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Vinyl Acetate Emulsion Polymerization and Copolymerization with Acrylic Monomers

Vinyl Acetate Emulsion Polymerization and Copolymerization with Acrylic Monomers Author Yildirim H. Erbil
ISBN-10 142003880X
Release 2000-03-22
Pages 336
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The versatility of the emulsion copolymerization reaction and the ability to control the properties of the final latices have led to rapid expansion both in the quantity of polyvinylacetate and vinyl acetate-acrylic copolymer latices and in their applications. Vinyl Acetate Emulsion Polymerization and Copolymerization with Acrylic Monomers provides a collection and logical organization of the published data - much of it formerly found fragmented throughout various journals and little of it referenced in general emulsion polymerization books. To date, no one source has offered chemists and polymer, surface, or colloid specialists the "big picture" of polyvinylacetate-based latices. Integrating established knowledge with the latest research developments, this book provides the background for understanding the mechanism and kinetics of emulsion polymerization initiated in the aqueous phase and some of the practical problems of latex production. The author presents an overview of industrial practices, new applications, and all of the fundamental material - avoiding theoretical controversies. With in-depth discussion of the ingredients found in most industrial recipes, Vinyl Acetate Emulsion Polymerization and Copolymerization with Acrylic Monomers helps eliminate costly and time-consuming "trial and error" practices. It serves not only as an introduction for those new to the field, but also as a valuable reference for researchers and applied scientists in both industry and academia.



Emulsion Polymerization of Vinyl Acetate

Emulsion Polymerization of Vinyl Acetate Author Mohamed S. El-Aasser
ISBN-10 9789400981140
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 290
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It is particularly appropriate that this symposium on the emulsion polymeriza tion of vinyl acetate was held in recognition of the industrial importance of poly(vinyl acetate) and vinyl acetate copolymers, and their rather unique properties among emulsion polymers in general. Poly( vinyl acetate) latexes were the first synthetic polymer latexes to be made on a commercial scale: their production using polyvinyl alcohol as emulsifier began in Germany during the mid-1930s and has continued to the present day, growing steadily with the years. Indeed, poly(vinyl acetate) latexes prepared with polyvinyl alcohol are still one of the mainstays of the adhesives industry. With the passing of time, however, vinyl acetate copolymers have been developed: copolymers with maleate esters such as dibutyl maleate, acrylate esters such as ethyl acrylate and butyl acrylate, versatic acid esters, and, more recently, ethylene. These versatile copolymers have found increasing use in more sophisticated adhesives with specialized properties, adhesives for clay coatings on paper, carpet backing, and interior and exterior paints. Thus more than 45 years after the first commercial production of vinyl acetate latexes, their use is still growing, both in actual quantities and different applications. The industrial importance of vinyl acetate latexes makes the mechanism and kinetics of their emulsion polymerization of practical as well as scientific interest.



Emulsion Polymerization and Its Applications in Industry

Emulsion Polymerization and Its Applications in Industry Author V. I. Eliseeva
ISBN-10 9781468416411
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 240
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There is a large body of Soviet work on emulsion polymerization, spanning a period of over three decades, that has been published primarily in the Russian language. Most of this has remained untranslated into English and hence un available to most other scientists. The value of this book lies primarily in the fact that it brings together the most important of these Soviet contributions, along with comment and analysis by the authors, who may be considered among the foremost authorities in this field in the Soviet Union. But the hundreds of literature citations go far beyond the borders of the Soviet Union and serve as an excellent bibliography of the world literature on emulsion polymerization up to the time this book was written. The book covers both fundamental and applied aspects. In the former are included discussions of particle formation mechanisms, a comprehensive theory of emulsion polymerization, copolymerization of polar monomers, and particle morphology and its implications with regard to derived film properties. Among the applied aspects are discussions of continuous emulsion polymerization, both tubular reactors and continuous stirred tank cascades, and various aspects con cerning the manufacture of some of the most important monomers, such as styrene, butadiene, vinyl acetate, methyl methacrylate, acrylonitrile, and chloroprene. This book will be an indispensable reference source for scientists who are entering the field as well as those who are experienced and who have wanted a ready access to this large body of literature.



