Author Letizia Paoli
ISBN-10 9781461482413
Release 2013-09-14
Pages 275
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​​This book examines sports doping from production and distribution, detection and punishment. Detailing the daily operations of the trade and its gray area as a semi-legal market, the authors cover important issues ranging from athletes most at risk to the role of organized crime in sports doping, and whether sports governing bodies are enabling the trade. Challenges for law enforcement and legislation, and efforts to control PED use in the worldwide sports community and among aspiring athletes, are also discussed in depth. The book's extensive research:• Estimates the demand for performance-enhancing products. • Traces the route from legal substances to illegal uses. • Identifies classes of suppliers and their methods of operation. • Tracks typical distribution systems from suppliers to users. • Examines the economics of the market: prices, profits, revenue. • Assesses the state of anti-doping law enforcement efforts.Starting with an unprecedented case study in Italy, the intense scrutiny from one pivotal country yields a potential template for research and policy on a world scale. Doping and Sport makes solid contributions to the work of researchers in criminology and criminal justice, particularly with an interest in corruption, drug trafficking, and criminal networks; researchers in sports science and public health; and policymakers.



The Architecture of Illegal Markets

The Architecture of Illegal Markets Author Jens Beckert
ISBN-10 9780192514141
Release 2017-08-03
Pages 304
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From illegal drugs, stolen artwork, and forged trademarks, to fraud in financial markets - the phenomenon of illegality in market exchanges is pervasive. Illegal markets have great economic significance, have relevant social and political consequences, and shape economic and political structures. Despite the importance of illegality in the economy, the field of economic sociology unquestioningly accepts the premise that the institutional structures and exchanges taking place in markets are law-abiding in nature. This volume makes a contribution to changing this. Questions that stand at the centre of the chapters are: What are the interfaces between legal and illegal markets? How do demand and supply in illegal markets interact? What role do criminal organizations play in illegal markets? What is the relationship between illegality and governments? Is illegality a phenomenon central to capitalism? Anchored in economic sociology, this book contributes to the analysis and understanding of market exchanges in conditions of illegality from a perspective that focuses on the social organization of markets. Offering both, theoretical reflections and case studies, the chapters assembled in the volume address the consequences of the illegal production, distribution, and consumption of products for the architecture of markets. It also focuses on the underlying causes and the political and social concerns stemming from the infringement of the law.



Doping and Public Health

Doping and Public Health Author Nader Ahmadi
ISBN-10 9781317421108
Release 2016-03-31
Pages 152
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Doping – the use of performance-enhancing substances and methods – has long been a high-profile issue in sport but in recent years it has also become an issue in wider society. This important new book examines doping as a public health issue, drawing on a multi-disciplinary set of perspectives to explore the prevalence, significance and consequences of doping in wider society. It introduces the epidemiology of doping, examines the historical context, and explores the social, behavioural, legal, ethical and political aspects of doping. The book also discusses possible interventions for addressing the problem on organisational and societal levels. Doping and Public Health incorporates the latest research to provide a comprehensive guide to the key aspects of doping as a social phenomenon. Divided into six parts, this collection of studies offers detailed insight into: ideals of health and fitness in today’s society reasons behind the use of doping medical and social consequences of doping the importance of a doping-free society challenges to the detection and prevention of doping the global anti-doping movement. This book is a valuable resource for sport students, instructors and sport professionals, and will also be of interest to educators and policy-makers working in the areas of health, criminology, sociology and law.



The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime

The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime Author Letizia Paoli
ISBN-10 9780199968923
Release 2014-09-26
Pages 592
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While the success of national and international law enforcement cooperation to suppress organized crime means that stable, large-scale criminal organizations like the Cosa Nostra or the Japanese Yakuza have seen their power reduced, organized crime remains a concern for many governments. Economic globalization and the easing of restrictions on exchanges across borders now provide ample opportunity for money-making activities in illegal markets. Policies designed to stop illegal market flows often shift these activities to new places or create new problems, as the U.S.- led war on drugs spread production and trafficking to a number South and Central American countries. The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime provides informed, authoritative, and comprehensive overviews of these issues and other principal forms of organized crime, as well as the type and effectiveness of efforts to prevent and control them. Leading scholars from criminology, law, sociology, history, and political science discuss the key concepts, history, and methods of organized crime; the major actors and interactions involved in it; the markets and activities frequently associated with organized crime; and the policies designed to combat it. Individual chapters on criminal organizations and specific activities or markets comprise the heart of the volume. The chapters on actors provide the history, analyze the structure and activities, and assess the strength and future prospects of each organization. Articles on particular markets address the patterns of activity, identify the most affected regions, and where possible provide estimated revenues, discuss factors promoting the activity, and disclose information on the victims and harms caused. The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime delivers a systematic, high-quality, and truly global approach to the topic and with it a more complete understanding of organized crime in its many forms for researchers, government officials, and policymakers.



