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Towards the Sociology of Truth

Towards the Sociology of Truth Author Rob Moore
ISBN-10 9781441121936
Release 2011-11-03
Pages 178
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This innovative monograph is concerned with a set of inter-related problems associated with the nature of knowledge, how it is produced within intellectual fields and the implications of those things for education and the transmission of knowledge in the classroom. It covers issues in the sociology of knowledge, the educational system and policy, social differences in educational attainment, educational research and teaching. At various points it critically engages with the ideas of major thinkers such as Durkheim, Bernstein and Bourdieu and others and draws on contributions representing an emerging new approach in the sociology of education associated with recent work by John Beck, Karl Maton, Johan Muller, Michael F.D. Young and others. This provocative and challenging book will undoubtedly stimulate debate among educationists across the world.



Post Truth

Post Truth Author Steve Fuller
ISBN-10 9781783086962
Release 2018-05-25
Pages 218
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‘Post-truth’ was Oxford Dictionaries 2016 word of the year. While the term was coined by its disparagers in the light of the Brexit and US presidential campaigns, the roots of post-truth lie deep in the history of Western social and political theory. Post-Truth reaches back to Plato, ranging across theology and philosophy, to focus on the Machiavellian tradition in classical sociology, as exemplified by Vilfredo Pareto, who offered the original modern account of post-truth in terms of the ‘circulation of elites’. The defining feature of ‘post-truth’ is a strong distinction between appearance and reality which is never quite resolved and so the strongest appearance ends up passing for reality. The only question is whether more is gained by rapid changes in appearance or by stabilizing one such appearance. Post-Truth plays out what this means for both politics and science.



A Pack of Lies

A Pack of Lies Author John Arundel Barnes
ISBN-10 0521459788
Release 1994-06-09
Pages 200
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Defining lies as statements that are intended to deceive, this book considers the contexts in which people tell lies, how they are detected and sometimes exposed, and the consequences for the liars themselves, their dupes, and the wider society. The author provides examples from a number of cultures with distinctive religious and ethical traditions, and delineates domains where lying is the norm, domains that are ambiguous and the one domain (science) that requires truthtelling. He refers to experimental studies on children that show how, at an early age, they acquire the capactiy to lie and learn when it is appropriate to do so. He reviews how lying has been evaluated by moralists, examines why we do not regard novels as lies and relates the human capacity to lie to deceit among other animal species. He concludes that although there are, in all societies, good pragmatic reasons for not lying all the time, there are also strong reasons for lying some of the time.



The Social Compulsions of Ideas

The Social Compulsions of Ideas Author Gerard L. De Gré
ISBN-10 1412838932
Release 1985
Pages 232
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This volume collects Gerard DeGr's writings, spanning four decades of activity. From his thesis on the theory of semiotics in Sorokin and Spengler to his later writings drawing a sharp distinction between the sociology of knowledge and sociological theories of knowledge, DeGr remains sensitive to the place of language in knowledge formation.



Social Realism Knowledge and the Sociology of Education

Social Realism  Knowledge and the Sociology of Education Author Karl Maton
ISBN-10 9781441161086
Release 2011-11-03
Pages 208
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This volume covers issues in the sociology of knowledge, the educational system and policy, professional autonomy, vocational education, educational research and teaching, as well as the nature of such disciplines as cultural studies, English, science and the arts. The chapters also directly address the nature of sociology of education itself.The realist position developed in the book challenges two major currents of thought that have for a long time been prominent and influential in sociology and education: postmodernism and progressivism/constructivism. This well-edited collection of papers is provocative and original in that it represents a sustained, collective critique that offers a genuine alternative to these current orthodoxies.



Foucault and Law

Foucault and Law Author Alan Hunt
ISBN-10 0745308422
Release 1994-11-15
Pages 148
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The first work to introduce Foucault's ideas on law to both graduates and undergraduates.



