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William and Lawrence Bragg Father and Son

William and Lawrence Bragg  Father and Son Author John Jenkin
ISBN-10 9780199235209
Release 2008
Pages 458
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This book is a joint biography of William and Lawrence Bragg, who changed all of science in the 20th-century with the development of X-ray crystallography, and by mentoring the mid-century discovery of the structure of DNA. Their stories are vivid examples of science teaching and research in a colonial setting (Australia).

Energy in Nature and Society

Energy in Nature and Society Author Vaclav Smil
ISBN-10 9780262693561
Release 2008
Pages 480
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A comprehensive, systematic, analytically unified, and interdisciplinary treatment ofenergy in nature and society, from solar radiation and photosynthesis to our fossil fuelledcivilization and its environmental consequences.

The Man in the Monkeynut Coat

The Man in the Monkeynut Coat Author Kersten T. Hall
ISBN-10 9780198704591
Release 2014
Pages 242
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The Man in the Monkeynut Coat tells the story of a neglected pioneer whose vital role in one of the biggest scientific discoveries of all time has largely been forgotten. Working at Leeds in the 1930s, the physicist William T. Astbury was the first person to make successful X-ray studies of the structure of DNA, the molecule of heredity. In the course of this work, he laid the foundations for the ground-breaking discovery of the double-helical structureof DNA by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953, and also transformed biology, leaving a scientific legacy that is still felt in medicine today.Whilst Watson and Crick went on to win theNobel Prize, Astbury's name is largely unknown. This is perhaps a classic case of history being written by the winners, but his name surely deserves far greater recognition for, as this book shows, without him Watson and Crick would almost certainly have been left empty-handed.

Crystal Clear

Crystal Clear Author A. M. Glazer
ISBN-10 9780191061790
Release 2015-07-23
Pages 448
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Crystal Clear takes you behind the scenes in the life of one of the most prominent scientists of the twentieth century, William Lawrence Bragg (WLB) - an innovative genius, who together with his father, William Henry Bragg (WHB) founded and developed a whole new branch of science, X-ray Crystallography. The main body of the text contains the hitherto unpublished autobiographies of both WLB and his wife, Alice. Alice Bragg was a public figure in her own right. She was Mayor of Cambridge and National Chairman of the Marriage Guidance Council among other roles. She and WLB were as different as chalk and cheese. Their autobiographies complement each other to give a rounded picture of the real personalities behind their public appearance. They write of their travels, their family life, their friends and their joys and sorrows. They write most of all about each other. Their younger daughter, Patience Thomson, provides anecdotes and vignettes, bringing her parents to life. She has also included extracts from previously unpublished letters and from articles which Alice Bragg wrote for National newspapers. The result is an unusual insight into the lives of two distinguished people. The two accounts reveal a fascinating interaction between these two characters, neither of whom could have achieved on this scale without the other. There is an underlying love story here which humanises and transforms. This is a unique book, adopting an original viewpoint, which will take the reader far beyond the scope of a normal biography.

Elements of Ethics for Physical Scientists

Elements of Ethics for Physical Scientists Author Sandra C. Greer
ISBN-10 9780262342827
Release 2017-10-06
Pages 256
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This book offers the first comprehensive guide to ethics for physical scientists and engineers who conduct research. Written by a distinguished professor of chemistry and chemical engineering, the book focuses on the everyday decisions about right and wrong faced by scientists as they do research, interact with other people, and work within society. The goal is to nurture readers' ethical intelligence so that they know an ethical issue when they see one, and to give them a way to think about ethical problems. After introductions to the philosophy of ethics and the philosophy of science, the book discusses research integrity, with a unique emphasis on how scientists make mistakes and how they can avoid them. It goes on to cover personal interactions among scientists, including authorship, collaborators, predecessors, reviewers, grantees, mentors, and whistle-blowers. It considers underrepresented groups in science as an ethical issue that matters not only to those groups but also to the development of science, and it examines human participants and animal subjects. Finally, the book examines scientifically relevant social issues, including public policy, weapons research, conflicts of interest, and intellectual property. Each chapter ends with discussion questions and case studies to encourage debate and further exploration of topics. The book can be used in classes and seminars in research ethics and will be an essential reference for scientists in academia, government, and industry.

A Homesteader and His Son

A Homesteader and His Son Author Alexander Joss
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924058952239
Release 1990-01-01
Pages 278
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A Homesteader and His Son has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from A Homesteader and His Son also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full A Homesteader and His Son book for free.

