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Trading In Genes

Trading In Genes Author Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz
ISBN-10 9781849773430
Release 2013
Pages 321
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Few scientific developments have given rise to as much controversy as biotechnology. Numerous groups are united in their opposition, expressing concern over environmental and health risks, impacts on rural livelihoods, the economic dominance of multinational companies and the ethical implications of crossing species boundaries. Among the supporters of the technology are those that believe in its potential to enhance food security, further economic development, increase productivity and reduce environmental pressures. As a result, countries - and sectors within countries - find themselves at odds with each other while potential opportunities for development offered by the use of biotechnology are seized or missed, and related risks go unmanaged. This book, a unique interdisciplinary collection of perspectives from the developing world, examines the ongoing debate. Writing for the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, leading experts address issues such as diffusion of technology, intellectual property rights, the Cartagena Protocol, impacts of international trade, capacity building and biotechnology research and regulation. With the most recent and relevant examples from around the world, Trading in Genes offers the reader a single-volume overview of the connections between biotechnology, trade and sustainability that is both wide-ranging and thorough



The Implementation Game

The Implementation Game Author Carolyn Deere
ISBN-10 9780191564062
Release 2008-10-30
Pages 432
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With the launch of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995, its Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) emerged as a symbol of coercion in international economic relations. In the decade that followed, intellectual property became one of the most contentious topics of global policy debate. This book is the first full-length study of the politics surrounding what developing countries did to implement TRIPS and why. Based on a review of the evidence from 1995 to 2007, this book emphasises that developing countries exhibited considerable variation in their approach to TRIPS implementation. In particular, developing countries took varying degrees of advantage of the legal safeguards and options-commonly known as TRIPS 'flexibilities'-that the Agreement provides. To explain this variation, this book argues that TRIPS implementation must be understood as a complex political game played out among developing country governments and a range of stakeholders-developed countries, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), intergovernmental organisations (IGOs), and industry groups. The contested nature of the TRIPS bargain spurred competing efforts to revise the terms of TRIPS and to influence global IP regulation more broadly. The intensity of the implementation game was amplified by an awareness among the various stakeholders that the IP reforms developing countries pursued would influence these ongoing international negotiations. The book attributes the variation in TRIPS implementation to the interplay between these global IP debates, international power pressures, and political dynamics within developing countries. The book includes historical analysis, compilations of evidence, and analysis supported by examples from across the developing world. The Implementation Game will be of interest both to scholars of international relations, law, and international political economy as well as to policymakers, commentators, and activists engaged in debates on the global governance of intellectual property.



Intellectual Property and Sustainable Development

Intellectual Property and Sustainable Development Author Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz
ISBN-10 9781849803458
Release 2009
Pages 459
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ÔThis is a thought-provoking book with relevance to a broad readership, especially IP practitioners with a strong international focus.Õ Ð Australian Intellectual Property Law Bulletin Intellectual property (IP) has gained an unprecedented importance in the new world of globalization and the knowledge economy. However, experience, as well as cyclical attitudes toward IP, show that there is no universal model of IP protection. This comprehensive book considers new and emerging IP issues from a development perspective, examining recent trends and developments in this area. Presenting an overview of the IP landscape in general, the contributing authors subsequently narrow their focus, providing wide-ranging case studies from countries across Africa, Asia and Latin America on topical issues in the current IP discourse. These include the impact of IP on the pharmaceutical sector, the protection of life forms and traditional knowledge, geographical indications, access to knowledge and public research institutes, and the role of competition policy. The challenges developing countries face in the TRIPS-Plus world are also explored in detail. The diverse range of contributions to this thought-provoking book offer a wide variety of alternative perspectives on and solutions for the controversial issues surrounding the role of IP within sustainable development. As such, it will prove a stimulating read for government policy-makers, trade negotiators, academics, lawyers and IP practitioners in general, UN and other intergovernmental agencies, development campaigners and aid agencies, environmentalist groups and university students.



