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Thermodynamics and the Destruction of Resources

Thermodynamics and the Destruction of Resources Author Bhavik R. Bakshi
ISBN-10 9781139496933
Release 2011-04-11
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This book is a unique, multidisciplinary effort to apply rigorous thermodynamics fundamentals, a disciplined scholarly approach, to problems of sustainability, energy, and resource uses. Applying thermodynamic thinking to problems of sustainable behavior is a significant advantage in bringing order to ill-defined questions with a great variety of proposed solutions, some of which are more destructive than the original problem. The articles are pitched at a level accessible to advanced undergraduates and graduate students in courses on sustainability, sustainable engineering, industrial ecology, sustainable manufacturing, and green engineering. The timeliness of the topic, and the urgent need for solutions make this book attractive to general readers and specialist researchers as well. Top international figures from many disciplines, including engineers, ecologists, economists, physicists, chemists, policy experts and industrial ecologists among others make up the impressive list of contributors.

Into the Cool

Into the Cool Author Eric D. Schneider
ISBN-10 9780226739366
Release 2005-06-01
Pages 362
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Demonstrates how the second law of thermodynamics--which refers to energy's tendency to change from being concentrated in one place to being spread out over time--is behind evolution, ecology, economics, and even the origins of life itself in this scientific tour de force that explores how complex systems emerge, enlarge, and reproduce in a chaotic world.

Thermodynamics of Energy Conversion and Transport

Thermodynamics of Energy Conversion and Transport Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz
ISBN-10 9781461212867
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 335
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Scientists and engineers are nowadays faced with the problem of optimizing complex systems subject to constraints from, ecology, economics, and thermodynamics. It is chiefly to the last of these that this volume is addressed. Intended for physicists, chemists, and engineers, the book uses examples from solar, thermal, mechanical, chemical, and environmental engineering to focus on the use of thermodynamic criteria for optimizing energy conversion and transmission. The early chapters centre on solar energy conversion, the second section discusses the transfer and conversion of chemical energy, while the concluding chapters deal with geometric methods in thermodynamics.

Modern Engineering Thermodynamics

Modern Engineering Thermodynamics Author Robert T. Balmer
ISBN-10 0080961738
Release 2011-01-25
Pages 825
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Modern Engineering Thermodynamics is designed for use in a standard two-semester engineering thermodynamics course sequence. The first half of the text contains material suitable for a basic Thermodynamics course taken by engineers from all majors. The second half of the text is suitable for an Applied Thermodynamics course in mechanical engineering programs. The text has numerous features that are unique among engineering textbooks, including historical vignettes, critical thinking boxes, and case studies. All are designed to bring real engineering applications into a subject that can be somewhat abstract and mathematical. Over 200 worked examples and more than 1,300 end of chapter problems provide opportunities to practice solving problems related to concepts in the text. Provides the reader with clear presentations of the fundamental principles of basic and applied engineering thermodynamics. Helps students develop engineering problem solving skills through the use of structured problem-solving techniques. Introduces the Second Law of Thermodynamics through a basic entropy concept, providing students a more intuitive understanding of this key course topic. Covers Property Values before the First Law of Thermodynamics to ensure students have a firm understanding of property data before using them. Over 200 worked examples and more than 1,300 end of chapter problems offer students extensive opportunity to practice solving problems. Historical Vignettes, Critical Thinking boxes and Case Studies throughout the book help relate abstract concepts to actual engineering applications. For greater instructor flexibility at exam time, thermodynamic tables are provided in a separate accompanying booklet. Available online testing and assessment component helps students assess their knowledge of the topics. Email [email protected] for details.

Thermodynamics for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Thermodynamics for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources Author Wojciech Stanek
ISBN-10 9783319486499
Release 2017-05-27
Pages 510
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This book examines ways of assessing the rational management of nonrenewable resources. Integrating numerous methods, it systematically exposes the strengths of exergy analysis in resources management. Divided into two parts, the first section provides the theoretical background to assessment methods, while the second section provides practical application examples. The topics covered in detail include the theory of exergy cost and thermo-ecological cost, cumulative calculus and life cycle evaluation. This book serves as a valuable resource for researchers looking to investigate a range of advanced thermodynamic assessments of the influence of production processes on the depletion of nonrenewable resources.

