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Youth Crime Deviance and Delinquency Theories and debates

Youth Crime  Deviance  and Delinquency  Theories and debates Author Nigel South
ISBN-10 LCCN:99028309
Release 1999
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Youth Crime Deviance and Delinquency Theories and debates has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Youth Crime Deviance and Delinquency Theories and debates also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Youth Crime Deviance and Delinquency Theories and debates book for free.

Patterns of juvenile delinquency

Patterns of juvenile delinquency Author Howard B. Kaplan
ISBN-10 0803922086
Release 1984
Pages 160
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Kaplan has outlined the fundamentals of the study of juvenile delinquency to provide a general model which serves as an introductory framework to the field. He has looked at five significant questions. What factors influence the social defining of certain behaviours as delinquent? What factors motivate youths to behave delinquently? When youths are motivated, what determines whether the delinquent acts will be carried out? What factors determine whether youths will continue to commit delinquent acts? And what are the consequences of juvenile delinquency for our society? His answers are clear, logical, and readable, providing an attractive alternative to weightier textbooks.

Developmental Theories of Crime and Delinquency

Developmental Theories of Crime and Delinquency Author Terence Thornberry
ISBN-10 9781351522397
Release 2018-02-06
Pages 359
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In Developmental Theories of Crime and Delinquency, Terence P. Thornberry and his contributors show that criminal behavior is not a static human attribute, but ebbs and flows over the life course of the individual. Criminal behavior tends to follow a distinct psychological pattern. It is relatively uncommon during childhood, is initiated by most offenders during adolescence, flourishes during late adolescence and early childhood, and usually diminishes or disappears by the mid-twenties. This pattern is not characteristic of all people--some never commit crimes and others become career criminals--but it is a general description of the developmental pattern of criminal offenders. This pattern has profound implications for theories of crime and delinquency. Not only does it explain initiation into, maintenance of, and desistance from involvement in crime, it offers insight into why crime flourishes during adolescence. Traditional theories of crime and delinquency have often failed to distinguish among different phases of criminal careers. They tend to ignore developmental changes that occur across a person's life course, changes that coincide with and can explain the causes and patterns of criminal behavior. This paperback edition of the seventh volume of the distinguished series Advances in Criminological Theory moves us from static identifications of the criminal by presenting a broad range of developmental explanations of crime. Each contributor articulates a developmental or life course perspective in explaining how people become involved in delinquency and crime. Each covers a wide range of theoretical territory and reveals how a developmental perspective enhances the explanatory power of traditional theories of crime and delinquency. This volume is an invaluable tool for criminologists, sociologists, psychologists, and other professionals seeking to teach how crime and violence can be understood in our culture.

Causes of Delinquency

Causes of Delinquency Author Travis Hirschi
ISBN-10 1412813794
Release 2011-12-31
Pages 309
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In Causes of Delinquency, Hirschi attempts to state and test a theory of delinquency, seeing in the delinquent a person relatively free of the intimate attachments, the aspirations, and the moral beliefs that bind most people to a life within the law. In prominent alternative theories, the delinquent appears either as a frustrated striver forced into delinquency by his acceptance of the goals common to us all, or as an innocent foreigner attempting to obey the rules of a society that is not in position to make the law or define conduct as good or evil. Hirschi analyzes a large body of data on delinquency collected in Western Contra Costa County, California, contrasting throughout the assumptions of the strain, control, and cultural deviance theories. He outlines the assumptions of these theories and discusses the logical and empirical difficulties attributed to each of them. Then draws from sources an outline of social control theory, the theory that informs the subsequent analysis and which is advocated here. Often listed as a "Citation Classic," Causes of Delinquency retains its force and cogency with age. It is an important volume and a necessary addition to the libraries of sociologists, criminologists, scholars and students in the area of delinquency.

