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Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems

Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems Author Norman P. Lieberman
ISBN-10 9781118570920
Release 2012-12-27
Pages 280
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Vacuum systems are in wide spread use in the petrochemical plants, petroleum refineries and power generation plants. The existing texts on this subject are theoretical in nature and only deal with how the equipment functions when in good mechanical conditions, from the viewpoint of the equipment vendor. In this much-anticipated volume, one of the most well-respected and prolific process engineers in the world takes on troubleshooting vacuum systems, and especially steam ejectors, an extremely complex and difficult subject that greatly effects the profitability of the majority of the world's refineries.



Working Guide to Process Equipment Third Edition

Working Guide to Process Equipment  Third Edition Author Norman Lieberman
ISBN-10 0071640967
Release 2008-05-18
Pages 600
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Diagnose and Troubleshoot Problems in Chemical Process Equipment with This Updated Classic! Chemical engineers and plant operators can rely on the Third Edition of A Working Guide to Process Equipment for the latest diagnostic tips, practical examples, and detailed illustrations for pinpointing trouble and correcting problems in chemical process equipment. This updated classic contains new chapters on Control Valves, Cooling Towers, Waste Heat Boilers, Catalytic Effects, Fundamental Concepts of Process Equipment, and Process Safety. Filled with worked-out calculations, the book examines everything from trays, reboilers, instruments, air coolers, and steam turbines...to fired heaters, refrigeration systems, centrifugal pumps, separators, and compressors. The authors simplify complex issues and explain the technical issues needed to solve all kinds of equipment problems. Comprehensive and clear, the Third Edition of A Working Guide to Process Equipment features: Guidance on diagnosing and troubleshooting process equipment problems Explanations of how theory applies to real-world equipment operations Many useful tips, examples, illustrations, and worked-out calculations New to this edition: Control Valves, Cooling Towers, Waste Heat Boilers, Catalytic Effects, and Process Safety Inside this Renowned Guide to Solving Process Equipment Problems • Trays • Tower Pressure • Distillation Towers • Reboilers • Instruments • Packed Towers • Steam and Condensate Systems • Bubble Point and Dew Point • Steam Strippers • Draw-Off Nozzle Hydraulics • Pumparounds and Tower Heat Flows • Condensers and Tower Pressure Control • Air Coolers • Deaerators and Steam Systems • Vacuum Systems • Steam Turbines • Surface Condensers • Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers • Fire Heaters • Refrigeration Systems • Centrifugal Pumps • Separators • Compressors • Safety • Corrosion • Fluid Flow • Computer Modeling and Control • Field Troubleshooting Process Problems



Process Equipment Malfunctions Techniques to Identify and Correct Plant Problems

Process Equipment Malfunctions  Techniques to Identify and Correct Plant Problems Author Norman Lieberman
ISBN-10 9780071770217
Release 2011-12-02
Pages 560
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A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO TROUBLESHOOTING PROCESS EQUIPMENT MALFUNCTIONS Process Equipment Malfunctions offers proven techniques for finding and fixing process plant problems and contains details on failure identification. Diagnostic tips, examples, and illustrations help to pinpoint and correct faults in chemical process and petroleum refining equipment. Complex math has been omitted. An essential resource for plant operators and process engineers, this book is based on the author's long career in field troubleshooting process problems. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Distillation tray malfunctions Packed tower problems Distillation tower pressure and composition control Fractionator product stripping Pumparounds Reboiled and steam side strippers Inspecting tower internals Process reboilers--thermosyphon circulation Heat exchangers Condenser limitations Air coolers Cooling water systems Steam condensate collection systems Steam quality problems Level control problems Process plant corrosion and fouling Vapor-liquid separation vessels Hydrocarbon-water separation and desalters Fired heaters--draft and excess O2 Disabling safety systems Vacuum systems and steam jets Vacuum surface condensers Centrifugal pump limitations Steam turbine drivers Centrifugal compressors Reciprocating compressors



Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers

Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers Author Stephen M Hall
ISBN-10 0080456448
Release 2011-03-31
Pages 496
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This new edition of the most complete handbook for chemical and process engineers incorporates the latest information for engineers and practitioners who depend on it as a working tool. New material explores the recent trends and updates of gas treating and fractionator computer solutions analysis. Substantial additions to this edition include a new section on gasification that reflects the many new trends and techniques in the field and a treatment on compressible fluid flow. This convenient volume provides engineers with hundreds of common sense techniques, shortcuts, and calculations to quickly and accurately solve day-to-day design, operations, and equipment problems. Here, in a compact, easy-to-use format, are practical tips, handy formulas, correlations, curves, charts, tables, and shortcut methods that will save engineers valuable time and effort. * The standard handbook for chemical and process engineers * All new material on pinch point analysis on networks of heat exchangers and updates on gas treating in process design and heat transfer * Hundreds of common sense techniques and calculations



