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Bernd and Hilla Becher

Bernd and Hilla Becher Author Bernd Becher
ISBN-10 9780262025652
Release 2004
Pages 130
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An encyclopedic collection of all known Becher industrial studies, arranged by building type.

Basic Forms of Industrial Buildings

Basic Forms of Industrial Buildings Author
ISBN-10 MINN:31951D025390320
Release 2004-01-01
Pages 143
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Basic Forms of Industrial Buildings has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Basic Forms of Industrial Buildings also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Basic Forms of Industrial Buildings book for free.

Bernd and Hilla Becher

Bernd and Hilla Becher Author Susanne Lange
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105123205473
Release 2007
Pages 247
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Choice Outstanding Academic Title, 2007. Bernd and Hilla Becher's lifetime project of documenting the industrial landscape of our time secures their position in the canon of postwar photographers. Their work—at once conceptual art, typological study, and topological documentation—has influenced German photographers of a younger generation, including Thomas Struth, Thomas Demand, Candida Hofer, Thomas Ruff, and Andreas Gursky. This compelling, exhaustively documented biography describes the Bechers' life and work and offers a critical assessment of their place in the history of photography. Becher scholar Susanne Lange, granted access to the photographers' archives and quoting extensively from interviews with them, writes the first sustained analysis and biography of the Bechers' extraordinary partnership. She discusses, among other topics, both the functionalist and aesthetic dimensions of the Bechers' subject matter, their typologizing (which she finds reminiscent of nineteenth-century naturalists' classificatory schemes), and the anonymous industrial building style favored by German architects. She argues that industrial building types impose themselves on our consciousness as the cathedral did on that of the Middle Ages, and that the Bechers' photographs—which seem at first glance only to record a vanishing landscape—serve to examine this shaping of our perceptions. Their work provides us with a rare opportunity to see how we see. Bernd and Hilla Becher: Life and Work, with 53 duotone plates and more than 200 additional illustrations, is the first book to delve deeply into the sources and vision behind the evocative and melancholy beauty of the Bechers' work. It will be indispensable both as a reference for students of postwar German photography and as a guide for readers who want to know how to approach the Bechers' monumental project.

Bernd and Hilla Becher

Bernd and Hilla Becher Author Bernd Becher
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822028316511
Release 1999-12-01
Pages 159
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For nearly four decades this renowned German husband-and-wife team of photographers has been paying tribute to the industrial landscape. Their work ranks internationally among the most significant achievements in the field of industrial photography. The 64 images in this collection comprise a typical cross-section of the Bechers' work. Captured in stark black and white, the structures here -- American and European grain elevators, gas tanks, blast furnaces, water towers -- are impeccably presented in square, frontal images which highlight their architectural complexities as well as their otherworldly presence upon a vast horizontal landscape. Making no attempts to glamorize their subjects, and offering no visual commentary, the Bechers nevertheless manage to capture the eerily beautiful austerity of these familiar structures. Their unadorned approach which portrays leaden skies and excludes any organic presence, enables viewers to study and appreciate the endless variations of industrial architecture, structures which although an integral part of the world's landscape, are often overlooked.

Industrial Fa ades

Industrial Fa  ades Author Bernd Becher
ISBN-10 0262023881
Release 1995-01
Pages 264
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The more than two hundred striking duotone plates in Hilla and Bernd Becher's Industrial Facades continue the famousD?orf photographers' formal investigation of industrial structures, in this case the frontal elevations of factory buildings. Like the Bechers' earlier books on water towers, blast furnaces, and gas tanks, Industrial Facades once again clearly displays their serenely cool, rigorous approach to the structures they photograph as vaariations on an ideal form. The Bechers make no attempt to analyze or explain their subjects. Captions contain only the barest of information: time and place. Industrial Facades covers the whole range of periods and designs representing this building type: from austere brick buildings of the early industrial age and the arched windows and turrets decorating historicist facades, to the concrete and glass functionalist constructions of the 1950s and 1960s, to today's rectangular, windowless halls. These photographs give the lie to Louis Sullivan's often misunderstood motto, "form follows function," for the external appearance of the factory buildings shown here are hardly determined by their internal working processes. For this reason, the Bechers' photographs do not really illustrate the development of modern industrial architecture, nor the achievements of functionalist building, but rather the achievements of banal, everyday architecture, produced by builders trained in crafts or by engineers trained in the necessities of the industrial process. * Not for sale in France, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, and Austria