Miniemulsion Polymerization Technology

Miniemulsion Polymerization Technology Author Vikas Mittal
ISBN-10 0470923164
Release 2011-01-25
Pages 311
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Explains miniemulsion technology and techniques and why they have many distinct advantages over the conventional emulsion polymerization technology Miniemulsion Polymerization Technology comprises 10 papers by many of the world's experts on the subject. It summarizes the recent advances in miniemulsion polymerization technology including the advances on the selection of surfactants and co-surfactants, the expansion of miniemulsion technology in various polymers and co-polymer systems, and the use of miniemulsion polymerization for the synthesis of advanced polymer particle morphologies. There have been a large number of texts on emulsion and other forms of polymerization methods, but miniemulsion polymerization, though it provides unique routes for polymer particle synthesis, has been neglected. This edited volume: Details the use of miniemulsion polymerization in encapsulation, core shell functional particles, nitroxide mediated polymerization, atom transfer radical polymerization or radical addition fragmentation chain transfer polymerization, to generate advanced polymer nanoparticles or organic-inorganic composite particles Examines the wide spectrum of commercial possibilities of miniemulsion polymerization Provides both introductory material as well as deep insights into the synthesis of polymer particles



Adhesion Measurement of Films Coatings

Adhesion Measurement of Films   Coatings Author K. L. Mittal
ISBN-10 9067643378
Release 2001
Pages 351
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This book documents the proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Adhesion Measurement of Films and Coatings, held in Newark, NJ, October 25-27, 1999. Since the First Symposium (Boston 1992) there had been considerable activity in devising new, more reliable and more efficient ways to measure adhesion of films and coatings, which resulted in the decision to organize the Newark Symposium.Films and coatings are used for a variety of purposes – functional, decorative, protective, etc. – in a host of applications. Irrespective of the purpose or application of a film or a coating, their adequate adhesion to the underlying substrates is of paramount importance. Concomitantly, the need to develop techniques for quantitative assessment of adhesion of films and coatings is all too obvious.This volume contains a total of 20 papers, which have all been rigorously peer reviewed and suitably modified before inclusion. The topics include: measurement and analysis of interface adhesion; relative adhesion measurement for thin film structures; adhesion testing of hard coatings by a variety of techniques; challenges and new directions in scratch adhesion testing of coated substrates; application of scratch test to different films and coatings; evaluation of coating-substrate adhesion by indentation experiments; measurement of interfacial fracture energy in multifilm applications; laser induced decohesion spectroscopy (LIDS) for measuring adhesion; pulsed laser technique for assessment of adhesion; blade adhesion test; JKR adhesion test; coefficient of thermal expansion measurement; and residual stresses in diamond films.This volume, providing the latest information, will be of great value and interest to anyone working in the area of adhesion measurement of films and coatings.



Polymer Synthesis and Characterization

Polymer Synthesis and Characterization Author Stanley R. Sandler
ISBN-10 0080539211
Release 1998-05-21
Pages 212
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This laboratory manual covers important techniques for polymer synthesis and characterization, and provides newcomers with a comprehensive introduction to the basic principles of highlighted techniques. The reader will benefit from the clear writing style and straightforward approach to fairly complex ideas. The book also provides references that the more advanced reader can use to obtain in-depth explanations of techniques. Polymer Synthesis and Characterization will serve as a useful resource for industrial technicians and researchers in polymer chemistry and physics, material science, and analytical chemistry. Combines the extensive industrial and teaching experience of the authors Introduces the user to the concept of "Good Manufacturing Practice" Presents experiments that are representative of a wide variety of polymerization and characterization methods Includes numerous references for more advanced students, technicians, and researcher



Emulsion Polymerisation and Latex Applications

Emulsion Polymerisation and Latex Applications Author Christopher D. Anderson
ISBN-10 1859573819
Release 2003
Pages 160
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The term latex covers emulsion polymers, polymer dispersions and polymer colloids. This review report provides a general overview of the emulsion polymerisation processes and explains how the resulting latices are used in industrial applications. The classes of emulsion polymers are surveyed and the commercial technologies and potential future uses discussed. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Polymer Library gives useful references for further reading.



