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The Universalism of Human Rights

The Universalism of Human Rights Author Rainer Arnold
ISBN-10 9789400745100
Release 2012-08-21
Pages 424
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Is there universalism of human rights? If so, what are its scope and limits? This book is a doctrinal attempt to define universalism of human rights, as well as its scope and limits. The book presents tests of universalism on international, regional and national constitutional levels. It is maintained that universalism of human rights is both a ‘concept’ and a ‘normative reality’. The normative character of human rights is scrutinized through the study of international and regional agreements as well as national constitutions. As a consequence, limitations of normativity are identified, usually on the international level, and take the form of exceptions, reservations, and interpretations. The book is based on the General and National Reports which were originally presented at the 18th International Congress of the International Academy of Comparative Law in Washington D.C. 2010.

New Europe Old Values

New Europe   Old Values Author Nada Bodiroga-Vukobrat
ISBN-10 9783319022130
Release 2015-11-17
Pages 287
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This book explores the reactions to Europeanization and globalization in times of economic distress, including the transformation of European values in national legal cultures. The authors explore how European values, tradition and new legal challenges interconnect and dictate the paths of transition between old and new Europe. The first chapter starts with a question: can Roman Legal Tradition play a role of identity factor towards a New Europe? Can it be considered as a general value identifying new Europe, built on a minimum core of principles – persona, dominum, obligation, contract and inheritance – composing the whole European private law tradition? Subsequent chapters attempt to provide possible responses to the question: what is Europe today? The answers diverge, depending on the research area. The inherent dichotomy of human rights protection in Europe and the concept of ‘one law, one court’ are investigated in the second chapter, whereas the third chapter focuses on asylum and the interrelation and interdependence of the Court of Justice of the EU and the European Court of Human Rights. The next three chapters concentrate on matters of equal treatment and non-discrimination. The first contribution in this part reflects on the crisis and methodological and conceptual issues faced by modern anti-discrimination law. It is followed by a specific analysis of the empowerment of women or gender-balancing in company boards. The third contribution reveals the impact of the Croatian anti-discrimination law on private law relations. The next chapter deals with the issue of social rights in Croatia and the method of their regulation in the context of the new European values. The immense challenges posed by the market integration imperative and democratic transition have brought about different reactions in the national legal systems and legal cultures of both old and new Member States. As such, Europe has effectively been reunited, but what about the convergence of national legal cultures? This is the focal point of the remaining chapters, which focus on various issues, from internal market, competition law, consumer welfare, liberalization of network industries to the EU capital market. The magnitude of EU activity in these areas offers conclusive evidence that old and new paradigms are evolving and shaping the future of the EU.

Legitimacy Issues of the European Union in the Face of Crisis

Legitimacy Issues of the European Union in the Face of Crisis Author Lina Papadopulu
ISBN-10 9783845284163
Release 2017-05-31
Pages 432
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Angesichts der Krisen, die die Europäische Union seit einigen Jahren erschüttern, von der Finanzkrise bis hin zur Flüchtlingskrise und zum Brexit-Votum verstärken sich Skepsis und Ablehnung; eine drohende Legitimationskrise zwingt zur Analyse nicht nur der Ursachen sondern auch der Potentiale einer Stärkung der Legitimation. Dieser Band beruht auf den Beiträgen und Diskussionen zweier Konferenzen des European Constitutional Law Network (ECLN) über demokratietheoretische Grundlagen, eine Analyse der Ursachen der Finanzkrise und der Rolle der Gerichte bei ihrer Bewältigung, den Schutz der Grundrechte der Unionsbürger und die Stärkung von Bürgernähe und Partizipation durch Digitalisierung bis hin zu konkreten Reformvorschlägen. Ein dialogischer Epilog von Joseph Weiler und einigen der Autoren gibt Anregungen zur weiteren Diskussion und Reflektion, auf die es in den kommenden Jahren ankommt, wenn die EU als demokratische Union der Bürger aus den Krisen hervorgehen und sich weiter entwickeln soll. Mit Beiträgen von Giacinto della Cananea, Tom Eijsbouts, Federico Fabbrini, George Gerapetritis, Anna-Maria Konsta, George Karavokyris, Mattias Kumm, Jean-Victor Louis, Miguel Poiares Maduro, Antonis Manitakis, Ana Maria Guerra Martins, Lina Papadopoulou, Ingolf Pernice, Joseph H. H. Weiler und Jiri Zemánek

Judicial Dialogue and Human Rights

Judicial Dialogue and Human Rights Author Amrei Müller
ISBN-10 9781316802540
Release 2017-05-25
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This book offers a comprehensive analysis of the extent, method, purpose and effects of domestic and international courts' judicial dialogue on human rights. The analysis covers national courts' judicial dialogue from different regions of the world, including Eastern Europe, Latin America, Canada, Nigeria and Malaysia. The text is complemented by studies on specific subject matters such as LGTBI people's and asylum seekers' rights that further contribute to a better understanding of factors that stimulate or hold back judicial dialogue, and by first hand insights of domestic and European Court of Human Rights judges into their courts' involvement in judicial dialogue. The book features contributions from leading scholars and judges, whose combined perspectives provide an interesting and timely study.