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Without Bounds A Scientific Canvas of Nonlinearity and Complex Dynamics

Without Bounds  A Scientific Canvas of Nonlinearity and Complex Dynamics Author Ramon G. Rubio
ISBN-10 9783642340703
Release 2013-05-30
Pages 799
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Bringing together over fifty contributions on all aspects of nonlinear and complex dynamics, this impressive topical collection is both a scientific and personal tribute, on the occasion of his 70th birthday, by many outstanding colleagues in the broad fields of research pursued by Prof. Manuel G Velarde. The topics selected reflect the research areas covered by the famous Instituto Pluridisciplinar at the Universidad Complutense of Madrid, which he co-founded over two decades ago, and include: fluid physics and related nonlinear phenomena at interfaces and in other geometries, wetting and spreading dynamics, geophysical and astrophysical flows, and novel aspects of electronic transport in anharmonic lattices, as well as topics in neurodynamics and robotics.



Nonlinear Optical Cavity Dynamics

Nonlinear Optical Cavity Dynamics Author Philippe Grelu
ISBN-10 9783527685851
Release 2015-12-14
Pages 456
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By recirculating light in a nonlinear propagation medium, the nonlinear optical cavity allows for countless options of light transformation and manipulation. In passive media, optical bistability and frequency conversion are central figures. In active media, laser light can be generated with versatile underlying dynamics. Emphasizing on ultrafast dynamics, the vital arena for the information technology, the soliton is a common conceptual keyword, thriving into its modern developments with the closely related denominations of dissipative solitons and cavity solitons. Recent technological breakthroughs in optical cavities, from micro-resonators to ultra-long fiber cavities, have entitled the exploration of nonlinear optical dynamics over unprecedented spatial and temporal orders of magnitude. By gathering key contributions by renowned experts, this book aims at bridging the gap between recent research topics with a view to foster cross-fertilization between research areas and stimulating creative optical engineering design.



Chaos Information Processing and Paradoxical Games

Chaos  Information Processing and Paradoxical Games Author Gregoire Nicolis
ISBN-10 9789814602143
Release 2014-12-30
Pages 476
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This volume provides a self-contained survey of the mechanisms presiding information processing and communication. The main thesis is that chaos and complexity are the basic ingredients allowing systems composed of interesting subunits to generate and process information and communicate in a meaningful way. Emphasis is placed on communication in the form of games and on the related issue of decision making under conditions of uncertainty. Biological, cognitive, physical, engineering and societal systems are approached from a unifying point of view, both analytically and by