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Trading Zones and Interactional Expertise

Trading Zones and Interactional Expertise Author Michael E. Gorman
ISBN-10 9780262514835
Release 2010
Pages 302
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A proposal for a new framework for fostering collaborations across disciplines, addressing both theory and practical applications.



Urban Planning as a Trading Zone

Urban Planning as a Trading Zone Author Alessandro Balducci
ISBN-10 9789400758544
Release 2013-03-27
Pages 216
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'Trading zone' is a concept introduced by Peter Galison in his social scientific research on how scientists representing different sub-cultures and paradigms have been able to coordinate their interaction locally. In this book, Italian and Finnish planning researchers extend the use of the concept to different contexts of urban planning and management, where there is a need for new ideas and tools in managing the interaction of different stakeholders. The trading zone concept is approached as a tool in organizing local platforms and support systems for planning participation, knowledge production, decision making and local conflict management. In relation to the former theses of communicative planning theory that stress the ideals of consensus, mutual understanding and universal reason, the 'trading zone approach', outlined in this book, offers a different perspective. It focuses on the potentiality to coordinate locally the interaction of different stakeholders without requiring the deeper sharing of understandings, values and motives between them. Galison’s commentary comes in the form of the book’s final chapter.



New Directions in Third Wave Human Computer Interaction Volume 1 Technologies

New Directions in Third Wave Human Computer Interaction  Volume 1   Technologies Author Michael Filimowicz
ISBN-10 9783319733562
Release 2018-09-02
Pages
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As the first extensive exploration of contemporary third wave HCI, this handbook covers key developments at the leading edge of human-computer interactions. Now in its second decade as a major current of HCI research, the third wave integrates insights from the humanities and social sciences to emphasize human dimensions beyond workplace efficiency or cognitive capacities. The earliest HCI work was strongly based on the concept of human-machine coupling, which expanded to workplace collaboration as computers came into mainstream professional use. Today HCI can connect to almost any human experience because there are new applications for every aspect of daily life. Volume 1 - Technologies covers technical application areas related to artificial cognition, perceptual computing, 3D printing and CNC processes, physical computing, parametric design, the internet of things, leisure and home, health informatics, accessibility, sonification, speech and natural language processing, drone interaction, and virtual reality in clinical settings.



Handbook of the Psychology of Science

Handbook of the Psychology of Science Author Gregory J. Feist, PhD
ISBN-10 9780826106247
Release 2012-12-14
Pages 544
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"Highly recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries This handbook is the definitive resource for scholars and students interested in how research and theory within each of the major domains of psychologyódevelopmental, cognitive, personality, and socialóhave been applied to understand the nature of scientific thought and behavior. Edited by two esteemed pioneers in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science, it is the first empirically based compendium of its time. The handbook provides a comprehensive examination of how scientific thinking is learned and evolves from infancy to adolescence and adulthood, and combines developmental and cognitive approaches to show the categorical similarities and differences in thinking between children, adolescents, adults, and scientists. Chapters highlight the breadth and depth of psychological perspectives in the studies of science, from creativity and genius, gender, and conflict and cooperation, to postmodernism and psychobiography. A section on applications offers findings and ideas that can be put to use by educators, policymakers, and science administrators. Contributors examine the importance of mental models in solving difficult technical problems, and the significance of leadership and organizational structure in successful innovation. The final section of the book is devoted to the future of this new field, focusing on how to continue to develop a healthy psychology of science. Key Features: Presents the only empirically based compendium of current knowledge about the psychology of scientific thought and behavior Edited by two pioneers in the discipline of psychology of science Describes how scientific thinking is learned and changes throughout the life span Addresses creativity and genius, gender, conflict and cooperation, postmodernism, and psychobiography Covers applications of the psychology of science that can be used by educators, policymakers, and science administrators



Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Society

Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Society Author David H. Guston
ISBN-10 9781452266176
Release 2010-07-14
Pages 1024
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Labeled either as the "next industrial revolution" or as just "hype," nanoscience and nanotechnologies are controversial, touted by some as the likely engines of spectacular transformation of human societies and even human bodies, and by others as conceptually flawed. These challenges make an encyclopedia of nanoscience and society an absolute necessity. Providing a guide to what these understandings and challenges are about, the Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Society offers accessible descriptions of some of the key technical achievements of nanoscience along with its history and prospects. Rather than a technical primer, this encyclopedia instead focuses on the efforts of governments around the world to fund nanoscience research and to tap its potential for economic development as well as to assess how best to regulate a new technology for the environmental, occupational, and consumer health and safety issues related to the field. Contributions examine and analyze the cultural significance of nanoscience and nanotechnologies and describe some of the organizations, and their products, that promise to make nanotechnologies a critical part of the global economy. Written by noted scholars and practitioners from around the globe, these two volumes offer nearly 500 entries describing the societal aspects of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Key Themes - Art, Design, and Materials - Bionanotechnology Centers - Context - Economics and Business - Engagement and the Public - Environment and Risk - Ethics and Values - Geographies and Distribution - History and Philosophy - Integration and Interdisciplinarity - Nanotechnology Companies - Nanotechnology Organizations