Water Towers

Water Towers Author Bernd Becher
ISBN-10 026202277X
Release 1988-01-01
Pages 223
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Gathers photographs of watertowers in the U.S., Great Britain, Germany, and France and describes the authors approach to industrial photography

Stonework and Lime Kilns

Stonework and Lime Kilns Author Bernd Becher
ISBN-10 1597112526
Release 2013
Pages 232
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This volume is an essential addition to the Bechers' body of work , devoted to their images of rock-processing plants and lime kilns taken in Germany, France, The Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Austria, and Great Britain throughout the 1980s and '90s. Each structure is unique, its details dependent upon the region and the date of its construction, and the book features buildings whose essential function is ancient but remain important today. Although a small number of these images have been included in previous monographs, this is the first publication to showcase a comprehensive collection of the Bechers' study of stonework and lime kilns. Whether presenting single shots or their signature typological grids, the Bechers created a photographic testament to the industrial revolution that so emphatically shaped the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. At the same time, however, they also captured a much-older manufacturing tradition: the quarrying and processing of stones

Entwurfsatlas Industriebau

Entwurfsatlas Industriebau Author Jürgen Axel Adam
ISBN-10 9783764321772
Release 2004-01
Pages 246
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"Buildings for logistic and productive industrial processes are among the largest and most frequent architectural commissions. The functional and economic requirements of industrial architecture present special challenges for design and project planning. Requirements of complex functional structures and usually fulfilled by typecast and modularized solutions that often 'brand' the enterprise by giving it a specific image. This design manual will lay out clearly and pragmatically the organization of industrial processes and the range of designs and methods of construction. The systematic section presents the technological, constructive and planning elements of industrial architecture in context. In the project section, 68 exemplary design solutions will be described and analyzed. In the forefront are functional processes relevant to design, such as manufacturing, assembly, storage and distribution, and special internal and external requirements. The volume also covers buildings for supply and disposal and exhibition halls"--Back cover.

Grain Elevators

Grain Elevators Author
ISBN-10 UCSC:32106019154118
Release 2006
Pages 246
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These photographs of grain elevators in America, Germany, Belgium, and France are a major addition to the Bechers' ongoing documentation of the vanishing buildings that once defined the industrial landscape of Europe and America.

Space of Production

Space of Production Author Jeannette Kuo
ISBN-10 3906027880
Release 2015-08-15
Pages 160
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The late nascence of the industrial building, together with its strong ties to changing technologies and its relative anonymity, liberated the architect from tradition. Factory buildings have been a testing ground for inventions in construction as well as new expressions and the non-mainstream while silos and reservoirs have been muses for architectural theory. Architects such as Peter Behrens, Albert Kahn, Jean Prouve, and Herzog & de Meuron as well as engineers such as Francois Hennebique, Robert Maillart, and Pier Luigi Nervi made their names building for industries. Whether large halls or vertical stacks, whether generic or highly specific, experiments in the industrial realm have produced perhaps the purest relationships between structure, light, and space that we would find in any building type. The new book "Space of Production," based on extensive research done by Atelier Kuo at the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne s School of Architecture, revisits spaces of production through seminal projects, text contributions, and studio explorations. The concept and design of the book is very similar to that of "A-Typical Plan." Topical essays investigate specific aspects of the industrial building. Examples from the past 100 years are featured with floor plans and sections as well as photographs. Work by students of Atelier Kuo is presented with photographs, brief descriptive texts and plans. Essays are contributed by Jacques Herzog, Frank Barkow, Alberto Bologna, Germain Brisson, Juan Jose Castellon, Petra Jossen, Jeannette Kuo, and Cedric Libert. "