Thermodynamics for Engineers 2nd Edition

Thermodynamics for Engineers  2nd Edition Author Kaufui Vincent Wong
ISBN-10 9781439845592
Release 2011-08-05
Pages 450
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Aspiring engineers need a text that prepares them to use thermodynamics in professional practice. Thermodynamics instructors need a concise textbook written for a one-semester undergraduate course—a text that foregoes clutter and unnecessary details but furnishes the essential facts and methods. Thermodynamics for Engineers, Second Edition continues to fill both those needs. Paying special attention to the learning process, the author has developed a unique, practical guide to classical thermodynamics. His approach is remarkably cohesive. For example, he develops the same example through his presentation of the first law and both forms of the second law—entropy and exergy. He also unifies his treatments of the conservation of energy, the creation of entropy, and the destruction of availability by using a balance equation for each, thus emphasizing the commonality between the laws and allowing easier comprehension and use. This Second Edition includes a new chapter on thermodynamic property relations and gives updated, expanded problem sets in every chapter. Accessible, practical, and cohesive, the text builds a solid foundation for advanced engineering studies and practice. It exposes students to the "big picture" of thermodynamics, and its streamlined presentation allows glimpses into important concepts and methods rarely offered by texts at this level. What’s New in This Edition: Updated and expanded problem sets New chapter on thermodynamic property relations Updated chapter on heat transfer Electronic figures available upon qualifying course adoption End-of-chapter poems to summarize engineering principles

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Author Yasar Demirel
ISBN-10 9780444595812
Release 2013-12-16
Pages 792
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Natural phenomena consist of simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions. These processes may interact with each other and may lead to self-organized structures, fluctuations, instabilities, and evolutionary systems. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, 3rd edition emphasizes the unifying role of thermodynamics in analyzing the natural phenomena. This third edition updates and expands on the first and second editions by focusing on the general balance equations for coupled processes of physical, chemical, and biological systems. The new edition contains a new chapter on stochastic approaches to include the statistical thermodynamics, mesoscopic nonequilibrium thermodynamics, fluctuation theory, information theory, and modeling the coupled biochemical systems in thermodynamic analysis. This new addition also comes with more examples and practice problems. Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field Contributions from leading authorities and industry experts A useful text for seniors and graduate students from diverse engineering and science programs to analyze some nonequilibrium, coupled, evolutionary, stochastic, and dissipative processes Highlights fundamentals of equilibrium thermodynamics, transport processes and chemical reactions Expands the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and its use in coupled transport processes and chemical reactions in physical, chemical, and biological systems Presents a unified analysis for transport and rate processes in various time and space scales Discusses stochastic approaches in thermodynamic analysis including fluctuation and information theories Has 198 fully solved examples and 287 practice problems An Instructor Resource containing the Solution Manual can be obtained from the author: [email protected]

Halting Degradation of Natural Resources

Halting Degradation of Natural Resources Author Jean-Marie Baland
ISBN-10 9251037280
Release 1996
Pages 423
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Halting Degradation of Natural Resources has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Halting Degradation of Natural Resources also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Halting Degradation of Natural Resources book for free.

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook Author Gnaneswar Gude
ISBN-10 9780128154281
Release 2018-03-08
Pages 622
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Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook: Applications and Thermodynamics offers a practical handbook on the use of renewable technologies to produce freshwater using sustainable methods. Sections cover the different renewable technologies currently used in the field, including solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear desalination. This coverage is followed by an equally important clear and rigorous discussion of energy recovery and the thermodynamics of desalination processes. While seawater desalination can provide a climate-independent source of drinking water, the process is energy-intensive and environmentally damaging. This book provides readers with the latest methods, processes, and technologies available for utilizing renewable energy applications as a valuable technology. Desalination based on the use of renewable energy sources can provide a sustainable way to produce fresh water. It is expected to become economically attractive as the costs of renewable technologies continue to decline and the prices of fossil fuels continue to increase. Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination and energy storage and optimization Includes energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Elaborates on the principles of thermodynamics and second law efficiencies to improve process performance, including solar desalination Explains global applicability of solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear energy sources with case studies Discusses renewable energy-desalinated water optimization schemes for island communities