The Man in the Monkeynut Coat

The Man in the Monkeynut Coat Author Kersten T. Hall
ISBN-10 9780191009891
Release 2014-06-12
Pages 256
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Sir Isaac Newton once declared that his momentous discoveries were only made thanks to having 'stood on the shoulders of giants'. The same might also be said of the scientists James Watson and Francis Crick. Their discovery of the structure of DNA was, without doubt, one of the biggest scientific landmarks in history and, thanks largely to the success of Watson's best-selling memoir 'The Double Helix', there might seem to be little new to say about this story. But much remains to be said about the particular 'giants' on whose shoulders Watson and Crick stood. Of these, the crystallographer Rosalind Franklin, whose famous X-ray diffraction photograph known as 'Photo 51' provided Watson and Crick with a vital clue, is now well recognised. Far less well known is the physicist William T. Astbury who, working at Leeds in the 1930s on the structure of wool for the local textile industry, pioneered the use of X-ray crystallography to study biological fibres. In so doing, he not only made the very first studies of the structure of DNA culminating in a photo almost identical to Franklin's 'Photo 51', but also founded the new science of 'molecular biology'. Yet whilst Watson and Crick won the Nobel Prize, Astbury has largely been forgotten. The Man in the Monkeynut Coat tells the story of this neglected pioneer, showing not only how it was thanks to him that Watson and Crick were not left empty-handed, but also how his ideas transformed biology leaving a legacy which is still felt today.

Celebrating the 100th Anniversary of Madame Marie Sklodowska Curie s Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Celebrating the 100th Anniversary of Madame Marie Sklodowska Curie   s Nobel Prize in Chemistry Author M. -H. Chiu
ISBN-10 9789460917196
Release 2012-01-01
Pages 253
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This book is a companion to the IYC-2011 celebration. The eleven chapters are organized into three sections: Section 1: Marie Curie’s Impact on Science and Society, Section 2: Women Chemists in the Past Two Centuries, and Section 3: Policy Implications. The authors invited to contribute to this book were asked to orient their chapter around a particular aspect of Marie Curie’s life such as the ethical aspects of her research, women’s role in research or her influence on the image of chemists. Our hope is that this book will positively influence young women’s minds and decisions they make in learning of chemistry/science like Marie Curie’s biography. But we do hope this book opens an avenue for young women to explore the possibility of being a scientist, or at least to appreciate chemistry as a human enterprise that has its merit in contributing to sustainability in our world. Also we hope that both men and women will realize that women are fully competent and capable of conducting creative and fascinating scientific research.

Principles of Protein X ray Crystallography

Principles of Protein X ray Crystallography Author Jan Drenth
ISBN-10 0387985875
Release 2002-02-15
Pages 341
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New textbooks at all levels of chemistry appear with great regularity. Some fields such as basic biochemistry, organic reaction mechanisms, and chemical thermodynamics are well represented by many excellent texts, and new or revised editions are published sufficiently often to keep up with progress in research. However, some areas of chemistry, especially many of those taught at the graduate level, suffer from a real lack of up to-date textbooks. The most serious needs occur in fields that are rapidly changing. Textbooks in these subjects usually have to be written by scientists actually involved in the research that is advancing the field. It is not often easy to persuade such individuals to set time aside to help spread the knowledge they have accumulated. Our goal, in this series, is to pinpoint areas of chemistry where recent progress has outpaced what is covered in any available textbooks, and then seek out and persuade experts in these fields to produce relatively concise but instructive intro ductions to their fields. These should serve the needs of one-semester or one-quarter graduate courses in chemistry and biochemistry. In some cases, the availability of texts in active research areas should help stimulate the creation of new courses. Charles R. Cantor v Preface to the Second Edition Since the publication of the previous edition in 1994, X-ray crystallography of proteins has advanced by improvements in existing techniques and by addition of new techniques.

Biomolecular Crystallography

Biomolecular Crystallography Author Bernhard Rupp
ISBN-10 9781134064199
Release 2009-10-20
Pages 800
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Synthesizing over thirty years of advances into a comprehensive textbook, Biomolecular Crystallography describes the fundamentals, practices, and applications of protein crystallography._ Deftly illustrated in full-color by the author, the text describes mathematical and physical concepts in accessible and accurate language. It distills key concepts for understanding the practice and analysis of protein crystal structures and contains examples of biologically-relevant molecules, complexes, and drug target structures. Biomolecular Crystallography will be a valuable resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate students and practitioners in structural biology, crystallography, and structural bioinformatics.

