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Women Infanticide and the Press 1822 1922

Women  Infanticide and the Press  1822   1922 Author Nicola Goc
ISBN-10 9781134778706
Release 2016-02-17
Pages 216
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In her study of anonymous infanticide news stories that appeared from 1822 to 1922 in the heart of the British Empire, in regional Leicester, and in the penal colony of Australia, Nicola Goc uses Critical Discourse Analysis to reveal both the broader patterns and the particular rhetorical strategies journalists used to report on young women who killed their babies. Her study takes Foucault’s perspective that the production of knowledge, of 'facts' and truth claims, and the exercise of power, are inextricably connected to discourse. Newspaper discourses provide a way to investigate the discursive practices that brought the nineteenth-century infanticidal woman - known as ’the Infanticide’ - into being. The actions of the infanticidal mother were understood as a fundamental threat to society, not only because they subverted the ideal of Victorian womanhood but also because a woman’s actions destroyed a man’s lineage. For these reasons, Goc demonstrates, infanticide narratives were politicised in the press and woven into interconnected narratives about the regulation of women, women's rights, the family, the law, welfare, and medicine that dominated nineteenth-century discourse. For example, the Times used individual stories of infanticide to argue against the Bastardy Clause in the Poor Law that denied unmarried women and their children relief. Infanticide narratives often adopted the conventions of the courtroom drama, with the young transgressive female positioned against a body of male authoritarian figures, a juxtaposition that reinforced male authority over women. Alive to the marked differences between various types of newspapers, Goc's study offers a rich and nuanced discussion of the Victorian press's fascination with infanticide. At the same time, infanticide news stories shaped how women who killed their babies were known and understood in ways that pathologised their actions. This, in turn, influenced medical, judicial, and welfare policies regar



Violence and Punishment

Violence and Punishment Author Pieter Spierenburg
ISBN-10 9780745663982
Release 2013-08-22
Pages 248
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This innovative book tells the fascinating tale of the long histories of violence, punishment, and the human body, and how they are all connected. Taking the decline of violence and the transformation of punishment as its guiding themes, the book highlights key dynamics of historical and social change, and charts how a refinement and civilizing of manners, and new forms of celebration and festival, accompanied the decline of violence. Pieter Spierenburg, a leading figure in historical criminology, skillfully extends his view over three continents, back to the middle ages and even beyond to the Stone Age. Ranging along the way from murder to etiquette, from social control to popular culture, from religion to death, and from honor to prisons, every chapter creatively uses the theories of Norbert Elias, while also engaging with the work of Foucault and Durkheim. The scope and rigor of the analysis will strongly interest scholars of criminology, history, and sociology, while the accessible style and the intriguing stories on which the book builds will appeal to anyone interested in the history of violence and punishment in civilization.



Media and Journalism Media and Journalism

Media and Journalism  Media and Journalism Author Jason Bainbridge
ISBN-10 0195574109
Release 2011-10-27
Pages 528
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This book integrates media theory with journalistic practice by drawing on current theories of the media as well as providing practical instruction on how to write journalistic pieces that put these theories into practice.



Transcending Borders

Transcending Borders Author Shannon Stettner
ISBN-10 9783319483993
Release 2017-04-02
Pages 346
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This multidisciplinary volume investigates different abortion and reproductive practices across time, space, geography, national boundaries, and cultures. The authors specialize in the reproductive politics of Australia, Bolivia, Cameroon, France, ‘German East Africa,’ Ireland, Japan, Sweden, South Africa, the United States, and Zanzibar, with historical focuses on the pre-modern era, nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as well as the present day. This timely work complicates the many histories and ongoing politics of abortion by exploring the conditions in which women have been forced to make these life-altering decisions.



Sovereign Feminine

Sovereign Feminine Author Matthew William Head
ISBN-10 9780520273849
Release 2013
Pages 326
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In the German states in the late eighteenth century, women flourished as musical performers and composers, their achievements celebrated as measuring the progress of culture and society from barbarism to civilisation. In this book, Mathew Head restores his earlier musical history and explores the role that women played in the development of classical music.



