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Theory of Mind

Theory of Mind Author Martin J. Doherty
ISBN-10 9781135420796
Release 2008-08-26
Pages 264
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Most of us are continually aware that others have thoughts and feelings – but are children? When? This book is a concise and readable review of the extensive research into children’s understanding of what other people think and feel, a central topic in developmental psychology known as "Theory of Mind". The understanding of belief is central to this text, which explains in simple terms what representational theory of mind is all about, and shows how researchers have demonstrated this understanding in 4-year-olds. The book considers what leads to this understanding, including the role of pretend play, understanding of attention and eye direction, and other precursors to representational understanding of mind. The general relevance of theory of mind is demonstrated through coverage of the development of other mental state concepts, and the relationship between understanding mental representation and other representational media. The author also carefully summarizes current research on the relationship between theory of mind and concurrent developments in executive functioning, and the understanding of language. The book closes by considering autism. A major achievement of theory of mind research is the light it has helped throw on this puzzling developmental disorder. Providing a comprehensive overview of 25 years of research into theory of mind, the book will be of great interest to both students and researchers in psychology, philosophy and the cognitive sciences.



Introduction to Theory of Mind

Introduction to Theory of Mind Author Peter Mitchell
ISBN-10 0340645903
Release 1997
Pages 196
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Introduction to Theory of Mind has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Introduction to Theory of Mind also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Introduction to Theory of Mind book for free.



Making Minds

Making Minds Author Professor Henry M. Wellman
ISBN-10 9780199334933
Release 2014-10-09
Pages 336
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Developmental psychologists coined the term "theory of mind" to describe how we understand our shifting mental states in daily life. Over the past twenty years researchers have provided rich, provocative data showing that from an early age, children develop a sophisticated and consistent "theory of mind" by attributing their desires, beliefs, and emotions to themselves and to others. Remarkably, infants barely a few months old are able to attend closely to other humans; two-year-olds can articulate the desires and feelings of others and comfort those in distress; and three- and four-year-olds can talk about thoughts abstractly and engage in lies and trickery. This book provides a deeper examination of how "theory of mind" develops. Building on his pioneering research in The Child's Theory of Mind (1990), Henry M. Wellman reports on all that we have learned in the past twenty years with chapters on evolution and the brain bases of theory of mind, and updated explanations of theory theory and later theoretical developments, including how children conceive of extraordinary minds such as those belonging to superheroes or supernatural beings. Engaging and accessibly written, Wellman's work will appeal especially to scholars and students working in psychology, philosophy, cultural studies, and social cognition.



Theory of Mind Development in Context

Theory of Mind Development in Context Author Virginia Slaughter
ISBN-10 9781317608332
Release 2016-11-01
Pages 160
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Theory of Mind Development in Context is the first book of its kind to explore how children’s environments shape their theory of mind and, in turn, their ability to interact effectively with others. Based on world-leading research, and inspired by the ground-breaking work of Candida Peterson, the original collected chapters demonstrate that children’s understanding of other people is shaped by their everyday environment. Specifically, the chapters illustrate how theory of mind development varies with broad cultural context, socioeconomic status, institutional versus home rearing, family size, parental communication style, and aspects of schooling. The volume also features research showing that, by virtue of their condition, children who are deaf or who have an autism spectrum disorder function in environments that differ from those of typical children and this in turn influences their theory of mind. Although much important research has emphasized the role of nature in theory of mind development, this book highlights that children’s understanding of other people is nurtured through their everyday experiences and interactions. This perspective is essential for students, researchers, and practitioners to gain a complete understanding of how this fundamental skill develops in humans. The book is invaluable for academic researchers and advanced students in developmental psychology, education, social psychology, cognitive psychology, and the social sciences, as well as practicing psychologists, counselors, and psychiatrists, particularly those who deal with disorders involving social and/or communicative deficits.