Public Policy in International Economic Law

Public Policy in International Economic Law Author Diane Desierto
ISBN-10 9780191026485
Release 2015-02-19
Pages 432
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States reject inequality when they choose to ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), but to date the ICESCR has not yet figured prominently in the policy calculus behind States' international economic decisions. This book responds to the modern challenge of operationalizing the ICESCR, particularly in the context of States' decisions within international trade, finance, and investment. Differentiating between public policy mechanisms and institutional functional mandates in the international trade, finance, and investment systems, this book shows legal and policy gateways for States to feasibly translate their fundamental duties to respect, protect, and fulfil economic, social and cultural rights into their trade, finance, and investment commitments, agreements, and contracts. It approaches the problem of harmonizing social protection objectives under the ICESCR with a State's international economic treaty obligations, from the designing and interpreting international treaty texts, up to the institutional monitoring and empirical analysis of ICESCR compliance. In examining public policy options, the book takes into account around five decades of States' implementation of social protection commitments under the ICESCR; its normative evolution through the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Committee's expanded fact-finding and adjudicative competences under the Optional Protocol to the ICESCR; as well as the critical, dialectical, and deliberative roles of diverse functional interpretive communities within international trade, finance, and investment law. Ultimately, the book shoes how States' ICESCR commitments operate as the normative foundation of their trade, finance, and investment decisions.



Trading in Knowledge

Trading in Knowledge Author Christophe Bellmann
ISBN-10 9781136550980
Release 2013-06-17
Pages 358
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An unprecedented surge in the scope and level of intellectual property rights (IPR) protection has been engulfing the world. This globalizing trend has shifted the balance of interests between private innovators and society at large and tensions have flared around key public policy concerns. As developing nations' policy options to use IPRs in support of their broader development strategy are being rapidly narrowed down, many experts are questioning the one-size-fits-all approach to IPR protection and are backing a rebalancing of the global regime. Developing countries face huge challenges when designing and implementing IPR-policy on all levels. This book offers perspectives from a diverse range of developing country participants including civil society participants, farmers, grassroots organizations, researchers and government officials. Contributions from well-known developed country authorities round out the selections.



Environment Planning

Environment   Planning Author
ISBN-10 NWU:35556039808274
Release 2010-01
Pages
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Environment Planning has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Environment Planning also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Environment Planning book for free.



Freedom to innovate

Freedom to innovate Author Calestous Juma
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924104470129
Release 2007
Pages 144
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Freedom to innovate has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Freedom to innovate also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Freedom to innovate book for free.



Environmental Governance in Kenya

Environmental Governance in Kenya Author C. Odidi Okidi
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105132830014
Release 2008
Pages 554
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Kenya is one of about 42 African countries which have enacted framework environmental laws. 14 January 2000 was the Date of Commencement of the Environment Management and Co-ordination Act (EMCA) after its adoption in December 1999 and receipt of Presidential Assent on 6 January 2000. From that date, all sectoral laws were expected to be reviewed or amended to ensure consistency with the requirements of EMCA. Under Section 148 of EMCA: "Any written law, in force immediately before the coming into force of this Act, relating to the management of the environment shall have effect subject to modification as may be necessary to give effect to this Act, and where the provisions of any such law conflict with any provisions of this Act, the provisions of this Act shall prevail". This book is an appraisal of the extent to which this provision has been implemented. It critically analyses environmental law in Kenya with a view to identifying the convergences and divergences between select sectoral laws and EMCA. The ultimate objective is to support internal harmonization of the corpus of environmental law in Kenya.



Yearbook of European Environmental Law

Yearbook of European Environmental Law Author Han Somsen
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105064200665
Release 2007
Pages
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Yearbook of European Environmental Law has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Yearbook of European Environmental Law also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Yearbook of European Environmental Law book for free.



