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Trace Elements in Waterlogged Soils and Sediments

Trace Elements in Waterlogged Soils and Sediments Author Jörg Rinklebe
ISBN-10 9781315355641
Release 2016-08-19
Pages 402
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Many wetlands around the world act as sinks for pollutants, in particular for trace elements. In comparison to terrestrial environments, wetlands are still far less studied. A collaborative effort among world experts, this book brings the current knowledge concerning trace elements in temporary waterlogged soils and sediments together. It discusses factors controlling the dynamics and release kinetics of trace elements and their underlying biogeochemical processes. It also discusses current technologies for remediating sites contaminated with trace metals, and the role of bioavailability in risk assessment and regulatory decision making. This book is intended for professionals around the world in disciplines related to contaminant bioavailability in aquatic organisms, contaminant fate and transport, remediation technologies, and risk assessment of aquatic and wetland ecosystems.



Diffusive Gradients in Thin Films for Environmental Measurements

Diffusive Gradients in Thin Films for Environmental Measurements Author William Davison
ISBN-10 9781107130760
Release 2016-08-31
Pages 320
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An essential guide to the applications and usage of the diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) technique for students and professionals.



Trace Elements in Soils

Trace Elements in Soils Author Peter Hooda
ISBN-10 9781444319484
Release 2010-04-13
Pages 616
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Trace elements occur naturally in soils and some are essential nutrients for plant growth as well as human and animal health. However, at elevated levels, all trace elements become potentially toxic. Anthropogenic input of trace elements into the natural environment therefore poses a range of ecological and health problems. As a result of their persistence and potential toxicity, trace elements continue to receive widespread scientific and legislative attention. Trace Elements in Soils reviews the latest research in the field, providing a comprehensive overview of the chemistry, analysis, fate and regulation of trace elements in soils, as well as remediation strategies for contaminated soil. The book is divided into four sections: • Basic principles, processes, sampling and analytical aspects: presents an overview including general soil chemistry, soil sampling, analysis, fractionation and speciation. • Long-term issues, impacts and predictive modelling: reviews major sources of metal inputs, the impact on soil ecology, trace element deficient soils and chemical speciation modelling. • Bioavailability, risk assessment and remediation: discusses bioavailability, regulatory limits and cleanup technology for contaminated soils including phytoremediation and trace element immobilization. • Characteristics and behaviour of individual elements Written as an authoritative guide for scientists working in soil science, geochemistry, environmental science and analytical chemistry, the book is also a valuable resource for professionals involved in land management, environmental planning, protection and regulation.



Heavy Metals in Soils

Heavy Metals in Soils Author Brian J. Alloway
ISBN-10 9789400744707
Release 2012-07-18
Pages 614
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This third edition of the book has been completely re-written, providing a wider scope and enhanced coverage. It covers the general principles of the natural occurrence, pollution sources, chemical analysis, soil chemical behaviour and soil-plant-animal relationships of heavy metals and metalloids, followed by a detailed coverage of 21 individual elements, including: antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, gold, lead, manganese, mercury, molybdenum, nickel, selenium, silver, thallium, tin, tungsten, uranium, vanadium and zinc. The book is highly relevant for those involved in environmental science, soil science, geochemistry, agronomy, environmental health, and environmental engineering, including specialists responsible for the management and clean-up of contaminated land.



