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Turkey and the European Union

Turkey and the European Union Author Selcen Öner
ISBN-10 9780739148617
Release 2011-02-16
Pages 232
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European identity has always been in a state of construction. With the creation of the European Union, however, this construction now takes place within an institutional framework, introducing a number of new variables. Selcen .ner's Turkey and the European Union: The Question of European Identity is an in-depth analysis of the influence of these two entities on each others' identity as Europeans in a society of increasing social, political, and cultural connectedness. The mutual influence between Turks and Europeans gained significant momentum in 1999, when the European Union granted official candidate status to Turkey at that year's Helsinki Summit. Turkey's Europeanness is still being debated, despite the official stance that fulfilling the Copenhagen criteria and adopting the EU acquis are enough for being a full member of the EU. These debates have even lead to arguments between political elites of the European Union about their 'privileged partnership' with Turkey. When comparing the attitudes of the European Union towards Turkey versus those towards Central and Eastern Europe, one could argue that that 'return to Europe' discourse has accelerated the membership of the latter, but not the former. Currently Turkey is neither considered an 'other,' nor a member of the 'family.' Rather, Turkey is commonly relegated to the role of 'crucial neighbor' or 'strategic partner' by the political elites of the EU. .ner's study analyzes a series of interviews conducted with several members of the European Parliament and sheds serious light on the fact that discussions on Turkey's membership in terms of her Europeanness reveal countless ambiguities in defining European identity. It is clear that there is no common understanding or definition of European identity, even amongst political leaders in the EU who challenge Turkey's authenticity as a member of European society. Thus, Selcen .ner's Turkey and the European Union: The Question of European Identity argues that the position of Turkey vis-^-vis the European Union will set a compelling benchmark for European identity construction in the future.



Discourse Identity and the Question of Turkish Accession to the EU

Discourse  Identity and the Question of Turkish Accession to the EU Author Catherine MacMillan
ISBN-10 9781317149828
Release 2016-05-23
Pages 200
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Discourse, Identity and the Question of Turkish Accession to the EU: Through the Looking Glass provides an invaluable analysis of the issues of Turkish accession to the EU. The focus on elite discourse provides a new and engaging approach to this contentious topic and offers a unique understanding of the competing arguments within the EU regarding the question of Turkey’s accession and the differing visions for the European Union that underlie them. Utilising the Habermasian Theory of Communicative Action Catherine MacMillan focuses on how political elites from the member states and EU institutions engage with the issue, analyses the different attitudes to the Turkish candidacy to the EU and explores the wider implications and competing visions of the EU the differences highlight. By closely examining the different ways that EU elites view and react to this issue vital lessons about the potential wider enlargement of the union to central and eastern Europe can be drawn.



Turkey s Road to European Union Membership

Turkey s Road to European Union Membership Author Susannah Verney
ISBN-10 9781317990840
Release 2013-09-13
Pages 144
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Enlargement to Turkey is arguably the greatest challenge facing the European Union today. After the narrowly averted "train crash" over Cyprus in 2006, the second election victory of the Justice and Development Party in July 2007 opened new prospects for Turkish-EU relations. But in an EU emphasising a collective identity based on shared civilisational values, Turkey’s European credentials have been increasingly called into question. Amending national identity through political change has become the key to the success or failure of the Turkish integration project. This volume examines the EU role in strengthening the domestic pro-reform coalition within Turkey, the paradox - and potential limits - of Turkey’s europeanising Islamists, and the impact of Europeanisation through conditionality, including a case study of Turkish policy towards the Cyprus Question. Also addressed are the Western stereotypes of Turkish identity influencing the country’s EU prospects, notably concerning the role of Islam in precipitating acts of political violence and its association with sexual and political violence in the discourse of European opponents of Turkish accession. Finally, the dynamics of EU accession negotiations are analysed and the potential role of a norm-driven rhetorical strategy in promoting Turkish accession as a moral and democratic imperative is discussed.