The Taming of Chance

The Taming of Chance Author Ian Hacking
ISBN-10 0521388848
Release 1990-08-31
Pages 264
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This book combines detailed scientific historical research with characteristic philosophic breadth and verve.



Victorians Against the Gallows

Victorians Against the Gallows Author James Gregory
ISBN-10 9780857730886
Release 2011-11-30
Pages 384
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By the time that Queen Victoria ascended the throne in 1837, the list of crimes liable to attract the death penalty had effectively been reduced to murder. Yet, despite this, the gallows remained a source of controversy in Victorian Britain and there was a growing unease in liberal quarters surrounding the question of capital punishment. In this book, James Gregory examines organised efforts to abolish capital punishment in Britain and the Empire in the Victorian era, focusing particularly on the activities of the Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishment. The amelioration of the notoriously ‘Bloody Code’ of the British state may have limited capital punishment effectively to a small number of murderers after 1840 but, despite this, capital punishment was a matter of perennial debate, from the local arena of school debating societies to the ‘imperial Parliament’, and a topic to trouble the minds of thoughtful Victorians across the British world. Drawing on a wide range of sources, from pamphlets by abolitionists or their opponents to gallows broadsides, official inquiries, provincial newspapers, novels and short stories, Gregory studies a movement acknowledged by contemporaries to be agitating one of the ‘questions of the day’ - challenging as it did contemporary theology, state infliction of violence, and prevalent ideas about punishment. He explores important aspects such as: capital punishment debates in the ‘Lex Britannica’ of British colonies and dominions, the role of women abolitionists and the class and gendered inflexions to the ‘gallows question’, the representation of the problem of capital punishment in Victorian fiction, and the relationship between abolitionists and the Home Office which exercised the royal prerogative of mercy. While the abolitionism of Nonconformist reformers such as the Quakers and Unitarians is familiar, Gregory introduces the reader to the abolitionist debates in Jewish, secularist and spiritualist circles, and explores themes such as the imagined role of the Queen as ‘fount of mercy’ and the disturbing figure of the hangman. Studying the provincial, national and international aspects to the movement, Victorians Against the Gallows offers an important contribution to our understanding of Victorian reform activities, and Victorian culture.



Illegitimacy in English law and society 1860 1930

Illegitimacy in English law and society  1860 1930 Author Ginger S. Frost
ISBN-10 9781784997441
Release 2016-07-01
Pages 304
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This book explores the legal and social consequences of growing up illegitimate in England and Wales. Unlike most other studies of illegitimacy, Frost's book concentrates on the late-Victorian period and the early twentieth century, and takes the child's point of view rather than that of the mother or of 'child-saving' groups. Doing so allows for an extended analysis of criminal and civil cases involving illegitimacy, including less-studied aspects such as affiliation suits, the poor law and war pensions. In addition, the book explores the role of blended, extended and adoptive families, the circulation of children through different homes and institutions, and the prejudices children endured in school, work and home. While showing how the effects of illegitimacy varied both by class and gender, the book highlights the ways in which children showed resilience in surviving the various types of discrimination common in this period. It will appeal to anyone interested in British social history, childhood studies, or legal history.



Word of Mouth

Word of Mouth Author Geoffrey Finch
ISBN-10 9781137328915
Release 2013-05-31
Pages 256
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The study of language has evolved dramatically over the last thirty years. We know more about language use and development than ever before. But many of these new ideas can challenge our notions of identity and our sense of uniqueness. Word of Mouth introduces these ideas and explores the power of words to shape and influence our lives. The book starts with a discussion of the evolution of language and then goes on to examine major areas in the field of language study: communication, media, social function, grammatical structure and psychology. Each chapter begins by considering our everyday encounter with language and then develops a view of the subject which fits with our experience as inhabitants of the 21st century. This fully revised and updated edition contains new material throughout, including more discussion of the possible origins of language, the impact of digital media and the study of politeness. With a fresh, engaging and jargon-free approach to the subject, the book is an enjoyable and intellectually exciting exploration of language. This new edition of Word of Mouth is the ideal introductory guide to language for both general readers and students.



