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What Makes You Clever

What Makes You Clever Author Derek Partridge
ISBN-10 9789814513067
Release 2014-04-23
Pages 450
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From Black Holes and Big Bangs to the Higgs boson and the infinitesimal building blocks of all matter, modern science has been spectacularly successful, with one glaring exception — intelligence. Intelligence still remains as one of the greatest mysteries in science. How do you chat so effortlessly? How do you remember, and why do you forget? From a basis of ten maxims What Makes You Clever explains the difficulties as well as the persuasive and persistent over-estimations of progress in Artificial Intelligence. Computers have transformed our lives, and will continue to do so for many years to come. But ever since the Turing Test proposed in 1950 up to IBM's Deep Blue computer that won the second six-game match against world champion Garry Kasparov, the science of artificial intelligence has struggled to make progress. The reader's expertise is engaged to probe human language, machine learning, neural computing, holistic systems and emergent phenomenon. What Makes You Clever reveals the difficulties that scientists grapple with in their efforts to understand your cleverness, and points to possible ways forward. Contents:A Singular EnigmaScanning for GoldBrain Wave SolutionsWhole Parts of MindsMeaningful Principles — The Search ContinuesHolism — an Unholy ProblemHoping for a Knee up SoonSelf-organising Systems — The Engineer's NightmareThe Knowledge WebLearning Machines — Climbing Lost and BlindHot Technologies — the Doomed and the DubiousMind RecursionUltra-IntelligenceSemantic MiragesHopeware ScienceThe Glass Half Full Readership: General public. Keywords:Intelligence;Artificial Intelligence;Cognition;Brain Science;Neural Networks;Computing;Turing TestKey Features:No other book combines computer science and cognitive science (and a little neuroscience) to explain in non-specialist terminology, why intelligence has resisted scientific understandingAll readers can participate in many of the argumentsThe explanations are based on ten maxims — some psychological, some technical, and some logical



Larger than Life Celebrating The Human Spirit

Larger than Life  Celebrating The Human Spirit Author Belinda Lee
ISBN-10 9789814721530
Release 2015-11-15
Pages 235
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Award winning television actress and host Belinda Lee has travelled the world in the course of her work. The bilingual thespian has met many remarkable individuals who have embraced the road less trodden and left the rat race. They volunteer their time in unusual social causes including building schools, rescuing street children and helping those suffering from the ravages of war. This collection of heart-warming stories introduces readers to these amazing people who celebrate the human spirit and restore your faith in the good of humanity.



Sports Science A Complete Introduction

Sports Science  A Complete Introduction Author Simon Rea
ISBN-10 9781473614901
Release 2015-12-03
Pages 224
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Written by a Lecturer in Sport and Fitness with over ten years' experience in teaching and devising degree modules, Sports Science: A Complete Introduction is designed to give you everything you need to succeed, all in one place. It covers the key areas that students are expected to be confident in, outlining the basics in clear, jargon-free English and providing added-value features like summaries of key experiments and even lists of questions you might be asked in your seminar or exam. Each chapter covers a key introductory area, so by the end of the book you'll have a clear understanding of the essential principles of sport science. Starting with key points in anatomy and physiology, it covers sports psychology, biomechanics and also introduces sports nutrition, as well as how to plan research in sport. It is structured to mirror the way sport science is taught on many first year undergraduate and foundation degree courses. By the end you'll have a clear understanding of the essential principles of sport science.



Universal Artificial Intelligence

Universal Artificial Intelligence Author Marcus Hutter
ISBN-10 9783540268772
Release 2006-01-17
Pages 278
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Personal motivation. The dream of creating artificial devices that reach or outperform human inteUigence is an old one. It is also one of the dreams of my youth, which have never left me. What makes this challenge so interesting? A solution would have enormous implications on our society, and there are reasons to believe that the AI problem can be solved in my expected lifetime. So, it's worth sticking to it for a lifetime, even if it takes 30 years or so to reap the benefits. The AI problem. The science of artificial intelligence (AI) may be defined as the construction of intelligent systems and their analysis. A natural definition of a system is anything that has an input and an output stream. Intelligence is more complicated. It can have many faces like creativity, solving prob lems, pattern recognition, classification, learning, induction, deduction, build ing analogies, optimization, surviving in an environment, language processing, and knowledge. A formal definition incorporating every aspect of intelligence, however, seems difficult. Most, if not all known facets of intelligence can be formulated as goal driven or, more precisely, as maximizing some utility func tion. It is, therefore, sufficient to study goal-driven AI; e. g. the (biological) goal of animals and humans is to survive and spread. The goal of AI systems should be to be useful to humans.



Smarter

Smarter Author Dan Hurley
ISBN-10 9780142181652
Release 2014
Pages 304
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Based on one of the most-read New York Times Magazine features of 2012, this fascinating exploration of intelligence research reveals a revolution in human intellectual abilities and provides real-life transformation stories.



