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Vector Calculus

Vector Calculus Author William Cox
ISBN-10 9780080572956
Release 1998-05-01
Pages 256
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Building on previous texts in the Modular Mathematics series, in particular 'Vectors in Two or Three Dimensions' and 'Calculus and ODEs', this book introduces the student to the concept of vector calculus. It provides an overview of some of the key techniques as well as examining functions of more than one variable, including partial differentiation and multiple integration. Undergraduates who already have a basic understanding of calculus and vectors, will find this text provides tools with which to progress onto further studies; scientists who need an overview of higher order differential equations will find it a useful introduction and basic reference.

Vectors in Two Or Three Dimensions

Vectors in Two Or Three Dimensions Author A. E. Hirst
ISBN-10 9780340614693
Release 1995-01
Pages 134
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Vectors in 2 or 3 Dimensions provides an introduction to vectors from their very basics. The author has approached the subject from a geometrical standpoint and although applications to mechanics will be pointed out and techniques from linear algebra employed, it is the geometric view which is emphasised throughout. Properties of vectors are initially introduced before moving on to vector algebra and transformation geometry. Vector calculus as a means of studying curves and surfaces in 3 dimensions and the concept of isometry are introduced later, providing a stepping stone to more advanced theories. * Adopts a geometric approach * Develops gradually, building from basics to the concept of isometry and vector calculus * Assumes virtually no prior knowledge * Numerous worked examples, exercises and challenge questions


Analysis Author Ekkehard Kopp
ISBN-10 9780080928722
Release 1996-08-30
Pages 200
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Building on the basic concepts through a careful discussion of covalence, (while adhering resolutely to sequences where possible), the main part of the book concerns the central topics of continuity, differentiation and integration of real functions. Throughout, the historical context in which the subject was developed is highlighted and particular attention is paid to showing how precision allows us to refine our geometric intuition. The intention is to stimulate the reader to reflect on the underlying concepts and ideas.

Vector Analysis

Vector Analysis Author Klaus Jänich
ISBN-10 9781475734782
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 284
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This book presents modern vector analysis and carefully describes the classical notation and understanding of the theory. It covers all of the classical vector analysis in Euclidean space, as well as on manifolds, and goes on to introduce de Rham Cohomology, Hodge theory, elementary differential geometry, and basic duality. The material is accessible to readers and students with only calculus and linear algebra as prerequisites. A large number of illustrations, exercises, and tests with answers make this book an invaluable self-study source.

Vectors in Two or Three Dimensions

Vectors in Two or Three Dimensions Author Ann Hirst
ISBN-10 9780080572017
Release 1995-08-17
Pages 144
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Vectors in 2 or 3 Dimensions provides an introduction to vectors from their very basics. The author has approached the subject from a geometrical standpoint and although applications to mechanics will be pointed out and techniques from linear algebra employed, it is the geometric view which is emphasised throughout. Properties of vectors are initially introduced before moving on to vector algebra and transformation geometry. Vector calculus as a means of studying curves and surfaces in 3 dimensions and the concept of isometry are introduced later, providing a stepping stone to more advanced theories. * Adopts a geometric approach * Develops gradually, building from basics to the concept of isometry and vector calculus * Assumes virtually no prior knowledge * Numerous worked examples, exercises and challenge questions

CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics Second Edition

CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics  Second Edition Author Eric W. Weisstein
ISBN-10 9781420035223
Release 2002-12-12
Pages 3252
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Upon publication, the first edition of the CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics received overwhelming accolades for its unparalleled scope, readability, and utility. It soon took its place among the top selling books in the history of Chapman & Hall/CRC, and its popularity continues unabated. Yet also unabated has been the dedication of author Eric Weisstein to collecting, cataloging, and referencing mathematical facts, formulas, and definitions. He has now updated most of the original entries and expanded the Encyclopedia to include 1000 additional pages of illustrated entries. The accessibility of the Encyclopedia along with its broad coverage and economical price make it attractive to the widest possible range of readers and certainly a must for libraries, from the secondary to the professional and research levels. For mathematical definitions, formulas, figures, tabulations, and references, this is simply the most impressive compendium available.

