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Wittgenstein s Lectures on the Foundations of Mathematics Cambridge 1939

Wittgenstein s Lectures on the Foundations of Mathematics  Cambridge  1939 Author Ludwig Wittgenstein
ISBN-10 9780226308609
Release 2015-05-14
Pages 300
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For several terms at Cambridge in 1939, Ludwig Wittgenstein lectured on the philosophical foundations of mathematics. A lecture class taught by Wittgenstein, however, hardly resembled a lecture. He sat on a chair in the middle of the room, with some of the class sitting in chairs, some on the floor. He never used notes. He paused frequently, sometimes for several minutes, while he puzzled out a problem. He often asked his listeners questions and reacted to their replies. Many meetings were largely conversation. These lectures were attended by, among others, D. A. T. Gasking, J. N. Findlay, Stephen Toulmin, Alan Turing, G. H. von Wright, R. G. Bosanquet, Norman Malcolm, Rush Rhees, and Yorick Smythies. Notes taken by these last four are the basis for the thirty-one lectures in this book. The lectures covered such topics as the nature of mathematics, the distinctions between mathematical and everyday languages, the truth of mathematical propositions, consistency and contradiction in formal systems, the logicism of Frege and Russell, Platonism, identity, negation, and necessary truth. The mathematical examples used are nearly always elementary.



Wittgenstein s Lectures on the Foundations of Mathematics Cambridge 1939

Wittgenstein s Lectures on the Foundations of Mathematics  Cambridge  1939 Author Ludwig Wittgenstein
ISBN-10 0226904261
Release 1989-10-15
Pages 300
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For several terms at Cambridge in 1939, Ludwig Wittgenstein lectured on the philosophical foundations of mathematics. A lecture class taught by Wittgenstein, however, hardly resembled a lecture. He sat on a chair in the middle of the room, with some of the class sitting in chairs, some on the floor. He never used notes. He paused frequently, sometimes for several minutes, while he puzzled out a problem. He often asked his listeners questions and reacted to their replies. Many meetings were largely conversation. These lectures were attended by, among others, D. A. T. Gasking, J. N. Findlay, Stephen Toulmin, Alan Turing, G. H. von Wright, R. G. Bosanquet, Norman Malcolm, Rush Rhees, and Yorick Smythies. Notes taken by these last four are the basis for the thirty-one lectures in this book. The lectures covered such topics as the nature of mathematics, the distinctions between mathematical and everyday languages, the truth of mathematical propositions, consistency and contradiction in formal systems, the logicism of Frege and Russell, Platonism, identity, negation, and necessary truth. The mathematical examples used are nearly always elementary.



Wittgenstein Finitism and the Foundations of Mathematics

Wittgenstein  Finitism  and the Foundations of Mathematics Author Mathieu Marion
ISBN-10 019823516X
Release 1998
Pages 260
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Mathieu Marion offers a careful, historically informed study of Wittgenstein's philosophy of mathematics. This area of his work has frequently been undervalued by Wittgenstein specialists and philosophers of mathematics alike; but the surprising fact that he wrote more on this subject than any other indicates its centrality in his thought. Marion traces the development of Wittgenstein's thinking from the 1920s through to the 1950s, in the context of themathematical and philosophical work of the times, to make coherent sense of ideas that have too often been misunderstood because they have been presented in a disjointed and incomplete way. He shows that study of Wittgenstein's writings on mathematics is essential to a proper understanding of his philosophy,and also that it can do much to illuminate current debates about the foundations of mathematics.



Wittgenstein s Lectures

Wittgenstein s Lectures Author Ludwig Wittgenstein
ISBN-10 OCLC:891921634
Release 1976
Pages
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Wittgenstein s Lectures has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Wittgenstein s Lectures also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Wittgenstein s Lectures book for free.