Turkey and the European Union

Turkey and the European Union Author E. LaGro
ISBN-10 9780230223035
Release 2007-06-15
Pages 240
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This volume provides a thorough analysis of Turkey's accession to the EU and contributes to ongoing debates about the future relationship. It is a highly dynamic encounter and both questions and answers related to the accession seem constantly in flux. The book provides valuable information on the present and future state of affairs.



Turkey and the Dilemma of EU Accession

Turkey and the Dilemma of EU Accession Author Mirela Bogdani
ISBN-10 9780857720603
Release 2010-10-30
Pages 240
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Hardback jacket blurb:_x000D_ _x000D_ The question of Turkey’s membership of the EU has raised several controversial issues, including not only ‘the borders of the EU’ and its ‘geographical limits’, but critical questions of European identity, Islam's place in Europe and its role in European society. Enlargement of the EU to include Turkey is bringing back to the fore a significant issue which has, in recent times, been on the periphery of European politics and society: the relationship between religion and politics. Several controversial questions have been raised as a result of Turkey’s pursuit of EU membership - will including such a large Muslim country, however secular, change the basic identity of the EU? Will it hinder the process of European integration? What impact do culture, religion and identity issues have on Turkey’s chances of joining the EU? Are religious and cultural factors per se the primary obstacle to Turkish accession, or is it their interaction with other factors that is prolonging and complicating Turkey’s progress towards EU membership? _x000D_ _x000D_ These are some of the questions that this book tries to answer. Mirela Bogdani identifies and analyses the complex range of factors that are influencing Turkey's long and bumpy journey towards EU membership, arguing that it is not solely due to technical issues that Turkey’s accession to the EU has been so long and fraught, but also due to issues of culture and religion. She also assesses the contemporary debate on Turkey’s candidacy from the European angle, by examining four categories of actors in the integration process: European citizens, EU institutions, EU member-states and European leaders. She investigates the reasons for opposition to Turkey’s accession and identifies five potential factors, including issues of multiculturalism and the integration of Muslim communities in Europe, issues of ‘Political Islam’ and Islamic fundamentalism and its recent revival in Turkey. The book also analyses the tricky issue of the compatibility of Islam with Western values and Islam’s ability to accommodate democracy and secularisation. _x000D_ _x000D_ This book will be an appealing resource for those who are interested in EU politics, EU enlargement policy, Turkey’s process of EU accession, the relationship between religion and politics, identity politics, political Islam, multiculturalism and supranational .integration._x000D_ _x000D_ Paperback cover blurb:_x000D_ _x000D_ What impact do issues of culture, religion and identity have on Turkey’s chances of joining the EU? Are religious and cultural factors per se the primary obstacle to Turkish accession, or is it their interaction with other factors that is prolonging and complicating Turkey’s progress towards EU membership? _x000D_ _x000D_ Mirela Bogdani here analyses the complex range of factors that are influencing the process of Turkey’s accession to the EU, assesses the positions of different European actors towards Turkey’s pursuit of EU membership and identifies the reasons for the European opposition. She also analyses the issues of political Islam, multiculturalism and the compatibility of Islam with democracy. _x000D_ _x000D_ This book will be an invaluable resource for anyone interested in EU politics, EU enlargement policy, EU-Turkey relations, the relationship between religion and politics, political Islam, multiculturalism and supranational integration._x000D_