The Long Sexual Revolution

The Long Sexual Revolution Author Hera Cook
ISBN-10 9780199252398
Release 2004-02-05
Pages 412
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In this book Hera Cook traces the path of sexuality in England, and shows how its route was determined by the gradual exertion of control over fertility. Most sexual activity had major economic and social costs, the most fundamental of which was the physical cost of children upon women's bodies. Around 1800 birth rates reached historical heights. Using a combination of demographic and qualitative sources, Dr Cook examines the connection between the struggle to lower fertility andthe increasing repression of sexuality throughout the nineteenth century. Contraception became a viable option in the early twentieth century. The book charts the resulting slow relaxation of attitudes to sexuality and the remaking of heterosexual physical behaviour, culminating in the sexualrevolution of the 1960s.



New born Child Murder

New born Child Murder Author Mark Jackson
ISBN-10 0719046076
Release 1996-01
Pages 206
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This text concerns women who were accused of murdering their new-born children in the 18th century. It explores why certain women were suspected of murdering their children at birth and how they were subsequently treated by their neighbours, families, friends and the courts. The book draws heavily on a variety of archival material from the Northern Circuit courts and on a wide range of contemporary printed sources. Individual chapters focus on the key issues: the medical testimony in local investigations and in court; conflicting public representations of suspects; decision-making in the courts; debates about capital punishment and the administration of justice; and the changes in the law at the turn of the 19th century.



An Introduction to Africana Philosophy

An Introduction to Africana Philosophy Author Lewis R. Gordon
ISBN-10 9781139471961
Release 2008-05-01
Pages
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In this undergraduate textbook Lewis R. Gordon offers the first comprehensive treatment of Africana philosophy, beginning with the emergence of an Africana (i.e. African diasporic) consciousness in the Afro-Arabic world of the Middle Ages. He argues that much of modern thought emerged out of early conflicts between Islam and Christianity that culminated in the expulsion of the Moors from the Iberian Peninsula, and from the subsequent expansion of racism, enslavement, and colonialism which in their turn stimulated reflections on reason, liberation, and the meaning of being human. His book takes the student reader on a journey from Africa through Europe, North and South America, the Caribbean, and back to Africa, as he explores the challenges posed to our understanding of knowledge and freedom today, and the response to them which can be found within Africana philosophy.



Media and Journalism

Media and Journalism Author Jason Bainbridge
ISBN-10 0195588010
Release 2015-10-15
Pages 504
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Media and Journalism: New Approaches to Theory and Practice is a complete introduction to media and journalism, exploring the changing relationship between these areas. It introduces key concepts and theoretical approaches in media studies, as well as provides practical training to develop key journalism skills. This approach ensures that students develop both the broad knowledge base and professional skills required for future careers in journalism, public relations and communications. The 3rd edition is divided into five parts, with the focus becoming progressively broader â_" from journalism and news writing, to the larger mediasphere, to the media industries themselves, to the social, cultural and technological contexts in which these industries function. This encourages students to follow the flow of information and ideas from news production through to dissemination and negotiation, revealing how important journalism and media studies are to each other.New to this editionIntroducing Media 3.0: this edition canvasses the rise and increasing dominance of new forms of communication that will place media users of all kinds at the centre of their own mediaspheresNew and updated case studies and examples throughout to reflect the current media environment. Significant updates to chapter 17: Ethics and Communication with new content on media ownership, ethics and the digital journalist, the MEAA/AJA Code of Ethics, the Australian Press Council and the Finkelstein Inquiry.Updated with additional content on social media, apps and locative media, the News of the World scandal, the current state of digital radio and recent trends in PR including brand journalismSummary of key points, and revision and reflection questions are now included at the end of each chapter