The Sociology of Knowledge

The Sociology of Knowledge Author Werner Stark
ISBN-10 0415175194
Release 2003-01
Pages 356
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First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Science Society and Values

Science  Society  and Values Author Sal P. Restivo
ISBN-10 0934223211
Release 1994
Pages 270
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This book covers some of the major contributions Sal Restivo has made to the sociology of science over the past twenty years. His work has been guided by three agendas: to develop a sociological theory of science and scientific knowledge; to use the sociology of science as a vehicle for developing a sociology of objectivity; and to explore the relationships between science, objectivity, and human values. He has tried - in his career and, specifically, in this volume - to understand science without accepting the culture of science uncritically. In his introduction, Restivo provides a view of the sociology of science from his perspective as a working sociologist of science. He sketches the sociology of science landscape and provides some preliminary indications of why a critical sociology of science is needed. Then, showing the influence of classical social theorists such as Marx, Durkheim, and Nietzsche, and later theorists such as G. H. Mead and C. W. Mills, he writes on the scientific revolution (using a human ecology approach), science and progress, the science machine (i.e., industrialized science), the anthropology of science, science policy, and epistemology. His substantive concerns lead directly to his proposal in the concluding chapter for a sociology of objectivity. In chapter 2, Restivo argues for a conception of the scientific revolution as an organizational and institutional revolution. This is crucial for understanding the author's claim in chapters 3 and 4 that modern science is a social problem, and his later claims about scientific knowledge as a social construction. There, the author begins to unfold a defense of anarchy in society and inquiry. In chapter 5, Restivo shows how his early study of visiting foreign scientists in America raised the question of ideology in science for him. He concludes the chapter by underscoring the results of the so-called "laboratory studies," in particular the suspension of a host of conventional dichotomies such as social/technical, fact/ artifact, and internal/external. Chapter 6 then examines issues of science policy and scientific validity from a sociology and anthropology of science perspective. The concept of a critical sociology of science is linked to the program for developing what Marx called a "human science." The final chapter includes a section on the sociology of mathematics, an area Restivo has pioneered in.



Evaluation

Evaluation Author Pearl Eliadis
ISBN-10 9781412844246
Release 2011-12-31
Pages 240
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Evaluation has come of age. Today most social and political observers would have difficulty imagining a society where evaluation is not a fixture of daily life, from individual programs to local authorities to parliamentary committees. While university researchers, grant makers and public servants may think there are too many types of evaluation, rankings and reviews, evaluation is nonetheless viewed positively by the public. It is perceived as a tool for improvement and evaluators are seen as dedicated to using their knowledge for the benefit of society. The book examines the degree to which evaluators seek power for their own interests. This perspective is based on a simple assumption: If you are in possession of an asset that can give you power, why not use it for your own interests? Can we really trust evaluation to be a force for the good? To what degree can we talk about self-interest in evaluation, and is this self-interest something that contradicts other interests such as "the benefit of society?" Such questions and others are addressed in this brilliant, innovative, international collection of pioneering contributions.



Towards a Critical Sociology Routledge Revivals

Towards a Critical Sociology  Routledge Revivals Author Zygmunt Bauman
ISBN-10 9781136999420
Release 2010-02-08
Pages 126
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For the better part of its history sociology shared with commonsense its assumption of the ‘nature-like’ character of society – and consequently developed as the science of unfreedom. In this powerful and engaging work, first published in 1976, Professor Bauman outlines the historical roots of such a science and describes how the new trends in sociology emerging from phenomenology and existentialism do not challenge this preoccupation. Rather, he claims, they deepen and extend it by stressing the key role of commonsense, particularly the ways in which it is sustained and embedded in the routines and assumptions of everyday life. Professor Bauman sets out the form of a critical sociology, based on emancipatory reason. His main concerns are the `validity' of commonsense and the truth of a theory which would resolve to transcend the limitations of commonsensical evidence. Aimed at human liberation A Critical Sociology is designed to question the very same routines and assumptions of everyday life informed by commonsense.



