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What is a Disaster

What is a Disaster Author E.L. Quarantelli
ISBN-10 9781134682256
Release 2005-06-27
Pages 328
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Are conflict situations such as the ethnic clashes in Yugoslavia or Rwanda, terrorist attacks and riots, the same kind of social crises as those generated by natural and technological happenings such as earthquakes and chemical explosions? In What is a Disaster?, social science disaster researchers from six different disciplines advance their views on what a disaster is. Clashes in conceptions are highlighted, through the book's unique juxtaposition of the authors separately advanced views. A reaction paper to each set of views is presented by an experienced disaster researcher; in turn, the original authors provide a response to what has been said about their views. What is a Disaster? sets out the huge conceptual differences that exist concerning what a disaster is, and presents important implications for both theory, study and practice.



Disaster Risk Assessment and Mitigation

Disaster Risk Assessment and Mitigation Author Nasim Uddin
ISBN-10 9780784472651
Release 2008-11-25
Pages 98
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Prepared by the Council on Disaster Risk Management of ASCE. After recent earthquakes, tsunamis, and hurricanes devastated more than a dozen countries, civil engineers find themselves at the forefront of building and repairing the infrastructure of destroyed communities. A balance must be struck between potential losses from natural disasters and financial commitments to infrastructure protection. Civil engineers are positioned to achieve this balance, but may need new tools to do so. This monograph asks the bigger question: are civil engineers doing their jobs or should their roles be redefined? Topics covered in this CDRM Monograph include: an introduction to disaster risk assessment and mitigation; disaster risk assessment for natural hazard mitigation; reducing the effects of hazards; system evaluation for hazard mitigation; lessons learned from recent disasters; construction challenges; and political commitment to disaster mitigation. This publication is invaluable to engineers involved in disaster risk assessment and mitigation, lifelines, and owners and operators of public and private infrastructure systems.



Recovery from Disaster

Recovery from Disaster Author Ian Davis
ISBN-10 9781317395287
Release 2015-08-20
Pages 358
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Disasters can dominate newspaper headlines and fill our TV screens with relief appeals, but the complex long-term challenge of recovery—providing shelter, rebuilding safe dwellings, restoring livelihoods and shattered lives—generally fails to attract the attention of the public and most agencies. On average 650 disasters occur each year. They affect more than 200 million people and cause $166 trillion of damage. Climate change, population growth and urbanisation are likely to intensify further the impact of natural disasters and add to reconstruction needs. Recovery from Disaster explores the field and provides a concise, comprehensive source of knowledge for academics, planners, architects, engineers, construction managers, relief and development officials and reconstruction planners involved with all sectors of recovery, including shelter and rebuilding. With almost 80 years of first-hand experience of disaster recovery between them, Ian Davis (an architect) and David Alexander (a geographer) draw substantially from first-hand experiences in a variety of recovery situations in China, Haiti, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines and the USA. The volume is further enriched by two important and unique features: 21 models of disaster recovery are presented, seven of which were specifically developed for the book. The second feature is a survey of expert opinion about the nature of effective disaster recovery—the first of its kind. More than 50 responses are provided in full, along with an analysis that integrates them with the theories that underpin them. By providing a framework and models for future study and applications, Davis and Alexander seek both to advance the field and to provide a much-needed reference work for decision makers. With a broad perspective derived from the authors' roles held as university professors, researchers, trainers, consultants, NGO directors and advisors to governments and UN agencies, this comprehensive guide will be invaluable for practitioners and students of disaster management.



Anthropology and Climate Change

Anthropology and Climate Change Author Susan A Crate
ISBN-10 9781315434766
Release 2016-06-03
Pages 416
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The first book to comprehensively assess anthropology’s engagement with climate change, this pioneering volume both maps out exciting trajectories for research and issues a call to action. Chapters in part one are systematic research reviews, covering the relationship between culture and climate from prehistoric times to the present; changing anthropological discourse on climate and environment; the diversity of environmental and sociocultural changes currently occurring around the globe; and the unique methodological and epistemological tools anthropologists bring to bear on climate research. Part two includes a series of case studies that highlights leading-edge research—including some unexpected and provocative findings. Part three challenges scholars to be proactive on the front lines of climate change, providing instruction on how to work in with research communities, with innovative forms of communication, in higher education, in policy environments, as individuals, and in other critical arenas. Linking sophisticated knowledge to effective actions, Anthropology and Climate Change is essential for students and scholars in anthropology and environmental studies.