Womens Poetry of Late Imperial China

Womens Poetry of Late Imperial China Author Xiaorong Li
ISBN-10 9780295804439
Release 2013-05-03
Pages 264
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This study of poetry by women in late imperial China examines the metamorphosis of the trope of the "inner chambers" (gui), to which women were confined in traditional Chinese households, and which in literature were both a real and an imaginary place. Originally popularized in sixth-century "palace style" poetry, the inner chambers were used by male writers as a setting in which to celebrate female beauty, to lament the loneliness of abandoned women, and by extension, to serve as a political allegory for the exile of loyal and upright male ministers spurned by the imperial court. Female writers of lyric poetry (ci) soon adopted the theme, beginning its transition from male fantasy to multidimensional representation of women and their place in society, and eventually its manifestation in other poetic genres as well. Emerging from the role of sexual objects within poetry, late imperial women were agents of literary change in their expansion and complication of the boudoir theme. While some take ownership and de-eroticizing its imagery for their own purposes, adding voices of children and older women, and filling the inner chambers with purposeful activity such as conversation, teaching, religious ritual, music, sewing, childcare, and chess-playing, some simply want to escape from their confinement and protest gender restrictions imposed on women. Women's Poetry of Late Imperial China traces this evolution across centuries, providing and analyzing examples of poetic themes, motifs, and imagery associated with the inner chambers, and demonstrating the complication and nuancing of the gui theme by increasingly aware and sophisticated women writers.



The Cult of the Market

The Cult of the Market Author Lee Boldeman
ISBN-10 9781921313547
Release 2007-10-01
Pages 316
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"'The Cult of the Market: Economic Fundamentalism and its Discontents' disputes the practical value of the shallow, all-encompassing, dogmatic, economic fundamentalism espoused by policy elites in recent public policy debates, along with their gross simplifications and sacred rules. Economics cannot provide a convincing overarching theory of government action or of social action more generally. Furthermore, mainstream economics fails to get to grips with the economic system as it actually operates. It advocates a more overtly experimental, eclectic and pragmatic approach to policy development which takes more seriously the complex, interdependent, evolving nature of society and the economy. Importantly, it is an outlook that recognises the pervasive influence of asymmetries of wealth, power and information on bargaining power and prospects throughout society. The book advocates a major reform of the teaching of economics"--Provided by publisher.



Lectures on the Relation Between Law and Public Opinion in England During the Nineteenth Century

Lectures on the Relation Between Law and Public Opinion in England During the Nineteenth Century Author Albert Venn Dicey
ISBN-10 9781351509190
Release 2017-07-12
Pages
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The famed 1914 edition of this classic is one of the small handful of works that deserve to be read by Americans to understand the 1980s. Indeed, the final three chapters, describing the decline of will and consensus in late Victorian England, stand as a stark, unmistakable reminder that such national decline can happen again. Dicey was the most influential constitutional authority in late Victorian and Edwardian Britain. Modern politicians have often invoked the phrase "rule of law." So commonplace has it become that few recognize its source in the work of Dicey. Law and Public Opinion in England is written with simplicity, wit and a sense of purpose that marks it as a book apart. It did much more than fortell the decline of empire, it developed the forms in which such decline comes about. In many ways this book represents a pioneering statement on the libertarian tradition as a consequence of rather than rebellion against the legal norms of an advanced civilization. This is a central book for students of society and politics alike.



The Pathological Family

The Pathological Family Author Deborah Weinstein
ISBN-10 9780801468148
Release 2013-02-19
Pages 280
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While iconic popular images celebrated family life during the 1950s and 1960s, American families were simultaneously regarded as potentially menacing sources of social disruption. The history of family therapy makes the complicated power of the family at midcentury vividly apparent. Clinicians developed a new approach to psychotherapy that claimed to locate the cause and treatment of mental illness in observable patterns of family interaction and communication rather than in individual psyches. Drawing on cybernetics, systems theory, and the social and behavioral sciences, they ambitiously aimed to cure schizophrenia and stop juvenile delinquency. With particular sensitivity to the importance of scientific observation and visual technologies such as one-way mirrors and training films in shaping the young field, The Pathological Family examines how family therapy developed against the intellectual and cultural landscape of postwar America. As Deborah Weinstein shows, the midcentury expansion of America's therapeutic culture and the postwar fixation on family life profoundly affected one another. Family therapists and other postwar commentators alike framed the promotion of democracy in the language of personality formation and psychological health forged in the crucible of the family. As therapists in this era shifted their clinical gaze to whole families, they nevertheless grappled in particular with the role played by mothers in the onset of their children's aberrant behavior. Although attitudes toward family therapy have shifted during intervening generations, the relations between family and therapeutic culture remain salient today.