Wittgenstein Lectures Cambridge 1930 1933

Wittgenstein  Lectures  Cambridge 1930   1933 Author David G. Stern
ISBN-10 9781316432136
Release 2016-11-07
Pages
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This edition of G. E. Moore's notes taken at Wittgenstein's seminal Cambridge lectures in the early 1930s provides, for the first time, an almost verbatim record of those classes. The presentation of the notes is both accessible and faithful to their original manuscripts, and a comprehensive introduction and synoptic table of contents provide the reader with essential contextual information and summaries of the topics in each lecture. The lectures form an excellent introduction to Wittgenstein's middle-period thought, covering a broad range of philosophical topics, ranging from core questions in the philosophy of language, mind, logic, and mathematics, to illuminating discussions of subjects on which Wittgenstein says very little elsewhere, including ethics, religion, aesthetics, psychoanalysis, and anthropology. The volume also includes a 1932 essay by Moore critiquing Wittgenstein's conception of grammar, together with Wittgenstein's response. A companion website offers access to images of the entire set of source manuscripts.



Lecture on Ethics

Lecture on Ethics Author Ludwig Wittgenstein
ISBN-10 9781118887134
Release 2014-06-11
Pages 152
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The most complete edition yet published of Wittgenstein’s 1929 lecture includes a never-before published first draft and makes fresh claims for its significance in Wittgenstein’s oeuvre. The first available print publication of all known drafts of Wittgenstein’s Lecture on Ethics Includes a previously unrecognized first draft of the lecture and new transcriptions of all drafts Transcriptions preserve the philosopher’s emendations thus showing the development of the ideas in the lecture Proposes a different draft as the version read by Wittgenstein in his 1929 lecture Includes introductory essays on the origins of the material and on its meaning, content, and importance



Principia Mathematica

Principia Mathematica Author Alfred North Whitehead
ISBN-10 UOM:39015002922899
Release 1912
Pages
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Principia Mathematica has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Principia Mathematica also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Principia Mathematica book for free.



Ludwig Wittgenstein

Ludwig Wittgenstein Author Ray Monk
ISBN-10 9781448112678
Release 2012-03-31
Pages 704
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'Monk's energetic enterprise is remarkable for the interweaving of the philosophical and the emotional aspects of Wittgenstein's life' Sunday Times 'Ray Monk's reconnection of Wittgenstein's philosophy with his life triumphantly carries out the Wittgensteinian task of "changing the aspect" of Wittgenstein's work, getting us to see it in a new way' Sunday Telegraph 'This biography transforms Wittgenstein into a human being' Independent on Sunday 'It is much to be recommended' Observer 'Monk's biography is deeply intelligent, generous to the ordinary reader... It is a beautiful portrait of a beautiful life' Guardian



Culture and Value

Culture and Value Author Ludwig Wittgenstein
ISBN-10 0226904350
Release 1984-05-15
Pages 181
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Selections from the notebooks of the distinguished philosopher discuss subjects such as music, religion, thinking, science, architecture, and civilization



Big Typescript

Big Typescript Author Ludwig Wittgenstein
ISBN-10 9781118394250
Release 2012-10-01
Pages 1056
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Long awaited by the scholarly community, Wittgenstein's so-called Big Typescript (von Wright Catalog # TS 213) is presented here in an en face English–German scholar’s edition. Presents scholar’s edition of important material from 1933, Wittgenstein’s first efforts to set out his new thoughts after the publication of the Tractatus Logico Philosophicus Includes indications to help the reader identify Wittgenstein’s numerous corrections, additions, deletions, alternative words and phrasings, suggestions for moves within the text, and marginal comments



Notebooks 1914 1916

Notebooks  1914 1916 Author Ludwig Wittgenstein
ISBN-10 0226904474
Release 1984-01-15
Pages 234
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The Austrian philosopher works out his theories of mathematical logic, the meaning of life, happiness, and death



Wittgenstein s Tractatus

Wittgenstein s Tractatus Author Alfred Nordmann
ISBN-10 052185086X
Release 2005-08-25
Pages 234
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This introduction, first published in 2005, considers the philosophical and literary aspects of Wittgenstein's 'Tractatus' and shows how they are related.



