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The Theory of Partitions

The Theory of Partitions Author George E. Andrews
ISBN-10 052163766X
Release 1998-07-28
Pages 255
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Discusses mathematics related to partitions of numbers into sums of positive integers.

Introduction to the Modern Theory of Dynamical Systems

Introduction to the Modern Theory of Dynamical Systems Author Anatole Katok
ISBN-10 0521575575
Release 1997
Pages 802
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This book provides a self-contained comprehensive exposition of the theory of dynamical systems. The book begins with a discussion of several elementary but crucial examples. These are used to formulate a program for the general study of asymptotic properties and to introduce the principal theoretical concepts and methods. The main theme of the second part of the book is the interplay between local analysis near individual orbits and the global complexity of the orbit structure. The third and fourth parts develop the theories of low-dimensional dynamical systems and hyperbolic dynamical systems in depth. The book is aimed at students and researchers in mathematics at all levels from advanced undergraduate and up.

Special Functions

Special Functions Author George E. Andrews
ISBN-10 0521789885
Release 1999
Pages 664
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An overview of special functions, focusing on the hypergeometric functions and the associated hypergeometric series.

Integer Partitions

Integer Partitions Author George E. Andrews
ISBN-10 0521600901
Release 2004-10-11
Pages 141
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Provides a wide ranging introduction to partitions, accessible to any reader familiar with polynomials and infinite series.

Combinatorics of Set Partitions

Combinatorics of Set Partitions Author Toufik Mansour
ISBN-10 9781439863336
Release 2012-07-27
Pages 516
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Focusing on a very active area of mathematical research in the last decade, Combinatorics of Set Partitions presents methods used in the combinatorics of pattern avoidance and pattern enumeration in set partitions. Designed for students and researchers in discrete mathematics, the book is a one-stop reference on the results and research activities of set partitions from 1500 A.D. to today. Each chapter gives historical perspectives and contrasts different approaches, including generating functions, kernel method, block decomposition method, generating tree, and Wilf equivalences. Methods and definitions are illustrated with worked examples and MapleTM code. End-of-chapter problems often draw on data from published papers and the author’s extensive research in this field. The text also explores research directions that extend the results discussed. C++ programs and output tables are listed in the appendices and available for download on the author’s web page.

Eigenspaces of Graphs

Eigenspaces of Graphs Author Dragoš M. Cvetković
ISBN-10 0521573521
Release 1997-01-09
Pages 258
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This book describes the spectral theory of finite graphs.

Q series with Applications to Combinatorics Number Theory and Physics

Q series with Applications to Combinatorics  Number Theory  and Physics Author Bruce C. Berndt
ISBN-10 9780821827468
Release 2001
Pages 277
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The subject of $q$-series can be said to begin with Euler and his pentagonal number theorem. In fact, $q$-series are sometimes called Eulerian series. Contributions were made by Gauss, Jacobi, and Cauchy, but the first attempt at a systematic development, especially from the point of view of studying series with the products in the summands, was made by E. Heine in 1847. In the latter part of the nineteenth and in the early part of the twentieth centuries, two English mathematicians, L. J. Rogers and F. H. Jackson, made fundamental contributions. In 1940, G. H. Hardy described what we now call Ramanujan's famous $_1\psi_1$ summation theorem as ``a remarkable formula with many parameters.'' This is now one of the fundamental theorems of the subject. Despite humble beginnings, the subject of $q$-series has flourished in the past three decades, particularly with its applications to combinatorics, number theory, and physics. During the year 2000, the University of Illinois embraced The Millennial Year in Number Theory. One of the events that year was the conference $q$-Series with Applications to Combinatorics, Number Theory, and Physics. This event gathered mathematicians from the world over to lecture and discuss their research. This volume presents nineteen of the papers presented at the conference. The excellent lectures that are included chart pathways into the future and survey the numerous applications of $q$-series to combinatorics, number theory, and physics.

