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Wrestling with Democracy

Wrestling with Democracy Author Dennis Pilon
ISBN-10 9781442613508
Release 2013-01-01
Pages 392
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Though sharing broadly similar processes of economic and political development from the mid-to-late nineteenth century onward, western countries have diverged greatly in their choice of voting systems: most of Europe shifted to proportional voting around the First World War, while Anglo-American countries have stuck with relative majority or majority voting rules. Using a comparative historical approach, Wrestling with Democracy examines why voting systems have (or have not) changed in western industrialized countries over the past century. In this first single-volume study of voting system reform covering all western industrialized countries, Dennis Pilon reviews national efforts in this area over four timespans: the nineteenth century, the period around the First World War, the Cold War, and the 1990s. Pilon provocatively argues that voting system reform has been a part of larger struggles over defining democracy itself, highlighting previously overlooked episodes of reform and challenging widely held assumptions about institutional change.



The Campbell Revolution

The Campbell Revolution Author J. R. Lacharite
ISBN-10 9780773552340
Release 2017-11-07
Pages
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How are we to assess Gordon Campbell’s decade-long premiership of British Columbia? While to many he was an ideologue set on revolutionizing provincial politics, he was a far more complex figure – polarizing and unpopular, but also a shrewd party manager and successful political operator. Beginning with a detailed account of Gordon Campbell’s pre–Liberal Party political activities, The Campbell Revolution? then takes a broad look at the policy options open to him in the context of the neoliberal revolution that swept across Canada and elsewhere in the 1980s and 1990s. Contributors discuss the Campbell administration's reforms in social, environmental, and economic policies, focusing on tax system reform, the arts and culture sector, healthcare, and urban development in the context of the 2010 Winter Olympics. More than just a narrative of the career of an enigmatic public official, this book looks at specific public policy examples and asks whether Campbell led a revolution or simply rode a wave of change that had begun years before he came to power. A comprehensive examination of Gordon Campbell’s leadership and governance style and the ideological underpinnings of BC’s Liberal Party, The Campbell Revolution? examines how the Campbell administration attempted to transform politics in British Columbia in the twenty-first century.



The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems

The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems Author Erik S. Herron
ISBN-10 9780190258658
Release 2018
Pages 1016
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No subject is more central to the study of politics than elections. All across the globe, elections are a focal point for citizens, the media, and politicians long before--and sometimes long after--they occur. Electoral systems, the rules about how voters' preferences are translated into election results, profoundly shape the results not only of individual elections but also of many other important political outcomes, including party systems, candidate selection, and policy choices. Electoral systems have been a hot topic in established democracies from the UK and Italy to New Zealand and Japan. Even in the United States, events like the 2016 presidential election and court decisions such as Citizens United have sparked advocates to promote change in the Electoral College, redistricting, and campaign-finance rules. Elections and electoral systems have also intensified as a field of academic study, with groundbreaking work over the past decade sharpening our understanding of how electoral systems fundamentally shape the connections among citizens, government, and policy. This volume provides an in-depth exploration of the origins and effects of electoral systems.



Elections as Instruments of Democracy

Elections as Instruments of Democracy Author G. Bingham Powell
ISBN-10 0300080166
Release 2000
Pages 298
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This text explores elections as instruments of democracy. Focusing on elections in 20 democracies over the last 25 years, it examines the differences between two visions of democracy - the majoritarian vision and the proportional influence vision.



The Politics of Electoral Reform

The Politics of Electoral Reform Author Alan Renwick
ISBN-10 9781139486774
Release 2010-02-04
Pages
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Elections lie at the heart of democracy, and this book seeks to understand how the rules governing those elections are chosen. Drawing on both broad comparisons and detailed case studies, it focuses upon the electoral rules that govern what sorts of preferences voters can express and how votes translate into seats in a legislature. Through detailed examination of electoral reform politics in four countries (France, Italy, Japan, and New Zealand), Alan Renwick shows how major electoral system changes in established democracies occur through two contrasting types of reform process. Renwick rejects the simple view that electoral systems always straightforwardly reflect the interests of the politicians in power. Politicians' motivations are complex; politicians are sometimes unable to pursue reforms they want; occasionally, they are forced to accept reforms they oppose. The Politics of Electoral Reform shows how voters and reform activists can have real power over electoral reform.