numerical simulation, using the methods of nonlinear dynamics and probability theory. Epistemological issues in connection with incompleteness and self-reference are also addressed. Contents:Glimpses at Nonlinear Dynamics & Chaos:Bohmian Trajectories in the Scattering Problem (G Contopoulos, N Delis and C Efthymiopoulos)Scaling Properties of the Lorenz System and Dissipative Nambu Mechanics (Minos Axenides and Emmanuel Floratos)Extreme Events in Nonlinear Lattices (G P Tsironis, N Lazarides, A Maluckov and Lj Hadžievski)Coarse Graining Approach to Chaos (Donal MacKernan)Fractal Parameter Space of Lorenz-like Attractors: A Hierarchical Approach (Tingli Xing, Jeremy Wojcik, Michael A Zaks and Andrey Shilnikov)Chaos and Information:Quantum Theory of Jaynes' Principle, Bayes' Theorem, and Information (Hermann Haken)Information Processing with Page–Wootters States (Stam Nicolis)Stochastic Resonance and Information Processing (C Nicolis)Selforganization of Symbols and Information (Werner Ebeling and Rainer Feistel)Biological Information Processing:Historical Contingency in Controlled Evolution (Peter Schuster)Long-Range Order and Fractality in the Structure and Organization of Eukaryotic Genomes (Dimitris Polychronopoulos, Giannis Tsiagkas, Labrini Athanasopoulou, Diamantis Sellis and Yannis Almirantis)Towards Resolving the Enigma of HOX Gene Collinearity (Spyros Papageorgiou)Complexity, Chaos & Cognition:Thermodynamics of Cerebral Cortex Assayed by Measures of Mass Action (Walter J Freeman)Describing the Neuron Axons Network of the Human Brain by Continuous Flow Models (J Hizanidis, P Katsaloulis, D A Verganelakis and A Provata)Cognition and Language: From Apprehension to Judgment — Quantum Conjectures (F T Arecchi)Dynamical Systems++ for a Theory of Biological System (Kunihiko Kaneko)Logic Dynamics for Deductive Inference — Its Stability and Neural Basis (Ichiro Tsuda)Dynamical Games and Collective Behaviours:Microscopic Approach to Species Coexistence Based on Evolutionary Game Dynamics (Celso Grebogi, Ying-Cheng Lai and Wen-Xu Wang)Phase Transitions in Models of Bird Flocking (H Christodoulidi, K van der Weele, Ch G Antonopoulos and T Bountis)Animal Construction as a Free Boundary Problem: Evidence of Fractal Scaling Laws (S C Nicolis)Extended Self Organised Criticality in Asynchronously Tuned Cellular Automata (Yukio-Pegio Gunji)Epilogue:A Posthumous Dialogue with John Nicolis: IERU (Otto E Rössler)Appendix:Selected References from John Nicolis' Bibliography Readership: Graduate students, researchers, and academics from various fields interested in chaos, information processing and complexity science. Key Features:Highlights the universality, relevance and interdisciplinary dimension of chaos and complexityBrings together topics and issues that have so far been addressed independently of each other and establishes unexpected connectionsProvides complementary coverage of problems of concern as viewed by different well-established expertsKeywords:Nonlinear Dynamics;Chaos;Self-Organization;Emergence;Probability and Information;Predictability;Non-Equilibrium Systems;Irreversibility;Systems Biology