Calculus and Analysis in Euclidean Space

Calculus and Analysis in Euclidean Space Author Jerry Shurman
ISBN-10 9783319493145
Release 2017-01-01
Pages 507
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The graceful role of analysis in underpinning calculus is often lost to their separation in the curriculum. This book entwines the two subjects, providing a conceptual approach to multivariable calculus closely supported by the structure and reasoning of analysis. The setting is Euclidean space, with the material on differentiation culminating in the inverse and implicit function theorems, and the material on integration culminating in the general fundamental theorem of integral calculus. More in-depth than most calculus books but less technical than a typical analysis introduction, Calculus and Analysis in Euclidean Space offers a rich blend of content to students outside the traditional mathematics major, while also providing transitional preparation for those who will continue on in the subject. The writing in this book aims to convey the intent of ideas early in discussion. The narrative proceeds through figures, formulas, and text, guiding the reader to do mathematics resourcefully by marshaling the skills of geometric intuition (the visual cortex being quickly instinctive) algebraic manipulation (symbol-patterns being precise and robust) incisive use of natural language (slogans that encapsulate central ideas enabling a large-scale grasp of the subject). Thinking in these ways renders mathematics coherent, inevitable, and fluid. The prerequisite is single-variable calculus, including familiarity with the foundational theorems and some experience with proofs.

New Foundations in Mathematics

New Foundations in Mathematics Author Garret Sobczyk
ISBN-10 9780817683849
Release 2012-10-28
Pages 370
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The first of its kind, this book uses geometric algebra to present an innovative approach to elementary and advanced mathematics, extending the real number system to include the concept of direction, which underpins much of modern mathematics and physics.

Which Degree 1997 Sciences medicine mathematics

Which Degree 1997  Sciences  medicine  mathematics Author Careers Research and Advisory Centre (Cambridge, England)
ISBN-10 1860172571
Release 1996
Pages 700
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Which Degree 1997 Sciences medicine mathematics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Which Degree 1997 Sciences medicine mathematics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Which Degree 1997 Sciences medicine mathematics book for free.

Methods of Mathematical Modelling

Methods of Mathematical Modelling Author Thomas Witelski
ISBN-10 9783319230429
Release 2015-09-18
Pages 305
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This book presents mathematical modelling and the integrated process of formulating sets of equations to describe real-world problems. It describes methods for obtaining solutions of challenging differential equations stemming from problems in areas such as chemical reactions, population dynamics, mechanical systems, and fluid mechanics. Chapters 1 to 4 cover essential topics in ordinary differential equations, transport equations and the calculus of variations that are important for formulating models. Chapters 5 to 11 then develop more advanced techniques including similarity solutions, matched asymptotic expansions, multiple scale analysis, long-wave models, and fast/slow dynamical systems. Methods of Mathematical Modelling will be useful for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students in applied mathematics, engineering and other applied sciences.

A Course in Analysis

A Course in Analysis Author Niels Jacob
ISBN-10 9789814689106
Release 2015-08-18
Pages 768
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Part 1 begins with an overview of properties of the real numbers and starts to introduce the notions of set theory. The absolute value and in particular inequalities are considered in great detail before functions and their basic properties are handled. From this the authors move to differential and integral calculus. Many examples are discussed. Proofs not depending on a deeper understanding of the completeness of the real numbers are provided. As a typical calculus module, this part is thought as an interface from school to university analysis. Part 2 returns to the structure of the real numbers, most of all to the problem of their completeness which is discussed in great depth. Once the completeness of the real line is settled the authors revisit the main results of Part 1 and provide complete proofs. Moreover they develop differential and integral calculus on a rigorous basis much further by discussing uniform convergence and the interchanging of limits, infinite series (including Taylor series) and infinite products, improper integrals and the gamma function. In addition they discussed in more detail as usual monotone and convex functions. Finally, the authors supply a number of Appendices, among them Appendices on basic mathematical logic, more on set theory, the Peano axioms and mathematical induction, and on further discussions of the completeness of the real numbers. Remarkably, Volume I contains ca. 360 problems with complete, detailed solutions.

Encyclopaedia of Mathematics

Encyclopaedia of Mathematics Author Michiel Hazewinkel
ISBN-10 9789401512336
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 536
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This ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF MATHEMATICS aims to be a reference work for all parts of mathe matics. It is a translation with updates and editorial comments of the Soviet Mathematical Encyclopaedia published by 'Soviet Encyclopaedia Publishing House' in five volumes in 1977-1985. The annotated translation consists of ten volumes including a special index volume. There are three kinds of articles in this ENCYCLOPAEDIA. First of all there are survey-type articles dealing with the various main directions in mathematics (where a rather fme subdivi sion has been used). The main requirement for these articles has been that they should give a reasonably complete up-to-date account of the current state of affairs in these areas and that they should be maximally accessible. On the whole, these articles should be understandable to mathematics students in their first specialization years, to graduates from other mathematical areas and, depending on the specific subject, to specialists in other domains of science, en gineers and teachers of mathematics. These articles treat their material at a fairly general level and aim to give an idea of the kind of problems, techniques and concepts involved in the area in question. They also contain background and motivation rather than precise statements of precise theorems with detailed definitions and technical details on how to carry out proofs and constructions. The second kind of article, of medium length, contains more detailed concrete problems, results and techniques.