Turkey s Accession to the European Union

Turkey   s Accession to the European Union Author Edel Hughes
ISBN-10 9781136914447
Release 2010-10-04
Pages 215
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Turkey’s accession to the European Union is undoubtedly one of the Union’s most contested potential enlargements. The narrative that dominates the debate surrounding this issue primarily relates to problems such as a lack of respect for fundamental human rights in Turkey, the Kurdish question and the continuing stalemate concerning northern Cyprus. This book looks at these issues, but also proposes that a review of Turkey’s experience with the EU in its numerous incarnations suggests that these concerns may mask a deeper disquiet. Whilst there are several questions that Turkey must address, particularly in the area of human rights guarantees, the concerns which raise debates regarding Turkish membership are not issues that are unique to Turkey. Turkey’s EU experience also raises fundamental questions about religion and the EU project that have greater implication than simply Turkish accession. Through the lens of the Turkish example, this book addresses these broader questions, such as the nature of European ‘identity’, Europe’s Christian past, the limits of pluralism and the fundamental question of religion in the European public sphere. This book will be of great interest to those engaged in research on European law and politics at undergraduate or postgraduate level. It is also aimed at academics with an interest in human rights and the European Union and with a regional interest in Turkey.



Divergent Pathways Turkey and the European Union

Divergent Pathways  Turkey and the European Union Author Meltem Müftüler-Baç
ISBN-10 9783847406129
Release 2016-01-18
Pages 159
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Should Turkey become a part of the European Union? This heated debate has been going on for many years now, always under the assumption that it is the membership candidate alone who needs to adjust to the EU’s influence. The book’s main argument is precisely that the Turkish accession needs to be analyzed not only by looking at the EU’s impact on Turkish transformation but also from an angle that captures the Turkish role in recasting Europe.



Turkish Identity

Turkish Identity Author Nilay Baycar
ISBN-10 9783640497454
Release 2009-12-21
Pages 120
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Master's Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject History Europe - Other Countries - Newer History, European Unification, grade: 1,3, University of Hannover (Faculty of History, Philosophy and Social Sciences/ European Studies), language: English, abstract: Is Turkey a European country? To answer this question, we must first understand what is meant by ‘Europeanness’: Is it a sense of belonging to jewish-greek-roman antiquity, to Christianity, to the Renaissance and the Enlightement; which is the way the substantialists define Europeanness, or rather a commitment to the universal values (liberty, democracy, respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and the rule of law) upon which the European Union was founded? The constructivists regard Europeanness as a commitment to European principles,defining the term in a syncretic way. So far, the identity of the European Union has prevalently been defined politically. In answering the question of whether Turkey belongs to the common European cultural heritage or not, it must first be pointed out that there would not have been a European history without Turkey since Turkey is the successor to the Byzantine and Ottoman empires that have shaped Europe. Moreover, it is important to note that the origin of Turkey itself lies within the cradle of European civilisation. As a contribution to the continuing debate on the place of Turkey within Europe the aim of this master’s thesis is to examine in detail the historical background and context of Turkey’s cultural identity. The paper is structured as follows: In Chapter 2 discussion will be presented on how ‘Europe’ and ‘Europeanness’ are popularly defined, also European identity and its relevance to the European culture will be discussed in the light of the constructivist approach, bearing in mind that the European Union is a unity in diversity. Having considered the main elements of European culture, the problem areas of European identity will be reviewed in detail. Subsequently, the dynamic dichotomizing concepts of ‘inclusion’ and ‘exclusion’ will be addressed, together with the negative impact of ‘multiple identities’, in order to explain the theoretical background behind Turkey’s characteristic ‘Europeannness’. In Chapter 3, the issue of the ‘Europeanness of Turkey’ will be examined and accession negotiations between Turkey and the EU will be discussed. Chapter 4 will clarify the specific character of Turkey describing it as being between the Orient and the Occident. Chapter 5 surveys political culture in Turkey, from the foundation of Turkish Republic in 1923 up to the present day. In Chapter 6 the intercultural dialogue between Turkey and Europe will be evaluated.



Turkey and the European Union

Turkey and the European Union Author Senem Aydın-Düzgit
ISBN-10 9781137387325
Release 2015-06-01
Pages 256
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This book by two leading experts provides a comprehensive analysis of Turkey's relationship with the European Union, set in its regional and international context. It details the main approaches to this relationship by considering how issues of economics, migration, security, human rights and culture influence events and perspectives.