Restoring Climate Stability by Managing Ecological Disorder

Restoring Climate Stability by Managing Ecological Disorder Author Daniel Young
ISBN-10 1541239148
Release 2017-10-31
Pages 504
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There is nothing more fundamental to thermodynamic science than the fact that order emerges out of chaos when energy flows through a constrained environment. The order produced is quantitatively related to the energy flow and to the characteristics of the constraints on the environment. Complex systems, like the ecosystems in the earth's biosphere, are the result of extensive ordering of system contents due to prolonged, continuous energy flow across system constraints. The earth constitutes a closed thermodynamic system that allows energy from the sun to flow across its surface, but contains enough mass so that matter cannot easily escape its gravity. Energy from the sun impacting the earth carries a modest amount of entropy (disorder), but energy radiating into outer space from the surface of the earth carries a huge amount. The difference between the disorder brought in by sunlight and the disorder rejected as heat results in a huge deficit of disorder on the earth's surface. This is the driving force that implements the growth of ordered systems on the planet. Living systems are exquisitely ordered. For such systems to emerge and grow requires a huge withdrawal of extracted entropy from the system. The heat balance of solar energy, that maintains the temperature of the earth, produces a huge imbalance of entropy which drives the earth in the direction of more and more complex ordered systems. Greater entropy deficits direct the earth system toward more and more complex ecosystem development. Carbon dioxide build up in the atmosphere constrains the extraction of entropy, reducing the entropy deficit, and forcing the earth to retain disorder, preventing the evolution of exquisitely ordered systems. Consumptive destruction of exquisitely ordered living systems eliminates order and turns it directly into disorder with the result that not only is entropy increased, but order is eliminated on the surface of the earth. Biomass is the accumulated product of long term energy flow across the surface of our planet. Its loss is more damaging to the dynamics of energy transfer than to energy retention and entropy production. Biomass controls the dynamics of energy transfer processes in earth systems maintaining the order of things in a far-from-equilibrium state that stabilizes energy flows and climates on the earth surface. Maintaining a sufficient reservoir of biomass in the mix of resilient materials on the earth's surface is critical to maintaining a livable environment and climate. Advances in methods of ecological engineering are pointing the way to stable, livable, sustainable ecosystems.

Thermodynamics and the Design Analysis and Improvement of Energy Systems

Thermodynamics and the Design  Analysis  and Improvement of Energy Systems Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015034828916
Release 1995
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Thermodynamics and the Design Analysis and Improvement of Energy Systems has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Thermodynamics and the Design Analysis and Improvement of Energy Systems also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Thermodynamics and the Design Analysis and Improvement of Energy Systems book for free.

Advanced Power Generation Systems

Advanced Power Generation Systems Author Ibrahim Dincer
ISBN-10 9780123838612
Release 2014-07-15
Pages 656
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Advanced Power Generation Systems examines the full range of advanced multiple output thermodynamic cycles that can enable more sustainable and efficient power production from traditional methods, as well as driving the significant gains available from renewable sources. These advanced cycles can harness the by-products of one power generation effort, such as electricity production, to simultaneously create additional energy outputs, such as heat or refrigeration. Gas turbine-based, and industrial waste heat recovery-based combined, cogeneration, and trigeneration cycles are considered in depth, along with Syngas combustion engines, hybrid SOFC/gas turbine engines, and other thermodynamically efficient and environmentally conscious generation technologies. The uses of solar power, biomass, hydrogen, and fuel cells in advanced power generation are considered, within both hybrid and dedicated systems. The detailed energy and exergy analysis of each type of system provided by globally recognized author Dr. Ibrahim Dincer will inform effective and efficient design choices, while emphasizing the pivotal role of new methodologies and models for performance assessment of existing systems. This unique resource gathers information from thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and energy system design to provide a single-source guide to solving practical power engineering problems. The only complete source of info on the whole array of multiple output thermodynamic cycles, covering all the design options for environmentally-conscious combined production of electric power, heat, and refrigeration Offers crucial instruction on realizing more efficiency in traditional power generation systems, and on implementing renewable technologies, including solar, hydrogen, fuel cells, and biomass Each cycle description clarified through schematic diagrams, and linked to sustainable development scenarios through detailed energy, exergy, and efficiency analyses Case studies and examples demonstrate how novel systems and performance assessment methods function in practice


Thermodynamics Author N.A. Gokcen
ISBN-10 0306453800
Release 1996-06-30
Pages 400
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This edition of Thermodynamics is a thoroughly revised, streamlined, and cor rected version of the book of the same title, first published in 1975. It is intended for students, practicing engineers, and specialists in materials sciences, metallur gical engineering, chemical engineering, chemistry, electrochemistry, and related fields. The present edition contains many additional numerical examples and prob lems. Greater emphasis is put on the application of thermodynamics to chemical, materials, and metallurgical problems. The SI system has been used through out the textbook. In addition, a floppy disk for chemical equilibrium calculations is enclosed inside the back cover. It contains the data for the elements, oxides, halides, sulfides, and other inorganic compounds. The subject material presented in chapters III to XIV formed the basis of a thermodynamics course offered by one of the authors (R.G. Reddy) for the last 14 years at the University of Nevada, Reno. The subject matter in this book is based on a minimum number of laws, axioms, and postulates. This procedure avoids unnecessary repetitions, often encountered in books based on historical sequence of development in thermodynamics. For example, the Clapeyron equation, the van't Hoff equation, and the Nernst distribution law all refer to the Gibbs energy changes of relevant processes, and they need not be presented as radically different relationships.