Emulsion Polymer Technology

Emulsion Polymer Technology Author Robert D. Athey
ISBN-10 0824778502
Release 1991-03-01
Pages 296
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An explanation for engineers and chemists working in such industries as paper, paint, and textiles, of the operating mechanisms involved in the physics and chemistry of polymers and colloids as they apply to emulsion polymer manufacture and use. Outlines the various available materials, how they are



Latex 2002

Latex 2002 Author
ISBN-10 1859573371
Release 2002-01-01
Pages 198
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Both synthetic and natural latices were covered in this conference, including natural rubber latex, high volume synthetic emulsions, such as SBR, as well as specialty products, such as acrylics. Application markets addressed included adhesives and sealants, carpet backing, paper coatings, construction, fabrics, foamed articles, medical gloves, medical devices, textile threads, condoms and others. The latex industry is in dynamic flux at the present time. The supply side has undergone major restructuring. Inter-materials competition has intensified as improved materials become capable of challenging incumbent materials. Many serious issues face the latex industry, such as continuing price depression in some sectors, rising technical demands as well as substantial legislative and environmental pressure. Despite the challenging times facing the industry, the overall prospects for latex are very positive. Substitution of solvent based products continues, the performances of latices continues to improve in such applications as adhesives and the glove industry is responding positively to the setbacks of the allergy controversy. 9 million dry tons and has spread across a wide range of industrial and consumer markets. Growing demand in medical and strong prospects in construction are just two of the positive trends that will continue to fuel the market growth of both natural and synthetic latices. As last year's conference demonstrated, the Rapra International Latex Conference is an unparalleled forum for developing understanding of the latex industry, technical trends and market driving forces, such as new legislation. The 2002 event provided a vital meeting point for the synthetic and natural latex communities of Europe, Asia and America. This conference will be of interest to all latex stakeholders, including: feedstock suppliers, latex producers, compounders, fabricators of consumer, medical and industrial articles based on latex, traders and distributors, machine and equipment suppliers, legislators, healthcare professionals and users of latex based products.



Polymer latexes

Polymer latexes Author Eric S. Daniels
ISBN-10 UCAL:B4585956
Release 1992
Pages 462
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Polymer latexes has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Polymer latexes also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Polymer latexes book for free.



Polymeric Dispersions Principles and Applications

Polymeric Dispersions  Principles and Applications Author J.M. Asua
ISBN-10 9789401155120
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 565
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A comprehensive and up to date survey of the science and technology of polymeric dispersions. The book discusses the kinetics and mechanisms of polymerization in dispersed media, examines the processes controlling particle morphology, presents both off-line and on-line methods for the characterization of polymer colloids, considers reactor engineering and control, and covers a wide variety of applications, such as latex paint formulations, encapsulation of inorganic particles, reactive latexes, adhesives, paper coating, and biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. Audience: A valuable resource for scientists and engineers, academic and industrial, who are involved in the manufacture or application of polymeric dispersions.



The kinetics of vinyl polymerization by radical mechanisms

The kinetics of vinyl polymerization by radical mechanisms Author C. H. Bamford
ISBN-10 UOM:39015016097498
Release 1958
Pages 318
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The kinetics of vinyl polymerization by radical mechanisms has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The kinetics of vinyl polymerization by radical mechanisms also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The kinetics of vinyl polymerization by radical mechanisms book for free.



Polymer Syntheses

Polymer Syntheses Author Stanley Sandler
ISBN-10 9780323145275
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 582
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Polymer Syntheses, Volume I presents detailed laboratory instructions for the preparation of polymers by different functional group classes. This book provides the laboratory procedures for the preparation of polymers containing phosphorus in various oxidation states. Organized into 15 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of some selected preparative methods for carrying out the major methods of polymerization in the laboratory. This text then examines the synthesis of phosphonitrilic polymers. Other chapters consider the synthesis of peroxide and hydroperoxide free radical initiators. This book discusses as well the principles involved in the preparation of emulsion polymers, which are applicable to the preparation of polymers of a wide variety of vinyl monomers and many copolymerizations. The final chapter deals with the chemistry of organometallic and organometalloid peroxides. This book is a valuable resource for chemists involved in the designing of phosphorus polymers to meet fire retardant requirements of various products.