A Skeleton in the Family

A Skeleton in the Family Author Leigh Perry
ISBN-10 9781101625071
Release 2013-09-03
Pages 304
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Most families have skeletons in their closets… Moving back into her parents’ house with her teenage daughter had not been Georgia Thackery’s “Plan A.” But when she got a job at the local college, it seemed the sensible thing to do. So she settled in and began reconnecting with old friends. Including Sid. Sid is the Thackery family’s skeleton. He’s lived in the house as long as Georgia can remember, although no one, including Sid, knows exactly where he came from and how he came to be a skeleton. Sid walks, he talks, he makes bad jokes, he tries to keep Georgia’s dog from considering him a snack. And he manages to persuade Georgia to let him leave the house. But when she takes him to an anime convention—disguised as a skeleton, of course—he sees a woman who triggers memories of his past. Now he is determined to find out how he died—with Georgia’s help. But their investigation may uncover a killer who’s still alive and well and bad to the bone… FIRST IN A NEW MYSTERY SERIES!



Watchers

Watchers Author Dean R. Koontz
ISBN-10 0425221806
Release 2008
Pages 391
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Two creatures, the end result of experiments in genetic engineering and enhanced intelligence, escape from a government laboratory and bring either death and destruction or a touching new kind of love to those they encounter. Reprint.



If You re So Smart Why Aren t You Happy

If You re So Smart  Why Aren t You Happy Author Raj Raghunathan
ISBN-10 9781101980743
Release 2016-04-26
Pages 352
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The first book by the creator of COURSERA®'s most popular online course in 2015, "A Life of Happiness and Fulfillment" Could the same traits that drive your career success also be keeping you from being happier? Fifteen years after getting his MBA, Raj Raghunathan spent some time with his old classmates. He noticed that though they’d all done well, there didn’t appear to be much correlation between their academic success and career success. What Raj found even more curious was the even smaller correlation between career success and what he calls life success. The greater the career success, the more unhappy, out of shape, harried and distracted his friends were. If intelligence helps with decision-making, smart people should naturally make better life choices. So why are so many of the smartest, brightest, most successful people profoundly unhappy? Raj set out to find an answer to this problem, and extensively researched happiness not just of students and business people, but also stay-at-home-parents, lawyers, and artists, among others. If You’re So Smart, Why Aren’t You Happy? takes readers on a fun and meaningful tour of the best research available on how some of the very determinants of success may also come to deflate happiness. Raghunathan explores the seven most common inclinations that successful people need to overcome, and the seven habits they should adopt instead. Among his surprising findings... ·The correlation between wealth and happiness is much smaller than you'd expect it to be ·Generosity is not only a key to happiness, but a determining factor of long term success ·Appreciating uncertainty, rather than seeking full control of outcomes, is necessary for happiness If You’re So Smart, Why Aren’t You Happy? will give you a powerful new perspective on your work, personal goals and relationships, whether you’re already successful or just starting out. From the Hardcover edition.



What Stalin Knew

What Stalin Knew Author David E. Murphy
ISBN-10 0300130260
Release 2006-09-01
Pages 310
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This book - a revised and expanded edition of the definitive biography of Bessie Smith, known as the "Empress of the Blues"--Debunks many of the myths that circulated after her untimely death in 1937. For this new edition, Chris Albertson provides more details of Bessie's early years, new interview material, and a chapter devoted to events and responses that followed the original publication. "Seeking justice for Bessie has been a life's work for Albertson, and this reissue is greatly to be welcomed ... an exemplary biography" John Mole, Times Literary Supplement "The first estimable full-length biography not only of Bessie Smith but of any black musician." Whitney Balliett, New Yorker (on the first edition) "A remarkably clear-eyed examination of Smith's personality (and sexuality) and, more important, of the gritty and greedy music business." Benjamin Schwarz, Atlantic Monthly.



Artificial intelligence in geography

Artificial intelligence in geography Author Stan Openshaw
ISBN-10 0471969915
Release 1997
Pages 329
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This unique work introduces the basic principles of artificial intelligence with applications in geographical teaching and research, GIS, and planning. Written in an accessible, non-technical and witty style, this book marks the beginning of the Al revolution in geography with major implications for teaching and research. The authors provide an easy to understand basic introduction to Al relevant to geography. There are no special mathematical and statistical skills needed, indeed these might well be a hindrance. Al is a different way of looking at the world and it requires a willingness to experiment, and readers who are unhindered by the baggage of obsolete technologies and outmoded philosophies of science will probably do best. The text provides an introduction to expert systems, neural nets, genetic algorithms, smart systems and artificial life and shows how they are likely to transform geographical enquiry. * A major methodological milestone in geography * The first geographical book on artificial intelligence (Al) * No need for previous mathematical or statistical skills/knowledge * Accessible style makes a difficult subject available to a wide audience * Stan Openshaw is one of the world s leading researchers into geographical computing, spatial analysis and GIS.