Catalogue of Risks

Catalogue of Risks Author Dirk Proske
ISBN-10 9783540795551
Release 2008-07-24
Pages 509
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Since the German edition of this book, the topic of risk has experienced even greater attention, not only in the world of science but also in other fields, such as economics and politics. Therefore, many new publications have evolved. To keep with the idea of an encyclopedia for the topic of risk, this book has been completely reworked. Not only are many updated examples included in chapter “Risks and disasters” but also new chapters have been introduced, such as the chapter “Indetermination and risk”. This new chapter was developed since the question “Is it possible for risks to be completely eliminated, and if not why?” has become a major point of c- cern. Therefore, especially in this chapter, the focus of the book has - tended from a simple mathematical or engineering point of view to include much broader concepts. Here, not only aspects of system theory have to be considered, but also some general philosophical questions start to inf- ence the considerations of the topic of risk. The main goal of this edition, however, is not only the extension and revision of the book, but also the translation into the English language to allow more readers access to the ideas of the book. The author deeply hopes that the success the book made in the German edition continues and that readers experience a major gain from reading the book.



Dull Disasters

Dull Disasters Author Daniel J. Clarke
ISBN-10 9780198785576
Release 2016-06-24
Pages 160
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In recent years, typhoons have struck the Philippines and Vanuatu; earthquakes have rocked Haiti, Pakistan, and Nepal; floods have swept through Pakistan and Mozambique; droughts have hit Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia; and more. All led to loss of life and loss of livelihoods, and recovery will take years. One of the likely effects of climate change is to increase the likelihood of the type of extreme weather events that seems to cause these disasters. But do extreme events have to turn into disasters with huge loss of life and suffering? Dull Disasters? harnesses lessons from finance, political science, economics, psychology, and the natural sciences to show how countries and their partners can be far better prepared to deal with disasters. The insights can lead to practical ways in which governments, civil society, private firms, and international organizations can work together to reduce the risks to people and economies when a disaster looms. Responses to disasters then become less emotional, less political, less headline-grabbing, and more business as usual and effective. The book takes the reader through a range of solutions that have been implemented around the world to respond to disasters. It gives an overview of the evidence on what works and what doesn't and it examines the crucial issue of disaster risk financing. Building on the latest evidence, it presents a set of lessons and principles to guide future thinking, research, and practice in this area.



Disaster Prevention Policies

Disaster Prevention Policies Author Patrick Pigeon
ISBN-10 9780081017913
Release 2016-11-08
Pages 240
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This book addresses disaster risk reduction (DRR) policies, focusing on reducing the paradox that exists between the compulsory implementation of DRR policies and continuing limitations The authors use their knowledge of the ever-evolving threats associated with disasters and their prevention to investigate this famous paradox and propose solutions that will help readers understand and reconsider its existence. The authors also discuss conditionings behind this paradox, helping readers understand the existing solutions, also suggesting how to reduce the limitations of DRR policies. Offers a fresh perspective on the assessments currently available on disaster and DRR policies Provides insight based on examples of DRR policies taken from Latin American, Asian, and European cases Focuses on reducing the paradox that exists between the compulsory implementation of DRR policies and continuing limitations



The End

The End Author Marq de Villiers
ISBN-10 1429934409
Release 2010-03-30
Pages 368
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What is the fate of the world as we know it? Tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, pandemics, cosmic radiation, gamma bursts from space, colliding comets, and asteroids—these things used to worry us from time to time, but now they have become the background noise of our culture. Are natural calamities indeed more probable, and more frequent, than they were? Are things getting worse? Are the boundaries between natural and human-caused calamities blurring? Are we part of the problem? If so, what can we do about it? In The End, award-winning writer Marq de Villiers examines these questions at a time when there is an urgent need to understand the perils that confront us, to act in such a way as best we can for the inevitable disasters when they come. We can do nothing about some natural calamities, but about others we can do a great deal. De Villiers helps us understand which is which, and lays out some provocative ideas for mitigating the damage all such calamities can inflict on us and our world. The End is a brilliant and challenging look at what lies ahead, and at what we can do to influence our future.



Ghosts of the Tsunami

Ghosts of the Tsunami Author Richard Lloyd Parry
ISBN-10 9780374710934
Release 2017-10-24
Pages 320
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Named one of the best books of 2017 by The Guardian, NPR, GQ, The Economist, Bookforum, Amazon, and Lit Hub The definitive account of what happened, why, and above all how it felt, when catastrophe hit Japan—by the Japan correspondent of The Times (London) and author of People Who Eat Darkness On March 11, 2011, a powerful earthquake sent a 120-foot-high tsunami smashing into the coast of northeast Japan. By the time the sea retreated, more than eighteen thousand people had been crushed, burned to death, or drowned. It was Japan’s greatest single loss of life since the atomic bombing of Nagasaki. It set off a national crisis and the meltdown of a nuclear power plant. And even after the immediate emergency had abated, the trauma of the disaster continued to express itself in bizarre and mysterious ways. Richard Lloyd Parry, an award-winning foreign correspondent, lived through the earthquake in Tokyo and spent six years reporting from the disaster zone. There he encountered stories of ghosts and hauntings, and met a priest who exorcised the spirits of the dead. And he found himself drawn back again and again to a village that had suffered the greatest loss of all, a community tormented by unbearable mysteries of its own. What really happened to the local children as they waited in the schoolyard in the moments before the tsunami? Why did their teachers not evacuate them to safety? And why was the unbearable truth being so stubbornly covered up? Ghosts of the Tsunami is a soon-to-be classic intimate account of an epic tragedy, told through the accounts of those who lived through it. It tells the story of how a nation faced a catastrophe, and the struggle to find consolation in the ruins.