Polymer Particles

Polymer Particles Author Masayoshi Okubo
ISBN-10 354022923X
Release 2005-02-10
Pages 372
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In this special volume on polymer particles, recent trends and developments in the synthesis of nano- to micron-sized polymer particles by radical polymerization (Emulsion, Miniemulsion, Microemulsion, and Dispersion Polymerizations) of vinyl monomers in environmentally friendly heterogeneous aqueous and supercritical carbon dioxide fluid media are reviewed by prominent worldwide researchers. In addition to the important challenges and possibilities with regards to design and preparation of functionalized polymer particles of controlled size, the topics described are of great current interest due to the increased awareness of environmental issues.



Principles and Applications of Emulsion Polymerization

Principles and Applications of Emulsion Polymerization Author Chorng-Shyan Chern
ISBN-10 9780470377932
Release 2008-10-06
Pages 272
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Up-to-date coverage of methods of emulsion polymerization This book provides a comprehensive reference on emulsion polymerization methods,focusing on the fundamental mechanisms and kinetics of each process, as well as howthey can be applied to the manufacture of environmentally friendly polymeric materials. Topics covered include: Conventional emulsion polymerization Miniemulsion polymerization Microemulsion polymerization Industrial emulsion polymerization processes (primarily the semibatch and continuous reactions systems) The role of various colloidal phenomena in emulsion polymerization Important end-use properties of emulsion polymer (latex) products Information on industrial applications in paints, coatings, adhesives, paper and board, and more This is a hands-on reference for graduate students and professionals in polymerchemistry, chemical engineering, and materials science who are involved in researchon coatings, adhesives, rubber, latex, paints, finishes, and other materials that can becreated using various methods of emulsion polymerization.



Chemistry and Technology of Emulsion Polymerisation

Chemistry and Technology of Emulsion Polymerisation Author A. M. van Herk
ISBN-10 9781118638361
Release 2013-05-13
Pages 376
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Chemistry and Technology of Emulsion Polymerisation 2e provides a practical and intuitive explanation of emulsion polymerization, in combination with both conventional and controlled radical polymerization. For those working in industry, coupling theory with everyday practice can be difficult. By carefully explaining the principles of the reaction, based on well-designed experimental investigation, the book explains how the principles relate to practical application. The second edition of this book includes a new chapter on morphology of latex particles, a rapidly progressing area where modelling the thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of phase separation and morphology has developed into a mature and powerful tool to predict and control morphology of latex particles. Another area that is rapidly progressing is the application of controlled radical polymerisation in emulsion polymerization. Controlled radical polymerisation is used in aiding encapsulation of inorganic particles like pigment particles and clay platelets. These latest developments are included in the second edition.



Polymer Syntheses

Polymer Syntheses Author Stanley R. Sandler
ISBN-10 9780080925554
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 427
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This revised and updated Second Edition of Polymer Synthesis II continues in the tradition of Volume I in presenting detailed laboratory instructions for the preparation of various polymers. Each chapter is organized by functional groups, and each chapter not only presents preparative methods, but also includes a brief introductory summary, reviews of the very latest journal articles and patents, and safety hazards and precautions. Procedures have been chosen on the basis of safety considerations and ease of being carried out with standard laboratory equipment. This comprehensive treatment of each polymer group makes Polymer Synthesis II an indispensable guide for industrial and academic chemists as well as for students in the field. Key Features * This revised edition: * Covers each polymer class, heavily referencing these with patent literature to illustrate commercial applications * Provides new and updated information for each functional group, including: * Curing agents for epoxy resins * Polymerization of vinyl ethers and copolymers * Polyvinyl silfides * Polymerization of vinyl pyrrolidone and copolymers * Features expanded data tables and updated references * Presents numerous citations to new catalysts for each polymer preparation involving ureas * Includes a new section--Complex Formulation--involving the preparation of polyacrylic acid and its copolymers * Contains many new preparations, including: * Preparation of t-butyl acrylate copolymers using the Teyssie Method * Template polymerization of vinylimidazole on polymethacrylic acid * Polymerization of aqueous acrylic acid using AIBN * Preparation of polyketals by transketalization * Copolymerization of maleic anhydride with ethyl vinyl ether * Complex and template polymerizations