Mathematical Theory of Entropy

Mathematical Theory of Entropy Author Nathaniel F. G. Martin
ISBN-10 0521177383
Release 2011-06-02
Pages 286
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This excellent 1981 treatment of the mathematical theory of entropy gives an accessible exposition its application to other fields.

An Introduction to Ergodic Theory

An Introduction to Ergodic Theory Author Peter Walters
ISBN-10 0387951520
Release 2000-10-06
Pages 250
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This text provides an introduction to ergodic theory suitable for readers knowing basic measure theory. The mathematical prerequisites are summarized in Chapter 0. It is hoped the reader will be ready to tackle research papers after reading the book. The first part of the text is concerned with measure-preserving transformations of probability spaces; recurrence properties, mixing properties, the Birkhoff ergodic theorem, isomorphism and spectral isomorphism, and entropy theory are discussed. Some examples are described and are studied in detail when new properties are presented. The second part of the text focuses on the ergodic theory of continuous transformations of compact metrizable spaces. The family of invariant probability measures for such a transformation is studied and related to properties of the transformation such as topological traitivity, minimality, the size of the non-wandering set, and existence of periodic points. Topological entropy is introduced and related to measure-theoretic entropy. Topological pressure and equilibrium states are discussed, and a proof is given of the variational principle that relates pressure to measure-theoretic entropies. Several examples are studied in detail. The final chapter outlines significant results and some applications of ergodic theory to other branches of mathematics.

Canonical Ramsey Theory on Polish Spaces

Canonical Ramsey Theory on Polish Spaces Author Vladimir Kanovei
ISBN-10 9781107434332
Release 2013-09-12
Pages 265
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This book lays the foundations for an exciting new area of research in descriptive set theory. It develops a robust connection between two active topics: forcing and analytic equivalence relations. This in turn allows the authors to develop a generalization of classical Ramsey theory. Given an analytic equivalence relation on a Polish space, can one find a large subset of the space on which it has a simple form? The book provides many positive and negative general answers to this question. The proofs feature proper forcing and Gandy–Harrington forcing, as well as partition arguments. The results include strong canonization theorems for many classes of equivalence relations and sigma-ideals, as well as ergodicity results in cases where canonization theorems are impossible to achieve. Ideal for graduate students and researchers in set theory, the book provides a useful springboard for further research.

Combinatorics Ancient Modern

Combinatorics  Ancient   Modern Author Robin Wilson
ISBN-10 9780191630637
Release 2013-06-27
Pages 392
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Who first presented Pascal's triangle? (It was not Pascal.) Who first presented Hamiltonian graphs? (It was not Hamilton.) Who first presented Steiner triple systems? (It was not Steiner.) The history of mathematics is a well-studied and vibrant area of research, with books and scholarly articles published on various aspects of the subject. Yet, the history of combinatorics seems to have been largely overlooked. This book goes some way to redress this and serves two main purposes: 1) it constitutes the first book-length survey of the history of combinatorics; and 2) it assembles, for the first time in a single source, researches on the history of combinatorics that would otherwise be inaccessible to the general reader. Individual chapters have been contributed by sixteen experts. The book opens with an introduction by Donald E. Knuth to two thousand years of combinatorics. This is followed by seven chapters on early combinatorics, leading from Indian and Chinese writings on permutations to late-Renaissance publications on the arithmetical triangle. The next seven chapters trace the subsequent story, from Euler's contributions to such wide-ranging topics as partitions, polyhedra, and latin squares to the 20th century advances in combinatorial set theory, enumeration, and graph theory. The book concludes with some combinatorial reflections by the distinguished combinatorialist, Peter J. Cameron. This book is not expected to be read from cover to cover, although it can be. Rather, it aims to serve as a valuable resource to a variety of audiences. Combinatorialists with little or no knowledge about the development of their subject will find the historical treatment stimulating. A historian of mathematics will view its assorted surveys as an encouragement for further research in combinatorics. The more general reader will discover an introduction to a fascinating and too little known subject that continues to stimulate and inspire the work of scholars today.