Constructions of European Identity

Constructions of European Identity Author Senem Aydin-Düzgit
ISBN-10 9780230348387
Release 2012-12-15
Pages 223
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Annotation This book examines EU discourses on Turkey in the European Commission, European Parliament and three EU member states (France, Germany and Britain), to reveal the discursive construction of European identity through EU representations of Turkey. Based on a poststructuralist framework that conceptualizes identity as discursively constructed through difference, the book applies Critical Discourse Analysis to the analysis of texts and argues that there are multiple Europe(s) that are constructed in talks over the enlargement of Turkey, varying within and between different ideological, national and institutional contexts. The book discerns four main discourse topics over which these Europe(s) are constructed, corresponding to the conceptualization of Europe as a security community, as an upholder of democratic values, as a political project and as a cultural space. The book argues that Turkey constitutes a key case in exploring various discursive constructs of European identity, sincethe talks on Turkey pave the way for the construction of different versions of Europe in discourse.



The Concept of a European Identity Does Turkey culturally fit to Europe

The Concept of a European Identity  Does Turkey culturally fit to Europe Author
ISBN-10 9783656688686
Release 2014-07-03
Pages 16
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Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Near East, Near Orient, grade: 1,7, University of Frankfurt (Main), language: English, abstract: For more than 50 years, Turkey is waiting at the gates of the European Union (EU). Already in 1963 the European Economic Community (EEC) and Turkey joined an association agreement, the so-called Ankara Agreement, establishing a common customs union. Since then the country strives for a full membership in the EU, in October 2005 the accession negotiations officially began. Ever since an open debate prevailed within the EU on whether Turkey really belongs in the community or not. Reports of honor killings, forced marriages, restricted freedom of expression and freedom of the press or even the recent Gezipark protests heated up the debate among politicians, EU citizens as well as the media. In addition to economic, political, geographic and geostrategic arguments for and against the accession of Turkey, especially one issue is highly debated: Does the Turkey culturally fit in the EU?



Turkey s Accession to the European Union

Turkey   s Accession to the European Union Author Constantine Arvanitopoulos
ISBN-10 9783540881971
Release 2008-12-28
Pages 215
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European views on Turkey’s membership in the EU have been split between those in support of its full integration and those advocating a privileged partnership. To the extent that many of the latter proposals imply that Turkey will be partially integrated within Europe in certain areas, the question of Turkey’s accession is probably not about ‘if’, but about ‘how much’ integration there will be within the Union’s structures. The purpose of this book is not to offer a definitive response to this question. The book aims instead to examine the complexity of the issues pertaining to Turkey’s prospective EU membership by presenting several, often divergent, accounts of the political, security and socio-economic dimensions of the entire process. The book provides a forum for an exchange of views among distinguished scholars and researchers from different national backgrounds in order to contribute to the ongoing public discussion of Turkey’s accession. Sophisticated, informative and refreshing in its argumentation, the book provides an excellent overview of the complexities of Turkey’s accession to the EU membership. Professor Mustafa Aydin, TOBB University of Economics and Technology A refreshing view from the European periphery, an original mirror of the Union's central challenges. Professor Georges Prevelakis, University of Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne



A European Identity Sets Limits to EU Expansion

A European Identity Sets Limits to EU Expansion Author Udo Wichmann
ISBN-10 9783640616510
Release 2013-10
Pages 28
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Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: 1,7, University of Marburg, language: English, abstract: The French philosopher Remi Brague says that the European identity obtains its specific character directly and indirectly from the Christian religion, because Europe was formed through the Christianity . In addition to that, Samuel Huntington utters that religion is the central size for the delimitation of the different culture rooms and serves him for the de-finition of the limits of Europe . Nevertheless, Wolfgang Burgdorf says that the Christianity is not a reference point for an identity concept because the Islam and the Christianity contains many anti-enlightenment characteristics. Furthermore from a historical point of view, you have to consider flexible, territorial limits of Europe from which you cannot derive any territorial limit of Europe . The present member countries of the EU are in a Christian tradition line. The statement, whether countries, which are in the tradition line of another world religion, cannot be-come a member of the EU, is normative. The fact that for example Turkey isn't a Christian country isn't a reason to itself yet not to include them in the EU, because the religious freedom of the citizens is guaranteed by the EU and the freedom to be a Muslim is just included, too. The German historian Hans Ul-rich Wehler negates the statement, because from his point of view Turkey isn't a part of Europe concerning the geographical, historical, cultural and religious mentality . Who decides, whether the Christian values take a role within the EU? Do the Christian values have to be taken into account if you want to define a European identity? Which criteria have to be met regarding the limits of the EU? And how does the discussion show itself at a federal political level? At first, I will discuss these quest"