Contesting Democracy

Contesting Democracy Author Jan-Werner Muller
ISBN-10 9780300180909
Release 2011-09-20
Pages 304
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DIVThis book is the first major account of political thought in twentieth-century Europe, both West and East, to appear since the end of the Cold War. Skillfully blending intellectual, political, and cultural history, Jan-Werner Müller elucidates the ideas that shaped the period of ideological extremes before 1945 and the liberalization of West European politics after the Second World War. He also offers vivid portraits of famous as well as unjustly forgotten political thinkers and the movements and institutions they inspired. Müller pays particular attention to ideas advanced to justify fascism and how they relate to the special kind of liberal democracy that was created in postwar Western Europe. He also explains the impact of the 1960s and neoliberalism, ending with a critical assessment of today's self-consciously post-ideological age./div



The American Political Economy

The American Political Economy Author Douglas A. HIBBS
ISBN-10 0674027361
Release 1989-03-01
Pages 404
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The most comprehensive and authoritative work to date on relationships between the economy and politics in the years from Eisenhower through Reagan. Hibbs identifies which groups "win" and "lose" from inflations and recessions and shows how voters' perceptions and reactions to economic events affect the electoral fortunes of political parties and presidents.



Sociological Abstracts

Sociological Abstracts Author
ISBN-10 UVA:X030796989
Release 1990
Pages
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Sociological Abstracts has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Sociological Abstracts also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Sociological Abstracts book for free.



British Columbia Politics and Government

British Columbia Politics and Government Author Michael Howlett
ISBN-10 OCLC:1012149754
Release 2015
Pages
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British Columbia Politics and Government has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from British Columbia Politics and Government also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full British Columbia Politics and Government book for free.



Measuring Democracy

Measuring Democracy Author Gerardo L. Munck
ISBN-10 9780801890932
Release 2009-02-19
Pages 178
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Drawing on years of academic research on democracy and measurement and practical experience evaluating democratic practices for the United Nations and the Organization of American States, the author presents constructive assessment of the methods used to measure democracies that promises to bring order to the debate in academia and in practice. He makes the case for reassessing how democracy is measured and encourages fundamental changes in methodology. He has developed two instruments for quantifying and qualifying democracy: the UN Development Programme's Electoral Democracy Index and a case-by-case election monitoring tool used by the OAS.



The Political Economy of the 2014 2020 Common Agricultural Policy

The Political Economy of the 2014 2020 Common Agricultural Policy Author Johan Swinnen
ISBN-10 1783484845
Release 2015-07-30
Pages 596
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This book is the first to document the reform of the EU's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and to analyse the political and economic factors which determined the outcome of the negotiations. The policy (non-)reform will affect the world's global food security and agricultural commodity markets and will cost the EU 3.5 trillion Euro over the next 7 years. Contributors include top political negotiators and leading EU experts and academic analysts.



The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism

The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism Author Gosta Esping-Andersen
ISBN-10 9780745666754
Release 2013-05-29
Pages 260
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Few discussions in modern social science have occupied as much attention as the changing nature of welfare states in western societies. Gosta Esping-Andersen, one of the most distinguished contributors to current debates on this issue, here provides a new analysis of the character and role of welfare states in the functioning of contemporary advanced western societies. Esping-Andersen distinguishes several major types of welfare state, connecting these with variations in the historical development of different western countries. Current economic processes, the author argues, such as those moving towards a post-industrial order, are not shaped by autonomous market forces but by the nature of states and state differences. Fully informed by comparative materials, this book will have great appeal to everyone working on issues of economic development and post-industrialism. Its audience will include students and academics in sociology, economics and politics.



