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Trustworthy Global Computing

Trustworthy Global Computing Author Martín Abadi
ISBN-10 9783319051192
Release 2014-07-08
Pages 331
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Trustworthy Global Computing, TGC 2013, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in August 2013. The 15 revised full papers presented together with 3 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 29 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics in the area of global computing and safe and reliable computation. They are organized in topical sections on security, π-calculus, information flow, models, specifications and proofs and quantitative analysis.

A Theory of Objects

A Theory of Objects Author Martin Abadi
ISBN-10 9781441985989
Release 2012-09-08
Pages 396
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By developing object calculi in which objects are treated as primitives, the authors are able to explain both the semantics of objects and their typing rules, and also demonstrate how to develop all of the most important concepts of object-oriented programming languages: self, dynamic dispatch, classes, inheritance, protected and private methods, prototyping, subtyping, covariance and contravariance, and method specialization. An innovative and important approach to the subject for researchers and graduates.

The Pi Calculus

The Pi Calculus Author Davide Sangiorgi
ISBN-10 0521543274
Release 2003-10-16
Pages 596
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Graduate text on the p-calculus, a mathematical model of mobile computing systems.

Behavioural Types from Theory to Tools

Behavioural Types  from Theory to Tools Author Simon Gay
ISBN-10 9788793519824
Release 2017-06-30
Pages 410
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Behavioural type systems in programming languages support the specification and verification of properties of programs beyond the traditional use of type systems to describe data processing. A major example of such a property is correctness of communication in concurrent and distributed systems, motivated by the importance of structured communication in modern software. Behavioural Types: from Theory to Tools presents programming languages and software tools produced by members of COST Action IC1201: Behavioural Types for Reliable Large-Scale Software Systems, a European research network that was funded from October 2012 to October 2016. As a survey of the most recent developments in the application of behavioural type systems, it is a valuable reference for researchers in the field, as well as an introduction to the area for graduate students and software developers.

Computational Intelligence and Efficiency in Engineering Systems

Computational Intelligence and Efficiency in Engineering Systems Author Grzegorz Borowik
ISBN-10 9783319157207
Release 2015-03-10
Pages 442
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This carefully edited and reviewed volume addresses the increasingly popular demand for seeking more clarity in the data that we are immersed in. It offers excellent examples of the intelligent ubiquitous computation, as well as recent advances in systems engineering and informatics. The content represents state-of-the-art foundations for researchers in the domain of modern computation, computer science, system engineering and networking, with many examples that are set in industrial application context. The book includes the carefully selected best contributions to APCASE 2014, the 2nd Asia-Pacific Conference on Computer Aided System Engineering, held February 10-12, 2014 in South Kuta, Bali, Indonesia. The book consists of four main parts that cover data-oriented engineering science research in a wide range of applications: computational models and knowledge discovery; communications networks and cloud computing; computer-based systems; and data-oriented and software-intensive systems.

Handbook of Algorithms for Wireless Networking and Mobile Computing

Handbook of Algorithms for Wireless Networking and Mobile Computing Author Azzedine Boukerche
ISBN-10 9781420035094
Release 2005-11-28
Pages 1040
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Most of the available literature in wireless networking and mobile computing concentrates on the physical aspect of the subject, such as spectrum management and cell re-use. In most cases, a description of fundamental distributed algorithms that support mobile hosts in a wireless environment is either not included or is only briefly discussed. Handbook of Algorithms for Wireless Networking and Mobile Computing focuses on several aspects of mobile computing, particularly algorithmic methods and distributed computing with mobile communications capability. This volume provides the topics that are crucial for building the foundation for the design and construction of future generations of mobile and wireless networks, including cellular, wireless ad hoc, sensor, and ubiquitous networks. Following an analysis of fundamental algorithms and protocols, the book offers a basic overview of wireless technologies and networks and a discussion of the convergence of communication and computation. Other topics include issues related to mobility, with a focus on the creation of techniques that control associated uncertainties; aspects of QoS provisioning in wireless networks; a comparison of numerous wireless TCP proposals; a review of fundamental algorithms for Bluetooth wireless personal area networks (WPANs); and investigations of future voice and video access networks; and a review of potential applications of pervasive computing and mobile e-commerce.