Ethical and environmental challenges to engineering

Ethical and environmental challenges to engineering Author Michael E. Gorman
ISBN-10 013011328X
Release 2000
Pages 269
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This is the first casebook to focus specifically on engineering and environmental ethics. It features full-length, multi-faceted, real-life cases of design and managerial dilemmas in a variety of settings--together with background readings that illustrate how one can integrate ethical and environmental challenges into engineering decisions, especially ones early in the design process. It presents the dilemmas as descriptively as possible--without revealing what the authors think are "proper" or "good" solutions--and encourages readers to think deeply about real-life situations and to engage in "moral imagination." CHALLENGES TO ENGINEERING DESIGN. Bell Telephone Design; Dow Corning Breast Implant Design; Carter Racing. ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES FOR ENGINEERS. American Solar Network; Design Tex; Rohner Textil; Unilever; IKEA. ENGINEERING AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. W. R. Grace and the Development of NEEM; Bhopal; SELF; Solar Energy in South Africa; Eskom; Ghana Electrification Project. For Engineers, those who manage engineers, and those who wish to know more about how technology can address global problems.



Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water Author Anita Street
ISBN-10 9781455731855
Release 2014-05-15
Pages 704
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Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on improving water quality and the second edition of Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. This book presents detailed information on cutting-edge technologies, current research, and trends that may impact the success and uptake of the applications. Recent advances show that many of the current problems with water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book describes these technologies in detail and demonstrates how they can provide clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. In addition, the book addresses the societal factors that may affect widespread acceptance of the applications. Sections are also featured on carbon nanotube arrays and graphene-based sensors for contaminant sensing, nanostructured membranes for water purification, and multifunctional materials in carbon microspheres for the remediation of chlorinated hydrocarbons. Addresses both the technological aspects of delivering clean water supplies and the societal implications that affect take-up Details how the technologies are applied in large-scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems Highlights challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection



Global Value Chains in a Changing World

Global Value Chains in a Changing World Author Deborah Kay Elms
ISBN-10 9287038821
Release 2013
Pages 409
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A collection of papers by some of the world's leading specialists on global value chains (GVCs). It examines how GVCs have evolved and the challenges they face in a rapidly changing world. The approach is multi-disciplinary, with contributions from economists, political scientists, supply chain management specialists, practitioners and policy-makers. Co-published with the Fung Global Institute and the Temasek



Interaction Design

Interaction Design Author Jenny Preece
ISBN-10 9781119020752
Release 2015-05-26
Pages 584
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This is an ideal resource for learning the interdisciplinary skills needed for interaction design, human computer interaction, information design, web design and ubiquitous computing. This text offers a cross-disciplinary, practical and process-oriented introduction to the field, showing not just what principles ought to apply to interaction design, but crucially how they can be applied.



The coevolution of human potential and converging technologies

The coevolution of human potential and converging technologies Author Mihail C. Roco
ISBN-10 UVA:X004793336
Release 2004
Pages 259
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This volume analyzes the opportunities that the NBIC convergence (nanoscience, biotechnology, information technology, and cognitive science) offers in improving human performance in such areas as work efficiency, learning, sensorimotor and cognitive capabilities, and communications. The machine-brain interface and human performance issues in life extension and human health are also considered. The unifying and synergistic principles of converging technologies, the challenges to interdisciplinary cooperation, and opportunities for industry are also discussed.



Blue Ocean Strategy Expanded Edition

Blue Ocean Strategy  Expanded Edition Author W. Chan Kim
ISBN-10 9781625274496
Release 2015-01-20
Pages 256
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Argues against common competitive practices while outlining recommendations based on the creation of untapped market spaces with growth potential.



Trust in Organizations

Trust in Organizations Author Roderick M. Kramer
ISBN-10 0803957408
Release 1996
Pages 429
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Trust plays a central role in organizational life. It facilitates exchanges among individuals, enhances cooperation and coordination, and contributes to more effective relationships. This volume brings together a cross-disciplinary group of contributors to present some of the latest, most exciting conceptual perspectives in the field and to demonstrate a variety of new methodological approaches to the study of trust. It includes discussions on: the psychological and social antecedents of trust; the effects of social and organizational structures on trust; and the broad effects of trust on organizational functioning.