America s Safest City

America   s Safest City Author Simon I. Singer
ISBN-10 9780814760802
Release 2014-10-10
Pages 320
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Since the mid-1990s, the fast-growing suburb of Amherst, NY has been voted by numerous publications as one of the safest places to live in America. Yet, like many of America’s seemingly idyllic suburbs, Amherst is by no means without crime—especially when it comes to adolescents. In America’s Safest City, noted juvenile justice scholar Simon I. Singer uses the types of delinquency seen in Amherst as a case study illuminating the roots of juvenile offending and deviance in modern society. If we are to understand delinquency, Singer argues, we must understand it not just in impoverished areas, but in affluent ones as well. Drawing on ethnographic work, interviews with troubled youth, parents and service providers, and extensive surveys of teenage residents in Amherst, the book illustrates how a suburban environment is able to provide its youth with opportunities to avoid frequent delinquencies. Singer compares the most delinquent teens he surveys with the least delinquent, analyzing the circumstances that did or did not lead them to deviance and the ways in which they confront their personal difficulties, societal discontents, and serious troubles. Adolescents, parents, teachers, coaches and officials, he concludes, are able in this suburban setting to recognize teens’ need for ongoing sources of trust, empathy, and identity in a multitude of social settings, allowing them to become what Singer terms ‘relationally modern’ individuals better equipped to deal with the trials and tribulations of modern life. A unique and comprehensive study, America’s Safest City is a major new addition to scholarship on juveniles and crime in America. Instructor's Guide

Youth and Disability

Youth and Disability Author Jenny Slater
ISBN-10 9781134791095
Release 2016-02-11
Pages 166
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In this ground-breaking book, Jenny Slater uses the lens of ’the reasonable’ to explore how normative understandings of youth, dis/ability and the intersecting identities of gender and sexuality impact upon the lives of young dis/abled people. Although youth and disability have separately been thought within socio-cultural frameworks, rarely have sociological studies of ’youth’ and ’disability’ been brought together. By taking an interdisciplinary, critical disability studies approach to explore the socio-cultural concepts of ’youth’ and ’disability’ alongside one-another, Slater convincingly demonstrates that ’youth’ and ’disability’ have been conceptualised within medical/psychological frameworks for too long. With chapters focusing on access and youth culture, independence, autonomy and disabled people’s movements, and the body, gender and sexuality, this volume’s intersectional and transdisciplinary engagement with social theory offers a significant contribution to existing theoretical and empirical literature and knowledges around disability and youth. Indeed, through highlighting the ableism of adulthood and the falsity of conceptualising youth as a time of becoming-independent-adult, the need to shift approaches to research around dis/abled youth is one of the main themes of the book. This book therefore is a provocation to rethink what is implicit about ’youth’ and ’disability’. Moreover, through such an endeavour, this book sits as a challenge to Mr Reasonable.

Resistance Through Rituals

Resistance Through Rituals Author Stuart Hall
ISBN-10 9781134346530
Release 2006-11-22
Pages 288
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Praise for the first edition: ‘No one seriously interested in youth mass culture or style can afford to ignore this work.’ - Stanley Cohen, The Times Higher Education Supplement ‘The Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies deserves our gratitude for having begun to locate the real areas of discussion.’ - New Society ‘...affords an authoritative perspective of society’s subcultures amongst the young since the war. What it has to say about that legacy of rebellion deserves to be read by all involved with and seeking to understand young people.’ - ILEA Contact This revised and expanded edition of Resistance through Rituals includes a new introduction to bring the reader fully up-to-date with the changes that have happened since the work’s first release in the double issue of Working Papers in Cultural Studies in 1975. The work of the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies at Birmingham has been noted as historically leading the field in new areas of enquiry within the field of cultural studies, and the papers from the Centre are canonical reading for many cultural studies students. This revised edition includes all the original, exceptional papers, and enhances these with the reflections of the editors thirty years after the original publication. At a time when youth culture had been widely publicised, but few people understood its significance as one of the most striking and visible manifestations of social and political change, these papers redressed the balance. Looking in detail at the wide range of post-war youth subcultures, from teds, mods and skinheads to black Rastafarians, Resistance through Rituals considers how youth culture reflects and reacts to cultural change. This text represents the collective understanding of the leading centre for contemporary culture, and serves to situate some of the most important cultural work of the twentieth century in the new millennium.