The Professional Quest for Truth

The Professional Quest for Truth Author Stephan Fuchs
ISBN-10 0791409236
Release 1992
Pages 254
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This book argues that the power of science as the most respected and authoritative world view is based on its superior material and organizational resources, not on its superior rationality. Fuchs approaches science as a social construct, and utilizing a theory of scientific organizations, he analyzes knowledge production in scientific fields how they differ in their resources and how these differences affect how science is conducted. The book explains why certain fields produce science and facts, while others engage in hermeneutics and conversation; why certain specialities change through cumulation rather than fragmentation; and why some fields are relativistic while others are positivist in their self-understanding. This general theory of knowledge is applicable not only to science, but to all varieties of professional groups engaged in knowledge production."



Applied Studies Towards a Sociology of Language

Applied Studies Towards a Sociology of Language Author Basil Bernstein
ISBN-10 9781134413591
Release 2004-11-23
Pages 400
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The papers in this second volume show some of the results of the empirical exploration of Bernstein's hypothesis. The volume represents a significant contribution not only to the study of the sociology of language, but also to education and the social sciences. "This collection demonstrates the magnitude of Bernstein's pioneering contribution to socio-linguistic studies" - S. John Eggleston, Times Educational Supplement



Class Codes and Control Applied studies towards a sociology of language

Class  Codes and Control  Applied studies towards a sociology of language Author Basil B. Bernstein
ISBN-10 0415302889
Release 2003
Pages 377
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The papers in this second volume show some of the results of the empirical exploration of Bernstein's hypothesis. The volume represents a significant contribution not only to the study of the sociology of language, but also to education and the social sciences. "This collection demonstrates the magnitude of Bernstein's pioneering contribution to socio-linguistic studies" - S. John Eggleston, Times Educational Supplement



Towards a Sociology of the Cinema ILS 92

Towards a Sociology of the Cinema  ILS 92 Author Ian Charles Jarvie
ISBN-10 9781317854142
Release 2014-05-12
Pages 394
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First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



The Scholar Denied

The Scholar Denied Author Aldon Morris
ISBN-10 9780520960480
Release 2015-08-27
Pages 320
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In this groundbreaking book, Aldon D. Morris’s ambition is truly monumental: to help rewrite the history of sociology and to acknowledge the primacy of W. E. B. Du Bois’s work in the founding of the discipline. Calling into question the prevailing narrative of how sociology developed, Morris, a major scholar of social movements, probes the way in which the history of the discipline has traditionally given credit to Robert E. Park at the University of Chicago, who worked with the conservative black leader Booker T. Washington to render Du Bois invisible. Morris uncovers the seminal theoretical work of Du Bois in developing a "scientific" sociology through a variety of methodologies and examines how the leading scholars of the day disparaged and ignored Du Bois’s work. The Scholar Denied is based on extensive, rigorous primary source research; the book is the result of a decade of research, writing, and revision. In exposing the economic and political factors that marginalized the contributions of Du Bois and enabled Park and his colleagues to be recognized as the "fathers" of the discipline, Morris delivers a wholly new narrative of American intellectual and social history that places one of America’s key intellectuals, W. E. B. Du Bois, at its center. The Scholar Denied is a must-read for anyone interested in American history, racial inequality, and the academy. In challenging our understanding of the past, the book promises to engender debate and discussion.



Social Realism Knowledge and the Sociology of Education

Social Realism  Knowledge and the Sociology of Education Author Karl Maton
ISBN-10 9781847065056
Release 2010-01-06
Pages 198
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The Paranormal and the Politics of Truth

The Paranormal and the Politics of Truth Author Jeremy Northcote
ISBN-10 1845400712
Release 2007
Pages 237
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Based on ten years of research into the politics of belief surrounding paranormal ideas, here, the author asks whether debates over the paranormal can ever be fruitful, given the deep-seated discursive basis of the different world-views of its participants.