Trace Elements in Soils and Plants Third Edition

Trace Elements in Soils and Plants  Third Edition Author Alina Kabata-Pendias
ISBN-10 9781420039900
Release 2000-11-08
Pages 432
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Contemporary legislation respecting environmental protection and public health, at both national and international levels, are based on data that characterize chemical properties of environmental phenomena, especially those that reside in our food chain. Thus, environmental and food quality are now matters of major public concern and therefore a system of metrology in trace analysis has recently been developed at the international level. This new edition of a bestseller highlights the significance of anthropogenic factors in changing the trace element status in soils and plants. Written by Dr. Alina Kabata-Pendias, a world-renowned plant and soil scientist, Trace Elements in Soil and Plants, Third Edition incorporates recent data from about 400 respected sources. These data present the most recent research on topical issues such as the assessment of natural/background content of trace elements in soil; bioindication of chemical status of environmental compartments; soil remediation; and hyperaccumulation and hyperextraction of trace metals from the soil. Discussions of the health-related significance of trace elements in food are also included. This third edition presents an overview of the principal pathways from soils to plants. The author provides the background for a more profound understanding of ways by which chemical processes operate in both polluted and unpolluted conditions of the soil-plant system. The current review of recent soil-plant findings offered by Trace Elements in Soil and Plants, Third Edition renders the book an indispensable reference.



Phosphate in Soils

Phosphate in Soils Author H. Magdi Selim
ISBN-10 9781482236804
Release 2015-02-24
Pages 381
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Edited by One of the Best Specialists in Soil Science Recent studies reveal that Phosphorus (P) in the form of phosphate, a macronutrient essential for plant growth, and crop yields can influence the bioavailability, retention, and mobility of trace elements, metal(loid)s, and radio nuclides in soils. When this occurs, phosphates can affect the dynamics of heavy metals and influence soil characteristics, impacting soil mobility and toxicity. Phosphate in Soils: Interaction with Micronutrients, Radionuclides and Heavy Metals utilizes the latest research to emphasize the role that phosphate plays in enhancing or reducing the mobility of heavy metals in soil, and the soil-water-plant environment. It provides an in-depth understanding of each heavy metal species, and expands on phosphate interactions in geological material. Composed of 12 chapters, this text: Provides an overview of the reactions of metal(loid)s and common P compounds that are used as fertilizer in soils Emphasizes the effect of phosphorus on copper and zinc adsorption in acid soils Discusses findings on the influence of phosphate compounds on speciation, mobility, and bioavailability of heavy metals in soils as well as the role of phosphates on in situ and phytoremediation of heavy metals for contaminated soils Places emphasis on the influence of phosphate on various heavy metals species in soils, and their solubility/mobility and availability Provides extensive information on testing various high phosphate materials for remediation of heavy metal, micronutrients, and radionuclides contaminated sites Explores the reactivity of heavy metals, micronutrients and radionuclides elements in several soils Presents a case study illustrating various remediation efforts of acidic soils and remediation of Cu, Zn, and lead (Pb) contaminated soils around nonferrous industrial plants Emphasizes the significance of common ions (cations and anions) on phosphate mobility and sorption in soils, and more The author includes analytical and numerical solutions along with hands-on applications, and addresses other topics that include the transport and sorption modeling of heavy metals in the presence of phosphate at different scales in the vadose zone.



Methods in applied soil microbiology and biochemistry

Methods in applied soil microbiology and biochemistry Author Kassem Alef
ISBN-10 UOM:39015049078481
Release 1995
Pages 576
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In recent years, rapid technological advances and changes in agricultural management have taken place. These have yielded benefits to society but have also generated new and significant environmental problems. Novel questions and challenges relating to agricultural practice and soil microbial ecology, ecotoxicology, biotechnology, and bioremediation must be addressed. As a consequence, the fields of soil microbiology and biochemistry have been highlighted. This book provides a modern, authoritative, and comprehensive collection of methods for the study of soil microbiology and biochemistry. Classical and modern, aerobic and anerobic, laboratory and field-based methods are presented. Detailed techniques are given, but in addition the theoretical basis behind such methodology is described, so that the origins and principles of the techniques are clear to the reader. Particular emphasis has been placed on uniform, simple, and clear presentation of the different methods. With respect to bioremediation of soils, this work provides a unique bridge between general and applied soil microbiology and biochemistry, presenting an integrated discussion of concepts, theories, and methods. This book will be essential for all scientists and students actively involved in natural and environmental sciences and engineering, and for those working in industry, authorities, and consulting companies. * * Uniform and clear presentation of the different methods. * Bridges the gap between general and applied soil microbiology. * Maintains a balanced discussion of concepts, theories, and methods. * Essential reading for all scientists and students involved in natural and environmental sciences and anyone working in the industry.