Bemerkungen ber die Philosophie der Psychologie

Bemerkungen   ber die Philosophie der Psychologie Author Ludwig Wittgenstein
ISBN-10 0226904369
Release 1988-10-15
Pages 424
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Wittgenstein finished part 1 of the Philosophical Investigations in the spring of 1945. From 1946 to 1949 he worked on the philosophy of psychology almost without interruption. The present two-volume work comprises many of his writings over this period. Some of the remarks contained here were culled for part 2 of the Investigations; others were set aside and appear in the collection known as Zettel. The great majority, however, although of excellent quality, have hitherto remained unpublished. This bilingual edition of the Remarks on the Philosophy of Psychology presents the first English translation of an essential body of Wittegenstein's work. It elaborates Wittgenstein's views on psychological concepts such as expectation, sensation, knowing how to follow a rule, and knowledge of the sensations of other persons. It also shows strong emphasis on the "anthropological" aspect of Wittgenstein's thought. Philosophers, as well as anthropologists, psychologists, and sociologists will welcome this important publication.



Wittgenstein in Cambridge

Wittgenstein in Cambridge Author Ludwig Wittgenstein
ISBN-10 9781444350890
Release 2012-04-30
Pages 498
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Some material used in this book appeared previously in Letters to Russell, Keynes and Moore (Blackwill Publishers, 1974) and Cambridge letters (Blackwell Publishers, 1995).



The Voices of Wittgenstein

The Voices of Wittgenstein Author Ludwig Wittgenstein
ISBN-10 9780415056441
Release 2003
Pages 558
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This work brings in both the original German and English translation of over one hundred short essays in philosophical logic and the philosophy of mind of historical importance to understanding Wittgenstein's philosophical thought and development in the 1930's. Transcribed from the papers of Friedrich Waismann and dating from 1932-35, the majority are highly important dictations by Wittgenstein to Waismann, but also includes texts of redrafted material by Waismann closely based on the dictations. Many of these texts become the ultimate sources of material on philosophy of language that constitutes the bulk of Waismann's book Logic, Sprache, Philosophy (The Principles of Linguistic Philosophy). The transcriptions throw light on the development of Wittgenstein's thought in this period and some of the topics are not covered in any of the existing publications of his writings, in particular his detailed attention to causal theories of meaning. They also contain texts covering psychological concepts such as expecting, intending and experience; these have no counterparts in Waismann's publications.



Ludwig Wittgenstein

Ludwig Wittgenstein Author Norman Malcolm
ISBN-10 0199247595
Release 2001
Pages 136
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Wittgenstein was one of the most powerful influences on contemporary philosophy, yet he shunned publicity and was essentially a private man. This remarkable, vivid, personal memoir is written by one of his friends, the eminent philosopher Norman Malcolm. Reissued in paperback, this edition includes the complete text of fifty-seven letters which Wittgenstein wrote to Malcolm over a period of eleven years. Also included is a concise biographical sketch by another of Wittgenstein's philosopher friends, Georg Henrik von Wright.'A reader does not need to care about philosophy to be excited by Mr Malcolm's book; it is about Wittgenstein as a man, and its interest is human interest'. (From a review of the first edition in the Manchester Guardian)



Why Is There Philosophy of Mathematics At All

Why Is There Philosophy of Mathematics At All Author Ian Hacking
ISBN-10 9781107729827
Release 2014-01-30
Pages 212
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This truly philosophical book takes us back to fundamentals - the sheer experience of proof, and the enigmatic relation of mathematics to nature. It asks unexpected questions, such as 'what makes mathematics mathematics?', 'where did proof come from and how did it evolve?', and 'how did the distinction between pure and applied mathematics come into being?' In a wide-ranging discussion that is both immersed in the past and unusually attuned to the competing philosophical ideas of contemporary mathematicians, it shows that proof and other forms of mathematical exploration continue to be living, evolving practices - responsive to new technologies, yet embedded in permanent (and astonishing) facts about human beings. It distinguishes several distinct types of application of mathematics, and shows how each leads to a different philosophical conundrum. Here is a remarkable body of new philosophical thinking about proofs, applications, and other mathematical activities.