Juvenile Delinquency in Japan

Juvenile Delinquency in Japan Author Gesine Foljanty-Jost
ISBN-10 9004132538
Release 2003-01-01
Pages 275
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How to explain juvenile delinquent behaviour in the Japan of the nineties? "Juvenile Delinquency in Japan" for the first time looks comprehensively into the phenomenon.

Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile Delinquency Author Larry J. Siegel
ISBN-10 UOM:39015043092231
Release 1997
Pages 675
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Juvenile Delinquency has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Juvenile Delinquency also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Juvenile Delinquency book for free.

Sociological Aspects of Crime and Delinquency Routledge Revivals

Sociological Aspects of Crime and Delinquency  Routledge Revivals Author Michael Phillipson
ISBN-10 9781317569749
Release 2014-10-14
Pages 192
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The field of crime and delinquency attracts a great deal of heated and partial opinion, prejudice and other forms of mal-thinking. When there is a scientific approach there tends to be a psychological explanation. This book, first published in 1971, is a corrective to both trends. It is a discussion of criminal behaviour in relation to a wide range of behaviours which could be called deviance and regards the whole field from the sociological point of view. The whole discussion is related to social policy, and is vital reading for students of sociology and criminology.

Social Learning Theory and the Explanation of Crime

Social Learning Theory and the Explanation of Crime Author Gary Jensen
ISBN-10 9781351490115
Release 2017-07-28
Pages 386
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Social learning theory has been called the dominant theory of crime and delinquency in the United States, yet it is often misrepresented. This latest volume in the distinguished Advances in Criminological Theory series explores the impact of this theory. Some equate it with differential association theory. Others depict it as little more than a micro-level appendage to cultural deviance theories. There have been earlier attempts to clarify the theory's unique features in comparison to other theories, and others have applied it to broader issues. These efforts are extended in this volume, which focuses on developing, applying, and testing the theory on a variety of criminal and delinquent behavior. It applies the theory to treatment and prevention, moving social learning into a global context for the twenty-first century. This comprehensive volume includes the latest work, tests, and theoretical advances in social learning theory and will be particularly helpful to criminologists, sociologists, and psychologists. It may also be of interest to those concerned with current issues relating to delinquency, drug use/abuse, and drinking/alcohol abuse.

Delinquent Boys

Delinquent Boys Author Albert Kircidel Cohen
Release 1956
Pages 198
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The central idea of this book is that the widespread "crisis" of juvenile delinquency can be grappled with only if one first understands delinquency as a persistent subculture that is traditional in certain neighborhoods of our cities.

Juvenile Justice

Juvenile Justice Author Cliff Roberson
ISBN-10 9781439813775
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 365
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Over several hundred years, the juvenile justice system has evolved from one in which a child offender was prosecuted under the same guidelines used for adults to the current system in which society has recognized the unique status of juveniles within the criminal justice framework. Written by world-renowned legal scholar Cliff Roberson, Juvenile Justice: Theory and Practice provides a comprehensive overview of the system that administers the prosecution of young offenders. It examines how the juvenile justice system began, its current state, and the direction it appears to be heading. Topics discussed include: Types of juvenile delinquency cases, arrest statistics, juvenile justice organizations, and the concept of judicial waiver The history of juvenile courts, including the parens patriae doctrine, early laws, In re Gault, and concepts of reform versus punishment Delinquency causation philosophies, including social, cultural deviance, symbolic interactionist, and psychological theories Types of abuse and neglect, child protective services, and child abuse prevention programs Law enforcement agencies, the structure of juvenile courts, juvenile court procedures, transfers to criminal court, and the concept of individual rights Juvenile probation and parole, juvenile institutions, group homes, boot camps, and shock programs Selected issues in juvenile justice, including drug abuse, juvenile sex offenders, and youth gangs The book cites actual court cases to demonstrate concepts, provides review questions at the end of each chapter, and includes a glossary of relevant terms. A concise and practical text on juvenile justice, this volume facilitates understanding of this complex and critical subject.