Computational Methods for Complex Liquid Fluid Interfaces

Computational Methods for Complex Liquid Fluid Interfaces Author Mohammad Taeibi Rahni
ISBN-10 9781498722094
Release 2015-11-11
Pages 538
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Computational Methods for Complex Liquid-Fluid Interfaces highlights key computational challenges involved in the two-way coupling of complex liquid-fluid interfaces. The book covers a variety of cutting-edge experimental and computational techniques ranging from macro- to meso- and microscale approaches (including pivotal applications). As examples, the text: defines the most important interfacial quantities and their experimental investigations, providing theoretical background and detailed solutions, describes vital techniques used in interfacial flow problems, such as modern meshless numerical methods and conventional computational fluid dynamics methods, and discusses the technicalities of correctly using the computational methods developed for interfacial flows, as well as the simulation of interesting interfacial flow physics. Edited and authored by leading scientists and researchers, Computational Methods for Complex Liquid-Fluid Interfaces offers an authoritative and state-of-the-art overview of computational methodologies and simulation techniques for the quantification of interfacial quantities.



Principles of Systems Science

Principles of Systems Science Author George E Mobus
ISBN-10 9781493919208
Release 2014-11-10
Pages 755
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This pioneering text provides a comprehensive introduction to systems structure, function, and modeling as applied in all fields of science and engineering. Systems understanding is increasingly recognized as a key to a more holistic education and greater problem solving skills, and is also reflected in the trend toward interdisciplinary approaches to research on complex phenomena. While the concepts and components of systems science will continue to be distributed throughout the various disciplines, undergraduate degree programs in systems science are also being developed, including at the authors’ own institutions. However, the subject is approached, systems science as a basis for understanding the components and drivers of phenomena at all scales should be viewed with the same importance as a traditional liberal arts education. Principles of Systems Science contains many graphs, illustrations, side bars, examples, and problems to enhance understanding. From basic principles of organization, complexity, abstract representations, and behavior (dynamics) to deeper aspects such as the relations between information, knowledge, computation, and system control, to higher order aspects such as auto-organization, emergence and evolution, the book provides an integrated perspective on the comprehensive nature of systems. It ends with practical aspects such as systems analysis, computer modeling, and systems engineering that demonstrate how the knowledge of systems can be used to solve problems in the real world. Each chapter is broken into parts beginning with qualitative descriptions that stand alone for students who have taken intermediate algebra. The second part presents quantitative descriptions that are based on pre-calculus and advanced algebra, providing a more formal treatment for students who have the necessary mathematical background. Numerous examples of systems from every realm of life, including the physical and biological sciences, humanities, social sciences, engineering, pre-med and pre-law, are based on the fundamental systems concepts of boundaries, components as subsystems, processes as flows of materials, energy, and messages, work accomplished, functions performed, hierarchical structures, and more. Understanding these basics enables further understanding both of how systems endure and how they may become increasingly complex and exhibit new properties or characteristics. Serves as a textbook for teaching systems fundamentals in any discipline or for use in an introductory course in systems science degree programs Addresses a wide range of audiences with different levels of mathematical sophistication Includes open-ended questions in special boxes intended to stimulate integrated thinking and class discussion Describes numerous examples of systems in science and society Captures the trend towards interdisciplinary research and problem solving



Falling Liquid Films

Falling Liquid Films Author S. Kalliadasis
ISBN-10 1848823673
Release 2011-09-24
Pages 440
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Falling Liquid Films gives a detailed review of state-of-the-art theoretical, analytical and numerical methodologies, for the analysis of dissipative wave dynamics and pattern formation on the surface of a film falling down a planar inclined substrate. This prototype is an open-flow hydrodynamic instability, that represents an excellent paradigm for the study of complexity in active nonlinear media with energy supply, dissipation and dispersion. It will also be of use for a more general understanding of specific events characterizing the transition to spatio-temporal chaos and weak/dissipative turbulence. Particular emphasis is given to low-dimensional approximations for such flows through a hierarchy of modeling approaches, including equations of the boundary-layer type, averaged formulations based on weighted residuals approaches and long-wave expansions. Whenever possible the link between theory and experiment is illustrated, and, as a further bridge between the two, the development of order-of-magnitude estimates and scaling arguments is used to facilitate the understanding of basic, underlying physics. This monograph will appeal to advanced graduate students in applied mathematics, science or engineering undertaking research on interfacial fluid mechanics or studying fluid mechanics as part of their program. It will also be of use to researchers working on both applied, fundamental theoretical and experimental aspects of thin film flows, as well as engineers and technologists dealing with processes involving isothermal or heated films. This monograph is largely self-contained and no background on interfacial fluid mechanics is assumed.



Predicting the Future

Predicting the Future Author Henry Abarbanel
ISBN-10 9781461472186
Release 2013-06-12
Pages 238
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Through the development of an exact path integral for use in transferring information from observations to a model of the observed system, the author provides a general framework for the discussion of model building and evaluation across disciplines. Through many illustrative examples drawn from models in neuroscience, geosciences, and nonlinear electrical circuits, the concepts are exemplified in detail. Practical numerical methods for approximate evaluations of the path integral are explored, and their use in designing experiments and determining a model’s consistency with observations is explored.



Chaos Theory in Politics

Chaos Theory in Politics Author Santo Banerjee
ISBN-10 9789401786911
Release 2014-05-02
Pages 201
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The present work investigates global politics and political implications of social science and management with the aid of the latest complexity and chaos theories. Until now, deterministic chaos and nonlinear analysis have not been a focal point in this area of research. This book remedies this deficiency by utilizing these methods in the analysis of the subject matter. The authors provide the reader a detailed analysis on politics and its associated applications with the help of chaos theory, in a single edited volume.