Environmental mineralogy

Environmental mineralogy Author Mineralogical Society (Great Britain)
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105026135637
Release 2000
Pages 414
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Environmental mineralogy has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Environmental mineralogy also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Environmental mineralogy book for free.



Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105009005427
Release 1993
Pages
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Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry book for free.



Environmental chemistry and cycling processes

Environmental chemistry and cycling processes Author Savannah River Ecology Laboratory
ISBN-10 UOM:39015021483469
Release 1978-01-01
Pages 911
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Environmental chemistry and cycling processes has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Environmental chemistry and cycling processes also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Environmental chemistry and cycling processes book for free.



Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals Author Gunnar F. Nordberg
ISBN-10 9780123973399
Release 2014-08-07
Pages 1542
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Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals, Fourth Edition bridges the gap between established knowledgebase and new advances in metal toxicology to provide one essential reference for all those involved in the field. This book provides comprehensive coverage of basic toxicological data, emphasizing toxic effects primarily in humans, but also those of animals and biological systems in vitro. The fourth edition also contains several new chapters on important topics such as nanotoxicology, metals in prosthetics and dental implants, gene-environment interaction, neurotoxicology, metals in food, renal, cardiovascular, and diabetes effects of metal exposures and more. Volume I covers “General Considerations and Volume II is devoted to “Specific Metals. A multidisciplinary resource with contributions from internationally-recognized experts, the fourth edition of the Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals is a prominent and indispensable reference for toxicologists, physicians, pharmacologists, engineers, and all those involved in the toxicity of metals. Contains 61 peer reviewed chapters dealing with the effects of metallic elements and their compounds on biological systems Includes information on sources, transport and transformation of metals in the environment and on certain aspects of the ecological effects of metals to provide a basis for better understanding of the potential for adverse effects on human health Covers the toxicology of metallic nanomaterials in a new comprehensive chapter Metal toxicology in developing countries is dealt with in another new chapter emphasizing the adverse effects on human health by the inadequate handling of "ewaste Other new chapters in the 4th edition include: Toxic metals in food; Toxicity of metals released from medical devices; Gene-environment interactions; Neurotoxicology of metals; Cardiovascular disease; Renal effects of exposure to metals; Gold and gold mining; Iridium; Lanthanum; Lithium and Rhodium



Biochar

Biochar Author Yong Sik Ok
ISBN-10 9781482242300
Release 2015-08-28
Pages 416
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Encompassing high priority research areas such as bioenergy production, global warming mitigation, and sustainable agriculture, biochar has received increased worldwide interest in the past decade. Biochar: Production, Characterization, and Applications covers the fundamentals of biochar including its concept, production technology, and characterization. The book builds on this foundation by providing examples of state-of-the-art biochar application technology in agronomy and environmental sciences, along with detailed case studies. Edited by a group of well-known biochar experts and including chapters written by a group of international experts in their field, this valuable resource can be used both as a textbook for graduate courses or as a handbook for policy makers and practitioners in the field.



The Chemistry of Soils

The Chemistry of Soils Author Garrison Sposito
ISBN-10 9780190630881
Release 2016-10-03
Pages 272
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The second edition of The Chemistry of Soils, published in 2008, has been used as a main text in soil-science courses across the world, and the book is widely cited as a reference for researchers in geoscience, agriculture, and ecology. The book introduces soil into its context within geoscience and chemistry, addresses the effects of global climate change on soil, and provides insight into the chemical behavior of pollutants in soils. Since 2008, the field of soil science has developed in three key ways that Sposito addresses in this third edition. For one, research related to the Critical Zone (the material extending downward from vegetation canopy to groundwater) has undergone widespread reorganization as it becomes better understood as a key resource to human life. Secondly, scientists have greatly increased their understanding of how organic matter in soil functions in chemical reactions. Finally, the study of microorganisms as they relate to soil science has significantly expanded. The new edition is still be comprised of twelve chapters, introducing students to the principal components of soil, discussing a wide range of chemical reactions, and surveying important human applications. The chapters also contain completely revised annotated reading lists and problem sets.