Survival for a Small Planet

Survival for a Small Planet Author Tom Bigg
ISBN-10 9781136556227
Release 2013-06-17
Pages 384
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Few scientific developments have given rise to as much controversy as biotechnology. Numerous groups are united in their opposition, expressing concern over environmental and health risks, impacts on rural livelihoods, the economic dominance of multinational companies and the ethical implications of crossing species boundaries. Among the supporters of the technology are those that believe in its potential to enhance food security, further economic development, increase productivity and reduce environmental pressures. As a result, countries - and sectors within countries - find themselves at odds with each other while potential opportunities for development offered by the use of biotechnology are seized or missed, and related risks go unmanaged. This book, a unique interdisciplinary collection of perspectives from the developing world, examines the ongoing debate. Writing for the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, leading experts address issues such as diffusion of technology, intellectual property rights, the Cartagena Protocol, impacts of international trade, capacity building and biotechnology research and regulation. With the most recent and relevant examples from around the world, Trading in Genes offers the reader a single-volume overview of the connections between biotechnology, trade and sustainability that is both wide-ranging and thorough.



Gene Traders

Gene Traders Author Brian Tokar
ISBN-10 0974693510
Release 2004
Pages 124
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Brian Tokar brings us a gold mine of in-depth investigations showing exactly how corporations and global institutions are systematically manipulating governments, farmers and public opinion to gain control over our food supply. Gene Traders provides the detail and insight we need to take part in the global democracy movement to reverse this catastrophe. [Frances Moore Lappe] In this broad and comprehensive survey, seven authors show how the interplay of trade policy, 'development' politics and biotechnology increases dependency and hunger, while compromising the survival of traditional farmers and their communities.



Medicinal plants in India

Medicinal plants in India Author Dr. Pradeep Kumar
ISBN-10 8121105374
Release 2006
Pages 258
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Study conducted in Uttaranchal State, India.



Books in Print 2004 2005

Books in Print  2004 2005 Author
ISBN-10 0835246477
Release 2004
Pages
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Books in Print 2004 2005 has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Books in Print 2004 2005 also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Books in Print 2004 2005 book for free.



Global Development and the Environment

Global Development and the Environment Author Joel Darmstadter
ISBN-10 0915707632
Release 1992-01-01
Pages 91
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Twenty years after the landmark Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment in 1972, the United Nations has convened a Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. The 1989 UN resolution calling for the conference singles out -- among other global problems -- issues of biodiversity, water and other natural resources, atmospheric integrity, and human health as ones whose management requires strengthened international cooperation and attention.Whatever explicit and effective commitments -- to control greenhouse gases that threaten global warming, for example -- are negotiated at UNCED, profound problems relating to the linked pursuit of environmental, natural resource, and economic objectives are certain to survive the two-week meeting of government leaders, technical experts, and representatives of environmental constituencies. To be sure, participants may well assert that the goals of environmental protection, natural resource adequacy, and economic growth are compatible. But a probing of the question of sustainability of development inspires less confidence that potential problems and conflicts in the pursuit of these goals are fully appreciated in the international community, much less that the consensus needed to easily achieve the goals will be forthcoming.In Global Development and the Environment: Perspectives on Sustainability, researchers at Resources for the Future examine some of the enduring issues, whether or not officially under consideration at the conference or raised there informally, that cannot be ignored in any attempt to pursue aspirations concerning the environment and development. The lasting value of UNCED may depend on the extent to which it diverse participants couple political rhetoric with willingness to confront these difficult issues once this 'earth summit' fades into history.



Forthcoming Books

Forthcoming Books Author Rose Arny
ISBN-10 UOM:39015054037059
Release 2003
Pages
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The Earthscan reader on international trade and sustainable development

The Earthscan reader on international trade and sustainable development Author Kevin Gallagher
ISBN-10 1853838861
Release 2002
Pages 405
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Globalization and increasing international trade are becoming a fact of life, bringing increasing tensions and conflicts over their impacts on societies, livelihoods and the environment. The impacts are felt in industrialized countries but are often most harsh in developing economies. The growing debate involves not only professional economists and lawyers, but a broad range of academic disciplines as well as civil society and citizens' groups around the world. This text presents the most important contributions to the debate, and to the understanding of how sustainable international trade could be achieved. It should provide a useful sourcebook and guide to academics, practitioners and activists involved with these issues.



Annual Report

Annual Report Author Rockefeller Foundation
ISBN-10 NWU:35556031564420
Release 2003
Pages
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Annual Report has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Annual Report also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Annual Report book for free.