Thinking about child protection practice

Thinking about child protection practice Author Leigh, Jadwiga
ISBN-10 9781447332824
Release 2018-01-31
Pages 184
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In this uniquely vivid and compelling textbook, the authors reflect on eight challenging situations they have faced in the world of child protection social work. Their candid accounts provide in-depth case studies in how to work reflectively, using theory and research in situations of pressure and dilemma. They cover many common aspects of practice, including: • assessing risk; • managing different professional perspectives; • working with uncooperative clients; • dealing with organisational change. Throughout the book, the authors pause at intervals to reveal their thoughts and feelings, either as reflections in the moment or afterwards, and they invite the reader to do the same. Their detailed analysis will allow you to understand why particular decisions might be made, and how you can overcome similar predicaments using the tools of reflective practice. Annotated further readings lists and a glossary of terms offer further resources for study. The realities of child protection social work can intimidating for even the most seasoned practitioners. This book is designed to empower both students and qualified professionals to practise safely, responsibly and confidently.



Teaching Theory of Mind

Teaching Theory of Mind Author Kirstina Ordetx
ISBN-10 9781849058971
Release 2012
Pages 115
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This book provides an innovative, easy-to-follow curriculum for teaching children with autism spectrum disorders to relate to and interact with others successfully by developing basic Theory of Mind skills. Containing twelve lesson plans and 220 cut-out-and-keep cards, it is an essential resource for teachers and other education professionals.



Understanding Other Minds

Understanding Other Minds Author Helen Tager-Flusberg
ISBN-10 9780199692972
Release 2013-08-22
Pages 498
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Why do children with autism have such trouble developing normal social understanding of other people's feelings? This new edition updates the field by linking autism research to the newest methods for studying the brain



Mindblindness

Mindblindness Author Simon Baron-Cohen
ISBN-10 026252225X
Release 1997
Pages 171
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This text argues that specific neurocognitive mechanisms have evolved that result in "mindreading", an ability to interpret, for the most part unconsciously, non-verbal actions. It suggests that autistic children suffer from "mindblindness" due to selective developmental



Theories of Theories of Mind

Theories of Theories of Mind Author Peter Carruthers
ISBN-10 0521559162
Release 1996-02-23
Pages 390
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A state of the art survey of debate within philosophy of mind, developmental psychology, the aetiology of autism and primatology.



Teaching the Basics of Theory of Mind

Teaching the Basics of Theory of Mind Author Kirstina Ordetx
ISBN-10 9780857009524
Release 2014-09-21
Pages 144
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This manual contains a 12-week curriculum designed to incorporate a multi-sensory approach to developing the critical and basic aspects of Theory of Mind (ToM). The activities are designed to be used with children aged 5-9, who have been diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or who have related social challenges. By building on Cognitive Behavioural Therapy principles, this book shows how teaching ToM to young children can help them to better understand the emotions and actions of people around them. This curriculum has been designed to enhance the development of ToM and subsequently enhance social understanding in children who demonstrate challenges with pre-requisite skills that lead to successful social relationships and situations. As well as practical advice and supplementary materials such as worksheets and cut-out-and-use flash cards, this book includes reinforcement activities to be carried out at home with parents and care givers. Written by Dr Kirstina Ordetx, an experienced Developmental Psychologist and CBT specialist, this book is essential reading for teachers and other professionals working with children with ASDs and related social difficulties, including SENCOs, behavioural therapists, speech and language therapists and occupational therapists, wanting to explore the benefits that ToM can bring to pre-adolescent children.



The Philosophy of Childhood

The Philosophy of Childhood Author Gareth B. Matthews
ISBN-10 0674664809
Release 1994
Pages 136
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So many questions, such an imagination, endless speculation: the child seems to be a natural philosopher--until the ripe old age of eight or nine, when the spirit of inquiry mysteriously fades. What happened? Was it something we did--or didn't do? Was the child truly the philosophical being he once seemed? Gareth Matthews takes up these concerns in The Philosophy of Childhood, a searching account of children's philosophical potential and of childhood as an area of philosophical inquiry. Seeking a philosophy that represents the range and depth of children's inquisitive minds, Matthews explores both how children think and how we, as adults, think about them. Adult preconceptions about the mental life of children tend to discourage a child's philosophical bent, Matthews suggests, and he probes the sources of these limiting assumptions: restrictive notions of maturation and conceptual development; possible lapses in episodic memory; the experience of identity and growth as "successive selves," which separate us from our own childhoods. By exposing the underpinnings of our adult views of childhood, Matthews, a philosopher and longtime advocate of children's rights, clears the way for recognizing the philosophy of childhood as a legitimate field of inquiry. He then conducts us through various influential models for understanding what it is to be a child, from the theory that individual development recapitulates the development of the human species to accounts of moral and cognitive development, including Piaget's revolutionary model. The metaphysics of playdough, the authenticity of children's art, the effects of divorce and intimations of mortality on a child--all have a place in Matthews's rich discussion of the philosophical nature of childhood. His book will prompt us to reconsider the distinctions we make about development and the competencies of mind, and what we lose by denying childhood its full philosophical breadth.