Vector Calculus

Vector Calculus Author Susan Jane Colley
ISBN-10 0321780655
Release 2012
Pages 603
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Normal 0 false false false Vector Calculus, Fourth Edition, uses the language and notation of vectors and matrices to teach multivariable calculus. It is ideal for students with a solid background in single-variable calculus who are capable of thinking in more general terms about the topics in the course. This text is distinguished from others by its readable narrative, numerous figures, thoughtfully selected examples, and carefully crafted exercise sets. Colley includes not only basic and advanced exercises, but also mid-level exercises that form a necessary bridge between the two.

An Invitation to Modern Number Theory

An Invitation to Modern Number Theory Author Steven J. Miller
ISBN-10 0691120609
Release 2006
Pages 503
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In a manner accessible to beginning undergraduates, An Invitation to Modern Number Theory introduces many of the central problems, conjectures, results, and techniques of the field, such as the Riemann Hypothesis, Roth's Theorem, the Circle Method, and Random Matrix Theory. Showing how experiments are used to test conjectures and prove theorems, the book allows students to do original work on such problems, often using little more than calculus (though there are numerous remarks for those with deeper backgrounds). It shows students what number theory theorems are used for and what led to them and suggests problems for further research. Steven Miller and Ramin Takloo-Bighash introduce the problems and the computational skills required to numerically investigate them, providing background material (from probability to statistics to Fourier analysis) whenever necessary. They guide students through a variety of problems, ranging from basic number theory, cryptography, and Goldbach's Problem, to the algebraic structures of numbers and continued fractions, showing connections between these subjects and encouraging students to study them further. In addition, this is the first undergraduate book to explore Random Matrix Theory, which has recently become a powerful tool for predicting answers in number theory. Providing exercises, references to the background literature, and Web links to previous student research projects, An Invitation to Modern Number Theory can be used to teach a research seminar or a lecture class.

Doing Mathematics

Doing Mathematics Author Martin H Krieger
ISBN-10 9789814571869
Release 2015-01-15
Pages 492
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Doing Mathematics discusses some ways mathematicians and mathematical physicists do their work and the subject matters they uncover and fashion. The conventions they adopt, the subject areas they delimit, what they can prove and calculate about the physical world, and the analogies they discover and employ, all depend on the mathematics — what will work out and what won't. The cases studied include the central limit theorem of statistics, the sound of the shape of a drum, the connections between algebra and topology, and the series of rigorous proofs of the stability of matter. The many and varied solutions to the two-dimensional Ising model of ferromagnetism make sense as a whole when they are seen in an analogy developed by Richard Dedekind in the 1880s to algebraicize Riemann's function theory; by Robert Langlands' program in number theory and representation theory; and, by the analogy between one-dimensional quantum mechanics and two-dimensional classical statistical mechanics. In effect, we begin to see "an identity in a manifold presentation of profiles," as the phenomenologists would say. This second edition deepens the particular examples; it describe the practical role of mathematical rigor; it suggests what might be a mathematician's philosophy of mathematics; and, it shows how an "ugly" first proof or derivation embodies essential features, only to be appreciated after many subsequent proofs. Natural scientists and mathematicians trade physical models and abstract objects, remaking them to suit their needs, discovering new roles for them as in the recent case of the Painlevé transcendents, the Tracy-Widom distribution, and Toeplitz determinants. And mathematics has provided the models and analogies, the ordinary language, for describing the everyday world, the structure of cities, or God's infinitude. Contents:IntroductionConvention: How Means and Variances are Entrenched as StatisticsSubject: The Fields of TopologyAppendix: The Two-Dimensional Ising Model of a FerromagnetCalculation: Strategy, Structure, and Tactics in Applying Classical AnalysisAnalogy: A Syzygy Between a Research Program in Mathematics and a Research Program in PhysicsIn Concreto: The City of MathematicsAppendices:The Spontaneous Magnetization of a Two-Dimensional Ising Model (C N Yang)On the Dirac and Schwinger Corrections to the Ground-State Energy of an Atom (C Fefferman and L A Seco)Sur la Forme des Espaces Topologiques et sur les Points Fixes des Représentations (J Leray)Une Lettre à Simone Weil (A Weil) Readership: Mathematicians, physicists, philosophers and historians of science. Keywords:Means and Variances;Topology;SyzygyReviews: Reviews of the First Edition: "The book Doing Mathematics, by Martin Krieger is truly a masterpiece. He has not only explained ways of doing mathematical work to aspiring mathematicians and the intelligent laymen, but has also shown how various pieces of research work are related to each other. Even experts may not have realized such inter-relations. The cases studied include, especially, the stability of matter and the Ising model, two topics of great depth. Such clear explanations cannot be found anywhere else. Furthermore, his style of writing makes the book exceptionally enjoyable to read." T T Wu Gordon McKay Professor of Applied Physics Professor of Physics, Harvard University, USA "This is the first time I have seen a mathematician deal substantively with the issue of mathematics as culturally based, and he does it superbly and mathematically … Although this book is no easy read, it is well worth the effort, and I am sure it will stimulate and inform, perhaps even surprise, the most sophisticated of mathematical readers. It is refreshing to find such a book being published." Mathematical Reviews "Both challenging and provocative reading, Doing Mathematics sheds bright light on some of the main characteristics of the mathematical quest." Library of Science "Krieger has made some effort to accommodate different levels of readers; for example, structuring his text so that lay readers are alerted to sections that can be safely skipped and paragraphs that provide nontechnical summaries." Mathematical Association of America