Blast Furnaces

Blast Furnaces Author Bernd Becher
ISBN-10 0262023113
Release 1990
Pages 223
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Typological, repetitive, at times oddly humorous, Bernd and Hilla Becher's photographs of industrial structures are, in their cumulative effect, profoundly moving. The Becher's serenely cool, disarmingly objective, and notoriously obsessive images of watertowers, gas tanks, grain elevators, blast furnaces, and mine heads have been taken over a period of almost thirty years, under overcast skies, with a view camera that captures each detail and tonality of wood, concrete, brick, and steel. Blast Furnaces represents a continuation of, but also a counterpoint to the Bechers' earlier book Watertowers. There basic functional elements were hidden or clothed in disguises, whereas the 256 duotone prints included here record a purely functional and exposed architecture, built to contain heat, pressure, and accumulations of gases and unhindered by any outside constraints. The blast furnace is the symbol of the steel industry. Like other building types which attract the Bechers, it is also an endangered industrial species. Essentially giant, cone-shaped circular stoves, blast furnaces dominate the cityscapes of Pittsburgh, Youngstown, and Birmingham much as religious structures dominated medieval cities. These photographs, taken between 1961 and 1989, convey the unique characteristics, physical complexity, and eerie presence in the landscape of blast furnaces in Great Britain, Belgium, France, Austria, Germany, and the United States. Bernd and Hilla Becher teach at the Dusseldorf Art Academy. They began their collaborative photographic enterprise in 1957, when they did a study of workers' houses in their native Germany. The Bechers follow in a distinguished line of German photographers that includes August Sander, Albert Renger-Patzsch, and Werner Manz, all of whom contributed in different ways to the definition of "objective" photography. A selection of their photographs is on view throughout 1990 at the Dia Art Foundation galleries in New York, and they will represent Germany in the 1990 Venice Biennale.

Building with Water

Building with Water Author Zoë Ryan
ISBN-10 9783034610940
Release 2010-01-01
Pages 160
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Water has been an important topic in architecture and urban planning for years. The revitalization of the waterfront has been a prevalent trend in cities around the world. On the other hand, architecture also had to respond to the threat of floods. The theme of Building with Water is the use of water in architecture. It presents buildings that explicitly refer to water in their design and form. It establishes a typology of building by the water: residential structures, recreation facilities, industry and infrastructure, buildings for culture and art. The various design parameters are explored in four essays. Subsequently, twenty-two international projects are presented, organized according to their locations by a river, a lake or the sea. The authors’ concern is not to show luxurious buildings in privileged locations but rather presenting projects that seriously grapple with the main criterion of the location—namely, water—in an ecologically sustainable way and respond to it with their design. Wasser ist seit Jahren ein wichtiges Thema in Architektur und Städtebau. «Building with Water» thematisiert die Verarbeitung von Wasser im architektonischen Entwurf; es werden Bauten vorgestellt, die sich in ihrer Gestaltung und Form ausdrücklich auf Wasser beziehen. Eine Typologie des Bauens am Wasser wird erstellt: Wohnbauten, Verkehrs- und Industriebauten, Bauten für Kultur und Freizeit. Ebenso werden einleitend klassische Beispiele des Bauens am/im/auf dem Wasser gezeigt, wie etwa Château de Chenonceaux an der Loire, Falling Water in Pennsylvania von Frank Lloyd Wright oder das Salk Institute in La Jolla, Kalifornien, von Louis I. Kahn. Geordnet nach ihren Standorten am Fluss, See oder Meer, werden dann etwa 20 internationale Projekte vorgestellt. Es geht den Autoren nicht darum, luxuriöse Bauten an privilegierten Plätzen zu zeigen, sondern Projekte darzustellen, deren Entwurf sich ernsthaft und ökologisch verträglich mit dem Hauptkriterium des Standortes – nämlich Wasser – auseinandersetzt und sich gestalterisch darauf bezieht

The Evolution of Urban Form

The Evolution of Urban Form Author Brenda Case Scheer
ISBN-10 9781351178037
Release 2017-10-20
Pages 144
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Why are so many of our urban environments so resistant to change? The author tackles this question in her comprehensive guide for planners, designers, and students concerned with how cities take shape. This book provides a fundamental understanding of how physical environments are created, changed, and transformed through ordinary processes over time. Most of the built environment adheres to a few physical patterns, or types, that occur over and over. Planners and architects, consciously and unconsciously, refer to building types as they work through urban design problems and regulations. Suitable for professional planners, architects, urban designers, and students, This book includes practical examples of how typology is critical to analytical, design, and regulatory situations.