Exit Voice and Loyalty

Exit  Voice  and Loyalty Author Albert O. Hirschman
ISBN-10 0674276604
Release 1970
Pages 162
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An innovator in contemporary thought on economic and political development looks here at decline rather than growth. Albert O. Hirschman makes a basic distinction between alternative ways of reacting to deterioration in business firms and, in general, to dissatisfaction with organizations: one, “exit,” is for the member to quit the organization or for the customer to switch to the competing product, and the other, “voice,” is for members or customers to agitate and exert influence for change “from within.” The efficiency of the competitive mechanism, with its total reliance on exit, is questioned for certain important situations. As exit often undercuts voice while being unable to counteract decline, loyalty is seen in the function of retarding exit and of permitting voice to play its proper role. The interplay of the three concepts turns out to illuminate a wide range of economic, social, and political phenomena. As the author states in the preface, “having found my own unifying way of looking at issues as diverse as competition and the two-party system, divorce and the American character, black power and the failure of 'unhappy' top officials to resign over Vietnam, I decided to let myself go a little.”



In the Red

In the Red Author Zsófia Barta
ISBN-10 9780472130641
Release 2018-03-06
Pages 224
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Insightful study that identifies the underlying factors contributing to countries continually accumulating immense debt



Establishing the Rules of the Game

Establishing the Rules of the Game Author Louis Massicotte
ISBN-10 0802085644
Release 2004
Pages 191
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There are an astonishing variety of election laws across contemporary democratic societies. In Establishing the Rules of the Game, Louis Massicotte, André Blais, and Antoine Yoshinaka provide the first thorough examination of these laws. The study incorporates original data collected from more than sixty democracies around the world, and touches on oft-ignored, yet extremely important, aspects of election laws. The countries covered by the study include Argentina, Brazil, Canada, France, Japan, the Netherlands, the Philippines, Romania, and the United Kingdom. The authors focus on six dimensions of election laws: the right to vote, the right to be a candidate, the electoral register, the agency in charge of the election, the procedure for casting votes, and the procedure to sort out the winners and losers. Massicotte, Blais, and Yoshinaka uncover underlying patterns, explaining why certain types of country tend to adopt a given sets of rules. In general, former colonies adopt the same laws as their former mother country. There is also a tendency for established democracies to be more inclusive than non-established ones. The authors point out sociological patterns and review normative and practical arguments for and against each set of rules, providing invaluable information for students of elections and democratic theory as well as election practicioners.



Urban Explorations

Urban Explorations Author L. Anders Sandberg
ISBN-10 1926633660
Release 2013-07
Pages 374
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"The publication of Urban Explorations, the first collection to tour the environmental history of Canada's foremost city, is so welcome. Its sixteen chapters trace how the economic and demographic development of the Toronto region has remade the environment, and how that in turn has affected the peoples and societies living here. The book chronicles not just how people and nature related in the past, but also how that has shaped the present, and what that suggests for the future. But more than this, the book's existence signals that Canadian environmental history, often preoccupied by the Canada of the north and the Canada of the wild, is giving increasing consideration to the Canada of cities, the places where the majority of Canadians actually live." - Alan MacEachern Inspired by the field trips organized for the American Society for Environmental History's 2013 conference in Toronto, Urban Explorations invites readers to look for nature in the built environment, and the built environment in the natural world. Maps, images and essays guide readers through sixteen different journeys in the region, from downtown Toronto to the Oak Ridges Moraine, from the Leslie Street Spit to Niagara Falls, from the sacred Indigenous mounds of High Park to the queer groves of David A. Balfour Park, from the engineering achievements of R.C. Harris to the imagined landscapes of Lawren Harris.



Random Selection in Politics

Random Selection in Politics Author Lyn Carson
ISBN-10 0275967026
Release 1999-01-01
Pages 161
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How might the entire citizenry of a country make the decisions that affect them? Carson and Martin provide the first accessible and comprehensive overview of "random selection" as a possible process for transforming our modern political systems. Random selection, they show, can and has been used in community participation in short-term decision making and long-term planning. It can be a powerful tool in the development of local, federal, and international policy.