Communication Technology Update

Communication Technology Update Author August E. Grant
ISBN-10 9781483142074
Release 2014-05-16
Pages 396
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Communication Technology Update, Third Edition provides the latest information on as many communication technologies as possible, using as many specific statistics on market share, units sold, etc., as possible to allow comparison among the technologies. This book is designed to help make sense of the spectrum of communication technologies. The text explores the widest possible range of technologies, from broadcast to telephony and from wired to wireless. In discussing each technology, this book will not only deal with the hardware of the technology, but also with the software, organizational structure, political and economic influences, and individual users of the technologies. Major developments in each of these areas are presented for each technology, along with background information to help explain the major factors in the evolution of the technology. The first chapter begins by defining communication technology and introducing the ""umbrella perspective"" used to present and analyze each technology. Following this discussion, an overview of the remainder of the book is presented. This book targets two groups of users. One of which is the group of communication professionals who have a desire to keep up with the latest developments both within and adjacent to their particular fields. Second is the group of students who are studying communication technology and need information that is more current than that provided by a textbook and more comprehensive than that found in trade magazines.

Reference Frames for Applications in Geosciences

Reference Frames for Applications in Geosciences Author Zuheir Altamimi
ISBN-10 9783642329982
Release 2013-03-13
Pages 284
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Reference systems and frames are of primary importance for many Earth science applications, satellite navigation as well as for practical applications in geo-information. A precisely defined reference frame is needed for the quantification of, e.g. Earth rotation and its gravity field, global and regional sea level variation, tectonic motion and deformation, post-glacial rebound, geocenter motion, large scale deformation due to Earthquakes, local subsidence and other ruptures and crustal dislocations. All of these important scientific applications fundamentally depend on a truly global reference system that only space geodesy can realize. This volume details the proceedigns of the IAG Symposium REFAG2010 (Marne la Vallée, France, October 4-8, 2010) The primary scope of REFAG2010 was to address today’s achievements on theoretical concepts of reference systems and their practical implementations by individual space geodetic techniques and their combinations, underlying limiting factors, systematic errors and novel approaches for future improvements.

Tourism Culture and Heritage in a Smart Economy

Tourism  Culture and Heritage in a Smart Economy Author Vicky Katsoni
ISBN-10 9783319477329
Release 2017-02-21
Pages 496
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This book explores the ways in which information and communication technologies (ICTs) offer a powerful tool for the development of smart tourism. Numerous examples are presented from across the entire spectrum of cultural and heritage tourism, including art, innovations in museum interpretation and collections management, cross-cultural visions, gastronomy, film tourism, dark tourism, sports tourism, and wine tourism. Emphasis is placed on the importance of the smart destinations concept and a knowledge economy driven by innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship. New modes of tourism management are described, and tourism products, services, and strategies for the stimulation of economic innovation and promotion of knowledge transfer are outlined. The potential of diverse emerging ICTs in this context is clearly explained, covering location-based services, internet of things, smart cities, mobile services, gamification, digital collections and the virtual visitor, social media, social networking, and augmented reality. The book is edited in collaboration with the International Association of Cultural and Digital Tourism (IACuDiT) and includes the proceedings of the Third International Conference on Cultural and Digital Tourism.

Principles of Cyber Physical Systems

Principles of Cyber Physical Systems Author Rajeev Alur
ISBN-10 9780262029117
Release 2015-04-17
Pages 464
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A foundational text that offers a rigorous introduction to the principles of design, specification, modeling, and analysis of cyber-physical systems.

Smes in Developing Asia

Smes in Developing Asia Author Paul Vandenberg
ISBN-10 4899740670
Release 2017-01-31
Pages 350
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A vibrant stratum of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is critical for the growth and development of Asian economies. These enterprises generate employment, contribute to investment, participate in value chains, and support innovation. SMEs that seek to sustain and grow their operations, however, face a variety of constraints, many of which are directly related to size. These so-called "size-induced market failures” create a role for public policy interventions by governments throughout the region. This book focuses on the market failures encountered by enterprises in the key areas of technology and innovation, credit and finance, education and skills, and market access. Obstacles to participation in the rapidly expanding regional and global value chains are also examined. Among a variety of issues, the book explores the "missing middle” in credit facilities for enterprises that are beyond microcredit but not yet able to secure regular loans from banks. The book investigates the barriers to innovation and how best to combine internal and external research and development. It also looks at the hiring versus training options to build human capital. The various chapter authors examine national and multicountry experiences in South and East Asia, ranging from those in Pakistan to Japan.

Transposable Elements and Genome Evolution

Transposable Elements and Genome Evolution Author J. F. McDonald
ISBN-10 9789401141567
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 299
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Once considered merely `selfish' or `parasitic' DNA, transposable elements are today recognized as being of major biological significance. Not only are these elements a major source of mutation, they have contributed both directly and indirectly to the evolution of genome structure and function. On October 8-10, 1999, 100 molecular biologists and evolutionists representing 11 countries met on the campus of The University of Georgia in Athens for the inaugural Georgia Genetics Symposium. The topics of presentations ranged from how the elements themselves have evolved to the impact transposable elements have had on the evolution of their host genomes. The papers in this volume therefore represent state-of-the-art thinking, by leading world experts in the field, on the evolutionary significance of transposable elements.