Turkey European Union Relations

Turkey European Union Relations Author Meltem Müftüler-Bac
ISBN-10 0739124471
Release 2008
Pages 335
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This book aims at uncovering the main obstacles and challenges to the Turkish accession to the European Union. Turkey's membership is one of the most important steps for the future of the European Union in terms of its integration and identity. The book provides a succinct analysis of the process and its future implications.



Turkey Before and After Ataturk

Turkey Before and After Ataturk Author Sylvia Kedourie
ISBN-10 9781136325526
Release 2012-10-12
Pages 296
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Turkey's modern history has been unstable and contradictory. National identity continues to be an issue as Turks are faced with joining the West and preserving their own culture. The emergence of Islamicism contributes to the question of how safe the secular constitutional democracy is.



Citizenship in a Global World

Citizenship in a Global World Author Fuat Keyman
ISBN-10 9781134325955
Release 2013-04-08
Pages 336
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A keen analysis of the social, political and economic determinants of Turkish politics with an exploration of the different dimensions of the republican model of Turkish citizenship, providing the reader with a comprehensive account of Turkish modernity and democracy. At the beginning of a new millennium, Turkey finds itself at a critical juncture in its democratic evolution. This momentous event has been precipitated by its desire to enter into the European Union and the recent financial crisis it has faced, both of which have fuelled the need for the creation of a strong, democratic Turkey. Consisting of a collection of innovative and influential essays by leading scholars, this book gives the reader an historical and sociological understanding of Turkey and adds a new dimension to the ongoing discussion surrounding global citizenship and global identity.



Representations and Othering in Discourse

Representations and Othering in Discourse Author Beyza Ç Tekin
ISBN-10 9789027206305
Release 2010
Pages 268
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This volume examines the construction of Turkey's possible European Union accession in French political discourse. In today's France, heated debates regarding Turkey's EU membership are turning into an essential part of European identity formation. Once again, the `Turkish Other' functions as a mirror for defining not only the `European Self', but also European values. By providing a genuine and multi-disciplinary approach for studying the Otherness attributed to Turkey, this book contributes to our understading of the Self/Other nexus in International Relations. Within a Critical Discourse Analysis framework, this study explores the socio-historical basis of the construction of Turkey's Otherness in an attempt to identify the processes through which past memories, representations, images and fantasies regarding Turkey are inserted into the French social imaginary. Focusing on these significations, which are (re)produced and become manifest through language, this book strives to uncover the link between discourse and political action. "Beyza Tekin's book helps us make sense of the complexities in an unusually detailed and explicit way by deploying the sophisticated techniques we now have for the analysis of discourse. This is a book with historical depth. It is also a book that offers precise analysis. Historians, sociologists, policymakers, as well as discourse analysts - all have much to learn from this book." Paul Chilton, University of Lancaster "This is an original and insightful study of the construction of Turkey in French political discourse and offers a valuable analysis of the formation of European identity." Gerard Delanty, University of Sussex "From the Saracen slayer to the ally of renaissance Kings to civilisation's apprentice to hotly contested EU applicant-here the changing social fact of Turkey in French discourse is given its fullest treatment to date." Iver B. Neumann, author of Uses of the Other `the East' in European Identity Formation