Designing from Both Sides of the Screen

Designing from Both Sides of the Screen Author Ellen Isaacs
ISBN-10 0672321513
Release 2002
Pages 336
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Design and build better software by understanding the motivations of your collaborators. Illustrates in a step-by-step manner the design processes and presents a practical, hands-on approach to the real world process of designing a user interface (UI). Offers clear principles and a proven design philosophy, which are easily incorporated into diverse design problems. Includes a metric to measure how well a design is enabling "flow", a concept described in the book. This book not only offers a sound and proven philosophy for designing and building software, it explores the dialog between designer and software engineer, and offers insights which when applied will facilitate a higher degree of collaboration between them. With a minimal understanding of the values and motivations of one another, these people are often team members standing in adversarial relation to each other. The authors provide background, model effective thought processes and dialogs, and give the readers clear, concrete principles and examples for design considerations. This book is written for both software engineers and designers and illustrates a process which they can use to dramatically increase the quality of both product and process. Ellen Isaacs has been designing software user interfaces for over 11 years at such companies as Sun Microsystems, [email protected], AT&T and Electric Communities (now communities.com). She has designed applications for a variety of platforms including Windows, OpenWindows, the Web, and Palm OS. Alan Walendowski has been a software engineer working in the trenches for over 15 years. He has worked for companies such as Sun Microsystems, 3DFX, AT&T, IBM, and ComputerVision. Walendowski has worked on device drivers, graphics engines, systems software, distributed systems, client-server systems, and user interfaces.



Make It So

Make It So Author Nathan Shedroff
ISBN-10 9781933820767
Release 2012-09-17
Pages 368
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Many designers enjoy the interfaces seen in science fiction films and television shows. Freed from the rigorous constraints of designing for real users, sci-fi production designers develop blue-sky interfaces that are inspiring, humorous, and even instructive. By carefully studying these “outsider” user interfaces, designers can derive lessons that make their real-world designs more cutting edge and successful.



Wikinomics

Wikinomics Author Don Tapscott
ISBN-10 1440639485
Release 2008-04-17
Pages 368
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The acclaimed bestseller that's teaching the world about the power of mass collaboration. Translated into more than twenty languages and named one of the best business books of the year by reviewers around the world, Wikinomics has become essential reading for business people everywhere. It explains how mass collaboration is happening not just at Web sites like Wikipedia and YouTube, but at traditional companies that have embraced technology to breathe new life into their enterprises. This national bestseller reveals the nuances that drive wikinomics, and share fascinating stories of how masses of people (both paid and volunteer) are now creating TV news stories, sequencing the human gnome, remixing their favorite music, designing software, finding cures for diseases, editing school texts, inventing new cosmetics, and even building motorcycles.



Sorting Things Out

Sorting Things Out Author Geoffrey C. Bowker
ISBN-10 026226160X
Release 2000-08-25
Pages 389
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What do a seventeenth-century mortality table (whose causes of death include "fainted in a bath," "frighted," and "itch"); the identification of South Africans during apartheid as European, Asian, colored, or black; and the separation of machine- from hand-washables have in common? All are examples of classification -- the scaffolding of information infrastructures.In Sorting Things Out, Geoffrey C. Bowker and Susan Leigh Star explore the role of categories and standards in shaping the modern world. In a clear and lively style, they investigate a variety of classification systems, including the International Classification of Diseases, the Nursing Interventions Classification, race classification under apartheid in South Africa, and the classification of viruses and of tuberculosis.The authors emphasize the role of invisibility in the process by which classification orders human interaction. They examine how categories are made and kept invisible, and how people can change this invisibility when necessary. They also explore systems of classification as part of the built information environment. Much as an urban historian would review highway permits and zoning decisions to tell a city's story, the authors review archives of classification design to understand how decisions have been made. Sorting Things Out has a moral agenda, for each standard and category valorizes some point of view and silences another. Standards and classifications produce advantage or suffering. Jobs are made and lost; some regions benefit at the expense of others. How these choices are made and how we think about that process are at the moral and political core of this work. The book is an important empirical source for understanding the building of information infrastructures.



For Want of Water

For Want of Water Author Sasha Pimentel
ISBN-10 9780807027851
Release 2017
Pages 120
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Searing verses set on the Mexican border about war and addiction, love and sexual violence, grief and loss, from an American Book Award-winning author. Selected by Gregory Pardlo as winner of the National Poetry Series. El Paso is one of the safest cities in the United States, while across the river, Ciudad Ju�rez suffers a history of femicides and a horrific drug war. Witnessing this, a Filipina's life unravels as she tries to love an addict, the murders growing just a city--but the breadth of a country--away. This collection weaves the personal with recent history, the domestic with the tragic, asking how much "a body will hold," reaching from the border to the poet's own Philippines. These poems thirst in the desert, want for water, searching the brutal and tender territories between bodies, families, and nations.