Troubleshooting Process Plant Control

Troubleshooting Process Plant Control Author Norman P. Lieberman
ISBN-10 9781119267768
Release 2017-04-03
Pages 336
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Examines real life problems and solutions for operators and engineers running process controls Expands on the first book with the addition of five new chapters as well as new troubleshooting examples Written for the working operator and engineer, with straightforward instruction not hinged on complex math Includes real-life examples of control problems that commonly arise and how to fix them Emphasizes single and well-established process engineering principles that will help working engineers and operators switch manual control loops to automatic control



Hydraulic Fracturing Operations

Hydraulic Fracturing Operations Author Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
ISBN-10 9781119099994
Release 2015-01-28
Pages 792
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Hydraulic fracturing, commonly referred to as “fracking,” is a technique used by the oil and gas industry to mine hydrocarbons trapped deep beneath the Earth’s surface. The principles underlying the technology are not new. Fracking was first applied at the commercial level in the United States as early as 1947, and over the decades it has been applied in various countries including Canada, the UK, and Russia. The author worked with engineering teams as early as the mid-1970s in evaluating ways to improve oil recovery from this practice. By and large fracking was not an economically competitive process and had limited applications until the early 2000s. Several factors altered the importance of this technology, among them being significant technological innovations in drilling practices with impressive high tech tools for exploration, well construction and integrity, and recovery along with discoveries of massive natural gas reserves in the United States and other parts of the world. These factors have catapulted the application of the technology to what is best described as the gold rush of the 21st century, with exploration and natural gas plays proceeding at a pace that seemingly is unrivaled by any historical industrial endeavor. But this level of activity has invoked widespread criticism from concerned citizens and environmental groups in almost every nation across the Globe. This outstanding new volume offers the industry a handbook of environmental management practices that can mitigate risks to the environment and, through best practices and current technologies, to conform to the current standards and regulations that are in place to provide the world with the energy it needs while avoiding environmental damage. For the new hire, veteran engineer, and student alike, this is a one-of-a-kind volume, a must-have for anyone working in hydraulic fracturing.



A Working Guide to Process Equipment Fourth Edition

A Working Guide to Process Equipment  Fourth Edition Author Norman Lieberman
ISBN-10 9780071828123
Release 2014-03-14
Pages 624
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The latest methods for troubleshooting and maintaining process equipment Applicable to a broad range of technicians and industries and fully updated throughout, A Working Guide to Process Equipment, Fourth Edition, explains how to diagnose, troubleshoot, and correct problems with chemical and petroleum refining process equipment. Nine new chapters cover: Tray design details Shell-and-tube heat exchanger design details Relief valve system design Vapor lock and exchanger flooding in steam systems Steam generation operating and design details Wastewater strippers Thermodynamics -- how it applies to process equipment Centrifugal pumps -- reducing seal and bearing failures Hand calculations for distillation towers Vapor -- liquid equilibrium, absorption, and stripping calculations Filled with examples and illustrations, this practical resource demonstrates how theory applies to solving real-world plant operation problems. Selected hand calculation methods are also provided. Comprehensive coverage includes: Distillation Tower Trays * Tower Pressure Control * Distillation Towers * Reboilers * Tower Internals * Instruments * Packed Towers * Steam and Condensate Systems * Bubble Point and Dew Point * Steam Strippers * Draw-Off Nozzle Hydraulics * Pumparounds and Tower Heat Flows * Condensers and Tower Pressure Control * Air Coolers * Deaerators and Steam Systems * Steam Generation * Wastewater Strippers * Vacuum Systems * Steam Turbines * Surface Condensers * Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers * Fired Heaters * Refrigeration Systems * Cooling Water Systems * Catalytic Effects * Centrifugal Pumps * Control Valves * Separators * Centrifugal Compressors and Surge * Reciprocating Compressors * Corrosion * Fluid Flow in Pipes * Super-Fractionation Stage * Computer Control * Field Troubleshooting



Troubleshooting Process Operations

Troubleshooting Process Operations Author Norman P. Lieberman
ISBN-10 9781593701765
Release 2009
Pages 686
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Drawing on his passion, training, and experience, Lieberman presents problems and troubleshooting techniques that are associated with specific processes, systems, and equipment, leading novice and practiced troubleshooters alike to the crux of malfunctions and failures. The fourth edition updates troubleshooting and design techniques, and adds seven new chapters with information on turbines, motors, heat exchangers, and environmentally friendly operations. Norm Lieberman sprinkles his troubleshooting guide with insightful and humorous anecdotes from 45 years in the petrochemical and refining industry. Features: * Nitty-gritty descriptions of common refinery and chemical plant problems and the diagnostic field observations, experiments, and calculations that reveal their origin * Troubleshooting checklists and references following each chapter * Practical advice for optimizing interactions with key plant operations personnel