Special Topics in Calamity Physics

Special Topics in Calamity Physics Author Marisha Pessl
ISBN-10 1101218800
Release 2006-08-03
Pages 528
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The mesmerizing New York Times bestseller by the author of Night Film Marisha Pessl’s dazzling debut sparked raves from critics and heralded the arrival of a vibrant new voice in American fiction. At the center of Special Topics in Calamity Physics is clever, deadpan Blue van Meer, who has a head full of literary, philosophical, scientific, and cinematic knowledge. But she could use some friends. Upon entering the elite St. Gallway School, she finds some—a clique of eccentrics known as the Bluebloods. One drowning and one hanging later, Blue finds herself puzzling out a byzantine murder mystery. Nabokov meets Donna Tartt (then invites the rest of the Western Canon to the party) in this novel—with visual aids drawn by the author—that has won over readers of all ages.



The Measure of All Minds

The Measure of All Minds Author José Hernández-Orallo
ISBN-10 9781316943205
Release 2017-01-11
Pages
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Are psychometric tests valid for a new reality of artificial intelligence systems, technology-enhanced humans, and hybrids yet to come? Are the Turing Test, the ubiquitous CAPTCHAs, and the various animal cognition tests the best alternatives? In this fascinating and provocative book, José Hernández-Orallo formulates major scientific questions, integrates the most significant research developments, and offers a vision of the universal evaluation of cognition. By replacing the dominant anthropocentric stance with a universal perspective where living organisms are considered as a special case, long-standing questions in the evaluation of behavior can be addressed in a wider landscape. Can we derive task difficulty intrinsically? Is a universal g factor - a common general component for all abilities - theoretically possible? Using algorithmic information theory as a foundation, the book elaborates on the evaluation of perceptual, developmental, social, verbal and collective features and critically analyzes what the future of intelligence might look like.



What Is Intelligence

What Is Intelligence Author James R. Flynn
ISBN-10 1139467042
Release 2007-08-27
Pages
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The 'Flynn effect' refers to the massive increase in IQ test scores over the course of the twentieth century. Does it mean that each generation is more intelligent than the last? Does it suggest how each of us can enhance our own intelligence? Professor Flynn is finally ready to give his own views. He asks what intelligence really is and gives a surprising and illuminating answer. This expanded paperback edition includes three important new essays. The first contrasts the art of writing cognitive history with the science of measuring intelligence and reports data. The second outlines how we might get a complete theory of intelligence, and the third details Flynn's reservations about Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences. A fascinating book that bridges the gulf separating our minds from those of our ancestors a century ago, and makes an important contribution to our understanding of human intelligence.



What is Thought

What is Thought Author Eric B. Baum
ISBN-10 0262025485
Release 2004
Pages 478
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Toward a computational explanation of thought: an argument that underlying mind is a complex but compact program that corresponds to the underlying complex structure of the world.



Nash s Pall Mall Magazine

Nash s Pall Mall Magazine Author
ISBN-10 NYPL:33433081663779
Release 1900
Pages
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Nash s Pall Mall Magazine has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Nash s Pall Mall Magazine also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Nash s Pall Mall Magazine book for free.



Do You Think You re Clever

Do You Think You re Clever Author John Farndon
ISBN-10 9781848311565
Release 2009-10-01
Pages 221
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What happens if I drop an ant? What books are bad for you? What percentage of the world's water is contained in a cow? The Oxbridge undergraduate interviews are infamous for their unique ways of assessing candidates, and from these peculiar enquiries, professors can tell just how smart you really are. John Farndon has collected together 75 of the most intriguing questions taken from actual admission interviews and gives full answers to each, taking the reader through the fascinating histories, philosophies, sciences and arts that underlie each problem. This is a book for everyone who likes to think they're clever, or who thinks they'd like to be clever. And cleverness is not just knowing stuff, it's how laterally, deeply and interestingly you can bend your brain. Guesstimating the population of Croydon, for example, opens a chain of thought from which you can predict the strength of a nuclear bomb ...and that's just the start of it.



Do You Still Think You re Clever

Do You Still Think You re Clever Author John Farndon
ISBN-10 9781848316300
Release 2014-11-06
Pages 288
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From the ever-curious mind that brought you the bestselling Do You Think You’re Clever? comes a brand-new trip to the far reaches of the intellectual universe, courtesy of even more notoriously provocative Oxbridge interview questions. How would you poison someone without the police finding out? (Medicine, Cambridge) What makes a strong woman? (Theology, Oxford) Instead of politicians, why don’t we let the managers of IKEA run the country? (Social and Political Sciences, Cambridge) How do you organise a successful revolution? (History, Oxford) Whether you’re interested in going to Oxbridge or just want to give your brain a workout, join polymath John Farndon on another exhilarating journey through the twists and turns of thought, and explore just what it means to be genuinely clever – rather than just smart.