Football and Its Future

Football and Its Future Author Francesco Manfredi
ISBN-10 8823850371
Release 2006
Pages 320
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Football and Its Future has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Football and Its Future also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Football and Its Future book for free.



The enlarged European Union

The enlarged European Union Author Euromonitor Publications
ISBN-10 1842644513
Release 2007-11
Pages 310
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After expanding from six to 15 nations, the European Union (EU) is now about to embark on a further enlargement with 13 new countries applying for membership. This new book examines the impact of European Union enlargement, which will further develop Europe as the largest commercial entity and market in the world. You will be given an understanding of the political and legal framework, economic developments, trade issues, demographic shifts and the expanded market for consumer goods and services. There are comparative socio-economic and lifestyle data for the countries in the expanded community. This is followed by a unique statistical factfile for each candidate country and a list of sources to consult for further research and information. Contents include: Part One: The Enlarged Europe -- An Overview Part Two: Comparative statistical data on existing EU members Part Three: Profiles of candidate countries Part Four: Sources of commercial and marketing information Country coverage includes: EU Member states: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom. Also includes Candidate countries: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey.



NTIS Alert

NTIS Alert Author
ISBN-10 UCBK:C049541325
Release 1994-08
Pages
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NTIS Alert has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from NTIS Alert also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full NTIS Alert book for free.



Social sciences index

Social sciences index Author
ISBN-10 UCAL:B5121551
Release 1999
Pages
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Social sciences index has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Social sciences index also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Social sciences index book for free.



Cumulated Index Medicus

Cumulated Index Medicus Author
ISBN-10 UIUC:30112065963123
Release 1976
Pages
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Cumulated Index Medicus has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Cumulated Index Medicus also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Cumulated Index Medicus book for free.



Subject Guide to Books in Print

Subject Guide to Books in Print Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015053237916
Release 1983
Pages
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Subject Guide to Books in Print has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Subject Guide to Books in Print also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Subject Guide to Books in Print book for free.



Medical Books and Serials in Print

Medical Books and Serials in Print Author
ISBN-10 CHI:23055387
Release 1984
Pages
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Medical Books and Serials in Print has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Medical Books and Serials in Print also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Medical Books and Serials in Print book for free.



Agrindex

Agrindex Author
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924060916560
Release 1988
Pages
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Books in Print

Books in Print Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105015915882
Release 1991
Pages
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Books in Print has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Books in Print also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Books in Print book for free.



Medical and Health Care Books and Serials in Print

Medical and Health Care Books and Serials in Print Author
ISBN-10 CHI:29738654
Release 1989
Pages
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Medical and Health Care Books and Serials in Print has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Medical and Health Care Books and Serials in Print also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Medical and Health Care Books and Serials in Print book for free.



Malaysian Digest

Malaysian Digest Author
ISBN-10 WISC:89065232456
Release 1992
Pages
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Malaysian Digest has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Malaysian Digest also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Malaysian Digest book for free.



Government Reports Announcements Index

Government Reports Announcements   Index Author
ISBN-10 NYPL:33433060180050
Release 1980-06
Pages
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Government Reports Announcements Index has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Government Reports Announcements Index also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Government Reports Announcements Index book for free.



The Current Digest of the Post Soviet Press

The Current Digest of the Post Soviet Press Author
ISBN-10 IND:30000085229114
Release 2003
Pages
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The Current Digest of the Post Soviet Press has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Current Digest of the Post Soviet Press also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Current Digest of the Post Soviet Press book for free.