Newton s Method Applied to Two Quadratic Equations in C2 Viewed as a Global Dynamical System

Newton s Method Applied to Two Quadratic Equations in C2 Viewed as a Global Dynamical System Author John H. Hubbard
ISBN-10 9780821840566
Release 2008
Pages 146
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The authors study the Newton map $N:\mathbb{C}^2\rightarrow\mathbb{C}^2$ associated to two equations in two unknowns, as a dynamical system. They focus on the first non-trivial case: two simultaneous quadratics, to intersect two conics. In the first two chapters, the authors prove among other things: The Russakovksi-Shiffman measure does not change the points of indeterminancy. The lines joining pairs of roots are invariant, and the Julia set of the restriction of $N$ to such a line has under appropriate circumstances an invariant manifold, which shares features of a stable manifold and a center manifold. The main part of the article concerns the behavior of $N$ at infinity. To compactify $\mathbb{C}^2$ in such a way that $N$ extends to the compactification, the authors must take the projective limit of an infinite sequence of blow-ups. The simultaneous presence of points of indeterminancy and of critical curves forces the authors to define a new kind of blow-up: the Farey blow-up. This construction is studied in its own right in chapter 4, where they show among others that the real oriented blow-up of the Farey blow-up has a topological structure reminiscent of the invariant tori of the KAM theorem. They also show that the cohomology, completed under the intersection inner product, is naturally isomorphic to the classical Sobolev space of functions with square-integrable derivatives. In chapter 5 the authors apply these results to the mapping $N$ in a particular case, which they generalize in chapter 6 to the intersection of any two conics.

The Shape of Algebra in the Mirrors of Mathematics

The Shape of Algebra in the Mirrors of Mathematics Author Gabriel Katz
ISBN-10 9789814313599
Release 2012
Pages 607
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The Shape of Algebra is the authors' attempt to share their mathematical experiences with readers who have more than a passing interest in mathematics, but have only a traditional exposure to elementary algebra. Secondary school and college teachers and students who want to expand their horizons in the field will find a fresh presentation of familiar concepts and some unexpected results. This book serves as a text for an "appreciation" course in modern mathematics designed for non-mathematics majors or for first-year students who are considering the possibility of studying mathematics or related disciplines. It can also serve as a source of computer-supported activities that could supplement traditional courses in algebra, multivariable calculus, and complex variable. This book gives the reader a sense of the visual nature of mathematics. Mathematical experiments with universal mapping software VisuMatica, designed by Vladimir Nodel'man, form the very core of the book. Readers are encouraged to reproduce, play with, and expand on these experiments. Numerous problems are interspersed throughout the text to guide the reader. Our treatment of standard algebra is visual and computational. By introducing visual computational environments like VisuMatica, our book promotes this geometric approach to algebra and makes it accessible to readers a great deal earlier. The book will enable our readers to approach its content on three levels: the first one which requires only some fluency with elementary algebraic manipulations; the second one which also presumes familiarity with the notions of derivatives and tangent lines to plane curves, and the third one which uses some basic concepts of multivariable calculus. All three levels are clearly marked in the text, and will allow for a smooth reading and virtual experiments, regardless of the level that our readers will find comfortable.