Petroleum Refining

Petroleum Refining Author James H. Gary
ISBN-10 9780203907924
Release 2007-03-05
Pages 488
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Petroleum refiners must face billion-dollar investments in equipment in order to meet ever-changing environmental requirements. Because the design and construction of new processing units entail several years’ lead time, refiners are reluctant to commit these dollars for equipment that may no longer meet certain conditions when the units come on stream. Written by experts with both academic and professional experience in refinery operation, design, and evaluation, Petroleum Refining Technology and Economics, Fifth Edition is an essential textbook for students and a vital resource for engineers. This latest edition of a bestselling text provides updated data and addresses changes in refinery feedstock, product distribution, and processing requirements resulting from federal and state legislation. Providing a detailed overview of today’s integrated fuels refinery, the book discusses each major refining process as they relate to topics such as feedstock preparation, operating costs, catalysts, yields, finished product properties, and economics. It also contains end-of-chapter problems and an ongoing case study.



Handbook of Petroleum Processing

Handbook of Petroleum Processing Author David S. J. Jones
ISBN-10 1402028199
Release 2006-01-11
Pages 1353
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This handbook describes and discusses the features that make up the petroleum refining industry. It begins with a description of the crude oils and their nature, and continues with the saleable products from the refining processes, with a review of the environmental impact. There is a complete overview of the processes that make up the refinery with a brief history of those processes. It also describes design technique, operation, and, in the case of catalytic units, the chemistry of the reaction routes. These discussions are supported by calculation procedures and examples, sufficient to enable input to modern computer simulation packages.



Handbook of Mechanical Engineering Calculations Second Edition

Handbook of Mechanical Engineering Calculations  Second Edition Author Tyler G. Hicks
ISBN-10 9780071486996
Release 2006-03-10
Pages 1436
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Solve any mechanical engineering problem quickly and easily This trusted compendium of calculation methods delivers fast, accurate solutions to the toughest day-to-day mechanical engineering problems. You will find numbered, step-by-step procedures for solving specific problems together with worked-out examples that give numerical results for the calculation. Covers: Power Generation; Plant and Facilities Engineering; Environmental Control; Design Engineering New Edition features methods for automatic and digital control; alternative and renewable energy sources; plastics in engineering design



Handbook of Vacuum Technology

Handbook of Vacuum Technology Author Karl Jousten
ISBN-10 9783527688241
Release 2016-07-05
Pages 1050
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This comprehensive, standard work has been updated to remain an important resource for all those needing detailed knowledge of the theory and applications of vacuum technology. The text covers the existing knowledge on all aspects of vacuum science and technology, ranging from fundamentals to components and operating systems. It features many numerical examples and illustrations to help visualize the theoretical issues, while the chapters are carefully cross-linked and coherent symbols and notations are used throughout the book. The whole is rounded off by a user-friendly appendix of conversion tables, mathematical tools, material related data, overviews of processes and techniques, equipment-related data, national and international standards, guidelines, and much more. As a result, engineers, technicians, and scientists will be able to develop and work successfully with the equipment and environment found in a vacuum.



Handbook of Air Pollution Prevention and Control

Handbook of Air Pollution Prevention and Control Author Nicholas P Cheremisinoff
ISBN-10 9780080507927
Release 2002-08-22
Pages 560
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The Handbook of Air Pollution Prevention and Control provides a concise overview of the latest technologies for managing industrial air pollution in petrochemical, oil and gas, and allied industries. Detailed material on equipment selection, sizing, and troubleshooting operations is provided along with practical design methodology. Unique to this volume are discussions and information on energy-efficient technologies and approaches to implementing environmental cost accounting measures. Included in the text are sidebar discussions, questions for thinking and discussing, recommended resources for the reader (including Web sites), and a comprehensive glossary. The Handbook of Air Pollution Prevention and Control also includes free access to US EPA's air dispersion model SCREEN3. Detailed examples on the application of this important software to analyzing air dispersion from industrial processes and point sources are provided in the Handbook, along with approaches to applying this important tool in developing approaches to pollution prevention and in selecting control technologies. By applying SCREEN3, along with the examples given in the Handbook, the user can: evaluate the impact of processes and operations to air quality, and apply the model to assess emergency scenarios to help in planning, to develop environmental impact assessments, to select pollution control technologies, and to develop strategies for pollution prevention. Two companion books by Cheremisinoff are available: Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies, and Handbook of Solid Waste Management and Waste Minimization Technologies. Uniquely combines prevention and control concepts while covering the practices and technologies that are applied to the prevention of air pollution in the chemicals manufacturing, oil and gas, iron and steel, and pharmaceutical industries, and to the cleaning and control of industrial air emissions. Provides a bridge for today's environmental manager by focusing on an integrated approach to managing air pollution problems within industrial operations. Shows you how to calculate financial returns from pollution prevention projects.