Non Legality in International Law

Non Legality in International Law Author Fleur Johns
ISBN-10 9781107014015
Release 2013-01-03
Pages 259
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Shows how international lawyers make non-law (extra-legal, illegal and other non-legal phenomena) and why this matters in global politics today.



Disaster and Development an Occupational Perspective

Disaster and Development  an Occupational Perspective Author Nancy Rushford
ISBN-10 9780702060793
Release 2015-03-05
Pages 288
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A ground breaking book that crosses cultures and contexts to provide a foundation for critical reflection on the role of occupation in disaster and development. An occupational perspective is illuminated by drawing upon the experiences of survivors, practitioners, personnel from local and international organisations, researchers and academics, with implications for policy, practice and education. supports the development, use and practice of occupational therapy in disaster preparedness and response contexts presents a rich array of new material and learning which is sought after by occupational therapy and occupational science professions case study experiences covering epidemics, refugee crises, industrial emergencies, conflict, terrorism and natural disasters concludes with a description and analysis of a proposed occupational framework for disaster preparedness and response Contributed by a truly global team of authors from Australia, the US, India, Japan, Sri Lanka, the UK, Hong Kong, Indonesia... Edited by a team who are widely recognised and experienced in development and disaster contexts



After Disasters

After Disasters Author Viet Dinh
ISBN-10 168324639X
Release 2018
Pages 500
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"In the wake of a life-shattering earthquake in India four rescue workers fight to impose order on an increasingly chaotic city. As looting and threats of violence become more severe, the men realize the first lives they save might be their own"--



A Baker s Dozen

A Baker s Dozen Author Bonnie Baker
ISBN-10 008047599X
Release 2005-06-14
Pages 368
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This book has been written to help digital engineers who need a few basic analog tools in their toolbox. For practicing digital engineers, students, educators and hands-on managers who are looking for the analog foundation they need to handle their daily engineering problems, this will serve as a valuable reference to the nuts-and-bolts of system analog design in a digital world. This book is a hands-on designer's guide to the most important topics in analog electronics - such as Analog-to-Digital and Digital-to-Analog conversion, operational amplifiers, filters, and integrating analog and digital systems. The presentation is tailored for engineers who are primarily experienced and/or educated in digital circuit design. This book will teach such readers how to "think analog" when it is the best solution to their problem. Special attention is also given to fundamental topics, such as noise and how to use analog test and measurement equipment, that are often ignored in other analog titles aimed at professional engineers. Extensive use of case-histories and real design examples Offers digital designers the right analog "tool" for the job at hand Conversational, annecdotal "tone" is very easily accessible by students and practitioners alike



Natural Hazards Unnatural Disasters

Natural Hazards  Unnatural Disasters Author United Nations
ISBN-10 9780821380505
Release 2010
Pages 254
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"A combination of case studies, data on many scales, and application of economic principles...[this report] provides an understanding of the relative roles of the market, government intervention, and social institutions in determining and improving both the prevention and the response to hazardous occurrences."-Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobel Prize in Economics, 1972



Surviving Floods

Surviving Floods Author Elizabeth Raum
ISBN-10 9781406222210
Release 2012-06-01
Pages 32
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This series tells the astonishing true stories of real children's experiences of surviving different natural disasters around the world. Each title focuses on a different type of disaster. The stories range from historical to modern day, with curriculum links especially to history, citizenship, geography, and science.



Kursk

Kursk Author Peter Truscott
ISBN-10 0684020890
Release 2003-09-01
Pages 320
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Chronicles the August 12, 2000 sinking of the Russian submarine, Kursk, detailing the last hours on board for the 118 crew members, Russia's failure to respond, and reactions from family and friends of the crew.



Disasters by Design

Disasters by Design Author Dennis Mileti
ISBN-10 9780309261739
Release 1999-05-18
Pages 376
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Disasters by Design provides an alternative and sustainable way to view, study, and manage hazards in the United States that would result in disaster-resilient communities, higher environmental quality, inter- and intragenerational equity, economic sustainability, and improved quality of life. This volume provides an overview of what is known about natural hazards, disasters, recovery, and mitigation, how research findings have been translated into policies and programs; and a sustainable hazard mitigation research agenda. Also provided is an examination of past disaster losses and hazards management over the past 20 years, including factors--demographic, climate, social--that influence loss. This volume summarizes and sets the stage for the more detailed books in the series.