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Agronomic Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Agronomic  Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits Author Jameel M. Al-Khayri
ISBN-10 9783319225180
Release 2016-03-29
Pages 707
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The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods augmenting traditional plant breeding towards the development of new crop varieties under different environmental conditions to achieve sustainable food production. This book consists of two volumes: Volume 1 subtitled Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools and Volume 2 subtitled Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. This is volume 2 which contains 18 chapters highlighting breeding strategies for specific plant traits including improved nutritional and pharmaceutical properties as well as enhanced tolerance to insects, diseases, drought, salinity and temperature extremes expected under predicted global climate change.

Molecular Markers in Mycology

Molecular Markers in Mycology Author Bhim Pratap Singh
ISBN-10 9783319341064
Release 2017-02-06
Pages 361
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The Kingdom fungi encompass a massive diversity of taxa with wide-ranging ecologies, life cycles, and morphologies ranging from unicellular aquatic chytrids to large mushrooms. Before molecular methods came in existence, taxonomists considered this Kingdom to be a member of the plant kingdom due to certain life styles like immobility and growth habitats. Molecular markers (also known as DNA markers), facilitated a better alternative method over traditional morphological methods, employed for the identification, characterization, and to understand the evolution of fungi. The morphological methods used for identification are mainly dependent on spore color or microscopic features whereas molecular markers are based on DNA polymorphism in the genomic organization. Phylogenetic studies reported in last decade, based on molecular markers, have reshaped the classification system of Kingdom fungi, which divided into one subkingdom, seven phyla, and ten subphyla. Recent advances in molecular mycology have opened the way for researchers to identify and characterize novel fungal species from unique environments. Mycology is concerned with the systematic study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their use to humans as a source of medicine and food, as well as their dangers, such as poisoning and infections. In the 21st century with the development of DNA sequencing technologies and phylogenetic analysis based on molecular markers, new insights into fungal taxonomy were provided. This book contains a thorough discussion of molecular characterization and detection of different groups of fungi by using PCR-based markers and provides a comprehensive view of the applications and uses of different molecular markers in molecular mycology. It also addresses the recent molecular markers employed to solve the problems of identification and discusses current approaches used in molecular characterization and detection of fungi.

Evolutionary Scheduling

Evolutionary Scheduling Author Keshav Dahal
ISBN-10 9783540485827
Release 2007-02-15
Pages 628
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Evolutionary scheduling is a vital research domain at the interface of artificial intelligence and operational research. This edited book gives an overview of many of the current developments in the large and growing field of evolutionary scheduling. It demonstrates the applicability of evolutionary computational techniques to solve scheduling problems, not only to small-scale test problems, but also fully-fledged real-world problems.

Technological Advances in the Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes

Technological Advances in the Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes Author D. Bruttomesso
ISBN-10 9783318023374
Release 2014-11-17
Pages 272
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The current epidemic of diabetes, obesity and related disorders is a driving force in the development of new technologies. Technological advances offer great new opportunities for the treatment of these chronic diseases. This review presents an update of developments that promise to revolutionize the treatment of diabetes. It examines hospital and outpatient care, intensive insulin therapy, blood glucose monitoring and innovative steps towards the construction of an artificial pancreas. Providing a comprehensive overview on the latest advances, this volume of Frontiers in Diabetes will be of particular interest to all healthcare providers involved in the daily management of patients with diabetes or related diseases.

Learning for Sustainability in Times of Accelerating Change

Learning for Sustainability in Times of Accelerating Change Author Arjen E. J. Wals
ISBN-10 9789086862030
Release 2012
Pages 549
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We live in turbulent times, our world is changing at accelerating speed. Information is everywhere, but wisdom appears in short supply when trying to address key inter-related challenges of our time such as; runaway climate change, the loss of biodiversity, the depletion of natural resources, the on-going homogenization of culture, and rising inequity. Living in such times has implications for education and learning. This book explores the possibilities of designing and facilitating learning-based change and transitions towards sustainability. In 31 chapters contributors from across the world discuss (re)emerging forms of learning that not only assist in breaking down unsustainable routines, forms of governance, production and consumption, but also can help create ones that are more sustainable. The book has been divided into three parts: re-orienting science and society, re-connecting people and planet and re-imagining education and learning. This is essential reading for educators, educational designers, change agents, researchers, students, policy makers and entrepreneurs alike, who are concerned about the well-being of the planet and convinced of our ability to do better.