Galois Theory

Galois Theory Author Emil Artin
ISBN-10 9780486158259
Release 2012-05-24
Pages 86
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Clearly presented discussions of fields, vector spaces, homogeneous linear equations, extension fields, polynomials, algebraic elements, as well as sections on solvable groups, permutation groups, solution of equations by radicals, and other concepts. 1966 edition.

Prime Numbers and the Riemann Hypothesis

Prime Numbers and the Riemann Hypothesis Author Barry Mazur
ISBN-10 9781107101920
Release 2016-04-11
Pages 150
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This book introduces prime numbers and explains the famous unsolved Riemann hypothesis.

Applied Finite Group Actions

Applied Finite Group Actions Author Adalbert Kerber
ISBN-10 9783662111673
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 454
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Written by one of the top experts in the fields of combinatorics and representation theory, this book distinguishes itself from the existing literature by its applications-oriented point of view. The second edition is extended, placing more emphasis on applications to the constructive theory of finite structures. Recent progress in this field, in particular in design and coding theory, is described.

BATS Codes

BATS Codes Author Shenghao Yang
ISBN-10 9781627057158
Release 2017-09-19
Pages 226
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This book discusses an efficient random linear network coding scheme, called BATched Sparse code, or BATS code, which is proposed for communication through multi-hop networks with packet loss. Multi-hop wireless networks have applications in the Internet of Things (IoT), space, and under-water network communications, where the packet loss rate per network link is high, and feedbacks have long delays and are unreliable. Traditional schemes like retransmission and fountain codes are not sufficient to resolve the packet loss so that the existing communication solutions for multi-hop wireless networks have either long delay or low throughput when the network length is longer than a few hops. These issues can be resolved by employing network coding in the network, but the high computational and storage costs of such schemes prohibit their implementation in many devices, in particular, IoT devices that typically have low computational power and very limited storage. A BATS code consists of an outer code and an inner code. As a matrix generalization of a fountain code, the outer code generates a potentially unlimited number of batches, each of which consists of a certain number (called the batch size) of coded packets. The inner code comprises (random) linear network coding at the intermediate network nodes, which is applied on packets belonging to the same batch. When the batch size is 1, the outer code reduces to an LT code (or Raptor code if precode is applied), and network coding of the batches reduces to packet forwarding. BATS codes preserve the salient features of fountain codes, in particular, their rateless property and low encoding/decoding complexity. BATS codes also achieve the throughput gain of random linear network coding. This book focuses on the fundamental features and performance analysis of BATS codes, and includes some guidelines and examples on how to design a network protocol using BATS codes.

Theory of Matroids

Theory of Matroids Author Neil White
ISBN-10 9780521309370
Release 1986-04-03
Pages 316
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The theory of matroids is unique in the extent to which it connects such disparate branches of combinatorial theory and algebra as graph theory, lattice theory, design theory, combinatorial optimization, linear algebra, group theory, ring theory and field theory. Furthermore, matroid theory is alone among mathematical theories because of the number and variety of its equivalent axiom systems. Indeed, matroids are amazingly versatile and the approaches to the subject are varied and numerous. This book is a primer in the basic axioms and constructions of matroids. The contributions by various leaders in the field include chapters on axiom systems, lattices, basis exchange properties, orthogonality, graphs and networks, constructions, maps, semi-modular functions and an appendix on cryptomorphisms. The authors have concentrated on giving a lucid exposition of the individual topics; explanations of theorems are preferred to complete proofs and original work is thoroughly referenced. In addition, exercises are included for each topic.

Finite Fields

Finite Fields Author Rudolf Lidl
ISBN-10 0521392314
Release 1997-01-01
Pages 755
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This book is devoted entirely to the theory of finite fields.