Molecular Biology of the Gene

Molecular Biology of the Gene Author James D. Watson
ISBN-10 0321762436
Release 2014
Pages 872
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Now completely up-to-date with the latest research advances, the Seventh Edition retains the distinctive character of earlier editions. Twenty-two concise chapters, co-authored by six highly distinguished biologists, provide current, authoritative coverage of an exciting, fast-changing discipline.

Electron Crystallography

Electron Crystallography Author D. Dorset
ISBN-10 9789401589710
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 440
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The re-emergent field of quantitative electron crystallography is described by some of its most eminent practitioners. They describe the theoretical framework for electron scattering, specimen preparation, experimental techniques for optimum data collection, the methodology of structure analysis and refinement, and a range of applications to inorganic materials (including minerals), linear polymers, small organic molecules (including those used in nonlinear optical devices), incommensurately modulated structures (including superconductors), alloys, and integral membrane proteins. The connection between electron crystallography and X-ray crystallography is clearly defined, especially in the utilisation of the latest methods for direct determination of crystallographic phases, as well as the unique role of image analysis of high-resolution electron micrographs for phase determination. Even the aspect of multiple beam dynamic diffraction (once dreaded because it was thought to preclude ab initio analysis) is considered as a beneficial aid for symmetry determination as well as the elucidation of crystallographic phases, and as a criterion for monitoring the progress of structure refinement. Whereas other texts have hitherto preferentially dealt with the analysis of electron diffraction and image data from thin organic materials, this work discusses - with considerable optimism - the prospects of looking at `harder' materials, composed of heavier atoms. Audience: Could be used with profit as a graduate-level course on electron crystallography. Researchers in the area will find a statement of current progress in the field.

Light is a Messenger

Light is a Messenger Author Graeme K. Hunter
ISBN-10 9780198529217
Release 2004-08-12
Pages 301
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"Light is a Messenger" is the first biography of Sir Lawrence Bragg, the youngest person ever to win a Nobel Prize. Bragg won the Nobel Prize for discovering how to use X-rays to determine the atomic structures of crystals and molecules. He was director of the research unit in which James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the double helix structure of DNA.

Early Days of X ray Crystallography

Early Days of X ray Crystallography Author André Authier
ISBN-10 9780199659845
Release 2013-08-01
Pages 441
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The modern applications of X-ray crystallography range from drug design to characterisation of high technology materials. This book tells the story of its pioneers and relates how the first crystal structures were determined.

The Annotated and Illustrated Double Helix

The Annotated and Illustrated Double Helix Author James D. Watson
ISBN-10 9781476715513
Release 2012-11-06
Pages 368
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Published to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the Nobel Prize for Watson and Crick’s discovery of the structure of DNA, an annotated and illustrated edition of this classic book gives new insights into the personal relationships between James Watson, Frances Crick, Maurice Wilkins, and Rosalind Franklin, and the making of a scientific revolution.

Fifty Years of X Ray Diffraction

Fifty Years of X Ray Diffraction Author P.P. Ewald
ISBN-10 9781461599616
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 733
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Origin, Scope, and Plan of this Book In July 1962 the fiftieth anniversary of Max von Laue's discovery of the Diffraction of X-rays by crystals is going to be celebrated in Munich by a large international group of crystallographers, physi cists, chemists, spectroscopists, biologists, industrialists, and many others who are employing the methods based on Laue's discovery for their own research. The invitation for this celebration will be issued jointly by the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, where the discovery was made, by the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, where it was first made public, and by the International Union of Crystallo graphy, which is the international organization of the National Committees of Crystallography formed in some 30 countries to repre sent and advance the interests of the 3500 research workers in this field. The year 1912 also is the birth year of two branches of the physical sciences which developed promptly from Laue's discovery, namely X-ray Crystal Structure Analysis which is most closely linked to the names ofW. H. (Sir William) Bragg and W. L. (Sir Lawrence) Bragg, and X-ray Spectroscopy which is associated with the names of W. H. Bragg, H. G. J. Moseley, M. de Broglie and Manne Siegbahn. Crystal Structure Analysis began in November 1912 with the first papers ofW. L. Bragg, then still a student in Cambridge, in which, by analysis of the Laue diagrams _of zinc blende, he determined the correct lattice upon which the structure of this crystal is built.

X Rays and Crystal Structure

X Rays and Crystal Structure Author Sir William Henry Bragg
ISBN-10 UOM:39015003633479
Release 1915
Pages 228
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X Rays and Crystal Structure has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from X Rays and Crystal Structure also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full X Rays and Crystal Structure book for free.