Phytoremediation of Metal Contaminated Soils

Phytoremediation of Metal Contaminated Soils Author Jean-Louis Morel
ISBN-10 140204688X
Release 2006-06-23
Pages 346
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This is the first book aimed at development of a common language among scientists working in the field of Phytoremediation. Authors of the main chapters are leading scientists in this field. Some of them were among the first ones to have suggested the use of hyperaccumulator plants for extraction of metals from soils. Manuscripts based on lectures presented at the ASI have been revised here to take into account ASI participants’ comments and suggestions.



Selective Analytical Partitioning of Sediments to Evaluate Potential Mobility of Chemical Constituents During Dredging and Disposal Operations

Selective Analytical Partitioning of Sediments to Evaluate Potential Mobility of Chemical Constituents During Dredging and Disposal Operations Author James M. Brannon
ISBN-10 UOM:39015095120591
Release 1976
Pages 90
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When sediments are agitated by dredging and subsequent resuspension in water by discharge operations, there is a possibility that large amounts of some chemicals in the sediment could be released into the water column. To better understand the short- and long-term release effects of sediment resuspension on water quality, a functionally derived sediment selective extraction procedure was developed. This procedure explores the association of trace metals and other elements or compounds within sediments and their distribution among sediment phases of various stability and mobility. The effect of these sediment fractions or extractable phases upon water quality as indicated by the standard elutriate test and the relation of elutriate concentrations to these fractions was thoroughly investigated. The sediment chemical partitions studied in the selective extraction procedure were those dissolved or in solution in sediment interstitial water; sorbed on sediment mineral and organic material (exchangeable); occluded, co-precipitated, or bound within iron and manganese oxide and hydroxide partitions; bound in organic matter as complexes and compounds precipitated as sulfide salts; and occurring as an extremely stable residual partition in mineral crystalline lattice. Results of the sediment partitioning fractionation scheme showed that these operationally or functionally defined phases in a sediment could be isolated with good elemental mass balance and precision among the phases.



Essentials of Medical Geology

Essentials of Medical Geology Author Olle Selinus
ISBN-10 9789400743755
Release 2013-03-30
Pages 805
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Essentials of Medical Geology reviews the essential concepts and practical tools required to tackle environmental and public health problems. It is organized into four main sections. The first section deals with the fundamentals of environmental biology, the natural and anthropogenic sources of health elements that impact health and illustrate key biogeochemical transformations. The second section looks at the geological processes influencing human exposure to specific elements, such as radon, arsenic, fluorine, selenium and iodine. The third section presents the concepts and techniques of pathology, toxicology and epidemiology that underpin investigations into the human health effects of exposure to naturally occurring elements. The last section provides a toolbox of analytical approaches to environmental research and medical geology investigations. Essentials of Medical Geology was first published in 2005 and has since won three prestigious rewards. The book has been recognized as a key book in both medical and geology fields and is widely used as textbook and reference book in these fields. For this revised edition, editors and authors have updated the content that evolved a lot during 2005 and added two new chapters, on public health, and agriculture and health. This updated volume can now continue to be used as a textbook and reference book for all who are interested in this important topic and its impacts the health and wellbeing of many millions of people all over the world. · Addresses key topics at the intersection of environmental science and human health · Developed by 60 international experts from 20 countries and edited by professionals from the International Medical Geology Association (IMGA) · Written in non-technical language for a broad spectrum of readers, ranging from students and professional researchers to policymakers and the general public · Includes color illustrations throughout, references for further investigation and other aids to the reader



Bibliography of Agriculture

Bibliography of Agriculture Author
ISBN-10 PSU:000057553269
Release 1983
Pages
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Bibliography of Agriculture has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Bibliography of Agriculture also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Bibliography of Agriculture book for free.