Networks of Networks The Last Frontier of Complexity

Networks of Networks  The Last Frontier of Complexity Author Gregorio D'Agostino
ISBN-10 9783319035185
Release 2014-01-10
Pages 340
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The present work is meant as a reference to provide an organic and comprehensive view of the most relevant results in the exciting new field of Networks of Networks (NetoNets). Seminal papers have recently been published posing the basis to study what happens when different networks interact, thus providing evidence for the emergence of new, unexpected behaviors and vulnerabilities. From those seminal works, the awareness on the importance understanding Networks of Networks (NetoNets) has spread to the entire community of Complexity Science. The reader will benefit from the experience of some of the most well-recognized leaders in this field. The contents have been aggregated under four headings; General Theory, Phenomenology, Applications and Risk Assessment. The reader will be impressed by the different applications of the general paradigm that span from physiology, to financial risk, to transports. We are currently making the first steps to reduce the distance between the language and the way of thinking of the two communities of experts in real infrastructures and the complexity scientists. Although this path may prove to be long, it is extremely promising, both in extending our understanding of complex systems and in finding concrete applications that can enhance the life quality of millions of people.



Cyberemotions

Cyberemotions Author Janusz Holyst
ISBN-10 9783319436395
Release 2016-10-25
Pages 318
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This first monograph of its kind introduces the reader to fundamental definitions, key concepts and case studies addressing the following issues of rapidly growing relevance for online communities: What are emotions? How do they emerge, how are they transmitted? How can one measure emotional states? What are cyberemotions? When do emotions and cyberemotions become collective phenomena? How can one model emotions and their changes? What role do emotions play for on-line communities? Edited and authored by leading scientists in this field, this book is a comprehensive reference for anyone working on applications of complex systems methods in the social sciences, as well as for social scientists, psychologists, experts in on-line communities and computer scientists. This book provides an excellent overview of the current state-of-art in research on collective emotional interactions mediated by the Internet. It introduces a reader in social phenomena occurring in cyberspace, algorithms needed for automatic sentiment detection and data driven modeling of emotional patterns observed in on-line groups. Eugene Stanley, Professor, Boston UniversityWith the explosive hyper-exponential growth of the internet suddenly new ways of communication are emerging that give rise to a digital 'Homo empathicus', each of us suddenly being able to share thoughts and feelings with millions if not billions of others. This book is a true treat, a timely milestone that gives us insight in the co-evolution of the way we interact with each other and the communication technology provided through this new seemingly endless flexible digital world. Prof. Holyst did a great job bringing together real experts in the field of cyber emotions. Peter M.A. Sloot, Professor, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Nanyang University, Singapore The book Cyberemotions embraces the topic of emotion studies in cyberspace from a very rich spectrum of points of view and applications. It is particularly interesting reading the theoretical foundations underlying the concepts of cyberemotions and how these concepts can be captured, modeled and implemented in real-time applications. Catherine Pelachaud, Director of Research CNRS at LTCI, TELECOM ParisTechLogical machines give us a chance to analyze our often illogical behaviors, especially in the vast meadows of the cyberspace. In this important book, authors of different backgrounds present a wide and deep image, not only of methods of analyzing our emotional behavior online but also how the computers can help to break communicational walls the same technology had built. Rafal Rzepka, Professor, Hokkaido University



Self Modifying Systems in Biology and Cognitive Science

Self Modifying Systems in Biology and Cognitive Science Author G. Kampis
ISBN-10 9780080912394
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 543
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The theme of this book is the self-generation of information by the self-modification of systems. The author explains why biological and cognitive processes exhibit identity changes in the mathematical and logical sense. This concept is the basis of a new organizational principle which utilizes shifts of the internal semantic relations in systems. There are mathematical discussions of various classes of systems (Turing machines, input-output systems, synergetic systems, non-linear dynamics etc), which are contrasted with the author's new principle. The most important implications of this include a new conception on the nature of information and which also provides a new and coherent conceptual view of a wide class of natural systems. This book merits the attention of all philosophers and scientists concerned with the way we create reality in our mathematical representations of the world and the connection those representations have with the way things really are.