The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision Making

The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision Making Author Henry Markovits
ISBN-10 9781317931072
Release 2013-11-26
Pages 200
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Logical thinking is a critically important cognitive skill. It is not just essential for mathematical and scientific understanding, it is also of prime importance when trying to navigate our complex and increasingly sophisticated world. Written by world class researchers in the field, The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making describes the ways that children learn to reason, and how reasoning can be used to overcome the influence of beliefs and intuitions. The chapters in this edited collection focus on the new, revolutionary paradigm in reasoning and cover the recent research on the development of reasoning in two important areas: Cognitive abilities required to reason well and how these abilities develop in children and adolescents. Recent empirical data showing the effect intuition and prior belief have on reasoning, even when the outcome is inappropriate. Different theoretical and empirical perspectives from recent Piagetian theory, mental models and gist processing are examined, along with empirical results looking at specific aspects of reasoning in children. The key theme of the book is to better understand how reasoning develops not only through examining ‘logical’ reasoning, but also the nature of the interactions between people’s intuitions and their reasoning abilities. The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making provides an overview of the main theories and key empirical results related to the development of reasoning and should be of particular interest to students and researchers in developmental psychology and education, along with those in cognitive psychology.



Developmental Psychology

Developmental Psychology Author Ann Birch
ISBN-10 9781349142040
Release 1997-11-11
Pages 296
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This second edition of a popular text offers comprehensive coverage of developmental psychology for first-time readers. New material is included on the ecology of development, cultural variations, Vygotsky's theory and the theory of mind.



How People Learn

How People Learn Author National Research Council
ISBN-10 9780309131971
Release 2000-08-11
Pages 384
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First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.



Attachment and Development

Attachment and Development Author Susan Goldberg
ISBN-10 9781134675852
Release 2014-02-25
Pages 312
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First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



How Children Learn

How Children Learn Author John Holt
ISBN-10 9780786746903
Release 2009-04-20
Pages 320
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This enduring classic of educational thought offers teachers and parents deep, original insight into the nature of early learning. John Holt was the first to make clear that, for small children, “learning is as natural as breathing.” In this delightful yet profound book, he looks at how we learn to talk, to read, to count, and to reason, and how we can nurture and encourage these natural abilities in our children.”



Understanding Children s Development

Understanding Children s Development Author Peter K. Smith
ISBN-10 9781118772980
Release 2015-12-14
Pages 736
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Understanding Children's Development is the UK's best-selling developmental psychology textbook and has been widely acclaimed for its international coverage and rigorous research-based approach. This dynamic text emphasizes the practical and applied implications of developmental research. It begins by introducing the ways in which psychologists study developmental processes before going on to consider all major aspects of development from conception through to adolescence. New to the 6th Edition: Increased coverage in many areas, including ethics; children’s rights; participatory research methods; three models of human plasticity; breastfeeding and cognitive development; fostering; non-resident or absent fathers; parenting styles in China; effects of domestic violence on children; physical punishment, and child maltreatment; the development and fostering of emotional intelligence; homophobic bullying and cyberbullying; and developing intercultural competence through education. There are entirely new sections on immigration, acculturation, and friendships in multicultural settings; disruptive behaviour and oppositional defiant disorder; sexting; and adolescent bedtimes. The Adolescence chapter has been extensively revised, covering work on the social brain, insights from neuroscience, evolutionary perspectives on risk-taking and peer relationships, romantic development, and use of mobile phones and the internet.