Open Prison Architecture

Open Prison Architecture Author L. Vessella
ISBN-10 9781784662479
Release 2017-09-25
Pages 256
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As a part of the debate on penitentiary architecture, this book proposes a critical interpretation of the conceptual elements and design approaches involved. This proposal, more than others, may “mend” the relationship between theoretical conception and the actual building practice for a prison. The interpretation is developed from the idea that the architectural project, when it materialises in a built structure, is always the material expression of an abstract idea and of a specific vision of the world which manifests itself through the architectural consistency of the building and of the built spaces. The text presented here focuses on the creation of organisational-functional tools for open-regime minimum security structures and on the identification of architectural solutions in which the residential and domestic features of the structures prevail over the typological and distributive layouts typical of traditional penitentiary buildings. The analysis aims at identifying the main essential principles for an efficient design, such as: the location, size, spatial organisation, typology of housing space, and last but not less important, the rationalisation of the internal flows. The key elements identified are summarised into a series of general design criteria aimed at establishing an efficient relationship between the functional model and the typological structure, as well as between the building and the surrounding urban fabric.

Residential Buildings

Residential Buildings Author Günter Pfeifer
ISBN-10 9783035603538
Release 2015-04-28
Pages 432
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The systematic development of building types is an important task in housing construction. A deeper understanding of the underlying building types is mandatory, both for individual designs and for the wider application and variation of tried-and-tested structures. The authors have developed an innovative, drawing-based approach for unfolding the potentials of several existing building types for the future of urban housing. The first part is dedicated to the courtyard house, in which the courtyard is used as a private outside living space. The second part deals with the popular form of the terraced house and discusses aspects of corner solutions or terraced developments as an urban design element. In the third part, the townhouse is discussed with view to variants such as single-story and apartment buildings, including aspects of privacy and public access, as well as living and working. Finally, the detached house type is considered in its potential to provide all-directional orientation of the living space. The array of solutions is presented consistently in floorplans and cross-sections drawn to scale. In a new introduction to this all-in-one compendium the authors discuss the implications of the typological approach for today's housing design.


Typology Author Peter Ebner
ISBN-10 3034600879
Release 2010
Pages 431
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Typology+ documents and analyzes roughly one hundred international housing structures. It uses diagrammatic drawings to elaborate a broad and varied range of residential types and present them systematically. In the process, it examines variants under the categories of access, space (ground plan and open space), and morphology, supplemented by detailed typological descriptions and the elaboration of the special qualities of each individual type. More general essays draw connections between the housing types and twentieth-century reference projects. All of the projects are newly drawn to uniform standards; every project is presented with its ground plan drawn to a scale of 1:200. Site maps, sections, elevations, and photographs illuminate the urban setting, the building structure and design, and the spatial and functional qualities of each residential structure. Thus, Typology+ not only offers a broad range of sustainable approaches to apartment block construction, but also possibilities for using and transforming them in a practical planning context.

Building Types and Built Forms

Building Types and Built Forms Author Philip Steadman
ISBN-10 9781783062591
Release 2014-02-28
Pages 420
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Building Types and Built Forms weaves two books together in alternating chapters: one about the history of building types, the other about their geometry. The first book follows the histories of some common types of building: houses, hospitals, schools, offices and prisons. Examples are drawn from the 19th and early 20th centuries in France, America and Britain, with the central focus on London. They include the 'pavilion hospitals' associated with the name of Florence Nightingale, English Board and Modernist schools of the 1920s and 30s, tall office buildings in Chicago and New York, Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon penitentiary, and 'radial prisons' on the model of Cherry Hill and Pentonville. The second book takes these histories and uses them to explore how the forms of these buildings are constrained by some of the basic functions of architecture: to provide daylight and ventilation to the interior, to provide access to all rooms, or to allow occupants to see from one part of a building to another. A new way of thinking about these 'worlds of geometrical possibility' is introduced, in which the forms of many buildings can be catalogued and laid out systematically in 'morphospaces', or theoretical spaces of forms. As building types change over time, they come to occupy different positions within the worlds of possible forms. Building Types and Built Forms is filled with over 400 illustrations, many drawn especially for the book. It offers a new theoretical approach, combined with a series of historical accounts of building types, some well known, some less familiar. It should appeal to academics, practitioners, historians and students of architecture.