Complex Artificial Environments

Complex Artificial Environments Author Juval Portugali
ISBN-10 3540259171
Release 2006-01-09
Pages 322
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This book explores the possibilities of applying the theories of complexity and self-organization developed to account for various phenomena in the natural science to artifacts traditionally the realm of humanities and social sciences. The emphasis of this volume is on the development of cities and the impact of these methods on urban simulation methods.



Complex Systems Design Management

Complex Systems Design   Management Author Gauthier Fanmuy
ISBN-10 9783319491035
Release 2016-12-08
Pages 256
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This book contains all refereed papers that were accepted to the seventh edition of the international conference « Complex Systems Design & Management Paris» (CSD&M Paris 2016) which took place in Paris (France) on the December 13-14, 2016 These proceedings cover the most recent trends in the emerging field of complex systems sciences & practices from an industrial and academic perspective, including the main industrial domains (aeronautic & aerospace, defense & security, electronics & robotics, energy & environment, healthcare & welfare services, software & e-services, transportation), scientific & technical topics (systems fundamentals, systems architecture & engineering, systems metrics & quality, system is modeling tools) and system types (artificial ecosystems, embedded systems, software & information systems, systems of systems, transportation systems). The CSD&M Paris 2016 conference is organized under the guidance of the CESAMES non-profit organization, address: CESAMES, 8 rue de Hanovre, 75002 Paris, France.



A Practical Guide for Studying Chua s Circuits

A Practical Guide for Studying Chua s Circuits Author Recai Kilic
ISBN-10 9789814291149
Release 2010
Pages 220
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Autonomous and nonautonomous Chua''s circuits are of special significance in the study of chaotic system modeling, chaos-based science and engineering applications. Since hardware and software-based design and implementation approaches can be applied to Chua''s circuits, these circuits are also excellent educative models for studying and experimenting nonlinear dynamics and chaos. This book not only presents a collection of the author''s published papers on design, simulation and implementation of Chua''s circuits, it also provides a systematic approach to practising chaotic dynamics.



Environmental Modelling

Environmental Modelling Author John Wainwright
ISBN-10 9781118351482
Release 2013-01-22
Pages 496
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Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.



Complexity

Complexity Author Mitchell M. Waldrop
ISBN-10 9780671872342
Release 1993-09-01
Pages 380
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A look at the rebellious thinkers who are challenging old ideas with their insights into the ways countless elements of complex systems interact to produce spontaneous order out of confusion



Dynamics Of Complex Systems

Dynamics Of Complex Systems Author Yaneer Bar-yam
ISBN-10 0813341213
Release 2003-08-01
Pages 864
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The study of complex systems in a unified framework has become recognized in recent years as a new scientific discipline, the ultimate in the interdisciplinary fields. Breaking down the barriers between physics, chemistry, and biology and the so-called soft sciences of psychology, sociology, economics and anthropology, this text explores the universal physical and mathematical principles that govern the emergence of complex systems from simple components. Dynamics of Complex Systems is the first text describing the modern unified study of complex systems. It is designed for upper-undergraduate/beginning graduate level students, and covers a broad range of applications in a broad array of disciplines. A central goal of this text is to develop models and modeling techniques that are useful when applied to all complex systems. This is done by adopting both analytic tools, including statistical mechanics and stochastic dynamics, and computer simulation techniques, such as cellular automata and Monte Carlo. In four sets of paired, self-contained chapters, Yaneer Bar-Yam discusses complex systems in the context of neural networks, protein folding, living organisms, and finally, human civilization itself. He explores fundamental questions about the structure, dynamics, evolution, development and quantitative complexity that apply to all complex systems. In the first chapter, mathematical foundations such as iterative maps and chaos, probability theory and random walks, thermodynamics, information and computation theory, fractals and scaling, are reviewed to enable the text to be read by students and researchers with a variety of backgrounds.