Vacuum Technology in the Chemical Industry

Vacuum Technology in the Chemical Industry Author Wolfgang Jorisch
ISBN-10 9783527653911
Release 2015-02-27
Pages 392
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Based on the very successful German edition and a seminar held by the German Engineers` Association (VDI) on a regular basis for years now, this English edition has been thoroughly updated and revised to reflect the latest developments. It supplies in particular the special aspects of vacuum technology, applied vacuum pump types and vacuum engineering in the chemical, pharmaceutical and process industry application-segments. The text includes chapters dedicated to latest European regulations for operating in hazardous zones with vacuum systems, methods for process pressure control and regulation and leak detection. All of the authors work or did work at a selection of the most important German companies involved in vacuum technology, and their expertise is disseminated here for engineers working in vacuum technology, chemical process design, plant operation, and mechanical engineering.



Process Engineering for a Small Planet

Process Engineering for a Small Planet Author Norman P. Lieberman
ISBN-10 1118060253
Release 2011-02-25
Pages 296
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Methods for more planet-friendly process engineering Our earth is just one big, complex Process Facility with limited air, water, and mineral resources. It responds to a number of process variables—among them, humanity and the environmental effects of our carbon consumption. What can professionals in the Hydrocarbon Process Industry do to retard environmental degradation? Rather than looking to exotic technology for solutions, Process Engineering for a Small Planet details ready-at-hand methods that the process engineer can employ to help combat the environmental crisis. Drawing from the author's professional experience working with petroleum refineries petroleum refineries, petrochemical plants, and natural gas wells, this handbook explains how to operate and retrofit process facilities to: Reuse existing process equipment Save energy Reduce greenhouse gas emissions Expand plant capacity without installing new equipment Reduce corrosion and equipment failures Covering topics from expanding fractionator and compressor capacity and vacuum tower heater expansion to minimizing process water consumption and increasing centrifugal pump capacity, Process Engineering for a Small Planet offers big ideas for saving our small planet.



Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle IGCC Technologies

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle  IGCC  Technologies Author Ting Wang
ISBN-10 9780081001851
Release 2016-11-26
Pages 928
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Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Technologies discusses this innovative power generation technology that combines modern coal gasification technology with both gas turbine and steam turbine power generation, an important emerging technology which has the potential to significantly improve the efficiencies and emissions of coal power plants. The advantages of this technology over conventional pulverized coal power plants include fuel flexibility, greater efficiencies, and very low pollutant emissions. The book reviews the current status and future developments of key technologies involved in IGCC plants and how they can be integrated to maximize efficiency and reduce the cost of electricity generation in a carbon-constrained world. The first part of this book introduces the principles of IGCC systems and the fuel types for use in IGCC systems. The second part covers syngas production within IGCC systems. The third part looks at syngas cleaning, the separation of CO2 and hydrogen enrichment, with final sections describing the gas turbine combined cycle and presenting several case studies of existing IGCC plants. Provides an in-depth, multi-contributor overview of integrated gasification combined cycle technologies Reviews the current status and future developments of key technologies involved in IGCC plants Provides several case studies of existing IGCC plants around the world



Rules of Thumb for Mechanical Engineers

Rules of Thumb for Mechanical Engineers Author J. Edward Pope
ISBN-10 0884157903
Release 1997
Pages 405
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Rules of Thumb for Mechanical Engineers assembles hundreds of shortcuts, calculations, practical "how-to" methods, and concise background reviews into one convenient volume. Whether you're concerned with design, selection, or performance of equipment, you'll find fast, accurate answers here. Sixteen chapters are packed with design criteria and practical tips contributed by experts in their respective fields, all without pages of theory. This easy-to-read book presents valuable information on fluids, heat transfer, thermodynamics, seals, pumps and compressors, drivers, gears, bearings, and piping and pressure vessels. Additional coverage is given to tribology, vibrations, materials, stress and fatigue, instrumentation, and engineering economics. Mechanical engineers, maintenance engineers and personnel, and anyone involved in the operation of facilities and equipment will have this volume on his or her desktop more often than on the bookshelf.