Youth Violence and Delinquency Juvenile offenders and victims

Youth Violence and Delinquency  Juvenile offenders and victims Author Marilyn D. McShane
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924107145629
Release 2007
Pages 226
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Youth Violence and Delinquency Juvenile offenders and victims has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Youth Violence and Delinquency Juvenile offenders and victims also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Youth Violence and Delinquency Juvenile offenders and victims book for free.

Delinquent Violent Youth

Delinquent Violent Youth Author Thomas P. Gullotta
ISBN-10 9780761913351
Release 1998
Pages 320
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This interdisciplinary volume provides a wide-ranging overview of the causes of criminal behaviour in children and adolescents. Following a literary and historical introduction, the contributors to this volume explore the theory and social policy that have shaped society's responses to young people in trouble. They then examine a number of key current issues, including: how families, peers, schools and the community influence delinquent behaviour; the role of substance abuse; the influence of television on violent behaviour; the nature and treatment of violent behaviour in adolescents; youth gangs; and effective community-based approaches for treating juvenile offenders.

The Many Faces of Youth Crime

The Many Faces of Youth Crime Author Josine Junger-Tas
ISBN-10 1441994556
Release 2011-09-18
Pages 367
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This book presents the first comprehensive analysis of the second International Self-Report Delinquency study (ISRD-2). An earlier volume, Juvenile Delinquency in Europe and Beyond (Springer, 2010) focused mainly on the findings with regard to delinquency, victimization and substance use in each of the individual participating ISRD-2 countries. The Many Faces of Youth Crime is based on analysis of the merged data set and has a number of unique features:  The analyses are based on an unusually large number of respondents (about 67,000 7th, 8th and 9th graders) collected by researchers from 31 countries;  It includes reports on the characteristics, experiences and behaviour of first and second generation migrant youth from a variety of cultures;  It is one of the first large-scale international studies asking 12-16 year olds about their victimization experiences (bullying, assault, robbery, theft);  It describes both intriguing differences between young people from different countries and country clusters in the nature and extent of delinquency, victimization and substance use, as well as remarkable cross-national uniformities in delinquency, victimization, and substance use patterns;  A careful comparative analysis of the social responses to offending and victimization adds to our limited knowledge on this important issue;  Detailed chapters on the family, school, neighbourhood, lifestyle and peers provide a rich comparative description of these institutions and their impact on delinquency;  It tests a number of theoretical perspectives (social control, self-control, social disorganization, routine activities/opportunity theory) on a large international sample from a variety of national contexts;  It combines a theoretical focus with a thoughtful consideration of the policy implications of the findings;  An extensive discussion of the ISRD methodology of ‘flexible standardization’ details the challenges of comparative research. The book consists of 12 chapters, which also may be read individually by those interested in particular special topics (for instance, the last chapter should be of special interest to policy makers). The material is presented in such a way that it is accessible to more advanced students, researchers and scholars in a variety of fields, such as criminology, sociology, deviance, social work, comparative methodology, youth studies, substance use studies, and victimology.

Crime and Society

Crime and Society Author Dr. Karabi Konch
ISBN-10 9781947634824
Release 2017-08-07
Pages 130
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Crime and Society presents the subject matter of criminologyCriminology, its field and scope, its historical development and of law, law enforcement agencies and the criminal justice system. Concentrated on different relevant aspects of criminology such as crime, deviance and delinquency, it attempts to analyze different conscientious factors behind the involvement of youth in crime. Crimes committed by the youth are one of the most burning social problems in the present epoch. In the transitional period from childhood to adolescence and adolescence to maturity, the youth generally face different socio-economic problems. Many violent upheavals of youth personalities are thus to be expected in the transitional period. Some of the most vulnerable forms of crime such as murder, dacoity, theft, fraud, kidnapping, different crimes against women such as rape, molestation, dowry harassment and witch-hunting, infanticide and foeticide, crimes against children such as child trafficking, child abuse, etc., and cyber-crimes are areas included within this work. Some important theoretical approaches of criminology have also been discussed in this volume. This book will definitely help students, scholars and academicians to gather information and knowledge for their academic discourse.