Case Studies in Mechanical Engineering

Case Studies in Mechanical Engineering Author Stuart Sabol
ISBN-10 9781119119746
Release 2016-07-12
Pages 250
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Case Studies in Mechanical Engineering: Decision Making, Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer Stuart Sabol, Engineering Manager - Power Engineering at Power, Energy - USA Using a case study approach, this reference tests the reader’s ability to apply engineering fundamentals to real-world examples and receive constructive feedback Case Studies in Mechanical Engineering provides real life examples of the application of engineering fundamentals. They relate to real equipment, real people and real decisions. They influence careers, projects, companies, and governments. The cases serve as supplements to fundamental courses in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, instrumentation, economics, and statistics. The author explains equipment and concepts to solve the problems and suggests relevant assignments to augment the cases. Graduate engineers seeking to refresh their career, or acquire continuing education will find the studies challenging and rewarding. Each case is designed to be accomplished in one week, earning up to 15 hours of continuing education credit. Each case study provides methods to present an argument, work with clients, recommend action and develop new business. Key features: • Highlights the economic consequences of engineering designs and decisions. • Encourages problem solving skills. • Application of fundamentals to life experiences. • Ability to practice with real life examples. Case Studies in Mechanical Engineering is a valuable reference for mechanical engineering practitioners working in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer and related areas.

Geothermal Power Generation

Geothermal Power Generation Author Ron DiPippo
ISBN-10 9780081003442
Release 2016-05-25
Pages 854
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Geothermal Power Generation: Developments and Innovation provides an update to the advanced energy technologies that are urgently required to meet the challenges of economic development, climate change mitigation, and energy security. As geothermal resources are considered renewable and can be used to generate baseload electricity while producing very low levels of greenhouse gas emissions, they can play a key role in future energy needs. This book, edited by a highly respected expert, provides a comprehensive overview of the major aspects of geothermal power production. The chapters, contributed by specialists in their respective areas, cover resource discovery, resource characterization, energy conversion systems, and design and economic considerations. The final section provides a range of fascinating case studies from across the world, ranging from Larderello to Indonesia. Users will find this to be an essential text for research and development professionals and engineers in the geothermal energy industry, as well as postgraduate researchers in academia who are working on geothermal energy. Provides readers with a comprehensive and systematic overview of geothermal power generation Presents an update to the advanced energy technologies that are urgently required to meet the challenges of economic development, climate change mitigation, and energy security Edited by a world authority in the field, with chapters contributed by experts in their particular areas Includes comprehensive case studies from across the world, ranging from Larderello to Indonesia

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa Author Washington Odongo Ochola
ISBN-10 9789966792099
Release 2010
Pages 538
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The complex and dynamic interlinks between natural resource management (NRM) and development have long been recognized by national and international research and development organizations and have generated voluminous literature. However, much of what is available in the form of university course books, practical learning manuals and reference materials in NRM is based on experiences from outside Africa. Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa: A Resource Book provides an understanding of the various levels at which NRM issues occur and are being addressed scientifically, economically, socially and politically. The book's nine chapters present state-of-the-art perspectives within a holistic African context. The book systematically navigates the tricky landscape of integrated NRM, with special reference to Eastern and Southern Africa, against the backdrop of prevailing local, national, regional and global social, economic and environmental challenges. The authors' wide experience, the rich references made to emerging challenges and opportunities, and the presentation of different tools, principles, approaches, case studies and processes make the book a rich and valuable one-stop resource for postgraduate students, researchers, policymakers and NRM practitioners. The book is designed to help the reader grasp in-depth NRM perspectives and presents innovative guidance for research design and problem solving, including review questions, learning activities and recommended further reading. The book was developed through a writeshop process by a multi-disciplinary team of lecturers from the University of Nairobi, Egerton University, Kenyatta University, the University of Zimbabwe, the University of Malawi, Makerere University and the University of Dar es Salam. In addition, selected NRM experts from regional and international research organizations including the World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), the Africa Forest Forum, RUFORUM, IIRR and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) participated in the writeshop and contributed material to the book.


Exergy Author Ibrahim Dincer
ISBN-10 9780080970905
Release 2012-12-31
Pages 576
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This book deals with exergy and its applications to various energy systems and applications as a potential tool for design, analysis and optimization, and its role in minimizing and/or eliminating environmental impacts and providing sustainable development. In this regard, several key topics ranging from the basics of the thermodynamic concepts to advanced exergy analysis techniques in a wide range of applications are covered as outlined in the contents. Offers comprehensive coverage of exergy and its applications, along with the most up-to-date information in the area with recent developments Connects exergy with three essential areas in terms of energy, environment and sustainable development Provides a number of illustrative examples, practical applications, and case studies Written in an easy-to-follow style, starting from the basics to advanced systems